Premium Essay

Ethnic Groups

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tjmiller39
Words 855
Pages 4
Ethnic Groups and Discrimination
Thomas J. Miller III
ETH125
August 23, 2010
Maria Kithcart

Ethnic Groups and Discrimination
Most African Americans are descendants of Africans that were enslaved by Europeans and American slave traders. Slave markets used in Africa to sell prisoners of war by African states. The Europeans used these slave markets to exploit and expand the shipment of slaves to the New World or America. Some ancestors immigrated to the United States from the Caribbean.
The first group of African slaves was brought to the United States in 1619 (Slavery, 2003). These slaves were labeled indentured servants, which are workers under contract to an employer in exchange for their lodging, food, and clothes. Most of the colonists used the Blacks on plantations because other groups did not want to work on them and the Blacks were easier to control. All colonies eventually legalized slavery passing laws that would keep the slaves and their children for life.
During the Revolutionary War, slaves and free slaves were allowed to fight against the British. After the Americans, won their independence from British tyranny, the Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776 (Slavery, 2003) declaring, “All men are created equal.” Many people in the northern states influenced by the Revolutionary War and began abolishing slavery in the North. The southern states wanted to keep slavery to fuel the South economy through the production from the cotton fields.
By 1830, there were 319,000 free Blacks in the United States. Blacks faced racial discrimination preventing them from entering White business or establishments. Blacks began developing their own communities because of discrimination. It is during this period that Black churches were establish and became the focal point of the growth in the Black community.
In 1863, President Abraham...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Religious and Ethnic Groups

...Religious and Ethnic Groups ETH/125 Religious and Ethnic Groups Paper Jehovah’s Witnesses primarily use one version of the bible, which is their own translation. The New World Translation text was translated by a committee of five men, four of which had no Hebrew or Greek training, and has been characterized as grossly misleading, and twisted to meet the Society’s own doctrine. Some of the beliefs of the Jehovah’s witnesses that differ from other religions include they have no ordained clergy. It is their belief that having a clergy person that directs their services creates a class and a special title that is improper, so they instead use Elders, or Overseerers. They also have no blood transfusions, not even to save a life. They will go as far as to allow themselves or a loved to die rather than accept a transfusion of another’s blood. The Witnesses also believe that there is no eternal life to be lived out in hell. If you are one of the wicked when you depart from this world, you are punished with eternal destruction. Unlike, many other religions, Witnesses believe that the cross is a pagan symbol and therefore is not displayed or used in worship, nor do they celebrate what they term as pagan holidays that include Christmas and birthdays. Because of these differences of beliefs and values, the Jehovah’s Witnesses are typically thought to be strange or different, and are avoided. The witnesses consider anyone that......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ethnic Groups and Discrimination

...| | . | I belong to the white American ethnic group. I am half Italian and half Irish. Most people only associate me as Italian and the Irish fades into the back ground. More Italians have migrated to the United States than any other group from Europe (digital history, January, 22 2012). Most of the immigration occurred in the 20th century during the years of 1880-1960(digital history, January, 22 2012). Several Italian immigrants originated from southern Italy without much of an education. The foremost reason for Italian immigration was due to the meager financial conditions in Italy during the 20th century. The Italians established themselves in areas where they could network with each other and not be around other ethnic groups. The Italians from southern Italy were not educated greatly so most of them performed manual labor. Most of the Italians were farmers in Italy but, when they immigrated they moved to the cities. Italians faced much prejudice and racism. The Italians in the United States were a very much hated group. News clippings from the 19th century named Italian immigrants as a sub-human race (Italians in America: From Discrimination to Adoration, Racial Discrimination, October 5th, 2009). They were thought of as clannish because they were known to stick with their family. The Italians were also discriminated against for their Catholic beliefs. They were exposed to anti-immigrant discrimination. There were even acts of violence such as......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Religious and Ethnic Groups

...Religious And Ethnic Groups April Foshee ETH/125 March 10, 2013 Tabitha Miller Religious And Ethnic Groups The group that I selected is the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The reason I chose Jehovah’s Witnesses is because they are the only religion that is completely against war and politics, and they do not even vote. This makes them different from most religions. Another thing that makes them different from other religions is that they all use the same Bible, not different versions of the Bible. Also Jehovah’s Witnesses all preach the same thing no matter where they are in the world. Jehovah’s Witnesses also believe there are no hell, and that you will either go to haven or paradise earth when it becomes rebuilt, or just die. Jehovah’s Witnesses have experienced much discrimination over the years. Many other religions think of Jehovah’s Witnesses as a cult and they want everyone else in their cult. The things I have heard people say about the Jehovah’s Witnesses they don’t know what they are preaching about, they are all about money, they harass people at their homes. These are just some of the things I have heard about them. After searching the web I have found that the French government has branded Jehovah’s Witnesses as a dangerous sect. In 2006, 71 kingdoms Halls of Jehovah’s Witnesses were, bombed, burned, shot at, and vandalized. The French government ha publically called Jehovah’s Witness criminals. South Korea has imprisoned one thousand Jehovah’s Witnesses......

