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Entwistle 4-Mat

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4-MAT Review of Integration of Psychology and Christianity by David N. Entwistle
Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity by David N. Entwistle (2010) encompasses some enlightening information about the history and path of theology and psychology coming together for Christian counseling. Entwistle suggests the two are in conflict with each other. This conflict is created due to one (theology) being grounded on faith and the other (psychology) built on truth. Throughout the next 13 chapters, the author builds on his remark, “The interaction of psychology and theology is virtually inevitable due to their mutual interest in understanding the ambiguities and mysteries of human behavior, and healing human brokenness.” (Entwistle, 2010).
Summary
The first section develops a historical context of spiritual integration. Entwistle offers references to Augustine, the Middle Ages, and medieval Scholasticism prior to transitioning into a history of psychology. The author quickly answers the infamous question, “What indeed has Athens to do with Jerusalem?” (Entwistle, 2010). He offers wherever and however truth is found, it is God’s truth. This being his primary presupposition that “All truth is God’s truth.” Building on truth, Entwistle suggests a person’s world view determines how they view the truth in their lives. He also suggests this world view is something learned by our family, experiences, religion and education, not something that is chosen. Our world view ultimately defines who we are. Entwistle explains, the Western World is typically either naturalist or super naturalist. Naturalist believe humans are made from a complex matter and evolved over time. Super naturalist believe humans were made by God. Entwistle offers several world views, Syncretism, Polytheism, Pantheism, Monotheism and Modernism. Syncretism is the adaptation of one belief with...

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