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Ethical Health Care Issues

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Ethical Health Care Issues
In 1953, two scientists James Watson and Francis Click published the description of the double helix structure of the DNA. Little did they know that voyage from the double helix to The Human Genome Project (HGP) would become a reality. Fifty years later in 2003, National Institute Health accomplished mapping of 32,000 genes of the human genome. Gene mapping was a significant research that enabled researchers to focus on gene specific diseases and birth defects. More than 1000 research projects started inward voyage discovery of human kind rather outward exploration of the planets. Clinical research involving human beings have greater potential for risk of misusing the technology. Potential for misusing the genetic research and fear of unknown long term effects on the successive generations have sparked bioethics debates. Like abortion, gene mapping is a very controversial subject and both sides have strong views. For example, should a woman abort the pregnancy based on the abnormal genetic screening results? Genetic technology provides an enormous power within our grips and with this enormous power comes following the ethical standards. Ethical standards should be followed involving human subjects. Genetic screening standards should align with four ethical principles of:
• Respect for the human autonomy, dignity, and obtaining informed consent
• Genetic screening should cause the minimal amount of harm to the subject
• Provides maximum benefit to the subject
• Genetic screening should be available to all the patients of a certain population considered high risk for a certain disease or condition
Purpose of this paper is to discuss the correlation between genetic screening, four ethical principles, and possibility of integrating ethical principles into universal genetic screening standards. Discussing the gene screening is like

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