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Cách đọc phiên âm tiếng Việt i: Đọc là ii nhưng dài, nặng và nhấn mạnh i Đọc như i bình thường giống Tiếng Việt

Ví dụ phổ biến
Feet /fi:t/ See /si:/ Sheep
Alien /eiliən/ xa lạ. Happy /’hæpi/

Đọc như i nhưng ngắn, dứt khoát
Đọc như e bình thường
Đọc là ea nối liền nhau và nhanh
Đọc là aa nhưng dài, nặng, nhấn mạnh
Đọc là o dứt khoát
Đọc là oo dài, nặng và nhấn mạnh
Đọc là u ngắn và dứt khoát
Đọc là uu dài, nặng, mạnh
Đọc là u bình thường

Fit /fIt/ hợp, vừa. Sit /sIt/
Bed /bed/. Ten /ten/
Bad /bæd/ Hat /hæt/
Arm /ɑ:m/ . Fast /fɑ:st/
Got /ɡɒt/ . Shot /ʃɒt/
Saw /sɔ:/ cưa, cái cưa. Short /ʃɔ:t/
Foot /fʊt/. Put /pʊt/
Food /fu:d/. Too /tu:/
Actual /´æktʃuəl/. Visual /´viʒuəl/

ʌ ɜ: Đọc là â trong Tiếng Việt
Đọc là ơơ dài, nặng, nhấn mạnh

Cup /cʌp/. Drum /drʌm/ cái trống
Bird /bɜ:d/. Nurse /nɜ:s/

ə ei Đọc là ơ bình thường trong TV
Đọc là êi hoặc ây trong Tiếng Việt

Ago /ə´gəʊ/. Never /´nevə(r)/
Page /peidʒ/. Say /sei/

I e æ ɑ: ɒ, ɔ ɔ: ʊ u: u

əʊ, ou Đọc là âu trong Tiếng Việt ai Đọc là ai trong Tiếng Việt

Home /həʊm/. Low /ləʊ/
Five /faiv/. Sky /skai/

aʊ ɔi iə

Đọc là ao trong Tiếng Việt
Đọc là ooi trong Tiếng Việt
Đọc là iơ hoặc là ia trong Tiếng Việt

Flower /´flaʊə(r)/. Now /naʊ/
Boy /bɔi/. Join /dʒɔin/
Here /hiə(r)/. Near /niə(r)/

eə ʊə p b Đọc là eơ liền nhau, nhanh, ơ hơi câm
Đọc là uơ hoặc ua trong Tiếng Việt
Đọc là pơ ờ trong Tiếng Việt
Đọc là bờ nhanh, dứt khoát

Care /keə(r)/. Hair /heə(r)/
Pure /pjʊə(r)/ tinh khiết. Tour /tʊə(r)/
Pen /pen/. Soup /su:p/
Bad /bæd/. Web /web/

t d k ɡ tʃ dʒ f v Đọc là thờ nhanh, gọn, dứt điểm
Đọc là đờ nhanh, gọn, dứt điểm
Đọc là kha nhanh, gọn(giống caa)
Đọc là gờ nhanh, dứt khoát
Đọc là chờ nhanh, gọn, dứt điểm
Đọc là giơ ngắn, dứt khoát
Đọc là phờ nhanh, dứt điểm
Đọc là vờ nhanh, gọn, dứt điểm

Dot /dɒt/. Tea /ti:/
Did /did/. Stand /stænd/
Cat /kæt/. Desk /desk/
Bag /bæg/ cái cặp sách. Got /ɡɒt/
Chin /tʃin/. Match /mætʃ/ diêm
June /dʒu:n/. Page /peidʒ/
Fall /fɔ:l/. Safe /seif/
Voice /vɔis/. Wave /weiv/

ɵ ð s z ʃ ʒ h m n ŋ l

Đọc là tờdờ nối liền, nhanh, tờ hơi câm
Đọc là đờ nhanh, nhẹ
Đọc là xờ nhanh, nhẹ, phát âm gió
Đọc là dơ nhẹ và kéo dài
Đọc là sơ nhẹ, kéo dài hơi gió
Đọc là giơ nhẹ, phát âm ngắn
Đọc là hơ nhẹ, âm ngắn, gọn
Đọc là mơ nhẹ, âm ngắn, gọn
Đọc là nơ nhẹ, âm ngắn, gọn
Đọc là ngơ nhẹ, dứt điểm
Đọc là lơ nhẹ, ngắn, dứt điểm

