Premium Essay

Essay On Boring Operation

Submitted By
Words 2221
Pages 9
Boring is an operation used for increasing a hole which has been already made by other processes such as drilling or casting. Thus, it serves the purpose of increasing the internal diameter of cylindrical objects. It is done by means of a single-point cutting tool called boring bar. The boring operation can be done by either rotating the boring bar with the workpiece held stationary or otherwise keeping the boring bar positioned on the tool post of turning machine and moving it towards rotating workpiece which is held by a chuck. Boring is used to achieve different aspects for a workpiece .Firstly, it helps to give appropriate size and finish for the workpiece. Boring can be used to straighten a hole which was originally drilled, …show more content…
For small work pieces boring operation can be carried out on a lathe. But for larger workpieces, boring mills are used. Several design considerations are present in the boring processes as it occurs to decrease product tolerances permanently small length to bore diameter ratios are preferred since large overhang can be cause cutting tools deflection .Also deep hole boring is very difficult .So, through holes are preferred over blind holes. Boring operation first saw application in making canon ,producing barrels of guns and artillery and now days they have several industrial application like finishing operating in cylinder lining of automobiles and …show more content…
Using of anisotropic bars with a specific orientation of stiffness axis relative to the cutting forces, result in a significance increase in dynamic stability. Another technique involves making solid bars with materials having high youngs modulus or high damping materials. Typical examples include sintered tungsten carbide and sintered tungsten carbide alloyed with copper and nickel. These materials are expensive but give stable machining for l/ratios up to

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

If You Need Help Writing Your Essay on Management

...Help Writing Your Essay on Management You’re really talking about a test of your academic writing endurance and reading endurance here. Management, accounting, and mathematics are the trifecta of yawn worthy subjects to do an essay on, but someone has to write them eventually. If you’re reading this, you’re that person. The only starting suggestions that can be offered are stick to facts and start early on this. You have a long, long, road ahead for this essay. Normally writing an essay is as boring or painful as you make it, but you’ve found the exception to the rule here. Let’s get to those management topics. Starting Topics for Your Essay There are several types of management essays you can do: an operations management essay, project management essay, a business management essay, and so on. Management Essay Topics: The nature of managerial work Basic functions and roles Marketing in the public and private sectors (can be separate topics) Management skills Implementation of policies and strategies within a business policy Policies and strategies in the planning process Middle-level management Upper management First / lower management Organizational structure of a business Other essays you could focus on are a human resources management essay and supply chain management essay. This doesn’t have to be kept to a business nature, though. You’re also open to a stress management essay and a time management essay. Overall there isn’t much there as far......

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Audience Analysis

...Week two Assignment: Audience Analysis Paper Dejaree Warrington May 10, 2010 COM/285 Heidi Frei Audience Analysis Paper In any business people will work with others that have different lifestyles and backgrounds. Many have different attitudes, beliefs, and values that come with diversity in an organization. This essay will address a situation where a person has to present quarterly sales information at a meeting. The group of people includes: managers, customers, salespeople, and skateholders. The essay will focus on communications with this type of audience and how one must approach the situation. The essay will focus on the characteristics of the audience, and explain the communication channels appropriate for this situation. Because the diversity of the audience is so important, the essay will provide some considerations to keep in mind on how to communicate with different groups. Last, I will speak of the ways to ensure messages are effective when communication with an audience. Much of the characteristics that are considered are the correspondence to the audience. Since the quarterly sales information is presented to more than one person, the individual must conduct information persisting to the topics of the audience. One well known way to get information out is through a PowerPoint Presentation. In most cases this involves being face to face with the audience. Sometimes Individuals will show spreadsheets, graphs, or important bullet notes to help the......

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...countries, every employee is aware as a unique human being meaning that each of them is different in the way of thinking and behaving especially in a multinational company and cannot be treated as a cog in a machine any more. That means the company may consider some other effective managing methods to encourage employees to have more energy and be more willing to do their jobs and have the sense of belonging within the organisation. As a result, the main purpose of this essay is to discuss the benefits and problems of introducing and exercising these two technologies of management which are empowerment and job redesign. The beginning part of the essay is to introduce these two methods including the relationship between them and why they are helpful to improve the situations triggered by scientific management to some extent. And then the existing problems during the implementing of empowerment and job redesign will be discussed in the second part of the essay. Finally, the conclusion will be given in the last past of the essay after considering the merits and demerits. WHY CONSIDER EMPOWERMENT AND JOB REDISIGN In terms of job redesign, it is aiming to improve the job performance, the employee productivity, work motivation and job...

