Premium Essay

Essay On Volunteer Motivation

Submitted By
Words 2245
Pages 9
Volunteer motivation
People use their time and efforts to volunteer for various reasons (Bang & Ross, 2009). It means that different volunteers may have different reasons for the same activity or may have same reason in various activities. (Cuskelly et al., 2006) Also, volunteer motivations are that people want to help others and for a personal or social benefit. (Hoye et al., 2008) In this regard, there are numerous studies about the motivations of sports volunteers that using different models or scales as follows: Olympic Volunteer Motivation Scale (OVMS) (Giannoulakis et al., 2007), five factors (altruistic value, personal development, community concern, ego enhancement, and social approval) (Wang, 2006), five factors (solidary, purposive, external traditions, commitment/status, and skills) (Smith and Dickson, 2013), systemic quality of life model (SQOL) (Shye, 2010)

In order to understand the motivations of volunteers in Mega-sporting events, a study by Giannoulakis et al. (2007) investigated motivations of volunteers
…show more content…
This study used the questionnaire developed by Kulik (2007) and revised it in order to best application of the Iran culture. They found that family support was the highest ranking factor of volunteer motivation and acknowledgment was the lowest ranking factor. In addition, they found that women are higher than men both in satisfaction and burn out of volunteers in sport. Furthermore, they also investigated the relationship between motivation and satisfaction, between motivation and burn out. The result revealed that the power and rewarding factor have a positive impact on satisfaction while the lack of acknowledgment has a negative impact on satisfaction. The result showed that rewarding and lack of acknowledgment have a positive impact on volunteer’s burnout while religion and power factors have reverse relation with volunteer’s burn

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Trial

...THE EXPERIENCES OF VOLUNTEERING AND SERVICE LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF A SERVICE LEARNING PROJECT AT “CROSSROADS FOUNDATION” Samuel, Ho Lee、Fullness Social Enterprises Society、Lingnan University、852-9834 9725、sleeho819@hotmail.com、samuellee@ln.edu.hk Erica, Kim Man Lee、Fullness Social Enterprises Society、Lingnan University、852-91082586、erica_lee02@yahoo.com、ericalee@ln.edu.hk Mike, Hyung Min Lee 、Dongguk University、 wemakemoves123@gmail.com Jacqueline Kelleher、Pace University, NYC Campus、jk56646n@pace.edu Katy Kaestner 、Trinity University、kkaestne@trinity.edu ABSTRACT The processes and outcomes of a service learning project conducted by a group of five students and engaged with a nonprofit organization are described in this paper. The processes and outcomes are evaluated with respect to the effectiveness of service learning as an educational means and the contribution to the nonprofit sector made by service learning initiatives. The findings include the benefit of the initial ambiguity of the service learning project and the benefit of the project outputs to the nonprofit agency. It is concluded that researchers may need to figure out the absolute relationship between initial ambiguity and the effectiveness of a service learning project and that between project outputs and the benefits received by the organization concerned. It is also concluded that researchers need to study how to keep participants’ passion towards the nonprofit sector after completion......

Words: 4321 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

The Experiences of Volunteering and Service Learning: a Case Study of a Service Learning Project at “Crossroads Foundation”

...THE EXPERIENCES OF VOLUNTEERING AND SERVICE LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF A SERVICE LEARNING PROJECT AT “CROSSROADS FOUNDATION” Samuel, Ho Lee, Fullness Social Enterprises Society, Lingnan University, sleeho819@hotmail.com Erica, Kim Man Lee, Fullness Social Enterprises Society, Lingnan University, erica_lee02@yahoo.com Mike, Hyung Min Lee, Dongguk University, wemakemoves123@gmail.com Jacqueline Kelleher, Pace University, jk56646n@pace.edu Katy Kaestner, Trinity University, kkaestne@trinity.edu ABSTRACT The processes and outcomes of a service learning project conducted by a group of five students and engaged with a nonprofit organization are described in this paper. The processes and outcomes are evaluated with respect to the effectiveness of service learning as an educational means and the contribution to the nonprofit sector made by service learning initiatives. The findings include the benefit of the initial ambiguity of the service learning project and the benefit of the project outputs to the nonprofit agency. It is concluded that researchers may need to figure out the absolute relationship between initial ambiguity and the effectiveness of a service learning project and that between project outputs and the benefits received by the organization concerned. It is also concluded that researchers need to study how to keep participants’ passion towards the nonprofit sector after completion of their service learning project. KEYWORDS Service learning, volunteering, nonprofit......

