Premium Essay

Ethical Principals

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Kalon28
Words 428
Pages 2
Running Head: Final Argumentative Paper

Is it necessary to have universal ethical principles? Maryann kalleon PHI 208: Introduction to Philosophy October 6, 2013

I think it is very necessary to have universal ethical principles. Differences in culture can bring about different concepts of values and morals based on a person’s environment and upbringing. It is for that one particular reason that I feel Universal ethical principals are required in order to maintain peace and equality as far as respect goes. As human’s we can be very judgemental, especially when it comes to things, or customes we are not familiar with. It is bad enough that judgment can be made based on race, gender, and sexuality. Having universal ethical principals to live by, will help us approach those differences maturaly and further protect the right’s that we need to live as we choose, and practice what we believe in. What I feel is right, might not necessary be right to the next person. Therefore there needs to be some type of ethical principals in place so that we can respect each other’s opinions and culture. In this paper I will explain the importance of having universal ethical principles, the pros and cons that the issue addresses, while providing an argument that state’s my point of view from the two perspective.
Ethics allows us to reflect and make critical attempt’s , which leads to finding a common ground for reasonable moral beliefs. Our opinions would simply be opinions,if moral values are neither right or wrong. Although I have an open mind…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethical Principals

...Ethical Principals of Cancer Cell Research Brian Bocock PSY/305 March 9, 2015 Dr. Joycelynn Flowers-Ashton Ethical Principals of Cancer Cell Research October 4, 1951 has become one of the most memorable dates in the eyes of cancer cell researchers. On that date at Johns Hopkins hospital a destitute African-American woman named Henrietta Lacks passed away due to cervical cancer. Henrietta left behind her husband, David, and their four children. At only 31 years of age, this woman was going to be extremely influential in cancer research, and she had no idea. The worst part was neither did her family. Her cells were like no other cells ever seen and have provided for exceptional results for medical research since her passing, including the polio vaccine. However, the debate is over researchers taking her cells without her consent and made no immediate family members until 19 years later. Bringing this situation to the forefront of the implications and role ethics play in research today. Since the early 1970’s the story of Henrietta Lacks and her dominate cells has provided a great debate on a topic that will forever be in question, ethical principals. Dr. George Gey is the doctor that obtained the cells in order to find a cure for cancer. He was a great professional, I believe, that wanted nothing more than to find a cure for cancer, including profit. Because of this he wanted to keep Henrietta’s name private due to her passing and the understanding of a lawsuit by......

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ethical Principals in Addiction Counseling

...Ethical Principles and Issues within Addiction Counseling Jennifer Spivey Liberty University Abstract Addiction counselors have many ethical and legal considerations in when providing services to substance abusers. There are ethical principles that including justice, autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and fidelity. Along with these principles there are federal and state regulations when providing services. As an addiction counselor there should be ethical guidelines to follow with informed consent, compensation, confidentiality, and collection and protection of data. Furthermore, addiction counselors must avoid coercion, provide alternative treatment options, protect vulnerable clients, and select representative participants for addictions research. The ultimate goal of addictions counseling is to benefit the clients and society as a whole. Keywords: ethical, principles, addiction, counselor Introduction There are many counselors that are faced with ethical issues on a regular basis. These issues are intensified for an addiction counselor. There are a number of reasons for ethical issues for addiction counselors. One is that there is a high correlation between addiction and criminal activity. There is also the concern that ethical issues such as informed consent can be complicated by problems arising out of substance abuse. The counselor’s ability to cope with these and other issues is dependent, to a large degree, on their ability to weigh up the inherent......

Words: 2854 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Ethical Principal and Code of Conduct Db

...A Psychologist takes the client’s life and emotional welfare into their hands and they are supposed to adhere to the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct; however, without Christ at the center of the healing process how can true healing really ever happen? Leviticus 19:14 say “You shall not curse the deaf nor place a stumbling block before the blind; you shall fear your God—I am your Lord”(Bible, KJV). Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence, strives to show psychologists to benefit those with whom they work and take care to do no harm. God tells us to do no harm just as the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct do. In Jeremiah 22:3 it states: “Thus said the Lord; Perform justice and righteousness and rescue the robbed from the hand of the oppressor; and to a stranger, orphan, and widow, do not maltreat, do not cheat, and do not shed innocent blood in this place” (Bible, KJV). Principle C; Integrity tells us a lot. Psychologists need to be truthful and honest not to steal or cheat among other things. In Ephesians 6 God tells us that we need to take up the whole armor of God. Verse 14 specifically tells us we need to “Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;” (Bible, KJV). Ephesians 6:18 tells us: “Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;” (Bible, KJV). Exodus 20:13 says: “Thou shalt not steal”......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ethics in the Public Relations Industry

