Free Essay

Environmental Ethics

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mmarquis
Words 2023
Pages 9
Environmental Ethics In today’s global environment, environmental ethics have become a required practice for everyone around the world. Creating effective strategies for protecting the environment often brings ethical issues to the forefront. When people are confronted with the issues of how to get rid of hazardous waste, air or water pollution, ethics play a major role in the decision when there is an absence of laws to manage the issue. Environmental ethics is the scientific study of various issues related to the rights of individual on the environment. It is the moral relationship of human being with the environment (Jyoti 94). The actions humans do while on this Earth can affect the rights of all the beings today and in the future. Knowing what is right and wrong can help protect future generations. One must know the standards to help conserve the Earth’s resources and the consequences if they do not. Environmental ethics is a moral theory that grants moral significance to entities beyond those that are human beings (Jyoti 94). This means that humans not only have rights but all living organisms as well. We must not forget we are not the only creature living and breathing on this Earth. Amar Jyoti points out that there are two ways to approach environmental ethics: Anthropocentrism or humanistic approach and Non-anthropocentrism or ecological approaches.
Anthropocentrism states that only humans have intrinsic value or value in themselves. All other things have only instrumental value like being useful to human beings. Some of the main traditions in this approach are as follows:
(a) Teleological Tradition- Aristotle watt the main propagator of this tradition. According to him, everything and every object in nature have a purpose, function or utility and it is good if it fulfills its natural function. In this view undisturbed nature may be considers well, whereas under human interference with natural system is considered wrong (Jyoti 95).
(b) Utilitarianism- The basic principle of utilitarianism is the greatest good of the greatest good of the greatest number. In this context good has been considered to be either pleasure or the satisfaction of destines (Jyoti 95)/
(c) Deontology- It considers action as independent of its consequences. As act is good or bad because of its consequence but by the very nature of the act itself (Jyoti 95). Non-Anthropocentric or the ecological approach argues for the moral rights of all non-living things. Some of the important ecological approaches to environmental ethics are as follows:
(a) Biocentrism- This view holds that each individual organism in the nature, whether it is an animal, a plant or a micro-organism, is a teleological center of life, having a gold or well-being of its own in sense that it can be benefitted or harmed. (Jyoti 95).
(b) Egocentrism- It argues for the right of not just animals but also the inanimate extending moral standing to ecosystems, communities, and this shifting moral consideration from inclivedual objects to the wholes, therefore, also known as ethical holism. Noticing that this principle might require sacrifices of individuals including human beings for the good of the whole (Jyoti 96).
(c) Deep Ecological Ethics- it considers that all living things are alike in having value in their own right independent of their useful him to human purposes, It considers human best one species among equal species, and does not five primary to human wants over and needs of other life forms, It believes that even inanimate object such as rivers and mountains have intrinsic value (Jyoti 96).
(d) Ecofeminism- According to Ecofeminism, civilization has been characterized by the made dominated societies for many millennia that show strong hierarchical social organization commerce, occupational specialization and militarism, and manifests itself in al morality conceived in terms of right and rules, whereas women conceives of morality in terms of relationship and accusation. Thus made dominated ethics has easily bad to the exploitation and degradation of the environments where as female dominated ethics stresses to create healthy, sustainable relationships which promotes the maintenance of the natural environment. (Jyoti 96). Now that we know how environmental ethics work and its theories, let’s take a look at some example situations. In the past few decades, a rapid growth in new technology has changed the way society works, communicates, interacts, and lives. Many of these innovations focus on the design, production, and use of electronic and electrical equipment ranging from computers to cell phones to digital cameras to smart appliances. The constant change for new more advanced technology makes current models outdated after only a few months or years. Once outdated, society throws away these items making them e-waste (electronic waste) or e-scrap (electronic scrap). This has become a problem for the waste management community. This electronic waste contains toxins like lead, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls, and components that possess great monetary value like gold, platinum, and copper.