Words: 2600 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Definition of Altruism

...THE EVENTS OF SEPT 11 2011 (THE HIJACKING OF THE 4 JETS AND THE ATTACKS ON THE WORLD TRADE CENTRE AND PENTAGON IN US) HAVE RAISED NUMEROUS QUESTIONS IN VARIETY OF DIFFERENT TOPICS. DOES SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY HAVE AN ANSWER FOR ANY OF THESE QUESTIONS? THERE WAS A LARGE INCREASE IN VOLUNTEERING AFTER SEPT 11thIN US. WHY DID SO MANY PEOPLE VOLUNTEER AFTER SEPT 11? The events of September 11th 2001 changed people’s behaviour in different ways. People’s attitude to volunteering changed in such a way that social psychologists could attribute part of that change to altruistic behaviour. Volunteering and altruism shares common connection as such some volunteering work can be seen as altruistic though not every part of altruism can be said to mean volunteering. Volunteering is just one part of the different parts of altruism. Within this understanding it is possible to say the two concepts are strongly related and connected as well. This essay will try to explore the concept of volunteering in relation to altruism and to show that the large number of people that volunteered after September 11th had their altruistic tendency invoked. Altruism from social psychologists point of view is a prosocial behaviour that has been defined as “a motive to increase the welfare or wellbeing of another person without conscious regard for one’s own self-interests (David Myers, 2010). It is a norm or an act that is highly valued and cherished by individuals and society alike.......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Chihuly

...Situation Week 1 Assignment Please answer the following questions in complete sentence and paragraph format. Although this is not a formal essay assignment, please note that proper spelling, grammar, and sentence structure are required. This week’s lecture and Chapters 2 and 3 in your text will help you work through some of the terms within the rhetorical situation. Defining Topic, Angle, Purpose 1. What is your chosen topic? (For example: a profile of Barb Collins, a volunteer at the local homeless shelter; a profile of “Shipwreck Days,” a citywide flea market and festival; or a profile of Burdick’s Grocery, the oldest family-owned business in town.) I am doing a profile on Dale Chihuly, An American glass blower and artist. 2. What unique angle can you present on this topic? (Consider what is new about the topic or what unique perspective can be shared about this topic.) Chihuly’s works are considered unique to the field of blown glass, "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture," (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). 3. What is your purpose for writing? (What do you hope to accomplish? Why are you writing?) My purpose for writing about Chihuly is to give everyone a chance to see what kind of amazing and beautiful art that can be done by someone who is blind in one eye. Analyzing your Readers You will be writing your Profile essay to your local community. Imagine you might submit the Profile to your local newspaper or have it shared in a community......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Business School Application Essay

...Contribution and Diversity Questions Your background, experiences, and values will enhance and diversify Kellogg. How? (1-2 double-spaced pages) The Darden School seeks a diverse and unique entering class of future managers. How will your distinctiveness enrich our learning environment and enhance your prospects for success as a manager? Every essay question on the admissions application is geared toward the same thing. Committee members want to find out who you are, what makes you different from everyone else, and how you will contribute to the school if accepted. This question asks these things outright. Because it asks so directly what the admissions committee wants to know, this is one of the most common questions you will find. The question has a structure similar to the Why M.B.A.? question. It asks both Why us? and Why you? However, the nature of this question lends itself to a more personal response. Whereas the Why M.B.A.? question asks what you have done, what you want to do, and how that relates to the school, this question asks about who you are and how it relates to the school. The Why M.B.A.? question asks about your experiences, and this question asks about your qualities. Just as you brainstormed about your experiences, actions, and goals for the first question, brainstorm about your qualities and characteristics for this one. What sets you apart from everyone else? What words do friends and family use to describe you? For some people, the......

Words: 1196 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Public Service

...In the entirety of this essay, I will be discussing how my commitment to public service has shaped and helped cultivate skills that have proven valuable in the workplace. The notion that people are motivated to work in the public service field as a result of a desire to help others and make a positive impact on their community is a long-standing one. I view my work as strengthening my community; maintaining the highest levels of commitment and competency are crucial to excelling in the public service position. Given that many people are attracted to public service work by their motivation to serve and make a positive difference in other’s lives, it is essential that what is referred to as the “line of sight” between values and the task they are required to fulfill in the organization is not lost while clearly showing all employees how their contribution matters to the overall objectives of the organization is critical to maintaining their sense of motivation. As a government liaison volunteer, we partner with local government agencies and officials to get the job done. Our volunteers act as the “face of the red cross” to our government partners, but also serve as the primary communication channel during disaster response operations. As such, I am committed to tirelessly nurturing and strengthening relationships with our government partners and the public in which I serve. Disaster does not wait for everyone to be prepared, it strikes without warning, with this in mind,...

