Free Essay

Ethnographic Essay

In: Social Issues

Submitted By trobinson
Words 2902
Pages 12
Ethnographic Essay Rarely do we look our culture and how it affects the way we communicate and interact with each other. Culture is innate to us and we are usually unaware of it because it is an apart of us that we are unable to separate from and analyze. This is what I have learned from interacting and interviewing Luciana Cappuccino better known as “Lucky”. I was aware of her Spanish culture when I was first introduced to her just because of her first name. We sometimes forget how something as personal as our name is stamped by our cultural origin. I did further research into her name; I found out that Luciana is a typical Spanish name meaning light. The religious ties were very prevalent from the beginning even before I had started the interview.
Argentina like most of Latin America and my own culture, the Caribbean has a deep history of colonialization; which is even more crucial part to the history of Luciana Cappuciano since she is of European ancestry. The Europeans arrived in Argentina 1502 this is most likely when Lucky’s ancestors first entered Latin America. One of the issues Lucky faced is being ethnically a Caucasian but identifying herself as a Latina. This is her avowal identity, meaning that is the identity “that [she] choose[s] to associate with and portray” (Willis-Rivera 28). However most American ascribes a Caucasian identity to her because of her blonde hair and fair skin; which is features attributes as white in America. This issue was something we discussed with great importance during our interviews. Lucky identifying herself as a Latina despite being of European descent is not strange in Argentina. Actually the predominant ethnic group in Argentina is white; with 97% coming from Spanish and Italian descent (CIA World Factbook, Argentina). The confusion on whether Latina is describing a race or ethnicity it also describe in “The Essential Guide to Intercultural Communication”. People that are Hispanic or Latino can be of many different races and the term is better fit to describe “as [an] ethnic identi[ty] rather than a racial identi[ty]” (Willis-Rivera 26).
Lucky is of Italian descent which is apparent by her last name; this important because for the prominent part of Lucky’s life she has been a part of the “majority” group which cultivates a certain mindset. This is discussed in the majority identity development concept; through Lucky’s discussion of her life in Argentina I could tell that she was at the acceptance stage of majority identity development. I was able to draw this conclusion because she had “some awareness of the privileges [she had] over those in minority groups” (Willis-Rivera 30). I asked her about racial tensions in Argentina since the majority of the culture is of the same ancestry. The next largest ethnic group is the mestizo; which are people of white and Amerindian ancestry. Lucky told me how they are looked down by the majority group and she unknowingly participated in that prejudice. It was not until she was treated as minority not because of her skin color but because of her immigration status was she aware of her actions. Lucky had to switch from being a majority in her country and become an international student in America. In America international students are constantly reminded that you do not belong here repeatedly ticking the box “alien”. The word that international students are constantly labeled with; we are the other, we are aliens; something strange and of a unknown humanity. When Lucky brought up this idea I was quickly able to relate being an international student myself. I felt like was constantly begging and fighting to belong to a culture and country that wanted to reassure me that I did not belong. She stated that this was one of the reasons that she became involved in this paper. She felt that she had a unique outlook on intercultural communication because she has transcended between both groups. She also felt that I would able to understand and articulate the frustration and battle she faced (Lucky and I constantly talk about how were going to get our work visas). Lucky did not know it but she was talking about minority identity development. She had integrated with American students by participating in the culture by dressing and talking what is deemed to be “American”. Lucky is what a lot of people would say has become “Americanized” which is represented in the fourth stage of minority identity development. Lucky herself used this term to describe herself even though she still emphasized that she still keeps and loves the traditions of her culture.
When began to discuss her culture and what makes in distinctive you could see her pride about being a Latina. She brought up that in Argentina everyone was family and the focus was on people rather than monetary advantages. She described how she missed that family mentality when she first came to America. She said Argentines have such pride about their country and culture that she feels Americans lack. She found it difficult to describe but stated “it’s a feeling you get that’s like nothing else.” She went to talk about the music in Argentina; specifically the tango music. She said it was very important to her culture and one of the things she misses the most. When she told me that I thought that would be the perfect shared cultural experience. The more I researched about the tango and tango music I was more convince it was be the perfect opportunity to observed the Argentine culture. I saw tango as a perfect representation of the cultural mix of the different ethnic groups that formed Argentina. Tango is a style of ballroom dance that originated in Rio de Plata (between Argentina and Paraguay) with European and African influence. The tango is infused with sensuality and technical dance moves (Denniston, Couple Dancing and the Beginning of Tango). I realized that as began to further describe the tango I became to picture images of what the women and men at La Zona Tre would look like. I imagined red dresses, the stereotypical coke bottle shaped Latina, perfectly chiseled men and everyone uncontrollably perspiring. I began to partake in exoticism; something that I was more than familiar with being from the Caribbean. The fact that I did this intrigued me to how Lucky dealt with exoticism since one of the core aspects; tango is celebrated because of it sexuality and intimacy. She informed me that she didn’t see tango as being a sexual dance; it’s just dancing and having fun and she did see the sexuality in it. Lucky was right, tango was viewed with such sexuality because it was being seen through eurocentrism.
