Premium Essay

Ethics Memo

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kdpollard
Words 487
Pages 2
Memorandum
To: Hospital Staff, Peer Review Committee, Hospital Trustees
From: -Lead Surgeon
Date: January 20, 2013
Subject: Heart Transplant Candidate

The purpose of this memorandum is to come to a conclusion about which individual should receive the heart transplant taking into account ethics. There are three people who are in need of the organ transplant; Jerry, Lisa, and Ozzy. In order to make an informed decision it is important to look at all three cases.
Candidate #1-
Jerry is a 55 year old male with three children. In his early 20’s Jerry used steroids which in turn damaged his heart. His life expectancy would increase by about 10-15 years with this transplant.
Candidate #2-
Lisa is a 12 year old female. Her heart was damaged when she contracted pneumonia a year ago. Lisa has had health problems all her life due to a lupus-like immune deficiency. Even with the transplant, it is unlikely that Lisa will live through her 20’s.
Candidate #3-
Ozzy is a 38 year old male who has a history of drug abuse. As a result of Ozzy’s drug use, he will not be able to live past the month. With the transplant Ozzy has the life expectancy of 10+ years.

The Rights Theory
The Rights Theory state that an action is ethical is it respects the rights that all individuals have. Taking this theory into account, I do not think it is ethical to accept the 2 million dollars which are being offered to the hospital in exchange for Lisa to receive the transplant. All three of the candidates should have the same opportunities and the money is clouding the issue at hand. The hospital will not be accepting donations at this time, or in the future, for organ transplants.
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism states that rightness or wrongness of one’s actions is determined by their consequences. Using the utilitarian point of view, the heart should go to Lisa. She is the youngest…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Memo

...Memo To: From: Date: 10/30/2012 Re: Request for Funding of a Business Communications course I would like to request funding to participate in an upcoming class, Business Communications (GB512), at Kaplan University Online. As an employee of Lowe’s who cares about employee development and performance I have decided to do some research on performance management best practices that could be beneficial to the company as a whole. My ability to communicate better as a professional will ensure that my presentation skills and research on performance management is easily understood by the Directors and Area Managers for Lowe’s Home Centers, Inc. Being able to look into this topic and create solutions will help me to be more confident in my presentation skills and ensure that my thoughts are being communicated effectively to my audience. . The course I am wishing to participate in is Business Communications and is a six week course that will cost $1814.00 which includes all software, course material and technology fees. The start date of this course is November 14th and will consist of seminars and online discussions boards which will require participation several nights each week. This class will help me to strengthen my written communication in the business environment that I am currently working in. I feel as though this course will help me to move forward and grow in my skills of analyzing and presenting research items to a group of colleagues with......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Memo

...Luis Cubilla ENG/221 Technical Writing Fundamentals Zachery Koppelmann January 28 2013 The organization of the memo from Hugh to Abram is partially organized. Hugh does not stray from his subject much and appears to stay on point with what he wants to address. The letter has an average format with a standard intro body and conclusion along with a signature which should be included in all e-mails. The clarity however leaves little to be desired for but at least Hugh admits that he does not understand his own employee or his friend. Hugh talks about how he was advised not to use certain enterprise software’s with by his friend and how he could not understand much of how the situation should be handled or how he should move forward with his business plans. The writing style is very unprofessional; it almost seems more like Hugh is writing to a friend rather than a co-worker or colleague. There are no real formalities Abram is only addressed by name once and the overall feel looks like something a brother would write to his family member. The memo seemed to be a little disrespectful in some ways. First Hugh is talking business matters with a friend rather than Abram, secondly it appears Hough’s friend is providing the basic of warnings that any programmer should look for but Hugh appears to be leaning towards his friend’s advice rather than Abram who as Hough states “respects his professional approach”. To add further insult to injury Abram has been asked to not...

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Memo

...SUBJECT: Important Risk Analysis: Assessment of Audit Risk The objective of this memo is to introduce the financial position of Hormel Foods Corp. and provide the general assessment of the company’s audit risk. The overall assessment of risk of material misstatement is moderate. This memo presents the potential high-risk areas as followings. Revenue Recognition GM’s major sources of revenue is manufacturing and marketing branded consumer foods sold through retail stores. It also supply branded and unbranded food products to the foodservice and commercial baking industries. The competition and seasonality is critical factors in estimating the revenue of the company. Additionally, estimate of coupon redemption, product returning and uncollectible sales on credit sales need to be measured accurately. The risk of material misstatement is high in this account. The considerable amount of estimates required to measure accounts such as sales revenue, and account receivable, which lead to a high risk assessment. Moreover, the need to use estimates varying on the operating location, for example, constitutes revenue recognition as a high-risk audit area. GM’s key customers are grocery stores, mass merchandisers, membership stores, natural food chains, drug, dollar and discount chains, commercial and noncommercial foodservice distributors and operators, restaurants, and convenience stores. Estimate of return of product and customer credit is important for evaluating the sales revenue...