Words: 1937 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Producing Engineering Housings: Examination of the Manufacturing-Materials-Design Issues

...130243 19.04.2013 Manufacturing Technologies – Assignment 1 Producing engineering housings: examination of the manufacturing-materials-design issues I. Introduction This assignment is an examination of the manufacturing-materials-design issues involved in producing engineering housings. A housing can be defined as an “envelope designed to retain and position a range of mechanical or electrical components”1. More specifically, the aim of this essay is to discuss what aspects need to be considered when determining which materials and processes are to be used in the manufacture of a car engine cylinder block (which is considered to be a housing). First of all, an identification of the developments, difficulties and constraints introduced by the design requirement to cast (or mould) a housing will be done. Secondly, a comparison of the material/process choices between ferrous alloys and light alloys for housing applications will be developed. Thirdly, the finishing, joining and assembly aspects will be identified and finally, this essay will be ended by a discussion about how the overall organisation of the manufacturing system might be expected to change with production from cast iron to aluminium alloy engine blocks and how the manufacturer has accommodated these changes within their overall manufacturing strategy. Source :                     ......

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...In recent years the mushrooming power, functionality and ubiquity of computers and the Internet have outstripped early forecasts about technology’s rate of advancement and usefulness in everyday life. Alert pundits now foresee a world saturated with powerful computer chips, which will increasingly insinuate themselves into our gadgets, dwellings, apparel and even our bodies. Robots on SCM Obviously, it hasn’t turned out that way. It is true that industrial robots have transformed the manufacture of automobiles, among other products. But that kind of automation is a far cry from the versatile, mobile, autonomous creations that so many scientists and engineers have hoped for. In pursuit of such robots, waves of researchers have grown disheartened and scores of start-up companies have gone out of business. It is not the mechanical “body” that is unattainable; articulated arms and other moving mechanisms adequate for manual work already exist, as the industrial robots attest. Rather it is the computer-based artificial brain that is still well below the level of sophistication needed to build a humanlike robot. Nevertheless, I am convinced that the decades-old dream of a useful, general-purpose autonomous robot will be realized in the not too distant future. By 2010 we will see mobile robots as big as people but with cognitive abilities similar in many respects to those of a lizard. The machines will be capable of carrying out simple chores, such as vacuuming, dusting,......

Words: 1744 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...The Channel Tunnel (French: le tunnel sous la Manche), widely recognized as one of the world’s greatest civil engineering projects, is a 50.5km underwater rail tunnel connecting Folkestone, Kent in the UK with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais in France under the English Channel. Even though it began construction in 1988 and was opened in 1994, the idea to have a cross-channel tunnel was first mooted more than 200 years ago but did not materialize due to political, national security and cost considerations. However, with the tremendous increase in traffic growth, better and alternative means of communication, convenience and speed was necessary and hence the need for an alternative transport route was clearly evident. The need for such tunnel was further compounded with Britain joining the European Community and the cross-channel traffic doubling in the last 20 years (leading to the project), reflecting improved trading between the Britain and rest of Europe. The Channel Tunnel would also be able to provide an alternative competitive link between the transportation systems of the UK and France, providing both speed and reliability to freight deliveries. With the strong endorsement from the governments of both sovereigns, the decision to build the Channel Tunnel was thus made. In April 1985, the British and French governments issued a formal invitation to potential tenderers for the fixed Channel link and eventually the contract was awarded to the consortium Channel Tunnel Group......

Words: 5274 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Psychology Stages

...understanding of himself or herself and reality (and how things work) through interactions with the environment. It is able to differentiate between itself and other objects. Learning takes place via assimilation (the organization of information and absorbing it into existing schema) and accommodation (when an object cannot be assimilated and the schemata have to be modified to include the object. * Preoperational stage (ages 2 to 4). The child is not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations. Objects are classified in simple ways, especially by important features. * Concrete operations (ages 7 to 11). As physical experience accumulates, accommodation is increased. The child begins to think abstractly and conceptualize, creating logical structures that explain his or her physical experiences. * Formal operations (beginning at ages 11 to 15). Cognition reaches its final form. By this stage, the person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgments. He or she is capable of deductive and hypothetical reasoning. His or her ability for abstract thinking is very similar to an adult. B. Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Stage | Age Range | Erogenous zone | Consequences of Psychologic Fixation | Oral | Birth–1 year | Mouth | Orally aggressive: chewing gum Orally Passive: smoking, eating, kissing, oral sexual practices Oral stage fixation might result in a passive, gullible, immature, manipulative......

