Free Essay

Ethical Dilemma of Adultery

In: Social Issues

Submitted By deviphillip
Words 2475
Pages 10
CONTENTS

THEORISTS PAGE

1. Henri Fayol 1 – 2

2. F. W. Taylor 3

3. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth 4

4. Henry L. Gantt 5

5. Lyndell Urwick 6 -7

6. Max Weber 8

7. Abraham Maslow 9

8. Frederick Herzberg 10

9. Kenneth Boulding 11

10. Douglas Mc Gregor 12

COMPARISON BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS 13

ORGANISATIONAL CHART FOR PUBLIC ORGANISATION 14

ORGANISATIONAL CHART FOR PRIVATE ORGANISATION 15

11. Theorists and Theories in Management.

Henri Fayol (1841-1925): was French and began working at the age of nineteen as a French engineer and director of mines. In 1888 he joined a company b the name of Comambault Director. This company was in difficulty and under the leadership of Fayol, he was able to help the company grow and prosper under his leadership. He worked at this one company for the entire work life and returned after his seventy-seventh birthday. Upon retirement Henri Fayol published his work , a comprehension theory of administration. He described and classified management roles and pre was processes. Others recognized his work and he was used as reference in discourse about management.

Fayol’s five functions about management roles and actions are:

1. To forecast ad plan - prevoyance: this is to examine the future and draw up plans of actions.

2. To organize: build up the structure, material and human of the undertaking

3. To command: maintain activity among the personnel.

4. To co-ordinate: bind together, unify and harmonize activity effort.

5. T control: see that everything occurs in the conformity with policy and practice.

Fayol also identified fourteen principles for organizations design and effective administration. They are:

1. Specialization/division of labour

2. Authority with corresponding responsibility

3. Discipline

4. Unify of command

5. Unity of direction

6. Subordination of individual interest to the genera interest.

7. Remuneration of staff

8. Centralization

9. Scalar chain/line of authority

10. Order

11. Equity of tenure

12. Stability

13. Initiative

14. Esprit de corps

Fayol was the first to achieve a genuine theory of management. However he has come under criticism over the last twenty years because his principles were not designed to cope with modern conditions of rapid change and increased employee participation in the decision-making processes of the organization.

Frederick Winslow Taylor (FW Taylor 1856-1915): was born in the Boston , Massachusetts. Most of is lf was spent working on problems of achieving greater efficiency on the shop floor. His career began as an apprentice in engineering. However, he later moved to Mid Vale Steel Company, where during the course of eleven years moved from labourer to shop superintendent. It was during this time that he developed his ideas from scientific management. In 889 he left Midvale to work from Bethlehem steel company, where he consolidated is ideas and conducted some of his most famous experiments in improving labour productivity. Taylor, though experience as a worker and as a manager was convinced that workers put minimal effort into their daily work. He described this as ‘soldering’. He subdivided soldering into ‘natural soldiering’ which is man’s tendency to take things easy, and ‘systematic soldering’ which is deliberate and organized restruction of the work-rate by the employees.

The scientific approach to management, as outlined by Taylor required the following steps:-

1. Develop a science for each operation to replace opinions and rule-of-thumb.

2. Determine accurately from science, the correct time and method for each job.

3. Set up a suitable organization to take all responsibility for the workers except that of actual job performance.

4. Select and train workers.

5. Accept that management itself be governed y the science developed for each operation and surrender to arbitrary power over worker i.e cooperate with them.

After a three year period, Taylor and his colleagues reviewed the extent of their success at the Bethlehem Works. The results were that the work of 400-600 men was being done by 140, handling cost were reduced by half and the labourer received on average of 60% more than their colleagues in neighbouring firms.

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth: were married in 104. They were both the lecturers at Purdue University, and were partners in the management firms Gilbreth Inc. They had twelve children. They collaborated on the development of motion study as an engineering and management technique. Frank was very interested in the relationship between human beings and human effort. Frank, from his start in the brick laying industry, observed that workers had their own style of working, and that no two used the same style. In his study of bricklayers, he noticed that they did not always use the same motions while working. These observations led him to seek one best way to perform tasks. He invented the scaffold, so that the worker could be at the correct level, and shelf on the scaffold can accommodate bricks and mortar, thereby saving time to bend down and pick up each brick. As a result of the many improvements made, he was able to reduce the number of motions made in the laying of a brick from 18 to 5. The study of tasks movements, or motion study was a development of Taylor’s ideas and represented the Gilbreth’s major contribution to basic management techniques.

