Premium Essay

Environmental Law Case Study

Submitted By
Words 881
Pages 4
Subject : Environmental Law and Corporate Management

Archana sankar
Roll No:09

Environment plays an complex medium of biotic and abiotic factor that are surrounded by all living being on the earth , among all the living being human being is in leading position that majorly associated with environment. Human life supportive system’s health is maintained by the biosphere with support of all other living creatures. The survival of all the species are highly inter connected and dependent on each other, like plants act as food for other living beings and supportive for to other species by releasing oxygen and many other benefits. Insects and all other tiny living
…show more content…
The absence of these rights might takes the human life to the danger level for thier livelihood. Rights comes under this are right to adequate food, clothing, housing, and also includes adequate levels of standard of living and freedom from hunger, right to work , right to social security,
These rights are also called as positive rights of every human being. These rights are considered as fundamental rights on the concept of social equality.
Civil-Political Rights:
As stated these are the rights related to human dignity , Civil rights which deals with protection of right to life and personal liberty . To have dignified life these rights are essential for human being. Rights to life, privacy, own property, freedom from torture, freedom of thought, freedom of movement, religion. Political rights deals with rights of a person to participate in any state government. Thus, voting rights, participating in periodic elections, being part of public affairs. These civil political rights are different in nature but they are inter-related to each right. These rights are treated as negative rights as it involves government for abstaining these activities from doing those activities that would violate them.
My view on similarity between human rights and environmental
…show more content…
In India every citizen has provided their own fundamental rights which includes right to freedom, equality, and life at adequate conditions in the good quality of environment that supports future generations with high dignity of life. Every human has to take some part of responsibility towards environment to enjoy their complete human rights. By having a careful and proper management of natural resources of the earth which includes air, water, land, flora and fauna represents as samples of natural ecosystem. Economic, social, civil, political development will definitely leads for better favorable living and working environment for living beings on the earth, this results the quality of life on this planet.
By the advancement of the interrelation between environment and human rights would enable the incorporation of principles of human rights towards environment. anti discriminations, protection and social participation in vulnerable groups. On other hand by strengthening the human rights systems can also support the incorporation of environmental

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Legal Issues

...countries of Indian subcontinent: A comparative study • India: The National Environment Tribunal • Pakistan: The Environment Tribunal • Comparative study Recommendations Conclusion Introductory Note Environmental Law is a source and foundation of orderly response to Global and National environmental problems. International Environmental Law is the principal means by which community of nations builds and expresses international consensus on environment and development challenges. National Environmental Law is the most effective instrument for translating environment and development policies into action. Judiciary is a key mechanism for ensuring legal effectiveness of environmental law. A judiciary well informed of the rapidly expanding environmental law, can play a critical role: in interpretation, development and enforcement of environmental law, enforcing environmental rights, public access to judicial procedures, exchange of judgments, sharing information on environmental law, policy and environmental jurisprudence. The purpose of this assignment is to focus on the function of the Environment Courts of Bangladesh established under the Environment Court Act, 2000, to examine its efficiency and effectiveness, to point out different lacunas of the statute and of the judicial process, to take a short look at the statutes of the Indian sub-continent in this field, to do a comparative study among the laws of this sub-continent and to forward......

Words: 6596 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Curbing Oil Spillage for Sustainable Development of the Environment

...CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Oil spill is the leakage or discharge of petroleum onto the surface of inland or coastal water. It assumes disastrous dimension when an uncontrollable well blows out or pipeline ruptures. On water surface, spreading takes place immediately, which is very harmful to various types of aquatic lives as it prevents sufficient amount of sunlight from penetrating and also reduces the land-dissolving capacity in the water. The magnitude of crude oil pollution and damage occasioned by multi-national oil companies operating in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria is incredible (Urhobo Historical Society, 2003). It is noteworthy that the devastating consequences of the crude oil spill in the region with its eventual hazards on both aerial and terrestrial environments is tantamount to an irreversible chain effect on both the biodiversity and human safety. Abbot (2007) in her article entitled “Think Jamaica is Bad? Try Nigeria” notes that the discovery of oil has been an ecological disaster for the Niger Delta where the oil is extracted. Oil and natural resources of a country are often considered to be national assets. Oil penetrates into the structure of the plumage of birds and the fur of mammals, reducing its insulating ability, and making them more vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and much less buoyant in the water. Animals that rely on scent to find their babies or mothers fade away due to the strong scent of the oil....