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Link Between Leadership

...Management is the only way to control human beings The management is not only the only contributor in managing people, it means that they are liable for the work and performance of others, the success of management very much dependable on the performance of the team or performance of an employee. It is the responsibility of the managers to closely observe and monitor the behavior of an employee and evaluate the people on the basis of their performance, capabilities and attitude towards the work. I am Controlling the employees through Management control can be defined as a regular effort to evaluate performance to prearranged principles i.e. SOP is defined in each and every organization and the management is controlling their staff through the predetermined polices which are written in the SOP .The role of the management is to compare the employee performance with the rules, regulation and polices defined in the SOP. Other than SOP, my Management can adopt different strategies to control the employees i.e. giving high rewards to increase the performance of the employees, recognize them publicly to give motivation, confront the employee in a professional manner. Providing employees the deadlines to change their behavior towards the job and follow the employee and giving them caution such as demotion, termination and suspension. I as employee is paid to get my job in a good manner, offering the incentive will bring a change in the employee behavior, which Is a positive...

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Elements of an Essay/Research Paper

...Elements of an Essay/Research Paper Writing Process The series of steps that most writers follow in producing a piece of writing. The five major stages in the writing process are finding a topic and generating ideas (discovering), focusing on a main or controlling idea and mapping out an approach (organizing), preparing a rough draft (drafting), reworking and improving the draft (revising), and proofreading and correcting errors. Discovering – The first stage in the writing process. It may include finding a topic, exploring the topic, determining purpose and audience, probing ideas, doing reading and research, planing and organizing material. Discovery usually involves writing and is aided considerably by putting preliminary thought and plans in writing. Organizing – The sequence in which the information or ideas in an essay are presented. Drafting – The stage in the writing process during which the writer puts ideas into complete sentences, connects them, and organizes them into a meaningful sequence. Revising – The stage in the writing process during which the author makes changes in focus, organization, development, style, and mechanics to make the writing more effective. Editing – The last stage in the writing process during which the writer focuses on the details of mechanics and correctness. Discovering Audience – The readers for whom a piece of writing is intended. Many essays are aimed at a general audience, but a writer can focus on a specific group of......

Words: 6328 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Formal and Informal Language

...Formal and Informal English The difference between formal and informal English is not a difference between correct and incorrect, but a difference of what is known as register. A register is a variety of language related to a particular subject matter or area of activity, a set of words and expressions as well as syntactical features that may be said to characterise that specific area of language. There are many registers: technical, academic, mathematical, scientific, etc. Very broadly speaking, we can also speak of a “formal” and “informal” register in English. In writing academic reports and the like, it would be normal to draw most of the vocabulary and expressions from the formal register, and few, if any, from the informal. This entails avoiding colloquial (everyday) or slang expressions in your writing assignments. The question of register is far more complicated than indicated here; for example, there are many degrees of formality and informality. However, below are listed a few examples which may be of practical assistance.[1] Diffenetions of formal & informal: Formal language, even when spoken, is often associated with the conventions expected of written standard English. Formal English follow rules of grammar very strictly. Sentences tend to be longer and more complex. The vocabulary tends to be elevated, using big words and avoiding colloquial or slang vocabulary. It avoids split infinitives and prepositions at the end of......

Words: 2253 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...Strengths Essay My name is Destiny Lind. I possess many strengths that can be very valuable to any organization. I will be discussing five strengths that can suit your organization and make me an excellent candidate for the position with your company. I am dependable, and efficient in completing tasks. I abide by the instructions given and attentive to details. I also am a team player that will make sure all task are resolved and completed. I am dependable with tasks. I maintain a high attendance rate, in both my professional and scholar, environments. When a task must be completed, there is no time to miss any available opportunity to work towards completion. This in turn makes dependability a valuable strength. While attending my last semester to obtain my Associates, I maintained 19 credit hours. In these courses I developed a business plan, a sales presentation, and a marketing portfolio. During this semester I also suffered a miscarriage, however I made sure I came to class in order to complete my tasks at hand. Efficiency plays an important role in assuming a leadership role. I maintain a level of efficiency that will help lead the team towards completion. In the process of maintaining efficiency, I also help the team to eliminate any possibility for error that may need to be corrected upon completion. Maintaining efficiency can also be a time saver. If time is saved daily through efficiency, then the team can be more productive and set higher goals. Upon......