Henry Lawrence Gantt: was born in Maryland USA. He graduated from Mc Donogh School in 1878 and attended John Hopkins College. He worked as a teacher and draftsman, then he pursued mechanical engineering. In 1887, he joined FW Taylor in the leveraging of the theory of scientific management at Midvale Steel and Bethlehem Steel where the worked together until 1893. Gantt’s ideas on the rewards for labour made him a notable figure in his day. He is the best remembered for is charts. The Gantt chart originally showed the extent to which tasks had been achieved. It was divided horizontally into hours, days or weeks with the tasks marked out in a straight line across the appropriate numbers of hours or days. It was easy to assess actual and planned performance from the chart. Gantt introduced a payment system where performance of all the work allocated qualified the individual for a handsome bonus. Gantts, unlike the Gilbreth did not believe that there was ‘one best way’, but only a way which seems best at the moment. Gantt’s approach to scientific management left some discussion initiative to the workers, unlike the theories of the Taylor and the Gilbreth’s .

Lyndell f Urwick: was an author on the subject of administration and management. He worked in the armed forces and business consultancy. He believed that the only way modern man could control his social organizations as by applying rules and principles. He wrote ‘the elements of administration on 1947. He developed his principles on his own interpretation of structure and operations of organizations. He develops a ‘code of good practiced’ which he felt would lead t success in administration if followed.

Urwicks ten principles of organizations:

1. The principle of the objective-the overall purpose or objective is the raison d’etre of every organization.

2. The principle of specialization-one group, one function!

3. He principle of co-ordination-the process of organizing is primarily to ensure coordination.

4. The principle of authority-every group should have a supreme authority with clear line of authority to other members f the group

5. The principle f responsibility –the superior I absolutely responsible for the acts of his subordinates.

6. The principles of definition-jobs, with their dues and relationships, should be clearly defined.

7. The principle of correspondence-authority should be commensurate with responsibility.

8. The span of control- work no one should be responsible for more than 5 or 6 direct subordinates whose work interlocked.

9. The principle of balance-the various units of the organization should be kept in balance.

10. The principle of continuity the structure should provide for the continuation of activities.

Max Weber (18644-1920): was a Sociologist. He is considered by some to be the father of sociology. Weber used moral ideas to form an idea type bureaucracy hierarchy, impersonality, written code of conduct, promotion based on achievement, specialized division of labor and efficiency. He wanted to find out why people in the organization obeyed those in authority over them. He concluded that there were three types of legitimate authority: traditional, charismatic and rational-legal. Weber ascribed the term ‘bureaucracy’ to ration-legal authority, which exists in most organization today. The main features of bureaucracy according to Weber are as follows:

The main features of bureaucracy according to Weber are as follows:

1. A continuous organization of functions bound by rules.

2. Specified spheres of competence ie the specialization of work, the degree of authority allocated and the rules of governing the exercise of authority.

3. A hierarchical arrangement of offices (jobs) is subject o control by the next higher level

4. Appointments to offices are made on grounds of technical competence.

5. The separation of officials from the ownership of the organization.

6. Official positions exist in their own right and join holders have no right to a particular position.

7. Rules decisions and actions are formulated and recorded in writing.

Weber’s thinking on bureaucracy was dominated by his view of how rational it was. He placed emphasis on the structural aspects of the organization.

ABRAHAM MASLOW – was born in New York in 1908. His PhD in Psychology in 1934 at the University of Wisconsin formed the basis for his motivational research, initially studying monkeys. He later moved to New York’s Brooklyn College where he developed the Hierarchy of Needs model 1940 -1950’s. This is valid for understanding human motivation, management training and personal development.

