Free Essay

Essay - Classical Studies

In: Other Topics

Submitted By madaward
Words 355
Pages 2
theModelling the Analysis of an Artefact.
The beautiful wall painting found at the Palace at Knossos gives some insight into who were the Minoans. The wall painting dates back to the Postpalatial period and it depicts young boys playing and preforming acrobatic movements around what seems to be a strong and graceful bull. The painting has been named the ‘taurokatharpsia’ translated as bull games. The bull symbolized power, male fertility and strength all attributes that have been associated with King Minos a famous ruler of Knossos and step father to the monstrous Minotaur.
This piece of artwork supports claims that the bull was a sacred animal for the Minoans as evidenced by other artefacts found at the site. Rituals and religious ceremonies were celebrated in honour of the Bull and they were considered important enough to offer as a sacrifice to the Gods. The relationship between the bull and humans is explored as it could be assumed that to be able to triumph over a bull showed great skill and power on behalf of the boys shown in the artwork.

The beautiful wall painting found at the Palace at Knossos gives some insight into who were the Minoans. The wall painting dates back to the Postpalatial period and it depicts young boys playing and preforming acrobatic movements around what seems to be a strong and graceful bull. The painting has been named the ‘taurokatharpsia’ translated as bull games. The bull symbolized power, male fertility and strength all attributes that have been associated with King Minos a famous ruler of Knossos and step father to the monstrous Minotaur.
This piece of artwork supports claims that the bull was a sacred animal for the Minoans as evidenced by other artefacts found at the site. Rituals and religious ceremonies were celebrated in honour of the Bull and they were considered important enough to offer as a sacrifice to the Gods. The relationship between the bull and humans is explored as it could be assumed that to be able to triumph over a bull showed great skill and power on behalf of the boys shown in the artwork.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Management

...Activity-Based Management essay Kemps LLC used ABC (Activity Based Costing) model to improve aspects of its organizational structure (Heisinger, 2009 & Anonymous, n. d.). Kemps used it as a resource exercise in assessing its employees through appraising its workers during ... Barco Projection Systems essay This study focuses on Barco Projection Systems as an entity requiring a change in tactics in order to rejuvenate its activities. The study explores the likely marketing options that the company can adopt to rediscover its top position in the ... Changes in an Organisation essay According to Child and Smith (1987), changes in an organisation are an observable turn of events or things in an organisation’s life in terms of carrying out tasks, operational and cognitive actions over a stated time. Organisational changes ... Classical Studies of Leadership essay The classical theories on leadership link the traditional and modern theories of leadership. The classical three theories of leadership are trait theory, behavioral theory and the situational theory. The trait theory This theory originates from ... Classroom Management essay Effective management of classroom is important in creating a favorable learning condition, though sometime attempts to have control over student can go beyond the ethical and legal boundaries (Robert, 2007). Though certain methods have clearly gone ... Communication and Organizational Practices essay Organizational communication...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...Scientific Management This essay will critically evaluate the scientific management’s importance and its contribution in the current management context. In this era of rapid economic development and industrial expansion of different nations, scientific management has enabled every nation to be involved in this global market. Scientific management is the theory which serves as the ‘backbone’ to many current management theories. Scientific management will be briefly described initially. After that, the essay will identify why scientific management is an important contribution to management theory when Frederick Taylor proposed it.... [tags: Business Employee Management] 1639 words (4.7 pages) $19.95 [preview] Scientific Management - Scientific Management Fredrick Taylor, the father of scientific management. He had a firm belief in "one best way" (Samson & Daft, 2003), of doing something. In the year 1899, Taylor held an experiment that involved German and Hungarian men, whose job involved some very heavy-duty work (Gabor, 2000). To his disappointment, men either refused to work, or wouldn't work to his expectations. The men hated him utterly; to the extent he required security when going home (Gabor, 2000). In his entire dilemma with his employers, in stepped Schmidt, a man not of intelligence but had the strength of a bull and an ox-like mentally required to reach the standards of Fredrick Taylor.... [tags: Taylorism Business Management Essays] :: 3 Works Cited :: 6 Sources...