In Townsend’s article, “Environmental Issues and Management Strategies for Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment” the word WEEE is used often. By his definition WEEE is equipment which is dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer, and measurement of such currents and fields as well as designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1000 Volt for alternating current and 1500 Volt for direct current. On the basis of this definition, WEEE includes common household and personal items such as TVs, computers, cellular phones, and printers as well as devices such as large and small appliances, fluorescent lamps, power tools, toys, and drink dispensers (Townsend 588). According the Recycling for Charities website, this WEEE contains several toxins that are bad for the environment. Lead can damage both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Beryllium and cadmium can be carcinogenic. Arsenic used in circuits and conductors is poisonous and can damage the digestive tract. Mercury found in batteries can damage the central nervous and endocrine systems. Antimony also used in batteries is poisonous like arsenic. This website shows the potential dangers of electronic waste and helps prevent such hazards from contaminating the environment (Electronic Waste Environalmental Effects). We don’t want this waste to contaminate our water or soils.
Companies that produce these constantly evolving technologies may have an environmental obligation. The chemicals they use to produce these innovations are obviously dangerous to our environment if they are not disposed correctly. Most of these companies do not advocate the promotion of correctly recycling these products. Instead environmental enthusiasts and waste companies are stuck with the responsibility of influencing society to do the right thing. The ethical question technology producing companies need to ask their self is do we have a responsibility of helping manage our products future waste? In a way, they should take responsibility for future product waste because it’s simply their product that could affect our environment. Can they deal with the moral debt of allowing their product damage human bodies and our soils? On the other hand, waste management must take on whatever waste consumers dispose of and correctly manage this waste. That is their sole duty and should companies have to share this duty?
Another rising concern for the world is global warming. Wastes and chemicals used by nuclear power, electronic waste, and chemical waste affect the ozone layer. Our air layer is polluted by wastes developed by production and consumption processes as a result of human activities and it endangers the life of humans and living beings on earth. Our air which has an indispensable place and importance for the continuity of life on earth is polluted with industrial wastes that affect the entirety of life. Greenhouse gases which cause the greenhouse effect (warming of the Earth) in the world are 36-70% for water vapor, 9-26% for carbon dioxide, 4-9% for methane and 3-7% for ozone (V. Cimen 52). Some of greenhouse gases are created by themselves and some of them are produced by humans. The most important one of greenhouse gases which cause global warming is CO2 and its ration in total greenhouse gases is more than
80% (V. Cimen 52). CO2 is often created as a result of burning of fossil-fuels. It can also be created from natural things like organic decay, forest fires, and volcanoes. CO2 is the most recalcitrant of the greenhouse gases, since it does not decompose easily in the atmosphere (Beauchamp 524). The world has averaged an increase of 0.6˚ F over the 20th century. It is predicted by 2100 the world temperature will increase 1.4˚ F. The concerning question to ask is who’s responsibility is it to stop this global warming. Is it the businesses, the people, or the government? We obviously can’t scream at the volcanoes to quit emitting CO2 or yell at the cattle to quit releasing methane from their rectum. It is up to the people to find ways to fight against global warming. The burning of fossil fuels and deforestation have been the major causes of high emissions of CO2. Many people blame the companies for not taking more responsibility for preventing our worldly concern. Do these companies have an environmental ethical obligation outside of what the law has already required? I suppose it depends on what theories these companies live and prosper by. Now let’s take a good look at the consumers, or ourselves. Should we be making smarter choices in the products we buy and use? We know by now that aerosol can and gas hogging vehicles are bad for the environment. However, some of us continue to use the items that pollute our ozone layer. Are we the ones to blame for not taking a stand against what is good and bad? Last, we have the government to point the finger at. The government should know more about global warming that the average citizen. They are the ones with money to do the research necessary to know the effects, the causes, and future prediction of global warming. They are the ones that set the standards and laws for companies that produce the dangerous emissions. Politicians are constantly debating about their concern about the Earth warming but little is being done. They should be participating more in what changes need to be made rather than running their mouth.
In theory, the businesses, the consumers, and the government should be working together.
We can sit around and point the finger at who we think is at fault or who isn’t helping, but we all should be helping. Global warming is a serious thing and if we want to preserve a safe environment for future generations we need to start fixing our problems sooner than later. The same goes for electronic waste. Let’s prevent poor dumping decisions before it’s too late. We don’t want to pollute our waters and soils and then have nothing to live off of. A blackberry and a fancy laptop won’t be able to provide clean water and grow healthy crops. Each individual should have environmental ethical responsibility. People have to keep in mind what is truly important. If we help protect the environment and its entities today, we can have something to protect in the future.