Words: 8292 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Hardtech, Inc and Mearl Oil Case Analysis

...Hardtech, Inc Case Study Analysis (Harvard) Homework #3 IE560 Spr 2016 #1 HardTech, Inc) Hardtech, Inc. should implement a matrix organization per Ryan’s recommendation to complete their three new initiatives. This will allow each initiative to be run by a discrete, dedicated project team. The project teams will consist of employees from each of the relevant departments allowing deep subject matter expertise as needed to complete the project successfully. This allows for more adaptability of the work force and quicker response times to complete tasks and close the project within the desired timeframe. A matrix organization enables this because employee resources, road blocks, and conflicts specific to that project are coordinated and solved by a dedicated project manager. The project manager achieves this by keeping a master schedule that holds each employee accountable for project time, cost, and quality while simultaneously battling scope creep. Traditional/functional organizations operate at the opposite end of the spectrum which tends to be more rigid (not adaptable), lacking broad subject matter expertise, and keep people protecting their own slice of the pie (their specific department). Matrix orgs force people to work for the good of the organization as a whole. #2 Mearl Oil Case Study) Mearl Oil Company implemented environmental impact targets (EITs) to protect human health and the environment from pollution at its facilities and plants. This......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...INTRODUCTION This report of Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) aims to assess ADB’s future role and operational strategy in the environment sector and will also provide input to the Country Strategy and Action Plan (CSP). This CEA for 2005-2009 outlines the environmental issues that are most significant to the Bangladesh’s economy. It will also provide background information on the environmental constraints, needs and opportunities in Bangladesh. Over the given period of this strategy document, ADB will be working with the Government of Bangladesh (Gob) for the improvement of the environment sector, wherein this report may be a basis for actions and/or intervention. This work focuses on the aspects of understanding the important features of the Bangladesh environment that need to be essentially understood. The purpose of the report is to present the findings of a review done on the environment sector. The review considered the ongoing and past interventions, legal and policy regimes and finally outlined the outstanding issues facing the sector. Objectives of the study It is well established that the process of land use change leads to the alteration of existing environmental conditions of any area. The specific objectives of the study were: 1. To identify the existing land use pattern of the selected area; 2. To explore the prime causes of land use change and its Effects on the environment of the study area, and 3. To......

Words: 5450 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Case Study

...used to review a strategy or position, direction of a company, a marketing proposition, or idea. To get the most out of a PEST analysis, businesses should understand each of the four factors. 1. Political : * New state tax policies for accounting * New employment laws for employee handbook maintenance * Political instability in a foreign partner country 2. Economic: * International economic growth * Changes in interest rates 3. Social : * Shift in educational requirements and changing career attitudes * Population growth rate 4. Technical : * Automated processes in the industry * Rate of innovation * Changes in technology incentives 2. Give four examples of other external factors not featured in the case study. There are few more factors which affects business than PEST analysis factors. Few of them are as below: (1) ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS : Environmental factors itself suggest that it is related with nature. This is also important factors which influence firm's business. No one can predict that what will happen in future because future is unpredictable. This environmental factor affects specially industry such as tourism, farming, and insurance. Environmental factors involves,...

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...MARINE ENVIRONMENT LAWS IN MALAYSIA DEVELOPMENT AND COMPLIANCE Outline of Presentation • Introduction • Objectives of Study • Methodology • Development of Marine Environment Laws in Malaysia • Compliance with Marine Environment Laws in Malaysia • Conclusions Introduction – Environmental Law • Body of international convention, domestic statutes • • • or laws, state or provincial ordinances and local government bylaws that govern human activities which impact the environment. Established to: - avoid tragedy of the commons - eliminate free riders in environmental protection and control of pollution And in response to: - the growing development of environmental ethics - the changing requirement of international law Tool for implementing policies Objectives of Study • Examine marine environment laws in Malaysia in terms of its development and its coverage; • Assess the level of compliance with marine environment laws in Malaysia and what it means in terms of environmental management; and • Identify means to promote compliance with environmental laws. Research Questions • How has marine environmental law in Malaysia changed over the years? • Are our laws adequate in dealing with marine environment issues? • What is the level of compliance with our marine environment laws? • Can the compliance level be improved? • What are the factors which drive environmental law development......

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

A State Intervention Approach to International Trade and the Right to Health in the Crude Oil and Natural Gas Sector of Nigeria

...A State Intervention Approach to International Trade and the Right to Health in the Crude Oil and Natural Gas Sector of Nigeria Table of Contents A State Intervention Approach to International Trade and the Right to Health in the Crude Oil and Natural Gas Sector of Nigeria 1 Chapter 1 General Introduction 6 1.1. Background 6 1.1.1. Definitions 14 1.1.2. Trade Liberalization 14 1.1.3. International Trade Law 15 1.1.4. Right to Health 16 1.1.5. Human Right Laws 17 1.2. Research Questions 18 1.3. Justification of the Research 21 1.4. Research Objectives 30 1.5. Research Methodology 31 1.6. Research Structure 37 Chapter 2 Theoretical Framework and Literature Review 40 2.1. Introduction 40 2.2. International Trade Rules and Protection of People’s Right to Health 41 2.2.1. Sources of International Trade Rules 41 2.2.2. Trade Liberalization and the Protection of the Right to Health 44 2.3. Scope of the Right to Health 54 2.4. Brief Overview of State Intervention Theory 59 2.5. States Duty towards the Fulfilment of the Right to Health 65 2.6. Legislative and Institutional Regulations Protecting the Right to Health in Nigeria 73 2.6.1. The International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 1966 76 2.6.2. The African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) 78 2.6.3. The International Health Regulations, 2005 81 2.6.4. The Nigerian Constitution 82 2.7.......

