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Environmental Processes That May Cause Injury, Illness, or Death in Toddlers

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Environmental processes that may cause injury, illness, or death in Toddlers Lilian Iberosi Grand Canyon University, Arizona 11/13/2013 A toddler is a child between the ages of one and three. During this time, although the physical growth and motor development will slow, the toddler years are a time of great cognitive, emotional and social development. To this extent, toddlers are especially susceptible to preventable injuries because their physical abilities exceed their capacities to understand the consequences of their actions. Hence a two-year old child whose ball rolls into the road will think only about retrieving the ball, not about the danger of being hit by a motor vehicle. They are extraordinary mimics, but their understanding of cause and effect is not as developed as their motor skills. (Hagan 184). Therefore, safety issues in a toddler relate primarily to the toddler’s environment and interactions with parents and or caregivers In the light of the foregoing, some of the most frequent causes of injuries, illness, or death in toddlers include: suffocation, motor vehicle crashes and car seat safety-related injuries, falls, fires and burns, poisoning, choking, and drowning. Suffocation and motor car- related injuries are the leading causes of death, however toddlers’ who are exposed to maternal substance use, secondhand smoke, malnutrition, lack of caregiver supervision, or caregiver neglect also are at increased risk of morbidity. (Hagan 183) Parents usually underestimate their toddler’s motor skills while overestimating her cognitive skills and judgment. Thus a toddler’s emerging independence and rapidly increasing mobility presents new safety and injury prevention challenges and necessitates further environmental modifications, or childproofing. In view of this, parents should be aware of potential hazards in their home, and they should create a safe...

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