Words: 8474 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Crime

...Assignment 2: Essay Outline (300 words) (10%) You will submit your essay plan (300 words) in Week 5 tutorials. The plan should include how are you planning to answer the question, key issues you will cover, structure of the essay and key arguments you want to present. Your tutor will provide oral feedback in the class. You need to make reasonable attempt at this assessment every week to pass the course. If you fail to do it your final mark will be withheld. 1. Essay Question: After more than a century of criminological theory, why does crime still exist? Illustrate your answer by drawing on at least two theories studied thus far in the semester and consider how they define crime and what policy ( rulem strategy, procedure) responses (replies) they advocate (support). What are the strengths and weaknesses of these theories and why related policy responses failed to rid society ( culture of crime? Use Australian or international examples to support your arguments. a. Thesis Statement: * Crime attributes an individual to a particularly undesirable group. It is based upon an event; some sort of wrong - doing or deviance from the norm which results in social, physical, mental, property or financial harm. * Theories come into play and provide a perspective and embody certain assumptions. * * There is no longer a singular definition of crime, there are multiple views and opinions yet non stand as a concrete definition. * Classical Theory ...

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Phobias

...Running head: PHOBIAS AND ADDICTIONS Phobias and Addictions PSY/300 Abstract This essay examines phobias and addictions, how phobias can be developed through operant conditioning and how addictions can be developed through operant conditioning. This essay also examines the distinctions between classical and operant condition and examines “extinction” as it relates to psychological theory and how extinction is achieved in classical and operant conditioning. Phobias and Addictions Numerous psychologists believe that behaviors are learned through conditioning. These conditionings are known as operant, which is based on individual’s response to outside stimuli, and classical conditioning, which is based on the theory that people’s reactions to situations are learned behaviors. Phobias and Addictions can develop when an individual’s ability to function within societal normality’s or adapt to societal complexities are diminished. Addiction is a condition in which the body must have a drug to avoid physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Phobias and classical conditioning Phobias are persistent and irrational fears of specific objects, activities, or situations that are excessive and unreasonable, given the reality of the threat. Even though phobias are based on irrational fears, they often cause serious problems in a person’s life. Phobias can result in a person being unable to perform their job, participate in any...

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Hoplite Book Review

...Book Review of Hoplites: The Classical Greek Battle Experience Kyle Bonds History 3300, Dr. Kicklighter 09 October 2013 Kyle Bonds Dr. Joseph Kicklighter 9 October 2013 History 3300 Hoplites: The Classical Greek Battle Experience Review Collected and edited by Victor Davis Hanson, Hoplites: The Classical Greek Battle Experience is a collection of nine scholarly essays specifically about the Hoplite warrior: describing the weapons used, how the identification and retrieval of casualties was conducted, the style of phalanx battle from the perspective of the actual soldier fighting as well as sacrifices and battle rituals. He reveals a new experience to the reader using these works, one that sheds new light on the hoplite warrior. Born on September 5th, 1953, Victor Hanson is a military historian and columnist specializing in the study of the classics and ancient warfare. Most notably known for his contributions on modern warfare and contemporary politics for the National Review he has published a number of books on ancient warfare and the classics most on Greek warfare and the Peloponnesian Wars. Keeping his love for the classics intact he received his Ph.D in that field from Stanford University in 1980. Hanson recently relinquished his position and California State University where he began teaching in 1984 where his solely responsible for the creation of the classics program. He currently writes two articles per week for the National Review. Although...

Words: 1450 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Use of Classical Conditioning in Advertising

...The Use of Classical Conditioning in Advertising IT Carlow Consumer Insights Y3 12/10/2012 April Brophy Introduction Classical conditioning in advertising has been used by firms who sell products to get consumers to purchase from them instead of their competition. (CALVIN BIERLEY, 1985) This essay will briefly explain what classical conditioning is. It will examine the problems with experiments on classical conditioning in advertising and briefly look at two experiments which try to overcome these problems in testing classical conditioning in advertising. The first experiment will look at the effects of background features in advertising by Gerald J.Gorn. The second experiment will investigate whether consumer attitudes towards a product can be conditioned and it will examine weather classically conditioned attitudes can be stronger with larger numbers of trials. The essay will then look at what advertisers need to remember when using classical conditioning and then give examples of companies that use classical conditioning in their advertising campaigns. Classical Conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov by accident while he was researching the digestive system of dogs where he presented food to the dog. Pavlov noticed that the dog would start to salivate when he just walked into the room even without food in his hand. Pavlov’s main belief was that learning occurred through association. The dog associated Pavlov with the food and would then salivate. It occurs...