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Religious & Ethnic Groups

...Religious & Ethnic Groups Latoya Ibanez ETH/125 08/21/2015 Ms. Debra Bloom Religious and Ethnic Groups America has changed from the nation it what it was once, a Nation where Christianity was the primary religion and our borders were not open to outsiders. Through the years many have migrated to America making our Nation today, the most diverse Nation, and not just in regards to ethnicity but religion as well. What is it that differs from one religion to the other? What causes people to discriminate against other races? Could it be the lack of information regarding other religions and ethnicities? We can start by comparing Buddhism and Asian decent and see what differences they have compared to other religions and ethnicities. Buddhism has made it’s was to America, and although many have already accepted much of its teaching others stand skeptical and feel it threatens their own beliefs. One of the differences between Buddhism and many of the other known religions is that they do not have a higher being, or one that they answer to (“Buddhism-Differences,1996). They do not believe that they need a higher being to make amends for their wrongs. These specific beliefs are very different from those of other beliefs, whereas they have a god, higher being and believe you must do something to atone for your wrongs. The fact is that there are major differences between each religion, whether we choose to accept them is another thing. Although many are......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ethnic Groups and Discrimination

...| Irish American Ethnic Group and Discrimination | | University of Phoenix ETH/125 Elizabeth McBryde | In 1845, a fungus ruined Irish potato crops, which was the main source of food that kept peasants from starving in Ireland, and as disease and hunger spread throughout Ireland at least one million of Ireland’s people left in search of economic advancement, over half of which came to the United States (Peck, Ira). The Irish immigrants that came to the United States settled mainly in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia (Peck, Ira). Unfortunately, they were not greeted with welcome however, instead they, like many other immigrants to the United States, were met with discrimination, prejudice, and racism. Assimilation did not come easy for Irish immigrants despite their white skin and English language. Often, the only jobs available to them were hard, dirty, and dangerous positions such as coal mining and railroad work. As more and more Irish immigrated to the United States, American workers feared that the Irish, because of their cheap labor, would put them out of work (Peck, Ira). The Irish were treated in close resemblance to slaves. Forced to live in unsanitary conditions in urban slums by segregation, many Irish fell victim to epidemics that swept through their......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethnic Groups

...Ethnic Groups and Discrimination Jerilyn Burns ETH/125 1/08/2012 I can identify with more than one ethnic group. The ethnic group that I have chosen to discuss for the assignment is the Italians. I have just a small amount of Italian in me and I know very little about my Italian ethnicity. I thought by me choosing the Italian ethnicity I would be able to learn more about the Italians and have a better understanding of how they came to America and the struggles they had to face while being here. The Italians started to migrate to the united states for a few different reasons in between the mid 1800’s and the mid 1900’s. These reasons were due to poverty, over population, and even natural disasters that had caused them to decide to migrate to the United States. Some of these natural disasters were scarcity of cultivatable land, soil erosion and deforestation. The Italians also had a lack of coal and iron ore which were needed by their industry. Many of the Italians that migrated to the United States didn’t plan to stay here permanently. The Italians wanted to come to America to build their money up so that they could better take care of their families that were still in Italy. Most of the Italians that had migrated to the United States during this time were men starting at the age of eighteen and up. There were some women who migrated to the United States as well but most of them were men. Most of the Italians that migrated to the United States were from rural......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Racial and Ethnic Groups Matrix

...University of Phoenix Material Racial and Ethnic Groups Matrix Complete the matrix below by answering the questions for each group. | |Race vs. Ethnicity |Origins and Past Experiences |Challenges in the U.S. |American Identity |Personal Experiences and Comments | | |Is this an ethnic or racial group |Where did this group originate? How|What challenges has this |How is this group portrayed |Have you witness any racism or prejudice | | |and why? |did this group become a part of |grouped faced in the U.S.? |today in American society? |toward this group? Any additional comments? | | | |American culture? | | | | |Native Americans |This group would be considered a |This group originated in the north |The main challenge of Native |In the past, the image of the |I have no immediate experience with native | | |racial group, because of skin and|American continent. The American |Americans is that of |Native American was that of an |Americans to comment. | | |hair color, as well as facial |culture developed out of the |inclusion. They are not |uncivilized savage....