Maslow theorized that employees have a basic human need and a right to strive for self-actualization, just as much as the corporate directors and owners do. The successful organizations and employers will be those who genuinely care about, understand encourage and enable their peoples personal growth – way beyond traditional work related training and development, but rather towards self – actualization. The best modern employers and organizations are beginning to learn that sustainable success is built on a serious and compassionate commitment to helping people identify, pursue and reach their own personal unique potential. When people grow as people, they automatically become more effective and valuable as employees.

FREDERICK HERZBERG (1923 – 2000) was born in Massachusetts. In the late 1950’s he conducted studies in Pittsburg into the motivation of people at work. He identified five major motivators:

1. Nature of task

2. Achievement

3. Recognition

4. Responsibility and

5. Advancement

Herzberg also identified ‘hygiene factors’ which are salary bonuses commission, working conditions, acceptability of supervision, pleasantness of working environment and job security.

He believed that good hygiene factors help to maintain a person’s feelings about work, but do not themselves motivate, as a big pay rise soon becomes accepted as the norm.

KENNETH BOULDING (1900 – 1993) was born in Liverpool, England. He attended Oxford University and was granted U.S. Citizenship in 1948. From 1949 to 1967, he joined the faculty of the University of Michigan. In 1967, he joined the faculty of the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he remained until his retirement. He was a prolific writer and an academician of world stature. He emphasized that human economic and other behavior is embedded in a larger interconnected system. He defined a management approach called ‘Systems Management’ in which organizations were to be seen as social systems where inputs (money, materials etc.) are processed into (value added) outputs which are goods and services.

Boulding believed that the absence of a committed effort to the right kind of social science research and understanding, the human species might well be doomed to extinction.

DOUGLAS MC GREGOR (1906 – 1964) was an American Social Psychologist who proposed the famous X-Y Theory in his 1960 Book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’. The X-Y Theory is a simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people.

Theory X (‘authoritarian management’ style) proposes that:

1. The average person dislikes work and will avoid it if he/she can.

2. Therefore most people must be forced, with the threat of punishment to work towards organizational objectives.

3. The average person prefers to be directed, to avoid responsibility, is relatively unambitious and wants security above all else.

Theory Y (‘participative management’ style) suggests:

1. Effort in work is as natural as work and play.

2. People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organizational objectives, without external control or threat of punishment.

3. Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement.

4. People usually accept and often seek responsibility.

5. In industry, the intellectual potential of the average person is only partly utilized.

6. The capacity to use a high degree of imagination, ingenuity and creativity in solving organizational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population.

COMPARE AND CONTRAST PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES

Public Sector – These are organizations owned and controlled by the state or government. The objectives of public sector organizations are:

1. To provide an essential service.

2. To provide its services cheaply or free of charge, therefore it is available to everybody.

3. Generally beneficial to society. It is good to have healthy and well educated people in the country.

PRIVATE SECTOR – These are organizations owned and controlled by private individuals and organizations eg. Retail stores. The objectives of the private sector organizations are:

1. To survive in a competitive market.

2. To maximize profits.

3. To make returns for their shareholders (dividends).

COMPARISON and CONTRAST:

1. Private sector goals are less ambiguous than those in the public sector because they can be evaluated in terms of economic outcomes. The Public Sector leaders have to pursue multiple goals simultaneously.

2. There is more leadership turnover in the Public Sector than in private organizations. This is not only because of limits on time in Office, but also because administrative upheavals often lead to officials resigning voluntarily.

3. Public employees enjoy greater job security because of extensive grievance procedures.

4. Public Sector has an absence of market incentives.

5. Policy decisions in the Public Sector must be guided by what is indicated by law, while the Private Sector is managed under the rules of shareholders and corporate owners.

6. The beneficiary of the services offered b the public sector is the general public, while for the private sector, it is mostly the consuming public who uses the goods and services that they offer in return for profit.

7. The Private Sector is better at allocating resources efficiently, and provides better service to members of the public.