Words: 3298 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Training Methods

...knowledge. Today, organizations realize that they cannot use only traditional training methods, especially if they want to remain competitive (Noe, 2012). In the information period also, learning opportunities across a lifetime from one’s childhood to adulthood. The skills and knowledge of people need constant refreshing, so as to keep up with the new technologies and trends. Currently, the radical change in the workforce structure and the reinventing of traditional work, in either the factory or in the large-scale repetitive clerical operations, develop the use of advanced technologies as a prerequisite for successful training (Papani, n.d). Recently, facilities for education and training at a distance have been recognized as a way of offering access to knowledge as well as learning facilitation for people for whom if otherwise might be denied. Such facilities include intranets, extranets, e-learning, online training, and m-learning. This essay aims at comparing and contrasting the differences between traditional and technology based training methods. The main differences are flexibility, cost effectiveness, personal training, the trainees’ size, computer literacy and accessibility and the interactive capacity. The most remarkable difference between these two types of...

Words: 1517 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Particular Context/Socio-Economic Situation in Which Modern Marketing Emerged and Thrived

...Although marketing is believed to be as old as commerce we cannot declare that ancient Greeks for example, knew the connection between production, markets and competition. It is however sure that during the middle ages the first steps of creating the idea of marketing were made by the edition of „the first formal analysis of buyers motivation”(Egan 2008: pg 5) by Thomas Aquinas (1225-74). This essay is about the histories of marketing, the changes that have occured and the changes in the future concerning marketing discipline. Concerning the conception of what we call modern marketing we need to observe the end of 19th centuries North America where thanks to several factors including both the first and second Industrial Revolutions the basics of consumer market has changed from sellers to buyers. At the beginning of the 20th century a new concern helped the extension of marketing theories: literature. Bartel (1976) belives that „The emergence of marketing research was itself the result of growing pressure to produce and apply accurate knowledge to the field and to bring the methods of science to the field of marketing”(Egan, 2008: pg 7). During the period of conceptualization (Bartel, 1976), which durated from 1910 to 1920, the word ’marketing’ gained new meanings. It wasn’t necessarily referred to commerce anymore, then Ralph Starr Butler (1882-1971), a pioneer in marketing, taught that ’’marketing was all about coordination, planning and the management of complex......

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Marketing Strategy

...Do I need a marketing strategy? Making and using a marketing strategy has a strong positive impact on profitability. This is because small businesses that employ a marketing strategy tend to focus on their customers and markets, integrate their marketing responses and work out in advance where their profits will come from. This briefing answers a range of questions people in small business often ask about marketing strategy: * what is a marketing strategy? * what's the difference between marketing strategy and business strategy? * where does the marketing mix fit in? * what is a marketing plan? * what information do I need and where do I get it? * what should my marketing strategy consist of? * how do I get started? What is a marketing strategy? A marketing strategy defines objectives and describes the way you're going to satisfy customers in your chosen markets. It does not have to be written down but it is easier to communicate to outsiders, like your bank manager or other investors, when it is. A set of strategies found quite commonly in smaller businesses are growth strategies. One way to look at strategies to grow your business is through the way you will use products and markets or customers. * Current product/current market Market penetration is a strategy of increasing your share of existing markets. You might achieve this by raising customers' awareness of your products and services or finding new customers. For further......

Words: 1587 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Coursework 1 alienation. “The sense that our own abilities, as human beings, are taken over by other entities”(Anthony Giddens ,1989:224). The more people transform the world themselves, the more the world becomes strange for them and the more people experience themselves as aliens in that contemporary world. The world faced a rapid technological process. On the contrary, people experience of uneasiness about our technological being in the world. Some sociologists maintain that work technology has an important impact on the level of job satisfaction or dissatisfaction of industrial workers in their workplace behaviour. Many people become alienated by doing their repetitive as well as boring job. An oversimplifying example of alienation is when worker attaches tires onto a car in a auto manufacturing plant. This essay will examine Karl Marx's contribution on alienation as well as contribution of Robert Blauner. Initially, Karl Marx claimed that alienation exists whenever and wherever there is Capitalism(Kennett, 2004). Marx maintains that alienation is interior part of the capitalist labour process, and that is why he considers that alienation is an objective state where all workers find themselves(Noon, 2007). He argues that there are four manifestations of alienation under industrial capitalism. The first manifestation is “product alienation”, it occurs when workers see themselves as a product which is owned by the employer or a worker is alienated from the product of his or her......

Words: 1840 - Pages: 8