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Memo

...To: ​Mark Smith, Director of Human Resources From: ​Floyd Sea, Accounts/Receivable Coordinator Date: ​February 11, 2014 Subject: ​Request for Business Writing course Funding The purpose of this memo is to appeal for funding for Floyd Sea to attend a Business Communications course. As an Accounts/Receivable Coordinator this course will help improve my ability to record strong, concise, and effective messages in proficient method. Being a part of this course will afford me with a prospective for communication improvement and allow me to better connect in my writing with colleagues and co-workers. This course will allow and inspire me to communicate more effectively, meanwhile helps me save time and effort in redoing documents and giving clear explanations of the tasks. It will strengthen my ability to communicate effectively on the job by teaching me how to compose messages using a structured business writing process. The course is titled, GB512 Business Communications and is being offered at Kaplan University. The 6 week course was set to start on February 5, 2014. The cost of the course is $1614.40, which contains books and necessary course materials. Since the course is offered online, all course work and attendance will be in the morning so it will not interrupt my current scheduled time at work. I think taken this course will be a great positive improvement in business between the different units. Involvement in this course will give me access to other......

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Memo

...at the Moscow bureau did. The Los Angeles Times have always prided ourselves with strict discipline when it comes to journalistic ethics. I am writing to inform you all regarding new policy changes towards handling e-mail privacy violations. They include the following penalties: Reassignment, suspension without pay, or termination of employment. You are to inform these new guideline penalties to every employee under your management and future new hires. I highly suggest you get everyone together for a special meeting to thoroughly explain in details these new policy changes towards e-mail privacy. The Policy Violations guideline will go as following: • First Offense- Verbal warning in a direct meeting with a direct supervisor, which will also be entered in writing in the employee’s human resources file. • Second Offense- Reassignment or suspension without pay, for a period to be determined by the employee’s supervisor (who will know best the most appropriate length of time). • Third Offense- Immediate termination without severance pay. These new policy violation changes will be enforce affected immediately. This list is just the simple outline of the new changes for you to explain to your employees. There will be a more detailed company-issued policy memo covering all the issues sent to you in the upcoming weeks. Once you’ve received the memo, it must be posted up at each bureau in an area visible to employees to see. That is all for now, you all have a nice day!...

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Memo

...The purpose of this memo is to explain the role of technical writing in professional sports, specifically the Colorado Avalanche Management and Team Services department. The information was gathered from an interview with Francois Giguere the former General Manager and Executive Vice President. Background Mr. Giguere previously worked as the Assistant General Manager and Vice President of Hockey Operations for the Colorado Avalanche and he also worked in the Quebec Nordiques organization before the team moved to Colorado. He was promoted May 2006. He has won two Stanley Cups in his career with Colorado. Methods of Communication Mr. Giguere explained to me that he sends a lot of emails to people within the organization. The emails he sends are to department heads such as Scouting, Communications, Marketing, Player Development and the Team Services department. He also uses memos to communicate with his colleagues. He also sends text messages if he is in a hurry and needs to be more direct with a certain people. Management Hierarchy Forms of Writing Within The Organization Within the Colorado Avalanche organization there are several forms of writing: Memos. Keep everyone up to speed on daily activities. There are different forms of memos used to do this. • Manager Memos. A memo is sent out by the General Manager after every trade, free agent signing or contract extension. This is to keep people informed about contract negotiations. A memo includes player......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Engineering Ethics Memo

...quite a large volume of greenhouse gases throughout the course of routine operations. Recently, at a quarterly shareholder meeting, a group of vocal shareholders voiced their opinion on this particular facet of GCI, declaring that they wanted to see the company’s tendency to produce these gases substantially decrease. They also inquired into GCI’s standing on the Kyoto accords, a recent treaty signed by several major world powers advocating the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. I, a civil engineer for GCI, was asked to inquire into these accords, as well as investigate our company’s ethical responsibilities in this matter. I have researched the matter thoroughly, and have come to several conclusions on these topics. The purpose of this memo is recommend a course of action for GCI in relation to a response to these shareholders for the next quarterly meeting, as well as give a justifiable explanation for these conclusions. SUMMARY: I soon discovered after researching the Kyoto Accord and its related subjects thoroughly that opinions vary widely on the topic. Overall, despite enjoying a fair amount of popularity throughout much of the world, several countries, such as the United States and Australia, have issues with the agreement. However, it seems that these differences are more related to the fairness of the agreement between countries and the wording of the document than the subject of the agreement itself (the reduction of greenhouse gases). GCI has an......