Words: 2556 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Economics

...Free Essays Home Search Essays FAQ Contact Search: Related Essays - Economics of Information - Introduction There have been discussions among scholars in developed countries regarding economics of information. Developed countries includes Australia, New Zealand, United States, Ireland, Germany...[ view ] - Economics and Growth - The demand curve is likely to change upwards or rise as a result of changes in a number of factors. One, if there is a move up in the price of an alternative commodity, or decrease in price of the giv...[ view ] Classical Economics vs. Keynesian Economics :: 5 Works Cited Length: 1187 words (3.4 double-spaced pages) Rating: Red (FREE) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - My research of Classical Economics and Keynesian Economics has given me the opportunity to form an opinion on this greatly debated topic in economics. After researching this topic in great lengths, I have determined the Keynesian Economics far exceeds greatness for America compared to that of Classical Economics. I will begin my paper by first addressing my understanding of both economic theories, I will then compare and contrast both theories, and end my paper with my opinions on why I believe Keynesian Economics is what is best for America. Classical Economics is a theory that suggests by leaving the free market alone without human intervention; equilibrium will be obtained. This theory...

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Public Administration

...Midterm Essay: Classical Organizational Theory Liberty University February 5, 2014 Midterm Essay: Classical Organizational Theory "Classical Organizational Theory deals with the 'systematic processes necessary to make bureaucracy more efficient and effective.' Name three scholars that are credited with the development of classical organization thought that most correctly fit into this definition of Classical Organizational Theory. What were the basic arguments articulated by each in their contributions to the development of Classical Organizational Theory?" Classical organizational theory supports two views. Scientific management which focuses on managing work and employees and administrative management which addresses issues which affects the how the organization should be structured. (Classical School of Management, 2011). There are a few contributors to the classical organizational theory, Frederick Taylor focused on scientific management and Henri Fayol, Max Weber and Luther Gulick are known for the their theories on the administrative management portion. Frederick Taylor was born on March 20. 1856 in Pennsylvania, after his studies in Europe he had plans of attending Harvard but did not pass the entrance exams. Taylor instead worked as a pattern maker at a pump manufacturing company in Philadelphia. His techniques and managerial practices were adopted in the United States and the world in the 20th century. His principles of management emphasized the control of...

Words: 1089 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Business Study

...Parvinder-2144138 | Management Assignment 1: Essay | | 8/25/2014 | A WOMAN AHEAD OF HER TIME: THE RELEVANCE OF MARY PARKER FOLLETT'S MANAGEMENT THEORY ON MODERN ORGANIZATIONS. A close reading of Mary Parker Follett: Creating Democracy, Transforming Management demonstrates her ideas about management are not only seminal to current organization settings, but are also more complex than readings to date have acknowledged. Follett maintains the primary responsibility of management to discover the centrality of relationships and the thread that structures understanding of the virtues of integration and the common purpose that emerges from this; conflict resolution; core principles and processes of management, and discovering the sense. The aim of this essay is to determine that how her contributions relate to classical approach to management and also examine how they relevant to managers in contemporary organisations. ‘In societies we often think of the individual as being the opposite of the group, that groups negate individuality, but she acknowledged that groups are able to help society in general and achieve personal identity to improve the quality of group members’ lives, help to explain how people can work together effectively but with less risk of (Chloepiano, 2014). Firstly, her main contributions to management thought and practice were as follows: The role of leaders or manager in the organisation is differently. In the organisation, the position of superior...

Words: 1050 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Classical Social Thought

...Classical Social Thought (SP 212) Semester 1, 2012-13 Lecturer: Tony Varley Room 309, Second Floor, Árus Moyola Office Hours: Monday: 5-6pm; Wednesday: 4-5pm. Email: tony.varley@nuigalway.ie Course Description: The classical sociological tradition has been heavily dominated by the writings of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. Each of these three theorists has carved out a distinctive approach to the study of society and, in the process, has contributed substantially to our understanding of the transition from pre-modern to modern society. There are many who would argue that the ideas of these three classical figures continue to have much to offer to an understanding of contemporary society and politics. There are several possible ways to study the ideas of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. In this course we will attempt to take a thematic and comparative approach by comparing the views of Marx, Weber and Durkheim on a number of central topics. We will look therefore at their ideas concerning the methods appropriate to the study of society, their views on class and the division of labour, on democratic politics and the state and on culture, religion and ideology. Our discussion will begin with a consideration of what a ‘classical’ tradition might look like in the social sciences; and of why Marx, Weber and Durkheim merit inclusion as the most significant members within such a tradition. For a fuller appreciation of the classical tradition in social theory there is no substitute...

Words: 2278 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Classical and Operant Conditioning

...University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Classical and operant conditioning are important concepts to behavior psychology. While both result in learning, the processes are different. The elements of classical condition are neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, and conditioned response, while the elements of operant conditioning are reinforcement and punishment. Reinforcement following a behavior will cause the behavior to increase, but if behavior is followed by punishment the behavior will decrease. Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who was interested in behavior. Pavlov theorized what is called classical conditioning. The most prominent figure in the development and study of Operant Conditioning was B. F. Skinner. Skinner theorized what is called operant conditioning. One of the simplest ways to remember the differences between classical and operant conditioning is to focus on whether the behavior is involuntary or voluntary. Classical conditioning involves making an association between an involuntary response and a stimulus, while operant...