8. The priorities of the Public Sector are determined by the political process.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethical Dilemma-Adultery

...Ethical Dilemma-Adultery My conclusion is that adultery is unethical. In the following rational argument, I will support why adultery is unethical. The term adultery is defined as voluntary sexual intercourse between a married man or woman and a partner other than the legal spouse (Collins English Dictionary, Dictionary.com). What makes adultery unethical is that it involves the breaking of a promise. One of the vows two parties promise each other when they get married is that they will abstain from sexual relationships with other people. Because of this promise both spouses have the expectation that the other will behave in conformity with it. Thus, when one of the parties has sexual intercourse with a third person he or she breaks that promise about sexual relationships which was made when the marriage was entered into, and defeats the expectations of exclusivity by the spouse. The breaking of this promise leads to the intentional infliction of substantial pain by one spouse to another. The immorality of such things as breaking a promise and deceiving someone and the action of adultery is, in a strong sense of prima facie, wrong or unjustified. According to Raja Halwani, in his book titled Sex and Ethics: Essays on sexuality, virtue and the good life, the unique wrongness of adultery results from adultery being an assault on a person’s self-conception and self-worth as a human being emotionally, sexually and erotically. It is rational to want to......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethical Delimas-Pornagraphy

...Ethical Dilemmas- Pornography Grand Canyon University Brittany Newman Ethical Dilemmas - Pornography Introduction There is a great impact of pornography to the contemporary sexual treads and human behaviors. Pornography can be visualized as a form of epidemic that is damaging and discrediting lives of so many young people. It’s also affects the spiritual aspect of many individuals within the society. More specifically, this is influenced by pornography through technology. There are serious Ethical Dilemmas in the philosophy of sexual cognition that places the moral contexts of humanity, and their spiritual relations with God, at great risks. In this light this paper seek to discourse the element of ethical thinking and use values-based decision making to address a case study involving an ethical Dilemma within the subject of Pornography. The paper will attempt to argue and compare the perspective of the Christian worldview with assumptions of the secular worldview. Ethical Dilemma The ethical dilemma involves an addict of pornography called Joe. Joe likes watching porn for the purpose of sexual stimulation. He enjoys masturbating behind closed door. This act never fees wrong to Joe. He justifies innocence though believing that no one gets harm. However, this changes when he reads reports regarding the injustice done through forced commercial sexual exploitation of victims of human trafficking, most of......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Courage and Moral Leadership

...Courage and Moral Leadership 5/16/14 Dr. Alvin Lee Strayer University Analyze the qualities that mirror courage and moral leadership in the leader, and document those qualities (moral traits) as discussed by Daft (2010) (Chapter 6: Courage and Moral Leadership). Martin Luther King, Jr. was the mirror image of a moral and courageous leader. Dr. King upheld his morality principles as well as set examples for his followers. Dr. King had special virtues in which he lived and they was love, courage, hope amongst others. " Love, courage, hope, non conformity, and impatience were embodied in the sit-ins, boycotts, and marches, in which King himself was often a participant" (Rice 2004). Dr. King wanted his followers to be just and kind and to not use oppression as a crutch. Despite being spit on, sprayed with a hose and verbally assaulted he was able to manage frustration and anger and continue his peaceful rally. Dr. King was not one to hold his tongue especially about issues concerning his people. In one instance researchers say " King lamented Negroes' lack of "initiative," lambasted blacks for spending above their means, and expressed no patience with blacks who had "used their oppression as an excuse for mediocrity" (Rice 2004). King was well disciplined and courageous in his efforts. He spoke courage through to his followers to keep them encourage and give them strength. He believed “courage does not entail indifference to danger any more than......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hedonistic Utilitarianism

...Introduction Can a rotten egg make a good Omelet? The end/means dilemma is an old and popular scenario. The answer to this question depends on what the type of goals or ends are and what means are being used to achieve them. Moreover, Gandhi, pioneer and a theorist of satyagraha said, “I feel that our progress towards the goal will be in exact proportion to the purity of our means”. Indeed, according to the Gandhian philosophy, the means and ends are like the two sides of the same coin. They are inseparable from each other. That is why, for example, Gandhi struggled whole life against British and never adopted the wrong means. I. Do ends ethically justify their means? Most people use the expression "the ends justify the means" as an excuse...