Bath /bɑ:ɵ/. Thin /ɵin/
Bathe /beið/. Then /ðen/
Rice /rais/. So /səʊ/
Rose /rəʊz/. Zip /zip/ tiếng rít
She /ʃi:/. Wash /wɒʃ/
Measure /´meʒə/. Vision /´viʒn/
How /haʊ/. Who /hu:/
Man /mæn/. Some /sʌm/
No /nəʊ/. Mutton /´mʌtn/ thịt cừu
Singer /´siŋə/. Tongue /tʌŋ/ cái lưỡi
Leg /leg/. Metal /´metl/ kim loạ

r j w

Đọc là rơ nhẹ, ngắn, dứt khoát
Đọc là iơ liền nhau, nối dài
Đọc là guơ liền nhau, nhanh, gọn

Red /red/. Train /trein/
Menu /´menju:/. Yes /jes/
Wet /wet/. Why /wai/

Quy tắc nhấn trọng âm trong tiếng Anh
1) Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất:
 Hầu hết danh từ và tính từ có 2 âm tiết.
Danh từ: PREsent, EXport, CHIna, TAble
Tính từ: PREsent, SLENder, CLEver, HAPpy
 Động từ:
- Hai âm tiết nếu âm tiết thứ 2 chứa nguyên âm ngắn và kết thúc không nhiều hơn một phụ âm thì trọng âm sẽ rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất. Ví dụ: ENter, TRAvel, Open...
- Các động từ có âm tiết cuối chứa OW thì trọng âm cũng rơi vào âm tiết đầu. Ví dụ: FOllow, BOrrow...
- Các động từ 3 âm tiết có âm tiết cuối chứa nguyên âm dài hoặc nguyên âm đôi hoặc kết thúc nhiều hơn một phụ âm thì âm tiết đầu nhận trọng âm. Ví dụ:
PAradise, EXercise
2) Trọng âm vào âm tiết thứ hai
 Động từ:
- Đa số động từ có 2 âm tiết thì trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ 2. Ví dụ: to preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to begin
- Âm tiết thứ 2 chứa nguyên âm dài, nguyên âm đôi hoặc kết thúc với nhiều hơn một phụ âm. Ví dụ: proVIDE, proTEST, aGREE...
- Động từ 3 âm tiết: Nếu âm tiết cuối chứa nguyên âm ngắn hoặc kết thúc không nhiều hơn một phụ âm. Ví dụ: deTERmine, reMEMber, enCOUNter...
3) Trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ 2 tính từ dưới lên:
- Những từ có tận cùng bằng –ic, -sion, tion (nhấm mạnh từ ngay trước nó). Ví dụ: GRAphic, geoGRAphic, geologic, sugGEStion, reveLAtion...
- Ngoại lệ: TElevision có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất.
4) Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ 3 từ dưới lên
- Các từ tận cùng bằng –ce, -cy, -ty, -phy, –gy, -ical. Ví dụ: deMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOlogy, CRItical, geoLOgical.
5) Từ ghép (từ có 2 phần)
- Danh từ ghép trọng âm rơi vào phần đầu: BLACKbird, GREENhouse...
- Tính từ ghép trọng âm rơi vào phần thứ 2: bad-TEMpered, old-FASHioned...
- Động từ ghép trọng âm rơi vào phần thứ 2: to overCOME, to overFLOW...
Lưu ý:
- Các phụ tố không làm ảnh hưởng đến trọng âm câu: -able, -age, -al, -en, -ful, ing, -ish, -less, -ment, -ous.
- Các phụ tố bản thân nó nhận trọng âm câu: -ain(entertain), -ee(refugee, trainee),
-ese(Portugese, Japanese), -ique(unique), -ette(cigarette, laundrette), esque(picturesque), -eer(mountaineer), -ality (personality), -oo (bamboo), -oon
(balloon), -mental (fundamental). Ngoại lệ: COffe, comMITtee, ENgine
- Trong các từ có các hậu tố dưới đây, trọng âm được đặt ở âm tiết ngay trước hậu tố:
-ian (musician), - id (stupid), -ible (possible), -ish (foolish), -ive (native), -ous
(advantageous), -ial (proverbial, equatorial), -ic (climatic), -ity (ability, tranquility).
Tĩnh Hust

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