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Essay Harper

In: English and Literature

Submitted By cuppycake06
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Pages 6
Critical Thinking as We See it In her 1999 work, Concepts and Tools in Critical Thinking, Linda Elder offers the following definition of critical thinking: “Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way. People who think critically consistently attempt to live rationally, reasonably, and empathically. They are keenly aware of inherently flawed nature of human thinking when left unchecked. They strive to diminish the power of their egocentric and socio- centric tendencies. They use the intellectual tools that critical thinking offers- concepts and principles that enable them to analyze, access, and improve thinking. They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason.” Critical thinking is taking a thought thinking about it, analyzing it, and then elaborating on it with facts and evidence. Based on Linda Elder’s argument critical thinkers use intellectual tools to improve their thinking through numerous skills. The numerous skills used such as intellectual empathy and rationale allow for critical thinkers to reason at a high level of quality. With Linda Elder’s definition in mind the following texts offer evidence to support her definition. In John Berger’s Ways of Seeing he offers the problem of people being subjective. In David Foster Wallace’s essay “Deciderization 2007-A Special Report” he shows a solution or choice to the problem. In Leon Weiseltier’s “The Democratic thinker” he shows the obligation that people have. “The Blind Men and the Elephant” shows conflict between knowledge and understanding. “The Three Questions” by Leo Tolstoy also shows conflict between knowledge and understanding but in a...

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