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

A Fight for Life

...instead prioritize other things such as land, wealth, and power they forget about the people around them and treat them as if they are not of the same species. The same idea is shared by the author Sherman Alexie in his essay “The Joy of Reading and Writing: Superman and Me”. The essay reflects upon the life of an Indian boy living in a reservation in today’s America. His main argument highlights how determination is a useful weapon when it comes to facing segregation in a society, and offers insight of how he is trying to save the children currently living on these reservation by getting them to open up to literacy and adaptation. Alexie was made a victim of racism. He was in an environment where the society’s restrictions allowed no one to go further in life. Everyone was required to follow the same old tradition and be under certain standards. Most followed these beliefs, but Alexie, he was different. He always loved reading and hoped to become a pediatrician. He was considered an oddity by his own people for being smart. He never liked the negative influences of the Indians and therefore never followed them. For this he always got in a brawl with his classmates, “They wanted me to stay quite when the non-Indian teacher asked for answers, for volunteers, for help. We were Indian children who were expected to be stupid” (Alexie 17). Alexie views this as an opportunity to show the outside world how an Indian society works. How...

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Should the United States Have Mandatory Military Conscription?

...defend the country from other countries. In order to defend or protect the country, the United States has to have a military, including all branches of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The establishment of the military will be different in other countries. In some countries, they require military service or call conscriptions. In this field, there are some countries that require it; such as, Brazil, Germany, Israel, Switzerland, South Korea, Mexico, and Russia (Gill 3). However, in other countries, they just have volunteers to join in armies, including Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In both types, supporting or attempting to disprove, try to convince the population in this country by showing facts, opinions, and also research. This essay focuses on some good reasons for having a mandatory military, and good reasons for having a volunteers. Mandatory military provides so many opinions from the opposite sides; such as, immoral, little motivation to properly serve in the armed forces, and also saving money for the country (Gilroy 20). However, the draft would increase the standards for recruitment, expand the Army to the sufficient size, provide sufficient forces to fight in the wars, and gives a chance for young people to develop their future (Yingling 15). In the beginning, conscription or popularly known in the United States as "The Draft" means compulsory enrollment of persons for military or naval service requested by some......

Words: 1413 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Management

...Critical Review Essay Sustainable and Systems Thinking (7920IBA) Critical Review of “The Norm of Self-Interest” Introduction Miller’s (2001) article “The Norm of Self-Interest” discusses that the average person is a self-interest theorist, self-interest and behavior, self-interest and accounts of behavior, self-interest predict behavior better than attitudes and Incentives having impact on charitable donations. This paper will discuss the particular norm that pertains to beliefs about the extent to which attributes and behaviors of others are dictated by self-interest. Miller (2001) argues that the theory of self-interest has causal power and how it plays a role in its own confirmation, is the core focus of this article. Critiques of Miller’s hypothesis will be from influential theories of human behavior, including evolutionary biology, behaviorism, and psychoanalytic theory (Etzioni, 1988; Kohn, 1990: Schwartz, 1986; Wallach & Wallach, 1983). Specifically, describes the evidence for a norm of self-interest, whereby people expect that others’ attitudes and behaviors will be guided by personal stake (Miller, 1999; Miller & Ratner, 1996, 1998; Ratner & Miller 2001). Miller (2001) argues that these expectations can have profound implications for charitable donations for both money and time. For e.g., when a spokesperson for a cause solicits support from others, the targets for the advocacy requests feel that it is harder to say no when the advocate indicates...

Words: 2398 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Communications and Human Relations Theories Essay

...Communications and Human Relations Theories Essay Blue Group: Ebony Bittings, Hiawatha Blunt, Jaime Kackley, Erin Lawrence-Hennessy Grand Canyon University EDA 575 - Educational Leadership in a Changing World Professor Dale Horner October 17, 2012 Communications and Human Relations Theories Essay Educational leaders who possess effective communication skills are competent in talking, writing, and listening. They are expected to fulfill daily duties professionally. These duties include planning, decision-making, and managing. In addition, they are expected to be role models for students, teachers, parents, stakeholders and colleagues, while ensuring that the learning and work environment is safe, and free from discrimination and harassment ((EDA 575, Lecture Four, 2012, p. 1). The ability to communicate and interact effectively determines an educational leader’s success and the success of the educational organization. The Blue Group will discuss the communication and human relations theories practiced in and applicable to our perspective schools. Expectancy Theory The Expectancy Theory is the belief that the better your efforts are, the better your performance will be. This theory supports the idea that the motivation of the employee is a direct outcome of how much the individual wants a reward. This is a common belief among the staff members at my school. You find many teachers taking on positions that are outside of their job description, hoping to gain the......