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Classical History

...CLASSICS 101 2ND QUARTER 2013 ESSAY You are required to write an essay on either The Golden Age of Greece or Greek Tragedy. The question for the first topic is given below. The questions for the second will be given when the lectures on Greek Tragedy begin. Title: Compare the situation of women in Sparta with that of women in Athens in the 5th century BC. Note: The most important word here is compare. Avoid writing about Spartan women and then Athenian women – or vice versa. Rather compare them under specific subject areas such as birth, upbringing, marriage, authority/influence at home, political influence, economic power, status in society… and anything else which you believe is important. The following books (with barcodes in brackets) are available on Short Loan. Bradley’s book is helpful as a general guide to students of Classics. Those by Pomeroy, Fantham and Lefkowitz and Samons focus on women in the Classical World. The other works may not have immediate relevance to this essay, but should be helpful as you study Athenian and Spartan forms of government and the ways of life and values of these two very different societies. Bradley, P. Ancient Greece: Using Evidence. (10021550) Barrow, R. Athenian Democracy. (13143987) Cartledge, P. Sparta and Lakonia. (12667874) Fantham E et al. Women in the classical world. (11621324) Fornara, C., Samons, L. Athens from Cleisthenes to Pericles (10112243). Forrest, W...

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Phobias and Addictions

...from different learning techniques. A phobia is, “An exaggerated usually inexplicable and illogical fear of a particular object, class of objects, or situations” (Merriam-Webster, 2013). On the other hand an addiction can be defined as, “A persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful” (Merriam-Webster, 2013). The similarity between these two behaviors lies in the compulsive and persistent fear or desire of the object or situation. Two of the well-known learning methods, classical and operant conditioning, can contribute to developing phobias and addictions. One behavior that can be developed by classical conditioning is a Phobia. The concept of developing phobia through classical conditioning occurs when one stimulus is paired with another resulting in a different response (Kowalski & Weston, 2011, p. 165). In 1920, John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner conducted a classical conditioning study that paved the way for the development of phobias. In this study, they surmised that emotional responses could be learned from the “Little Albert” experiment. They first frightened the subject, Little Albert, by making a very loud noise behind him. After many tests they were able to associate the loud noise with a white rate. They were able to condition Little Albert to be afraid of the white rat without hearing the loud noise because of the association to the noise. Phobias can be developed different ways as well, for example when a child goes ice skating for the...

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Memory

...450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. The bond between classical and operant conditions is that they almost the same thing but different at the same time are the most significant part of behavioral psychology. What makes them same is that they both have results in learning. The elements of classical conditioning are stimulus. This just means that you are stimulated in a way that you will respond. The fundamentals of classical condition are unbiased stimulus, unrestricted stimulus, trained stimulus, open-ended response, and hardened response. Classical conditioning is when something happens and causes you to react also known as impulse. The elements of operant conditioning are support and punishment. The two do have likenesses but they also have differences as well. What makes these two the same is that you will get a response with both but in different ways? Classical is more of a reflex and operant is more of a response. The difference between the two are is; classical is where you do not know whether you will respond to something. Operant conditioning you will respond whether it is a positive response or a negative response. An example of classical conditioning would...

Words: 637 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Classicist and Positivist Criminology

...criminology. Classical Criminology was developed in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. One of the finding fathers of this approach was the Italian philosopher Cesare Baccaria. In 1764, Baccaria published his work On Crime and Punishment in which he protested against often cruel and harsh punishments, based upon the infliction of pain and suffering and appears to propose introduction of new legal system which will be reasonably fair and transparent. Classical criminology suggested that all humans are rational beings and their actions can be understood as “freewill” and crime can be regarded as an irrational judgement. Classicism assumes that people weigh up the cost and benefits of their crimes before they commit them. The focus of classical criminology was based only on the offence not on the individual, all people were treated as alike, judging seriousness of a crime was based on the act alone, and not on intentions or other factors which may influence the individual to commit the crime, for example; first-time offenders were treated the same as serial recidivist. Positivism was emerged in the early nineteenth century. However, it is widely assumed that scientific criminology began when Italian physician Cesare Lombroso published his work The Criminal Man in 1876. Lombroso studied the body shapes of executed criminals, he believed that particular bodily differences, for example skull size could identify and predict propensity to crime and on this study he attempted...

Words: 573 - Pages: 3