As I gathered with Lucky’s friends to head to La Zona Tre, the more I realized that if the tango was created by Argentines it had to be intimate! This is because the everyday actions and communication of Argentines express this same intimacy. As we waited I started to notice and watch the proxemics between Argentines. The greeting and farewell of kissing on both cheeks alone seems to be overly affectionate and intimate for both men and women. In actuality it was typical of Latin Americans who “interact at closer distance and frequently touch each other during interpersonal encounters” (Shutter 48). This allowed me to better understand what Lucky was referring when she said she missed the family mentality in Argentina; because in Argentina the intimacy and closeness that is used for greetings; is only reserved for romantic relationships in America. This lack of intimacy and great proxemics zones in the American culture is even more predominant to Lucky because “argentines …tend to kiss more than most Latin cultures” (Diego, How to Greet a Porteño). The intimacy and proxemics caused me to greater analyze my own culture. I always viewed Bahamian culture similar to how Lucky felt about Argentine culture. I felt that there was a closeness and bond within the country that did not exist in America. Similar to Argentina, the Bahamas is a very religious nation; repeatedly deeming itself as a “Christian Nation”. My culture also demonstrated the same proxemics relationship when it came to dancing. However the intimacy between both men and women would never would be acceptable in my country due to high homophobia. I was not able to understand what allowed the Latin American community to have such comfort with their sexuality which was nonexistence in my culture. I believe that this is very prevalent in non-white cultures because British colonial polices and ideology still ingrained in the mindset of the people. Also even though most Latin American identify themselves as Catholic many of them does not practice the religion; while in the Caribbean we still hold these religious ideologies with great importance.
When Lucky described herself as thoroughly assimilated and accepted in the American culture as well as identifying herself as Latina it seemed to contradict. I began to question how well she interacted with these two groups and what impact did it had on her. This is an impact that an abundance of individuals who move to new areas deal with; they are not American enough for one group and in this case not Argentine enough for home. This leaves a person to develop their own culture by mixing the two or finding people who always live in this limbo. This concept of mixing cultures is called integration. As stated by Rivera-Willis “integration is a blend of assimilation and separation. Immigrants who integrated adopt aspects of the host culture while retaining some aspects of their home cultures” (Willis-Rivera 43). I also struggled with assigning this label to her because when she discuss about how her interactions with her friends at home; I felt that she was also experienced marginalization. This “is characterized by an immigrant’s desire for integration that is rejected by the host culture. The host culture may reject the immigrant’s uses of the host language because of an accent or reject the immigrant because she or he doesn’t “look” like a native” (Willis-Rivera 43). Lucky has faced rejection from her home culture due to her wanting to live in America and being in a relationship with an American. In Latin America it is important to marry within the culture because family is very important to pass down family traditions and the negative feelings associated with “gringos”. Also Argentina ranks scores an 86 on Hostfede Uncertainty Avoidance making them difficult in accepting new and different things (Hostfede, Argentina). This is why I believe in many aspects she is marginalized because of her embrace of a new culture. The values of the Latin American culture seemed to look down upon integration to the American culture. This puzzled me in our interview; Lucky seemed to be very individualistic which was different from what I learn and have experienced from Latin Americans. Latin Americans tend to be collectivist societies very concern with the group and have a high degree of loyalty even in it interferes with self-happiness. I was wrong though Lucky choice to stay in America after graduation and become engaged to an American was completely “Argentine”. When I further analyze the Hostfede Individualism Dimension it stated that “at a score of 49 Argentina sits in the middle rankings of PDI … much higher values [than] all other Latin American countries (leaving aside Costa Rica)” (Hostfede, Argentina). My presumptions of an Latin American country as collectivism rather individualistic is historically correct though; the change in Argentina has been attributed to the last century because “high migration waves that have reached the Rio de la Plata(Hostfede, Argentina). In fact in 1900, 30% of Argentina’s inhabitants have been born abroad and most of these immigrants were Europeans. This perfectly explains Argentina’s high individualism in respect to other Latin American cultures because Europeans are predominately highly individualistic. Therefore the combination of these two cultures has produced a middle ranking IDV culture.