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Ethical Debate on the Death Penalty

...As human beings, we are often faced with ethical dilemmas that we consider wrong according to our own code of ethics. No one person is right or wrong for having an opinion. Our own personal code of ethics helps us shape the people we are today and defines our personality. From the time we are able to comprehend what death and murder was, we knew and understood that it was morally wrong and was stated so in the Bible. We ask ourselves this question: “Do any of us have the right to determine who gets the death penalty?” Many are against the death penalty, some are for it, it all depends what side fits their code of personal ethics. Personally, I am against it. The Bible states that “Thou shall not kill,” and I take that literally, no matter what the situation or circumstance. As early as 1700 BC was the first known death penalty laws. The Code of Hammurabi was a legal document from ancient Babylonia. Twenty-five crimes were punishable by death. Some of these crimes included adultery and helping slaves escape. Murder was not considered a punishable crime at this point. 1608 was when murder became a serious enough crime to get the death penalty. The Founding Fathers had included provisions to the Constitution including the Fifth and the Eighth Amendment, and the basic principles of government executions remained allowable under each separate state and federal governments. Thomas Jefferson attempted to change Virginia’s death penalty laws so that murder and treason...

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Life Changing Experience

...Life Changing Experience Carolas Purvis November 6, 2013 PHI2301| Introduction to Philosophy Faculty: Jena Jolissaint South University Online Individuals all over the world over experience countless experiences throughout their life. With each experience affecting a person in a different way, the day my life changed forever was August 10, 1990 when my beautiful baby girl was born. Bringing her into the world was the most life-changing and memorable experience, I have ever had. I can’t think of anything else that would compare. I was twenty-three years old, unemployed, not married, and hadn’t always made smart decision with my life. I was petrified of having to raise her all alone, how could I with no money or strong support system. The moment I saw her sweet little face, I knew I would do everything I could to make sure she had a good life and I would be the mother she deserved. Society and Single Mothers Despite the fact most Americans have become accustom with couples of the same-sex or couples raising children who are unmarried, they still see single mothers as disadvantageous to society, in accordance to a new poll of society’s thoughts with regards to the nation's rising number of nontraditional family units. And more than two eras after the hit TV show “Murphy Brown” triggered a public commotion when she had a baby out of; a lot of people continue to frown when it comes to the choice of single motherhood. The traditional way of life in our society when I...

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ethical Codes

...3.3 Seek Assistance: This ethical code deals with a Marriage and family therapist who might need to seek appropriate processional help for personal problems and conflict that might occur or may impair work performance. (AAMFT) This has to deal with a therapist who might have an issues that is brought up during a session, if a Marriage and Family therapist is working with a client and an issue dealing with adultery comes up the counselor might have had a similar situation that causes a reaction. It is important for the counselor to understand that these emotions might come up and the appropriate way to address them. Seeking assistance in this profession is an important especially if they plan on continue counselor with the set clients. Often times even a therapist attends a counseling just to help sort out some emotions that might arise. 3.10 Gifts: This ethical code has to do with a therapist receive or giving gifts of substantial value, or a gift that might impair the integrity or efficacy of the therapeutic relationship (AAMFT). Often time’s clients want to show appreciation for the healings that they have experienced. Some of the time a simple thank you is not enough, in some cultures it is custom to give a gift. One suggestion that a therapist might try is to place the “no gift giving” in the informed consent. This way the client will have a hard copy of the understandings. Another options is to send out a kindly reminder during the holidays that gift are......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ethical Paper - Bill Services

...Ethical Issues – Bill Services There are many ethical issues going on with Bill that will affect his business and our firm legally and financially. Here are some of the issues: 1) He is planning on filing for divorce. His wife, Rotunda is a large and violent woman who has spent every penny Bill has made over the years. She has a moustache, missing a few front teeth and generally not a nice person. Ethical issues: Bill and Rotunda’s marriage seemed to change after the birth of their last child. Rotunda’s personality changed and she even put on extra weight. Rotunda continued to spend every penny of her husband’s hard earned money. Ethically, he has every right to want to file for divorce. Bill using the fact that she has a moustache and missing teeth are not a factor here. The mention of Rotunda being violent could be an issue as the divorce proceedings are under way. Choosing to divorce a person should be based on something that isn’t going quite right. You do not need to have a specific reason at all to request a divorce, but most states do have the option of using one of the grounds for divorce as your reason. Having one of these reasons can help your case, but if the two of you are not happy, then a no fault divorce would be the way to go. You are both on level ground and can go your separate ways without your record being tarnished. Choosing to get a divorce is not always an easy decision......