Works Cited

Beauchamp, Tom L., Norman E. Bowie and Dennis G. Arnold. "Ethical Issues Regarding the Natural Environment." Ethical Theory and Business. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. 512-570. Book.
"Electronic Waste Environmental Effects." Electronic Waste Prevention. Recycling for Charities. Web. 03 May 2012. .
Jyoti, Amar. "Environmental Ethics: Initiatives for the Removal of Environmental Problems." International Journal of Education & Allied Sciences 2.2 (2010): 93-100. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Environmental Ethics”. 3 May 2012.
Townsend, Timothy G. "Environmental Issues and Management Strategies for Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 61.6 (2011): 587-610. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Environmental Issues”. 3 May 2012.
V. Çimen, et al. "Environmental Issues of Climate Change and Economical and Political Approaches Used In Analysis of These Problems." Trakia Journal of Sciences 9.4 (2011): 50-62. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Global Warming”. 3 May 2012.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

In What Sense, If Any, Should an Environmental Ethic Attribute Value to Whole Ecosystems?

...Aldo Leopold, in “The Land Ethic”, elucidates the title of this chapter by stating: “A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.”1 This implies that no matter what instrumental value a biotic community may have to human beings, it is also of paramount importance to preserve biotic communities based on our “obligations to land”2. This concept of a prima facie responsibility to protect our environment and the communities within it is known as the preservationist intuition3. We certainly attribute this value to our fellow man, putting laws in place to prevent harm and maltreatment in our communities, and breaking these laws would indeed render the culprit to be considered morally wrong. We attribute value (be it intrinsic or instrumental) to sentient animals, even plant-life. But what of ecosystems? Can we consider ecosystems to be morally considerable, and therefore attribute any value to them? It is a question that has many variables, and in this essay I will be evaluating various arguments for and against the premise that ecosystems command any value with regards to an environmental ethic. First we must consider what it means for something to be morally considerable. It would appear that this definition would depend on what moral determinant we deem appropriate in pursuing an environmental ethic. Many philosophers, including K.E.Goodpaster adopt Joel Feinberg’s view that a thing...

Words: 2960 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Sebastian Estrada PHIL 3360: Environmental Ethics Dr. Vicki Toscano Issues paper#1 Anthropocentrism vs. Biocentrism 1/26/2012 The Historical Roots of our ecologic crisis is an article written by Lynn T. White, Jr. published in the journal Science in 1966. White was a medieval scholar and in this article he blames technology, Christianity, and anthropocentrism as the “Roots” of our ecologic crisis. He states, “All forms of life modify their contexts,” but believes that this modification should be for the good of the earth like the coral polyp. He states Man must coexist with nature. Man had always been a dynamic element in harmony with the earth. This all changed sometime around the 1850 when the “Baconian Creed” of scientific knowledge started influencing the people. As a result man began to exploit the earth through new advents in technology. White cites the invention of the eight-oxen plow as the beginning of man’s “ruthlessness” towards nature. White continues to argue that Christian Axioms fueled this newfound exploitive attitude towards earth. To White, Christianity’s story of creation and notion that “no item in the physical creation had any purpose save to serve man’s purpose (White).” only served to justify these actions and put Christianity as “the most anthropocentric religion the world has seen.” White continues to argue that simply applying more science and more technology to our ecologic crisis is not going to solve the problem. To him the issue is......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Environmental

...First_Pages Lut30352_ch01_001-030.qxd 8/7/09 3:26 PM Page 1 Part One Environmental and Organizational Context 1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction to Organizational Behavior: An Evidence-Based Approach Environmental Context: Globalization, Diversity, and Ethics Organizational Context: Design and Culture Organizational Context: Reward Systems 5 31 57 88 EVIDENCE-BASED CONSULTING PRACTICES A major component of the evidence-based theme of this text and the link to practice are these part openers from the world-famous Gallup Organization. Gallup draws from its internationally recognized survey science and cadre of internal and external researchers (e.g., the author of this text and a Nobel Prize winner in behavioral economics are Gallup Senior Scientists), publishes its findings in the top academic journals such as Journal of Applied Psychology and provides this evidenced-based perspective and representative practices for each text part. Gallup is the recognized world leader in the measurement and analysis of human attitudes, opinions, and behavior, building on over three-quarters of a century of success. Gallup employs many of the world’s leading scientists in management, economics, psychology, and sociology. Gallup performance management systems help organizations maximize employee productivity and increase customer engagement through measurement tools, management solutions, and strategic advisory services. Gallup’s 2000 professionals deliver services on-site at client......