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Memo

...|Majority used to give |Expository |Most emails are used as descriptive. They | | |brief description of | |are used to inform the company of new | | |what someone wants | |employees, promotions, introductions, | | |someone else to do. | |meeting requests that have descriptive | | | | |agendas. | |Memos |Most memos I have seen |Technical |Memos in my work place are very rare. The | | |used to inform the | |memos I have seen inform the readers of | | |reader of change being | |what is being done to systems, what the | | |made to systems | |back out plan and who to inform if issues | | | | |arise | |Letters |Letters are used as |Technical |The majority of letters I have seen in the | | |personal......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Memo

...Memo To: Recipient’s Name, Recipient’s Title Department of Defense Army National Guard From: Your Name, Your TitleSGT Jameka Samuel (Automated Logistic Specialist) CC: National Guard Bureau Name and title of individuals you want to copy in on your correspondence; if there are no courtesy copies, leave this line off Date: The date you are sending the memo19 June 2014 Subject: A clear subject line reflecting the focus of your document In need of a sponsor for writing course As we all know in the military being leader depends on your ability to think critically and creatively and to communicate your intention and decision to others. The ability to communicate clearly to get your intent and ideas across so that others understand your message and act on it is one of the primary qualities of leadership. Poor writing and communication in the military is mostly attributed to lack of proper training, lack of confidence and lack of leadership. Taking a soldier out onto the battlefield with a poor communicator could lead to potential deaths of inanest soldiers. With that being said this this is an opportunity to help a striving soldier to become a better leader in the military world by requesting to take a Business Writing Course at Kaplan University in Jacksonville Florida . The cost of the course is $1300.00 which includes all books and necessary course materials. The course will take place over a 6 week time period beginning......

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Memo

...MEMO #1 Para: Gerente General De: Gerente de producción Asunto: Recomendación sobre política de cumplimiento de estándares razonables para trabajadores de contratistas extranjeros. Fecha: Jueves, 21 de mayo del 2015. El motivo de la presente es para dar mi recomendación sobre una de las políticas acerca del cumplimiento de estándares para los trabajadores de nuestros contratistas extranjeros. Pienso que es importante que como organización nos involucremos con los trabajadores de nuestros contratistas mediante una vigilancia de cumplimientos de estándares o normas. A esta política, agregaría la prohibición del trabajo infantil. Con esta política, vamos a asegurar que estos trabajadores tengan el derecho a trabajar en buenas condiciones por su seguridad, paga justa (no la que actualmente perciben, que es ridículamente baja), y procurar su salud. Generalmente en países asiáticos el trabajo infantil es normal, parte de su cultura, pero no de la nuestra. Existen razones por las cuales el trabajo infantil no es correcto, entre ellas el derecho que tienen a estudiar, jugar, etc. Con el cumplimiento de estándares razonables evitaremos futuros conflictos puesto que los descuidos en seguridad a este personal pueden desencadenar en problemas sociales (activistas laborales) y económicos así como ha ocurrido en los últimos años donde empresas estadounidenses han sido partícipes de esta situación. Como organización nos debe preocupar esto, debemos asegurar que aquellas......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Memo

...MEMO TO: Social Media Team DATE: November 15th, 2015 SUBJECT: Changes in blogging mandate After much consideration, it has been decided on behalf of the Public Relations department that it is in Tech Garden’s best interest to implement a legal regulation check for our firm’s blog. An arrangement with an attorney has been made in order to maintain our continuous lack of legal strife. While we recognize that this adjustment may impact the initial quality of the blog’s content, we feel it is important to demonstrate our commitment to practicing CSR policies and keeping a safe community. This new mandate will in turn lower the risk of any litigations and reduce exposure of liability. Beginning next month, a draft of your blog entries will be screened by an appointed attorney before being approved for publishing. This process will include filtering out any traces of the following: * Defamation of any persons, corporations, or products * Copyrighted or trademarked work * Invasions of privacy * Demonstrations of legal and regulatory neglect * Disclosed information * Discovery disasters Although we understand that not many corporations feel the need to execute the use of a litigator for social media purposes, we want you to understand that they will serve as a collaborator in our competitive advantage over other firm’s. Not only is it internally important for us to have a sense of ethics in our day to day activities, it is vital for the......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Memo