Words: 3424 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Ethics, Ethics Training, and the Military Leader

...Leadership, Ethics, and Scandal Leadership and ethics are two topics that are a part of the training for all military leaders, both officers and enlisted and across all branches of service. Leadership can be defined in any number of ways. Kouzes and Posner quote Genentech executive Alan Keith as saying “Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen” (Kouzes & Posner, 2007, p. 16). Keith’s idea of what defines leadership is one of the better definitions in print today. Ethics are defined as the moral principles that dictate a person’s or a group’s behavior. By using the ideas and writings of Terry Price (2008) and Craig Johnson (2012) a concept of what ethical leadership can be obtained. Ethical leadership is knowing what your core values are and having the courage to live them in all parts of your life in service of the common good; whether it is in private or in public (Price, 2008/ Johnson, 2012). Over the past few years the Army has seen its share of scandals involving a number of top leaders. A few of the more notable reports involved former four-star General William “Kip” Ward, one-star Brigadier General Jeffrey A. Sinclair, former Colonel James H. Johnson III, and former CIA Director and retired Army four-star General David H. Petraeus (Briggs, 2012, Nov. 15). Army four-star general William “Kip” Ward, the first officer to open the new Africa Command in 2008, came under scrutiny for......

Words: 3485 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Ethics

...2013 Abstract Since 1775, the birth of the United States Army, many men and women have served in the United States military. These individuals have given their lives in defense of democracy, both at home and abroad. The oath of enlistment these individuals took to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States,” is a major obligation. Whether it was through the draft or a voluntary commitment, these individuals are willing to give their lives in defense of their country. Along with their commitment to defense, these soldiers also committed themselves to be ethical professionals as well. The burden of being a member of the United States military is different than any other profession. Military members must maintain a high standard of ethics both on and off duty. Leaders in the United States military always enforce a high standard of both professionalism and ethics. Failure to maintain ethical standards and a high sense of professionalism may lead to a lack of trust within the command and the service. It may also lead to a lack of faith in the military by the general public. Ethics is the foundation that the United States military is built upon. Military Ethics Before a paper can be written on Military Ethics, one must define the following words: ethics, values and morals. Ethics are standards by which one should act based on values. Values are beliefs, such as, honor and integrity that motivate attitudes and actions. Lastly, morals are......

Words: 2711 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Military Ethics

...2013 Abstract Since 1775, the birth of the United States Army, many men and women have served in the United States military. These individuals have given their lives in defense of democracy, both at home and abroad. The oath of enlistment these individuals took to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States,” is a major obligation. Whether it was through the draft or a voluntary commitment, these individuals are willing to give their lives in defense of their country. Along with their commitment to defense, these soldiers also committed themselves to be ethical professionals as well. The burden of being a member of the United States military is different than any other profession. Military members must maintain a high standard of ethics both on and off duty. Leaders in the United States military always enforce a high standard of both professionalism and ethics. Failure to maintain ethical standards and a high sense of professionalism may lead to a lack of trust within the command and the service. It may also lead to a lack of faith in the military by the general public. Ethics is the foundation that the United States military is built upon. Military Ethics Before a paper can be written on Military Ethics, one must define the following words: ethics, values and morals. Ethics are standards by which one should act based on values. Values are beliefs, such as, honor and integrity that motivate attitudes and actions. Lastly, morals are......

Words: 2711 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Business Ethics

...shed some light on the subject along with how it relates to a work environment. We will also discuss some important ethical issues impacting organizations today like confidentiality and environment, health, and safety policy. To wrap it up there will be some cases discussing the seven ethical approaches. Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………2 Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………............3 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………..4 Part I. My Professional Code of Ethics…………………………………………………………5 My Code of Ethics My Touchstones My Approach to Avoiding Faulty Thinking My Personal Approach to Four Major Ethical Dilemmas My Policy as a Supervisor or Manager Part II. Two Primary Ethical Issues Impacting Organizations………………………………….8 Environment, Health and Safety Policy Confidentiality Part III. Case Analysis………………………………………………………………………....10 Quality Management: Signing Off on a Substandard Product AutoZone Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………...14 Introduction Everyone’s moral code is different because of their upbringing and life experiences. Your own moral code is very important because you need to have a personal code you go by to make important decisions in your life or ones that affect people around you. A moral code will be defined by my own interpretation in this paper. I will also be discussing other ethical approaches that I base my code off of as well. Part I. Professional Code of Ethics My Code of......