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Latino/Hispanic Ethnic Group

...Latino/Hispanic Ethnic Group White and Black are races that are outlined throughout the world. People generally feel you either fit in these racial categories or you don’t. The Latino/Hispanic group is defined more by ethnicity, relatively more complex than just race. The U.S. Census Bureau outlines this ethnic group as a separate entity than White or Black people. There is even White and Black Latinos or Hispanics depending on how they choose to identify. There is a broad range of variability in this ethnic group as well as some cultural, language and religious differences as well as a few different subgroups. Identity The United States Census Bureau is the sole provider of all of the statistical data about our nations’ population and economy. Census information is gathered and reported every 10 years. Census reports first implemented that Latino/Hispanic could be identifying factors on our census report around the 1990 census data collection, which held the most comprehensive data. In previous years, Latin Americans were able to identify with by listing any of the subgroup they belonged to. In previous years, beginning in 1930, the census attempted to identify “Mexicans”, then later in 1970, where there was a nationwide category and then 1980 added the more effective category that really won over society in 1990. Most Latinos and Hispanics have no easy task in explaining their identity. Whether you are a Latino or a Hispanic is largely in part based upon where your...

Words: 1275 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ethnic Groups and Discrimination

...Ethnic Groups and Discrimination While doing the reading assignments, I personally identified with “gender minority”. Despite many changes in law and the many inroads that have been made for gender equality, there are still many areas in which there is still discrimination based on gender. I have experienced this first hand in my life. A minority group is defined as “a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant or majority group. Women are a subordinate gender group because they experience prejudice and discrimination based solely on their gender (Race and Ethnic Groups, 2006). Discrimination is defined as “the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons” (Race and Ethnic Groups, 2006). I experienced discrimination based on gender in the United States military. I had never in my life experienced discrimination or the “glass ceiling” or the “glass wall” (Race and Ethnic Groups, 2006) until I enlisted. It was then that I learned what it was like to be on the receiving end of what many people of a different race or ethnic group experience daily. The United States military has made many inroads toward stopping gender discrimination since they began allowing women to fully serve in their ranks. Prior to 1948 with the passage of the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act, women were only allowed to serve in......

Words: 1016 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Compare Social Groups: (Example: Differences Between Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups, Along with Their Comparison to Whites). Does Race and Sex Play a Role in Shaping the Life Chances of People Entering Into and Working

...Compare social groups: (Example: differences between racial/ethnic minority groups, along with their comparison to whites). Does race and sex play a role in shaping the life chances of people entering into and working in your intended career path? In what ways may sex and race impact your life as a professional? What are the possible causes of these inequalities?  The correlation of success with gender and ethnicity has always been and will always be a matter of debate. It is commonly claimed that differences exist among people belonging to different minority groups and when it come to gender, men are considered more privileged than women. In reality, statistics do support such assumptions; however, they do not explain the factors driving such preferential behaviors. In this essay, besides displaying some statistical data, I would go a bit further into analyzing the reasons of such patterns. The hiring process, although seemingly easy, is very complicated and entails several complex relationships. There are several perceived disadvantages of women or minority groups when it comes to employment. In the past 20 years, through affirmative action policies, men and women have been encouraged to enter non-traditional areas. However, the removal of legal barriers has not eliminated all obstacles faced by them. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, there were 28,372 charges of sex-based discrimination in 2008. Also, data collected from the American......

Words: 946 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethnic Groups Under Achivement

...because there are different patterns for different ethnic groups. Internal factors are factors within schools and the educational system, such as interactions between pupils and teachers, and the inequalities between schools. External factors are factors outside the education system such as influences of home and family background and wider society. A internal factor is shown in item A, labeling within schools by saying 'Wright found that teachers persecuted and treated minority ethnic pupils differently from white pupils. Afro Caribbean boys were often expected to behave badly and they received a disproportionate amount of negative attention. Gillborn argues that this labeling can lead to the self fulfilling prophecy – this is where a prediction made about a person or group becomes true simply because it has been made. Another internal factor is marketisation – this is encouraging competition between schools and choice for parents. Marketisation has led to selection and segregation. Marketisation has given schools greater scope to select pupils and this puts some ethnic minority pupils at a disadvantage. This is because selection of pupils gives schools more scope for negative stereotypes to influence decisions about school admissions. Another internal factor is ethnocentric curriculum. Ethnocentric curriculum describes a attitude or policy that gives priority to the culture and viewpoint of one particular ethnic group while disregarding others. Troyna and Williams......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assignment: Ethnic Groups and Discrimination: German Americans