Words: 78399 - Pages: 314

Premium Essay

Corporate Social Responsibility

...Submitted in Fulfillment of the USD School of Law Writing Requirement Energy Law Professor Burleson Spring, 2009 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Background 3 The Need for CSR at Home and Abroad 7 Case Study Analyses: Four Critical Events in the Oil Industry and their Effect on CSR Case Study #1: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 9 Case Study #2: Occidental and the Piper Alpha Disaster 12 Case Study #3: A Two-Part Analysis of Shell in the Mid-1990s a) Shell’s Human Rights Violations in Nigeria 16 b) Shell’s Response—Outsource CSR 21 Case Study #4: BP’s Major Advances in CSR 24 Ethics and the Problem of the Public Relations Quick Fix 27 Analyzing the Current Corporate Culture: Failure to Meet the Triple Bottom Line 32 Conclusion 38 Works Cited…………………………………………………………………...…………41 Introduction Over the past twenty years an irrefutable shift in the oil industry has occurred—the shift to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).[1] The purpose of this paper is to analyze the motivation behind this shift and determine if these CSR practices are genuine. In other words, does the adoption of CSR denote a tangible change in the way oil companies operate, or is it merely an elaborate public relations exercise? To answer this question, the paper analyzes the motivation behind the shift to CSR through a case study analysis of four major events in......

Words: 12105 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Desperate Air Case

...Desperate Air Case In the Desperate Air case, As the Vice President of Real Estate at Desperate Air Corporation, Nash is facing with ethical dilemmas, and there are some moral reasoning about the conflict of personal and business ethics. Nash was told that pending sale of Florida property potentially had toxic waste buried beneath the surface. Thus, should he mention the hazardous materials to the Fledgling representative before he closed the sale? In my opinion, if I was in George Nash’s position, I would proceed with the sale without disclosing the information regarding what I had heard about the toxic waste. Using Deckop’s decision making models, the ethical decision-making may meet three goals: utilitarianism, profit maximization, and universalism. This means that if people use different perspectives, they would make different decisions. Profit maximization is actually a subset of utilitarianism, and the utilitarian is often portrayed figuratively as holding a scale, with the benefits on one side being weighed against the harm on the other. According to the profit maximization point of view, compared to harm, the decision may bring more benefit. In this case, Nash is conflicted between remaining silent and closing the sale immediately. Remaining silent will help his company stay solvent which in turns results in people remaining employed. Nash also have responsibilities to the company and employees. While speaking up and informing Fledgling about the toxic waste could......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Enviromental Law

...Enviromental Law There are many differences between corporate law and environmental law; however, the similarities that exist are numerous as well. Although the environmental and business world are constantly changing due to advances in technology, law ethic, and human rights issues, the world of law changes and develops just as quickly to govern the two ever changing types of law. Although changes are made to corporate and environmental law somewhat often, the differences and similarities are always easily seen. To begin with, lawyers interpret the law through actions and words for the protection of an individual, a business, concern, or an idea. They must be highly educated in several important areas: the law, economics, history, human motivation and behavior, and the practicalities of day to day living. The education of lawyers never ends because they must constantly be informed of important information, which may be of use to the client. Their education is also considered never to end because of the fact that the law is always changing and evolving. Environmental law is one of the newest entries in the legal world. Environmental law requires a concern for the nation's resources, knowledge of where the resources are, what they are used for, how and why they may be endangered, damaged, or exploited. Environmental law also requires a concern for those whose job it is to protect them (Vig 120). Environmental lawyers may work alone or in a group. Environmental......

Words: 2427 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Tort and Regulatory Risk Plan

...There are many risks for a company in the legal realm and it is important for them to minimize their tort and regulatory risks. A company should have a risk plan in place that can help them succeed. This plan can be a continuously changing plan depending on needed improvements on the plan. A risk plan can be developed easily when you look at the Alumina Inc. case as an example. A company such as Alumina can manage their risks through three basic measures which are preventative, detective, and corrective. Preventative measures are the easiest for a company to control and change. These can include anything from the company’s internal laws to the education of these laws. Freedom of speech is a civil right given to people and in cases such as Alumina vs. Kelly Bates; preventative measures could have helped controlled the case. Even though a citizen’s speech may be considered as disparagement, damage to the company can still occur. A major risk for a company in a situation like this is if they were to harm their own customers and alienate their business. This can really damage their reputation and that is why the CEO Roger Lloyd of Alumina was so concerned. They have a Duty of Care that they must ensure that they are protecting these individuals and are not guilty of negligence. A company can have a legal department that is proactively researching potential problems and ensuring their corrective measures are in place. This can help solve a problem quickly with minimal......