Words: 696 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Paper

...questions in complete sentence and paragraph format. Although this is not a formal essay assignment, please note that proper spelling, grammar, and sentence structure are required. This week’s lecture and Chapters 2 and 3 in your text will help you work through some of the terms within the rhetorical situation. Defining Topic, Angle, Purpose 1. What is your chosen topic? (For example: a profile of Barb Collins, a volunteer at the local homeless shelter; a profile of “Shipwreck Days,” a citywide flea market and festival; or a profile of Burdick’s Grocery, the oldest family-owned business in town.) [My topic will be about my Counties Commissioner about the horrible job he has done on fixing our roads.] 2. What personal angle can you present on this topic? (Consider what is new about the topic or what unique perspective can be shared about this topic.) [My personal angle on this topic is that the people on my street have started to donate money so someone can go buy concrete to fix our road. We only have 1 way in and 1 way out. With the road degraded like it is, we have to drive in the grass to get to our houses.] 3. What is your purpose for writing? (What do you hope to accomplish? Why are you writing?) [My purpose for writing this is to let him know my frustration as well as asking him where my hard earned tax dollars are going.] Analyzing your Readers You will be writing your Profile essay to your local community. Imagine you might submit the Profile to your......

Words: 787 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hmv Annual Report 2010

...shops as a place of unique and unusual things .It may be the case that UK is such a developed country that people | |usually live a resourceful environment. They seldom need to worry about lacking of supplies. Psychologically, whether it’s new or old | |becomes not so important. What they are more conscious about is the quality and style of the products rather than the primary nature of | |it. Therefore, charity shops satisfy their needs: finding something different and unique for themselves. | |However, in some cases, charity shops function differently to certain age-groups. As referred above, the young people take the | |originality of the clothes for granted and this could be the real motivations for them to choose charity shops. They prefer to establish...

Words: 1754 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Home Work Essy

...Profile Process Piece: Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation Week 1 Assignment Please answer the following questions in complete sentence and paragraph format. Although this is not a formal essay assignment, please note that proper spelling, grammar, and sentence structure are required. This week’s lecture and Chapters 2 and 3 in your text will help you work through some of the terms within the rhetorical situation. Defining Topic, Angle, and Purpose 1. What is your chosen topic (e.g., a profile of Barb Collins, a volunteer at the local homeless shelter; a profile of Shipwreck Days, a citywide flea market and festival; a profile of Burdick’s Grocery, the oldest family-owned business in town)? A profile of Angelique Sago, a professional dancer who opened a dance school location in a rural area of her home community. 2. What unique angle can you present on this topic? (Consider what is new about the topic or what unique perspective can be shared about this topic.) Angelique’s dance career started off with stripping use as a source of income to provide a roof over her head for herself as well as her two young daughters, knowing that she needed to change her life. Angelique opened her dance studio in 2010 just five years after graduating college and decided that she would provide excellent service for a much reasonable price than her competitors which has now became a down fall and causing her to have to close her doors. 3. What is your purpose for writing?......

Words: 927 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Annual Martin County Fair

...Week 1 Assignment Profile Process Planning Sheet: Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation Week 1 Assignment Please answer the following questions in complete sentence and paragraph format. Although this is not a formal essay assignment, please note that proper spelling, grammar, and sentence structure are required. This week’s lecture and Chapters 2 and 3 in your text will help you work through some of the terms within the rhetorical situation. Defining Topic, Angle, Purpose 1. What is your chosen topic? (For example: a profile of Barb Collins, a volunteer at the local homeless shelter; a profile of “Shipwreck Days,” a citywide flea market and festival; or a profile of Burdick’s Grocery, the oldest family-owned business in town.) The annual “Martin County Fair” that recently took place in February is my topic for this week’s assignment. 2. What personal angle can you present on this topic? (Consider what is new about the topic or what unique perspective can be shared about this topic.) The Martin County Fair and most fairs in general have evolved to be more of an event for the rides. County Fairs and State Fairs were a celebration of Spring and for youths and farmers to show their “Prized” livestock. Each year the quantity of animals being shown in the fair has decreased and the fair has become more of a “Carnival”. 3. What is your purpose for writing? (What do you hope to accomplish? Why are you writing?) My purpose for writing is to inform and persuade......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Business Organisation

...Business Environment Ahmed Thahuseen Business Environment Contents Executive Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 1 P 1.1. The purpose of different types of organisation. .................................................................................. 2 P 1.2. The extent to which an organisation meets the objectives of different stakeholders. .................. 3 P 1.3. The responsibilities of an organisation and strategies employed to meet them. .......................... 4 P 3.3.The business and cultural environments shape the behaviour of an organisation ........................ 4 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Reference ......................................................................................................................................................... 5 Business Environment Executive Summary This report pertains to purpose of different types of organisation and their responsibilities towards stakeholder. Additionally, this report analyse the effects of business and cultural environment to organisation. This repots is based upon one the largest financial institution in the Maldives, Bank of Maldives PLC. PAGE 1 Business Environment P 1.1. The purpose of different types of......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7