Words: 2862 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Hamlet Revent

...These questions, complicates Hamlet’s decision and his reflective, intellectual nature and the revenge obligations of Laertes and Fortinbras that parallel the main plot. Hamlet is tasked with avenging his father’s horrible and unnatural murder. However, he faces a dilemma: should he believe in the honesty of the ghost? The ghost might be a devil. By nature a thinker and truth-seeker, his first step is to evaluate the truth of the ghost’s command, but this self-examination causes delay. Moreover, his extreme depression at his mother’s detestable remarriage, and the fact that Claudius was elected king, has served to make him sarcastic and disbelieving. A chain of circumstances provides a series of obstacles that Hamlet first has to overcome in order to achieve his revenge. This however, affects Hamlet on a spiritual level, as he accepts that both good and evil exist in the world, and that there is a fitness in performing his duty of revenge. His nobility and balance is at constant war with each other from the beginning to the end of the play. The ethical concerns Hamlet has for Claudius and Gertrude are plain to see, at the time, the church considered marriage to a sister in law tantamount to incest. Hamlet’s ethical concerns surrounding his mother’s sudden remarriage is overtly expressed when Gertrude asks Hamlet at her wedding, “If it be, why seems it so particular with...

Words: 2737 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Legal Issues in the Firm

...In the 1993 legal thriller “The Firm,” Tom Cruise plays a young attorney, Mitch McDeere, who has accepted an offer to join the prestigious Memphis law firm of Bendini, Lambert & Locke (“The Firm”). Initially, McDeere and “The Firm” appear to be a perfect fit. McDeere is the prototypical young associate. About to complete his Harvard Law degree, McDeere has the soft skills, attractive appearance, and a fetching personality to accompany his intellect. Accordingly, many law firms actively recruit him, seducing him with gifts and praise. The Firm, despite its location in Memphis, seems like a logical choice for McDeere. They pay handsomely, boast a talented legal team, and enjoy decadent facilities and amenities. McDeere is coddled zealously from the firm’s partners, and is given a scenic home and car. Unfortunately, McDeere learns the Firm has a corrupt underbelly that not only is at odds with his personal moral compass, but that could potentially subject him to jail time. As McDeere wrestles with how navigate himself through this decision, he is faced with many of Lawyer’s Model Rules for Professional Conduct. McDeere walks a fine line between seeking to hold Bendini, Lambert & Locke accountable for their misconduct and protecting the confidentiality of his clients. McDeere’s struggles climax when confronted by the FBI, he is forced to choose whether to cooperate with the authorities and risk losing his job and legal license, or to stay with the firm and potentially violate......

Words: 2496 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Business Ethics in Marketing

...Ethics in marketing and advertising Ethics is a branch of philosophy which seeks to address questions about morality; i.e. about concepts, such as good and bad, justice and virtue, right and wrong. In other word, we can say that Ethics are moral principles that govern the actions and decisions of an individual group. It is governed by a set of principles of morality at a given time, at a given place and in a given society. Ethics is closely related to group behavior in ultimate analysis, thus norms for an individual to follow should be set in consistence with the group norms. The mixing of art and facts in advertising communication are submissive to ethical principles. In today’s competitive market, an advertisement has to be truthful and ethical. The credibility of an organization is lost If an advertisement is misleading. To view the truth in advertisement, it has to be seen from the consumer’s point of view and not from the legal point. The advertising industry has been frequently criticized for putting out misleading or exaggerated claims in respect of products, goods and services. It is also alleged as guilty of glorifying certain habits or tendencies regarded as undesirable and encouraging consume rest culture. However, it is very difficult to draw a clear line of difference between what is true and what is untrue. The advertisement is judged by its impact and its acceptance by the consumers. The product must fulfill the claims it’s......

Words: 4126 - Pages: 17