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Erving Goffman

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By georgianacarol
Words 1488
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„Erving Goffman (June 11, 1922 – November 19, 1982) was a Canadian-born sociologist and writer.
The 73rd president of American Sociological Association, Goffman's greatest contribution to social theory is his study of symbolic interaction in the form of dramaturgical perspective that began with his 1959 book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
In 2007 Goffman was listed as the 6th most-cited intellectual in the humanities and social sciences by The Times Higher Education Guide, behind Anthony Giddens and ahead of Jürgen Habermas.”
Goffman’s builds his theories in the book based on a starting ideea which attests that in the everyday socialization, every person has a repertory of verbal and nonverbal acts constructed of an individual point of view about situations, persons and most of all, about himself. A person must know that the people with whom he interacts make an opinion and clasify him based on his actions and perspectives about certain subjects in an encounter.
Another major fact that defines a person is the impression of self, named by Goffman „ the face”. His definition of this term is that „ ... the face may be defined as the positive social value a person effectively claims for himself by the lines others assume he has taken during a particular contact”. The image a person shows tends to be an institutionalized one and it’s based on emotions and feelings the person is encountering at that certain point of social confrontation. The face is in a state of continuously changes and depinding on the group of persons an individual interacts with or the the subject sustained in a discution, the self impression the individual has about himself modifies depending on the most favorable aspects of the situation given at a certain point. He may encounter positive feelings and responses from the other coparticipants resulting in a grow of his self esteem...

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