Figure 1: Argentina Hostefede IDV in Comparison to Spain and Itlay
One of the most important aspects that the Spanish and Italians brought to Argentina was their religion and beliefs this was Catholicism. This was not only crucial to the culture of Argentina but one of the most influential aspects to Lucky and her family. Prior to my first with Lucky I was aware of her strong religious beliefs and involvement. I was not surprised in our initial interview when Lucky state that she was Roman Catholic. In Argentina nearly 92% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholic. Although Roman Catholicism is thoroughly engraved in the Argentine culture the Catholic only 20% are practicing Catholics. Lucky is one of those practicing Catholics; she in actively involved in her church by not only attending mass regularly but by volunteering in the youth ministry as well. She is truly devoted to her faith and more than anything else she mostly identifies herself as a Catholic. This is important because Lucky’s identity as a Catholic affects how she communicates with others who values or beliefs are different from her. In this part of the interview Lucky and I did not interact in any cultural confusion since I am Roman Catholic as well. This better equipped me to understand her disbelief in the secularism of America. I was also confused because even though she seemed disgusted by this aspect of America she still wanted to make it her home. This is because she has created her own environment that limits her interaction with this aspect of American culture and she is engaged to an American who is religious as well.
Lucky young engagement and intercultural relationship made her an even more interested person to interview. I wondered why she would want to get married so early; but in Argentina the average age to get married for women is 23.3 and 25.5 for men (United Nations Married Patterns, Argentina). Therefore Lucky and her fiancé are not breaking any barriers in her culture in that aspect; but there are other issues they may face since she is in an intercultural relationship. Since Lucky identifies herself as a Latina from Argentina and her fiancé is a Caucasian American they are in a bounded intercultural relationship. Even though to society they seem to be of the same culture they will have numerous personal differences. I researched some of the cultural differences that existed between America and Argentina using the Hofstede Dimensions. This chart shows that they may have difficulties with; individualism, uncertainty avoidance and possible long term orientation since most Latin countries rank high in this dimension. I asked Lucky how she dealt with these cultural differences. She did admit that cultural differences do occur between them but that it is not a major issue in their relationship. I do believe that Lucky and her fiancé are able to overcome those differences because the identity they both identify with the most is being Catholic. This causes them to have similar values and beliefs in crucial issues couples face. I am able to understand this as well being in an intercultural relationship. The fact that I am religious while my boyfriend is not causes the biggest confrontations. Even though we have the same beliefs the way we practice and label those beliefs are important to both of our identities.