...Memo To: Ms. Boyce, Chief Executive Officer From: Student, Personnel Management Consultant Subject: Karen Carlin Case Study: Issue Analysis and Proposed Solutions Date: 21 October 2010 INTRODUCTION The purpose of this memo is to analyze and propose solutions for the issues Karen Carlin faces as she takes on the supervisor role for the schedule typist department of Hepplewhite & Boyce. The three issues to be analyzed are (1) lack of productivity, (2) insubordination and abuse of company resources, and (3) staff mismanagement. First, the problems will be defined and probable causes discussed. Then, recommendations will be made to resolve these issues. DEFINITION OF PROBLEMS AND PROBABLE CAUSES The problems identified in this memo are ones Hepplewhite & Boyce can easily resolve with a few simple actions. Doing so will not only be good for the company but will be good for the employees as well. The end goals should be as follows: (1)Increased productivity within the schedule typist department. (2)An end to the insubordination and abuse of company resources. (3)Improved management of the schedule typist staff. The issues within the department will be explained in further detail next. Lack of productivity The first issue within the schedule typist department of Hepplewhite & Boyce is a lack of productivity on the part of two of the employees, Pat and Pauline. In order to do the least amount of work possible, Pat and Pauline are purposely not......

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Memo Addressing Core Issues on Topic of Ethics in Finance

...Memo addressing core issues on topic of Ethics in Finance Winter 2011 Hsiu Chang Ethic is useful because it makes business stable and predicable. In a game, a cheater who is not caught will continue to reap huge rewards. However, if the trend continue, it will encourage other players to cheat or leave the game because they are being driven out of business. If a business operator always has to wonder if the other side is playing by the same rule, if a customer constantly wonder if the vendor is overcharging for the invoice, then business slow down, becomes inefficient. However, many cheaters are not caught or punished. "Business Ethics" is the third episode of the fifth season of the television series The Office. One of the female purchasing officer has been sleeping with a vendor in order to get discount for the entire purchasing department, and Outback Steakhouse coupons. When this is discovered, the head of the company turned a blind eye because it is good for the balance sheet (Wikipedia, 2011). Having good ethic provides a clear conscience, and if there was an ethical problem, shared the advantage gained by cheating with the entire team will once again clear the conscience. Ethic in finance is important because it will provide a clear picture of the company. The leader of the company cannot see where the company can go if they do not know where the company is. However, accountant in a non-public company works for the leader and this agents’ fiduciary......

Words: 1432 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Memo

...Mombasa, Inc Memo To: CEO From: Tex Matters CC: Board of directors Date: 4/23/2012 Re: our ethical dilemma Thank you for allowing the opportunity to work on this important issue. It is not only important for us to do business, but it is important for us to do it the right way. We have an obligation not only to ourselves, but to our shareholders, customers, family and most importantly our country. We represent our country wherever our business takes us. As requested, we have studied the strength and weakness of every decision we can make with regards to this very important issue. Our analysis studied every important element. We gathered all important information. We asked all important questions. Based on our intensive study we have come up with the following possible alternatives: 1. We should hold our order and remanufacture it, then send it. 2. We should send the order as is to prevent loss to our bottom line. 3. We should inform our client of the issue, and offer to send the order at a discounted price. All the alternatives we concluded were legitimate in their own right. Any decision we make will have a justification. The most important element in our decision making process will be to evaluate whether or not each decision falls within our values. Our values are our rocks. We cling onto them in hard times. They always lead us. When we step out of our comfort zone, it affects our decision making. We impair our ability to make the right decision and......

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Memo

...Memo: There are three possible alternatives to address this situation. Let us discuss each alternative one by one. The first alternative is that company issues a warning that the toy is unsuitable for the children and thus, the whistle should be used with caution. The major advantage of this alternative is that it does not result in any financial losses as the toys can be shipped immediately. However, this alternative can attract legal consequences as the toy fails to pass the regulatory standards. Further, it is highly unethical for the company to ship the toys even without warning as it could be harmful for children. It is unethical for the company to ship the product which is unacceptable by US standards to another country, even though the regulations are not stringent in that country as it can harm the children in that country as well. The second alternative to address this issue is to reproduce the product and meet the acceptable limits for lead and repackage it at a cost of $100,000. This alternative will result in numerous benefits. First of all, it will be a ethical decision on part of the company. Secondly, this decision will not attract any legal liabilities and will allow the company to maintain its reputation. However, the disadvantage is that this option will result in financial losses of $100,000 for the company. The third alternative is to ship the manufactured product to a country where such product is legally accepted or meets the regulatory standard.......

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5