Words: 17103 - Pages: 69

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Holmes   Nicholas Holmes 912416549 Environmental Ethics Rationally Persuasive Paper 1 12/10/2013   The Inaction that repetitively plagues the Environmental Movement can be brought to an end by doing something new.  ​​Insanity:  Doing the same thing over and over again expecting different results. --Albert Einstein.   ​ Since there is doubt to the severity of or even the existence of the environmental crisis, this paper will operate under the presupposition that the environment is indeed in dire straits, and that the ultimate solution should produce a utopian society where man and environment are judged equally.  This paper is written from the contentious perspective.  Through this perspective it is implicit; by the environment's current state, coupled with the assumption of human responsibility, and the obligation human morality, the notion that something must be done by humans in regards of addressing the environment's plight. That something; must be different from what is currently, and has historically been done.  The justification for this statement comes from Albert Einstein’s Epitaph.  We need to strike out.  Enacting positive drastic changes in the state in the environment will require drastic changes in our collective ethos.  It is the task of the environmental movement to; not only figure out what these changes are, and which ones will work best, but to also integrate the changes in to the mainstream.  Obviously there must be division of labor within the......

Words: 2055 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Environmental Ethics To keep our environment healthy, all these element need to work together. There are no global laws protecting the environment and that is why everyone should practice good ethics when it comes to the environment. Environmental ethics is the part of environment philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from only including hum and to non-humans. There are many ethical decisions that human beings make with respect to the environment. Humans are been considered of rational agents because they have clear preference, models uncertainty via expected values, and always to perform the action with the optimal expected outcome of itself. The action of the rational agent performs depends on the preference, the agents information of its environment, the actions, duties and obligation available and the estimated or actual benefits and the chances of success of the action. I will be arguing that rational agents have a moral obligation towards the environment. Using Peter Singer and John Rawls to argue for and Immanuel Kant to counter argue my arguments. Singer (2011) states rational agents should explore the values of preserving the wild nature; he believes that sentient beings who are capable of experiencing pain including non-humans affected by an action should be taken equally into consideration in assessing the action. Singer regards the animal liberation movement as comparable to the liberation movements of women and people of......

Words: 1899 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Environmental challenges as business opportunity I. INTRODUCTION “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's needs, but not every man's greed.” - Mahatma Gandhi The above quote rightly points out the role of environment for the mankind and the responsibility we need to shoulder for its sustenance. We've come a long way in recognizing that and now almost every business has a statute of doing something good for the environment as part of their CSR initiative. But companies who think of the environment as a social responsibility and not as an imperative are not going in the right direction. The global climate changes and the gradual scarcity of resources have come to light as major disruptions in the business environment. These challenges have opened up new opportunities for companies to sell solutions to these problems. Businesses prosper with the motive of growing their profits at an infinite rate. But environment considerations should not be left while garnering those profits. The role of Environmental ethics come into play here which focuses on the MNCs' ethics in running their businesses as well as keeping the environment untouched to the extent possible. Environmental Ethics The field of Environmental Ethics has grown since the early 1970s. The scholars who have categorized the natural environment include Alan Marshall and Michael Smith. Marshall has used the following terms to describe these categories: Libertarian extension, which commits itself to extend equal......

