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Eth/125 Week 7 Sex and Gender

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Week Seven: Sex and Gender Worksheet
ETH/125

Week Seven: Sex and Gender Worksheet

Answer the following questions in 50 to 150 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use.

What is gender? What is sex in biological terms? Are gender and sex the same thing? Explain why or why not?
According to World Health Organization (2014), “‘Gender’ refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women” (para.3). Gender is in fact a social construct, designed to allow us to categorize and identify people by a group of emotional traits, behaviors, and stereotypes. These groups are often assumed to correspond with physical characteristics such as long or short hair, pectoral muscles or breasts, or penis or vagina.
Biologically, sex is the possession of male and female reproductive organs, or more specifically, XX chromosomes for women and XY chromosomes for men. According to World Health Organization (2014), “Some examples of sex characteristics: women menstruate while men do not, men have testicles while women do not, women have developed breasts that are usually capable of lactating, while men have not, and men generally have more massive bones than women” (para.2).
Clearly, once defined gender and sex are as different as men and women, black and white, and all the gray areas in between. A biologically physical male can exhibit feminine traits and identify with the feminine gender, thus her sex is male, yet gender is that of a woman. It gets even more confusing for the cisgendered to comprehend that a biological male would have a sex change because she was a lesbian.

How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity?
What is femininity? Long hair, nurturing disposition, and flowing graceful dresses. These are all...

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