...this in mind it would appear that upholding principals such as honesty, independence and fairness to be a simple task; however when financial or employment pressures change the practice from “establish and maintain mutual understanding” to more selfish ‘profit driven’ and organisation centric views, ethical challengers arise. The modern business environment is fertile ground for unethical behaviour. There is an overwhelming emphasis on profit among many (certainly not all) large organisations. Looking at the prevalence of this ethos, particularly when combined with the short-term rewards that one may gain through less ethical actions, it is certainly not hard to understand how many of the ‘spin doctor’ headlines come about. I have chosen to examine ethics in the PR industry as I believe the subject to be particularly topical and of significant importance to the long-term legitimacy of the profession. As the potential ethical issues that a public relations practitioner may be faced with is clearly too long a list to hope to fully contend with, this paper has instead aimed to discuss the fundamental principals of PR ethics thereby providing an understanding by which to determine ethical PR behaviours from those of less professional standing. The challenges and issues that practitioners are faced with are therefore any decisions that would by their actions or outcomes fall outside these guidelines or fail to uphold the principals outlined. Championing PR......

Words: 2102 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Bakery

...Word Count: 709 * Submitted: 1 ethical moral issues in businessBy Kimberly Cobbs Similarity Index 4% What's this? Similarity by Source Internet Sources: 4% Publications: 0% Student Papers: N/A include quotedinclude bibliographyexclude small matchesdownloadrefreshprint mode: 4% match (Internet from 4/8/11) http://www.termpaperwarehouse.com Ethical and Moral issues plays a major role in today business environment. Employers and managers needs to communicate more and compromise his or her ethical and moral belief. In the business Companies are encountering issues worldwide. On the business side the managers are handling the company specific issues and on the moral side observation and decision making are the specifics issues. Morals; are principals, values, and belief that determines the way an individual think, behave and respond To a situation. Although these four terms has distinctive meanings however they have different terminology. Morals are and principals are forms of value, values are a form of belief, and theses four terms represents ethics, in which deals with an individual behavior and the norm to distinguish right and wrong. Ethic; is consist of the four terms, morals, principals, values, and beliefs that people uses to control their behavior. Ethics combine these terms together by the way people think and believe also it dictates how an individual will act and show his or her moral values through their actions. Ethical and moral are sometimes......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Personal Ethics Development

...defined by the principles or values and understanding of the society around them and by what society deems expectable. Ethical Development Ethical development starts when a person is young and learns what they can and cannot do by there parents and the parent’s social groups. This is where my I learned that one should act accordingly; honesty, responsible for one-self, respect one-self and others, loyalty to family, friends, and to ones society, open-minded, and fairness. Each of these ethics work together and/or tempered in order to understand what is happening around us. Each has a define set of criteria that we use to evaluate each situation at hand. Are we dishonest if we hold back information or by holding back are avoiding hearting another person feels or avoiding conflict that may lead to violence. Does one ethic group out weigh or over ride another? How do we handle conflict within our own ethical principles or values? Each of these questions needs to be answered separately as each situation arises. Ethical Influences Several influences govern how I develop personal values. Each are unique or over-lap in how one defines what is ethical or not. The primary influence is based on the ethical behavior that one must adhere to when holding a government security clearance. In order to hold a security clearance, certain level of ethical behavior is define and must be followed in order to maintain the security clearance. The second influence is the......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Decision Making Models

...VALUES IN THE HS PROFESSION 4/23/2014 Teela Carmack Decision Making Models In the Human Service Profession, a human service worker will be faced with challenging ethical dilemmas in which where one’s personal ethical values and beliefs will challenged with the ACA Code of Ethics. When a situation like this arises, it is vital for the worker to remember to engage in careful consideration when regarding an ethical decision that needs to be met and that is when the worker will look upon the types of decision making models. The paragraphs below will briefly explain three important decision making models in which will help the Human Service make the right ethical decision for the client in which they are serving. The Feminist Model is based on the principal that power should be equal in the therapeutic relationship and calls for the clients maximum involvement at every stage of their process. Women want to be seen as equal to men when it comes to salaries and the way society views women based on their beliefs and values and their contribution to society. This certain model is gender based considering the majority of clients seeking help from the human profession worker are mostly women. The next decision making model is the Social Constructionist model. This particular model redefines the ethical decision making process as an interactive/social process rather than an individual one. The primary focus is on the aspects of decision making in counceling. This model......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ethical Leadership

