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Environmental Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By geeta1605
Words 1527
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Measures and controls which are directed at environmental conservation, the rational and sustainable allocation and utilization of natural resources, the optimization of interrelations between society and the environment and the improvement of human welfare for present and future generations.
 Environmental Impact Assessment
 Environmental Management Planning
 Environmental Auditing
 Socio-Economic Assessment
 Solid Waste Management
 Air Quality Monitoring
 Water Quality Assessment
 Soil Quality Assessment
 Water and Wastewater Management
Environmental Impact Assessment It's the study undertaken in order to assess the effect on a specified environment of the introduction of any new factor, which may upset the current ecological balance. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study is a statutory requirement in all projects that might produce considerable adverse effects. EIA does not involve any decisions about the project, nor does it restrict the citizens' subsequent opportunities to influence the project. The purpose of EIA is to increase the citizens' opportunities of participation and obtaining information at an early stage of the project, and to reveal the environmental impact so that it can be considered in the planning stage. The EIA process has to be completed before the commencement of any project.
Environmental Management Planning
Environment Management Planning includes the identification of mitigation and compensation measures for all the identified significant impacts. It also involves the physical planning including work programmed, time schedule and locations for putting mitigation and compensation systems in place, delineation of financial plan for implementing the mitigation measures in the form of budgetary estimates and demonstration of its inclusion in the project budget estimates.
Environmental Auditing
An assessment of the nature and extent of any harm or detriment, or any possible harm or detriment, that may be inflicted on any aspect of the environment by any activity process, development programmed, or any product, chemical, or waste substance. Audits may be designed to: verify or otherwise comply with environmental requirements; evaluate the effectiveness of existing environmental management systems; or assist in planning for future improvements in environment protection and pollution control.
Socio-Economic Assessment
Socio-Economic Impact Assessment (SEIA) is carried out to help understand the potential range of socio-economic impacts of a proposed change, and the likely responses of those impacted if the change occurs. It is important to determine not only the full range of impacts, such as changes to levels of income and employment, access to services, Quality of life, but also the understanding of implications of each particular change. This understanding can help design impact mitigation strategies to minimize negative and maximize positive impacts of any change on the society.
Solid Waste Management
It may be defined as the systematic administration of activities, which are provided for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid waste. It includes non-liquid, non-soluble materials ranging from municipal garbage to industrial wastes that contain complex and sometimes hazardous substances. Solid wastes also include sewage sludge, agricultural refuse, demolition wastes, and mining residues.
Air Quality Monitoring
Air quality is assessed to evaluate the existing ambient conditions and to predict the anticipated conditions after any development. Air pollution comes from many different sources: stationary sources such as factories, power plants and smelters and smaller sources such as dry cleaners and degreasing operations; mobile sources such as cars, buses, planes, trucks and trains; and naturally occurring sources such as windblown dust and volcanic eruptions, all contribute to air pollution. Air Quality can be affected in many ways by the pollution emitted from these sources.
Water Quality Assessment
Water environment is assessed to evaluate the existing and anticipated impact of the developmental activities. Understanding the water quality is essential in identifying critical issues with a view to evaluate the impacts on habitat conditions, recreational resources, agricultural productivity and aesthetics in the vicinity and to suggest appropriate mitigation measures for implementation.
Soil Quality Assessment
The soil resource is a vital component of our environment and the monitoring of soil properties is essential in achieving sustainable land use. The objective of the assessment is to determine the potential of soil in an area and identify the impacts of urbanization and industrialization on soil quality. Water and Wastewater Management
The provision of water is usually a prime requirement of any development. GET provides complete solutions for all water related problems in both treatment and water handling covering all aspects of a developer's water service infrastructure requirements. We specialize in the following services.
• Sewage Treatment Plants
• Effluent Treatment Plants
• Mineral Water Plants
• Reverse Osmosis Plants
• Demineralization Plants
• Hydro Pneumatic Systems
• All types of Filtration System
International Organization For Standardization (ISO 14000)
The ISO 14000 family addresses various aspects of environmental management. It provides practical tools for companies and organizations looking to identify and control their environmental impact and constantly improve their environmental performance. ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 14004:2004 focus on environmental management systems. The other standards in the family focus on specific environmental aspects such as life cycle analysis, communication and auditing.
ISO 14001
It serves as a framework to assist organizations in developing their own environmental management system. ISO 14001 can be integrated with other management functions and assists companies in meeting their environmental and economic goals.
ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations:
• Minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land)
• Comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and
• Continually improve in the above.
Organizations are responsible for setting their own targets and performance measures, with the standard serving to assist them in meeting objectives and goals and the subsequent monitoring and measurement of these. This means that two organizations that have completely different measures and standards of environmental performance, can both comply with ISO 14001 requirements. Basic Principles And Methodology

1. Plan – establish objectives and processes required
Prior to implementing ISO 14001, an initial review of the organisation’s processes and products is recommended, to assist in identifying all elements of the current operation and if possible future operations, that may interact with the environment, termed environmental aspects. Environmental aspects can include both direct, such as those used during manufacturing and indirect, such as raw materials. This review assists the organisation in establishing their environmental objectives, goals and targets, which should ideally be measurable; helps with the development of control and management procedures and processes and serves to highlight any relevant legal requirements, which can then be built into the policy.

2. Do – implement the processes
During this stage the organization identifies the resources required and works out those members of the organisation responsible for the EMS’ implementation and control. This includes documentation of all procedures and processes; including operational and documentation control, the establishment of emergency procedures and responses, and the education of employees, to ensure they can competently implement the necessary processes and record results. Communication and participation across all levels of the organisation, especially top management is a vital part of the implementation phase, with the effectiveness of the EMS being dependant on active involvement from all employees.

3. Check – measure and monitor the processes and report results
During the check stage, performance is monitored and periodically measured to ensure that the organisation’s environmental targets and objectives are being met. In addition, internal audits are regularly conducted to ascertain whether the EMS itself is being implemented properly and whether the processes and procedures are being adequately maintained and monitored.

4. Act – take action to improve performance of EMS based on results
After the checking stage, a regular planned management review is conducted to ensure that the objectives of the EMS are being met, the extent to which they are being met, that communications are being appropriately managed and to evaluate changing circumstances, such as legal requirements, in order to make recommendations for further improvement of the system. These recommendations are then fed back into the planning stage to be implemented into the EMS moving forward.
Benefits
ISO 14001 was developed primarily to assist companies in reducing their environmental impact, but in addition to an improvement in environmental standards and performance, organizations can reap a number of economic benefits including higher conformance with legislative and regulatory requirements by utilizing the ISO standard. Firstly by minimizing the risk of regulatory and environmental liability fines and improving an organization’s efficiency, leading to a reduction in waste and consumption of resources, operating costs can be reduced.
Secondly, as an internationally recognized standard, businesses operating in multiple locations across the globe can register as ISO 14001 compliant, eliminating the need for multiple registrations or certifications.
Thirdly there has been a push in the last decade by consumers, for companies to adopt stricter environmental regulations, making the incorporation of ISO 14001 a greater necessity for the long term viability of businesses and providing them with a competitive advantage against companies that do not adopt the standard. This in turn can have a positive impact on a company’s asset value and can lead to improved public perceptions of the business, placing them in a better position to operate in the international marketplace. Finally it can serve to reduce trade barriers between registered businesses.

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