Words: 1665 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Effects of Computer

...metals—primarily gold—played an important role in shaping traditions and rituals, in indigenizing certain features of Filipino beliefs, and in developing patterns of wealth, power and authority during the period. The spirit of Spanish expansionism was at its crest when it reached the Philippines in the second half of the sixteenth century. The archipelago became the base of further efforts to conquer and evangelize new areas and design new trade routes in search primarily of spices but also of gold and other precious merchandise. The Spaniards failed to develop mining in the country, but left behind one of the basic building blocks of the present-day mining laws–the Regalian Doctrine. In essence, the Regalian Doctrine stipulates that all minerals and substances underneath all lands, public or private belong to the state. In effect, the law rests on the principle of eminent domain which reserves to the state the right to develop the mines on its own initiative or through private concessions. With the Americans, mining industries accelerated as the country’s economy strengthened its links to the needs of the industrialized countries like the US. The growth of the mining industry in the Philippines under the Americans may be said to have undergone three stages: (a) 1899-1919; (b) 1920-30; and (c) 1930-42. The first stage could be associated to the rapid technological change during the last quarter of the nineteenth century in the United States. The second period was......

Words: 7742 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Tata Steel- Business Ethics & Their Sustainability

...employees. The challenges of sustainability A commitment to environmentally-sound practices is part of many businesses’ commitment to act responsibly. Social responsibility refers to an organisation’s obligations to maximise its long-term positive impacts and minimise its negative impacts on society. For TATA Steel Ltd., it is a core part of its vision to be ‘the global steel industry benchmark for value creation and corporate citizenship.’ TATA Steel Ltd. is committed to tackling the challenges of sustainability. This means that it takes its responsibility towards both the environment and its communities seriously, balancing these against the need to make a profit. It has put systems in place to meet international standards for environmental management such as ISO14001.Respecting and safe-guarding the environment is a central principle held by all TATA Steel Ltd. and can go hand-in-hand with profitable business. Business ethics Business ethics means ‘taking the right course’. Acting ethically takes into account all the factors of doing business. These include production, business processes, and the company’s behaviour with its...

Words: 2345 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Case Study of the Love Canal Environmental Disaster

...Case Study of the Love Canal Environmental Disaster ENV/410 March 23, 2014 Case Study of the Love Canal Environmental Disaster In May of 1892 a man named William T. Love arrived in Niagara Falls with a long-held dream of building a carefully planned industrial city with convenient access to inexpensive water power and major markets. The plan included the construction of a navigable power canal between the upper and lower Niagara Rivers which would service a massive industrial complex. The transportation of water would be supplied by the lower Niagara River and Lake Ontario. However, due to the country suddenly finding itself in the middle of a full-scale economic depression and the fact that Louis Tesla had just discovered a way to transmit electrical power economically over great distances by means of an alternating current, Love's project was dealt a death blow. His backers deserted him and the whole project fell apart, with the land being sold at public auction in 1910 (Whalen, 1978). In the 1920's the excavation became a chemical and municipal disposal site for several chemical companies and the City of Niagara Falls. Chemicals of unknown kind and quantity were buried at the site up until 1953, after which, the site was covered with earth. Soon, about 100 homes were built, along with an elementary school, on top of this toxic waste dump. The effects of the pit's contents soon began to be felt. Strange odors and substances were reported by residents, especially......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Clean Water Act

...Businesses………………………………………..…………..6 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………...…………………..10 References……………………………………………………………………………………….11 Appendix Case Study …………………………………………………………………………...………..7   Abstract This paper was written with the attempt to educate the reader on the inception and brief history of “clean water act of 1972”. Before this important law companies used our waterways as liquid landfills. This law was one of many that was desperately needed to help make America a better place for generations to come.   Antonio Hines Environmental Science November 3, 2014 The Clean Water Act of 1972 History of the Clean Water Act Dead fish floating in our river ways and different wildlife lying on the banks of our streams was common place in the early 60’s. In Ohio, the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland was so polluted that it caught fire – for the tenth time! Time Magazine reported that Lake Erie was dying from all the waste dumped into it. Saint Louis took its drinking water from the muddy Missouri River because it had gotten to the point that no one wanted to eat or drink from the Mississippi River. Therefore, it is safe to say, these areas needed help and fast! American did receive assistance and it came in the form of laws being established to prevent the death of wildlife and further pollution of American’s lakes and rivers. There were three laws that changed the industrial era and American life as we know it today: The National...

Words: 2419 - Pages: 10