... "Real leaders concentrate on doing the right thing, not on doing things right." As defined by Rushworth Kidder (1995), an "ethical dilemma" is not a choice between right and wrong, but a choice between two rights. For example, considering a bribe would be a "moral temptation"; deciding whether scarce resources should go to a gifted curriculum or a dropout-prevention program would constitute a dilemma. Dilemmas arise when cherished values conflict. A principal who values both teacher autonomy and student achievement will face a dilemma when teachers want to enact a policy that lowers expectations. This kind of conflict is heightened because school leaders are public officials with obligations to many people who often have competing values or interests.Leaders' moral duty expresses itself not only in the obvious day-to-day ethical dilemmas, but in the mundane policies and structures that may have hidden ethical implications. Robert Starratt (1991) notes that every social arrangement benefits some people at the expense of others; simply to assume that schools embody desirable standards is "ethically naive, if not culpable." Thus, the principal must not only behave responsibly as an individual, but must create an ethical institution. As leaders, principals have a special responsibility to exercise authority in an ethical way. Greenfield points out that much of a principal's authority is moral; that is, teachers must be convinced that the principal's point of view reflects......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Current Ethical Issues Paper

...Current Ethical Issues XMGT/216 February 10th, 2013 Axia College of University of Phoenix Current Ethical Issues In today’s business environment, ethics take a toll far greater than that of previous years. It is more important now than ever that business ensure their ethics program is solid. For Upbeat Financial Service it is important to ensure the six characteristics that build a good solid ethical decision. Trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring and good citizenship are known as the “six pillars of character.” (Josephson, 2002) In this paper we are going to outline the services of Upbeat Financial Services and the moral and ethical issues they face. Upbeat Financial Services is a company that offers financial services and a “One-Stop Mortgage provider.” They offer mortgages at the lowest rates available, credit reports, appraisal, and home inspections upon approved credit. (Placeholder1) Their mission statement is as follows; “Upbeat Financial Services will be the preeminent provider of low cost mortgage services using state-of-the-art technology in the five state areas of Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  We thank you in supporting our mission!” Upbeat Financial Services offer their clients the most efficient and effective processing of mortgage......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Presentation

...when they look at our advertising services. · Identify check the advertising content and supporting information for accuracy and completeness: I have checked the content, support enough information required. The content satisfy the purpose of advertising, the audiences can get information easily when look at our advertising. Everything has been checked and absolutely corrects and matches with the legislation. · Confirm the time schedule and budget requirement for creating the advertisement/s It depended to the types of advertisement then the time, schedule and budget will be defined. For newspaper the budget could be from $30-$70/day and depend on what type of newspaper we will advertising. · Identify legal and ethical constrain: Ethical Principal: We do the same thing as we advertising. There is no cheating, bait the customers. Responsible for all of these topics deceptions, copyright infringement, right of publicity, comparative advertising and moral philosophy.... It also legislation, OH&S, social expectation, social responsibility and environmental protection 2. Legal: Advertising Federation of Australia Australian Communication and Media Authority Australian Competition and Consumer Commission · Determine and produce the element of a print advertisement to communicate the required image, feature and benefits of product or service: The element of the print advertisement included: borders, boxes, captions, colour, copy, coupons, headlines, logos,......

Words: 1770 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Consensual Relationship Contract

...Dorrell just to name a few have tainted the ethic culture of the workplace. In an effort to reduce romance in the workplace, an increasing numbers of employers are instituting consensual relationship agreements in company policies addressing workplace romance, in an attempt to avoid such scandals. Workplace romances can lead to accusations of poor judgment, breaches of ethics, favoritism, lost productivity, poor employee moral, sexual harassment claims and even violence in the workplace (Tyler, 2008). Critics argue that this agreement is too intrusive. This paper will analyze and discuss: 1. Criticism of a consensual relationship agreement in the workplace 2. Ethical intensity of consensual relationship agreement 3. Ethical principals used to justify the use of consensual relationship agreements 4. Ethical principals of employees opposing signing a consensual relationship agreement Critics of a Consensual Relationship Agreement assert that the agreements are too intrusive, ineffective, and unnecessary causing as many problems as they solve. Consensual Relationship Agreement is too intrusive because the agreement target a select group of employees romantically involved. Romance is a personal affair whether it is in the workplace or behind closed doors. If a contract or agreement is enforced it should be between the employees involved. An employer monitoring the behavior of employee involved in a consensual relationship is a waste of time and money and is very......

