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Essay On Endangered Species

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INTRODUCTION
About 150-200 years ago, anthropogenic era begun just when the industrial revolution began producing carbon dioxide and methane at rates sufficient to change their compositions in the atmosphere (Ruddiman, 2003). This increase in greenhouse gases resulted in slow natural loss of terrestrial biomass. Historical research has indicated that human activities play a role in the extinction of numerous large animal species (Roberts et al., 2001). In 1964, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red list was formed for global conservation status of biological species. The species are classified into 9 groups based on rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution and degree of population and distribution fragmentation (IUCN, 2017a). This is a valuable list which specifies the global conservation status of plants and animals. One of the 9 classification groups is endangered. Endangered species are defined as species that are facing threats which might lead to extinction in a short time (Botkin & Keller, 2011).
As human alterations on earth are becoming substantial and forever growing, habitats of species become altered and destroyed. The disappearance of species leads to loss of ecosystem
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The forests, lakes, swamps and other habitats are destroyed as humans harvest them for consumption and make a way for agriculture, housing, roads, pipelines and other industrialization and urbanization projects. Approximately half of the forests of the world have disappeared, nevertheless, they are still being removed at a rate 10 times higher than any possible level of regrowth (WWF, 2017). A good example is that of palm oil plantations which have spread from its native areas of South America and West Africa, to wet tropics of Papua New Guinea, parts of Asia, Kenya. Thus, the massive scale

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