...Assignment: Ethnic Groups and Discrimination: German Americans ETH 125 German Americans comprise about 17% of the American population. This is approximately 15 million Americans. German Americans can be found everywhere in the United States but the strongest concentrations of this group can be found in California, Texas and Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Nebraska, and The Dakotas. These states have in many cases over one third of their population listed as German American. As a group German Americans have enriched the American culture and become a common ancestral designation. The largest numbers of Germans migrated between the 1680s to 1760s, with two major waves of German colonists in 1714 and 1717 (Conzen, 1980). Most of these immigrants came to America seeking opportunity as central Europe became difficult to farm and own land. Many also came to escape religious persecution. Most of these immigrants came willingly and paid for their travel as indentured servants. Unlike other groups which received large amounts of resistance from native Americans, German Americans immigrated before urbanization fully began encompassing America. As a result many early immigrants owned farms and become merchants. German Americans would not experience resistance until the advent of world war I. During the fever of World War I, German Americans began to hide their ethnicity by speaking German in private. Many were imprisoned for spying and were ostracized by the......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

“Examine the Reasons for Differences in Educational Achievement Between Different Ethnic Groups”

...different ethnic groups” There are clearly many factors that contribute to the claim that there is a difference in educational achievement between different ethnic groups in the UK. National statistics claim that: ‘In 2004 Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve five or more GCSE Grades A*- C in England, with 79% of Chinese girls and 70% of Chinese boys respectively. In comparison with Black Caribbean pupils, With Boys who only achieved 27% and girls achieved 44% achieved five or more A*-C Grade GCSEs. The first outside school factor that contributes to the claim that there is a difference in educational achievement between different ethnic groups is Material deprivation. Material deprivation as single factor can alone affect educational achievement, but when combined with ethnicity the effects are worse. Sociologists claim that ‘if we compared pupils of different ethnic groups who were the same social class background, we would find that inequalities would still exist despite their social class. Statistics from 2006 show that 20% of white households were low-income households compared with 41% of African- Caribbean households and 62% of Pakistani or Bangladeshi households. Statistics say that African-Caribbean, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people are three times more likely to be unemployed as white people. Reasons for this could be that they may lack qualifications or knowledge of the educational system. This suggests that deprived that certain ethnic groups......

Words: 1351 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Religious and Ethnic Groups Paper

...The religious group of Buddhism has a lot of differences then other religious groups. Buddhism “is an 800 year old religion and a way of life dedicated to manifesting the endowed purpose of every human being to realize enlightenment”( Shinran Shonin, BASIC BELIEFS, PRACTICES AND EXPERIENCES). One thing that I learnt that stood out about the differences of Buddhism is that they are not concerned about labels. Buddhists don’t worship an idol, but do sometimes pay respect to images of Buddha. All though not in worship nor to ask favors, but more of a gratitude for their teaching. Some basic concepts of Buddhist teaching are the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. Two differences between Buddhism and other religions are god and the concept of hell. Buddhism do not believe Buddha is a God, they say it’s more like a teacher student relationship. Buddhist concept of hell is way different than other religions. They believe in realms and Hell is the worst of the three undesirable realms, not that Hell is a place of eternal damnation. Buddhism is still new in American culture but you still see Buddhist, just not as common as other countries. The biggest thing that they have contributed to American culture is the politeness and caring not for themselves but for other human beings. They have brought to the American culture that wealth is not the way to happiness. Actually, if you look at a lot of Buddhist countries, they are poor looking because they believe that......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ethnic Group

...Ethnic Group Conflict Paper Deonte Jones PSY/450 July 5, 2012 Professor Eugene Schimmel Ethnic Group Conflict Paper Social cognition and social perception can be altered through external forces. As evidenced by the exploits of colonialism in Rwanda, the Hutus and Tutsis, two people from the same region in Africa with shared language and customs became the target of such exaggerated and contrived differences. Accordingly, the colonizers effectively constructed ethnic divides, constructed and reinforced differences in social cognition and social perception through repressive means. Even as they did so for the purpose of colonizing the nation and ultimately the minority the Tutsis, these efforts in cognitive reconstruction inspired tragedy. In fact, it led to unintended nevertheless grave consequences, which extended for decades. The Ethnic group conflict that caused problems was the problem in Rwanda East Africa between the Hutus and the Tutsis. According to Langford (2002), in 1994 the Rwandan genocide took place with more than 800,000 people slaughtered. Over the course of 100 days there were a half of a million people killed which is 20 percent of the country’s population. It was a long hold ethnic competition with the minority Tutsi, who had power and control over the country for centuries and the majority Hutu people who became rebellious in the early 1960’s. Discuss the concept of conformity and how it relates to your selected ethnic......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5