Words: 4547 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Environmental Fundamentals

...Environmental Fundamentals ENV/100 Environmental Fundamentals The fundamental principles of environmental science will be discussed in this paper and the definition of environmental science along with the elements and principles related to it will be addressed. The concept of environmental sustainability and the historic patterns surrounding will be describe, along with human values and how it affects the challenges in society. Examples of environmental hazards and how they affect the health of humans will also be provided. There are many environmental issues facing the world today. To try to understand how the natural world functions is not an easy concept to comprehend and definitely not an easy responsibility to put on society. This is why it is important to know and recognize the significance of environmental science. Environmental science is the interdisciplinary study of humanity’s relationship with other organisms and the nonliving physical environment. As human population continues to reproduce, as technology progresses and the wants and needs of humans multiply, society’s impacts on the world become harsher, despite the improvement in some areas.  Environmental impacts can affect the health of humans and a human’s wellbeing. After reviewing research on the environment, environmental hazards directly affect human health. One major environmental hazard to human health is pesticides. These......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics Table.Doc

... |VIRTUE ETHICS |KANTIAN ETHICS |ACT / RULE UTILITARIANISM |MODERN UTILITARIANISM | | | | | | | |Traditional NL = anthropo- |Agent-centred and anthropo-centric, whereas |Some aspects of Kant support |BENTHAM (act) = embraced naturalism |Some agree with Mill that maximization | |centric. Modern NL : |most ecologists prefer an ecocentric |environment. Nature works rationally – |because supported his ideas about |of welfare concerned primarily with | |LOSSKY – humans one part |approach. Trad. VE based on NL of Aristotle |WAGENBAUR says this is a strength of |pleasure and pain. Sentient-centred |humans. Animals should be treated with | |of the earth, as heart is one |and Aquinas. Modern VE more concerned with |Kant. Nature liberates human beings, it|i.e. animals matter. Said famously |respect, but only because beneficial to| |part of the body. Ecocentric |character traits. Doesn’t fit easily into |reveals our autonomy. Interrelationship|about animals: “The question is not , |us, e.g. dog fighting banned because to| |approach. |Green ethics which tends to look...

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Environmental

...|Environmental Research | | | |Natural Science 1 | | | |1/29/2015 | | | |April S. Domingo 1st Year BSBA Economics | | | | | |Atty. Vicente T. Peña | Environmental pollution is “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected” Pollution is the......

Words: 13986 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Teaching Business Ethics and Environmental Responsbility, Using Hinduism as a Tool.

...Teaching Business Ethics and Environmental Responsbility, Using Hinduism As A Tool. Abstract The crux of Hinduism is to revere nature in all its forms as they are considered to be manifestations of God himself. Even humankind is understood to be a composition of elements of nature and therefore maintaining a symbiotic relationship is essential for self preservation which is reinforced through the theory of karma which lays heavy emphasis on one’s action and corresponding rewards and punishment and therefore establishes adverse consequences to negative acts of destruction and depletion. The current paper proposes to use these basic tenets of Hinduism to teach business ethics to students through examples and validations from the Hindu texts and scriptures. This combination would help bring to class a synergetic combination of theology and business management where students shall find essence and a deep sense of association between the theological thoughts and their commercial applications. Key Words: Business Ethics; Hinduism; Management application; Education. Research Type: Concept Paper Affiliation Details: Dr. Ruchi Tewari; Assistant Professor; Amrut Mody School of Management (Ahmedabad University) Navrangpura; Ahmedabad – 380058 (India) Phone No.: 093761 44037 Email id: drtewariruchi@gmail.com; ruchi.tewari@ahduni.edu.in Introduction Human development has been over-zealous and has in the......

Words: 3051 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Critically Assess a Utilitarian Response to Environmental Ethics

...Critically assess a utilitarian response to environmental ethics. Utilitarianism is teleological, concerned with the end or purpose of actions. It is also consequentialist, judging actions right or wrong according to their outcome. Many scientists, politicians and philosophers have expressed concern that the world is facing an environmental catastrophe. If this is to be believed, an ethical theory that focuses on the results of our actions seems most appropriate. Utilitarianism is able to take into account the risks to the environment of global warming, ozone depletion, pollution, deforestation etc. Traditional utilitarianism would have done that using Bentham’s Hedonic Calculus. Bentham would have asked how likely it was that certain results would occur. He would have weighed up the benefits of any proposed action, such as the building of a new motorway, against the adverse affects, focussing on the pleasure and pain that resulted, and nothing else. This sort of calculation is practical and flexible, allowing for a different answer in every different set of circumstances. For example, building a road in Rwanda might lead to increased trade, a way of transporting important materials, medicines etc – in other words, a lifeline. The destruction of wildlife in such an underdeveloped country might be negligible, and the pollution minimal. However, a similar road in the UK might run through residential areas. The pollution from the thousands of cars might have a......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Environmental Protection

...Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans. Due to the pressures of population and technology, the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized, and governments have begun placing restraints on activities that causeenvironmental degradation. Since the 1960s, activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental issues. There is no agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity, and protection measures are occasionally criticized. Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental management and environmental engineering, that teach the history and methods of environment protection. Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities. Waste production, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity (resulting from the introduction of invasive species and species extinction) are some of the issues related to environmental protection. Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education. Each of these factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental decisions and personal-level environmental values and behaviors. For environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for societies to develop each...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

..."Discuss critically religious and secular ethical arguments about environmental issues" In his book, 'The End Of Nature', Bill McKibben highlights the fact that we are destroying the natural environment at an increasing rate, for our own short-term gain. Since the day that man created agriculture, and industrialisation to follow, the imbalance between man and nature has been growing[1/2]. This has been accompanied by a massive population increase, tripling in the twentieth century alone[3]. Human pressure on nature has never been so great. Such pressure has resulted in 'environmental issues', ranging from global warming and eutrophication, to the depletion of natural resources and an increase in the number of landfill sites. A distinction must be drawn between 'anthropogenically created’ environmental issues, and 'natural' ones. The extinction of most of the dinosaurs more than 65 million years ago was not caused by man, but rather an entirely natural disaster, perhaps a meteor or extreme tectonic activity. It is difficult to apply any man-made ethic to situations that are not man-made, so for the purpose of this essay, 'environmental issues' will be taken to be current issues actively cause by human beings. During the last few decades, many thinkers from different disciplines have been searching for a new ethic to confront environmental issues with - an 'environmental ethic'. Whether religious or secular in nature, this must be able to define the......

Words: 2417 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Environmental Ethics by Sheenarenz Marie Hismaña In Webster’s New Explorer Student Dictionary, ethics is defined as 1) a branch of philosophy dealing with moral duty and with questions of what is good and bad 2) the rules of moral behavior governing an individual or a group. Ethics is also defined by USDA in their Code of Conduct as rules or standard for governing the relations between people to benefit all concerned, with mutual respect for the needs and wants of all parties involved. According to Cochrane, Alasdair (2006), Environmental ethics mainly concerns human beings’ ethical relationship with the environment. It is theory and practice about appropriate concern for, values in, and duties regarding the natural world (Rolston III, 2003). Pollution is a big problem in every country nowadays. It is one of the by-product of what we so called economic progress. Along with economic prosperity, individualistic ethics have encouraged some ruthless behavior towards the environment for example, American cowboys who killed the native people, raped the land, and nearly extinguished the bison, this is the behavior of humans towards the environment (Kristin, 1991). Humans badly needed resources coming from the environment, they need to be healthy. Health, however, is not simply a matter of biology from the skin-in. Environmental health, from the skin-out, is equally as important. It is hard to have a healthy culture on a sick environment. Environmental ethics, by this account, is......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Envir. Ethics 2 Over the years the environment in which we live has suffered immensely. All of our resource systems are in crisis because of our over consumerism, lack of responsibility and lack of knowledge. We use too many resources which is undermining the planets ability for people to live here. Everyone should educate themselves of the state of the environment and some of the everyday changes that each one can do to do our part in saving the planet. We have a moral responsibility to do so for our children and future generations. Although recycling is great (and everyone should be doing it)….what really needs to happen to create a more sustainable society, is for us to reduce the amount of materials that we produce in the first place. There is a pyramid (like the Food Pyramid) (Environmental Science 8th edition, Daniel D. Chiras, 2009, Jones and Bartlett, Publishers Chapter 23 “Hazardous and Solid Wastes: Sustainable Solutions) for solid waste management and it goes like this: Reduction (the top of the pyramid) - not producing materials that generate the waste in the first place. We don’t need all the materials we have. Another good example is packaging waste. Think of how much packaging many of our products come in- lunchables for example, come in a cardboard box and then a sealed plastic tray and then the crackers and other parts are individually wrapped too. Reuse-reusing and repurposing the wastes. Instead of buying brand new why not shop......

Words: 2025 - Pages: 9