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Ethical Dilemma: Pregnancy Termination Wk 27 Gestation

...Running head: PREGNANCY TERMINATION AT WEEK 27 GESTATION Ethical Dilemma: Pregnancy Termination at week 27 Gestation Ethics: Case study week Ana Alberto Pacific College November 9, 2012 Professional Code of Ethics and client advocacy: The ethical dilemma regarding these two parents pertains to whether or not to terminate this pregnancy at 27 weeks, which is after the 24 weeks fetal viability period. Finding out a child carried to term is harmed is nothing less than jarring, to the parents, family, and physician. In this scenario we have a couple who’ve worked hard to conceive and carry a child to that point; any choices made will be very emotional. They now have to make a very big decision that can be very devastating to the family’s future. This can also be hard for the clinicians working with this family as we also have beliefs and values that can impact our ability to care for the family if the decision......

Words: 2486 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Frl 408 Term Paper

...employee engage in an activity—that violates the employee’s ethical standards but does not violate any public policy or law? In such a situation, does an employee’s duty to abide by her or his own ethical standards override the employee’s duty of loyalty to the employer? When there is an agent employee to an employer relationship, obedience and loyalty are to be given to the employer almost fully, if anything completely. For example, when I go to apply for a job and upon signing a contract, the employer will only hire me, if I decide to give them complete loyalty and obedience. Trying to negotiate employment terms won’t get me far in the signing of my employment. When we have an agent to principal relationship, the agreement between these two entities, is agreed upon a mutual trust. The agent agrees to performance, accounting, loyalty obedience, and lastly notification. When it comes to obedience, agents must abide to the principal’s instructions, as long as it is legal. Obedience and loyalty can be the most difficult thing when one is dealing with an unethical person. For example, (Parkinson, 2006) puts a situation like this, “A producer of advertising knows that he or she is helping to sell fraudulent securities, he or she can be charged with securities fraud. ‘I was only following orders’ is not a defense (P.351). It is up to the agent to decide whether their participation to abide to the employer’s activities is ethical or unethical because if an agent decided to......

Words: 2470 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Ethics Paper

...with the company a set of guidelines to help aid in making ethical work decisions (USLegal, 2014). L Brands is a large retail company originating in Columbus, Ohio and founded by Leslie Wexner. L Brands has a set of beliefs used as their code of ethics, which they believe, are the values “that have made us successful since our start in 1963 (LBrands, 2014).” The beliefs of L Brands consist of four core principles. These principles include The Customer Rules, Passion Leads to Success, Inclusion Makes Us Stronger, and It Matters How We Play the Games. The Customer Rules principle deals with making the customers happy, a premier principal of any retailer. Passion Leads to Success is the principal dealing with always doing your best and striving for excellence in all you do. Inclusion Makes Us Stronger is L Brands principal dealing with embracing diversity and using different thoughts and experiences to better decisions and customer relationships. Finally, It Matters How We Play the Game , means being successful while remembering the company beliefs, being fair, collaborative, rooted in the company values, and contributing to the greater good (LBrands, 2014). The L Brands beliefs are given to each employee during their initial hiring and training period in a handbook with other important company information. The training managers in each department hand out these handbooks to all new hires. The core principals are also posted throughout different L Brands......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Issues with Individuals in Society Having the Responsibility to Pay for Insurance That Covers the Cost of Contraceptives When It’s Against the Individual’s Personal or Religious Beliefs

...To Pay For Insurance That Covers The Cost of Contraceptives When It’s Against The Individual’s Personal Or Religious Beliefs Introduction: The term “ethics” can be derived from the Greek term ethos that means habit, custom, disposition or character. Ethics is defined as “a system of moral principals and a branch of philosophy which defines what is good for the individual and society. “ (Ethics, 2014) It is a collection of concepts acquired from philosophies, cultures, and religions. Some of these ethical concepts include the principals of autonomy, beneficence and social justice. Ethics provide a moral pathway in which individuals pick to find their way out of difficult issues. Individuals have many different derived concepts, or moral pathways, controversies that cause ethical dilemmas can become apparent. Such dilemmas can be seen in the health care delivery system of the United States and the policies that are enforced within it. One ethical argument in particular that poses issues and controversy regards society having the responsibility to provide or fund insurance that covers the cost of contraceptives when it is against the individual’s personal or religious beliefs. Ethical Dilemma/ Policy Issue: The term “conscientious objection” is the refusal to perform a legal role or responsibility because of personal beliefs. Conscientious objection in health care means that some practitioners might choose to not provide certain treatments to their patients as well as......

Words: 2976 - Pages: 12