Figure 2: Hostefede Argentina v.s USA Through my interviews and interaction with Lucky I realized that there are many ways our culture can impact our life and the choice we make. An important concept that both me and Lucky took from this experience is we all have more similarities than differences and more importantly; if we try to understand and learn about those differences we can better communicate and co-exist. I learned many truths and misconceptions about the Argentine culture that would better equip me to successfully interact with Lucky and other Argentines but also anyone who differs from me in any cultural aspect. This research and experience also caused me to reevaluate my culture and the impact it has on me that causes me to poorly communicate with others.

Works Cited

CIA. "Argentina." CIA World Factbook. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <>.

Denniston, Christine. "Couple Dancing and the Beginning of Tango by Christine Denniston." Couple Dancing and the Beginning of Tango. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <>.

Diego. "Argentina Culture: How to Greet a Porteno." Argentina Culture: How to Greet a Porteño. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <>.

"History of Argentina." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <>.

Hofstede, Geerth. "Argentina." Argentina. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <http://geert>.

"Spanish Names." Luciana. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <>.

Shuter, R. (1976), Proxemics and Tactility in Latin America. Journal of Communication, 26: 46–52. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.1976.tb01902.x

Willis-Rivera, Jennifer. The Essential Guide to Intercultural Communication. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.

"World Marriage." UN News Center. UN. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <>.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Ethnographic Essay

...Little Red Riding Hood as Depicted in Matthew Bright’s Freeway (1996) Name: Course: Lecturer: Date: Little Red Riding Hood as depicted in Matthew Bright’s Freeway (1996) [pic]Mathew Bright’s film Freeway is literal work that presents the Little Red Riding Hood with a preface of the verbal and visual texts. The film draws ideas from different books starting from Charles Perrault’s little riding text of 1697 (Catherine, 2002). The film further contains the depiction of the Little Red Riding Hood by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in the 1982 text. In addition, the film is based on a book review of Little Red Riding Hood as portrayed by Charles Delarue’s works on French oral tales (Zipes, 2010). The books reviews have a historical dimension in their examination of the Little Red Riding Hood. Mathew Bright’s film was produced in 1996. It features the Little Red Riding Hood. The film is referred to as the freeway and it was cast in California. Little Red Riding Hood is depicted as a generation X character discerning from the way the character is clothed. The Little Red Riding Hood is shown in the film wearing saggy trousers, a jacket made of leather and combat boots that are prominent feature in hip-pop artist attires. In examining the attire it is discerned that the attire represent the people from social underclass who are closely associated with the hip-pop culture. The Little Red Riding Hood is further characterized by a voice peculiar...

Words: 2097 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Class Expectations

...|Analysing an Essay Question | 1. Introduction Common criteria of undergraduate essay writing focus on the following requirements: students need to be analytical and critical in their response students need to structure their writing logically students need to be persuasive writers | students need to answer the question | This booklet looks at, how to analyse your essay question. Other Learning Centre booklets in this series deal with the other aspects: • Analytical Writing deals with the difference between analytical and descriptive writing • Planning and Structuring an Essay deals with logical structures • Developing and Supporting an Argument deals with persuasion Expectations of student assignments One of the difficulties experienced by students, particularly in first year, is understanding what standard is expected in essays at tertiary level. As well as this, each subject discipline has its own ways of doing things and its own conventions about essay structure and writing style. For instance, in some subjects it is acceptable to write very personally and put forward your own opinions and feelings on a topic and in others such a personal response would not be appropriate. You need to find out the expectations and......

Words: 5948 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Gender and Development

... Department of Anthropology University of Witwatersrand ESSAY TWO – DUE 21st OCTOBER 2011 Write an essay on one of the following questions, using the reading material in your reading pack and, where possible, other research and readings that you discover independently. The essays should be typed and between 2,000 - 2,500 words long, at 1.5 spacing and margins of at least 2.5 cm all around. Please number pages and ensure that your NAME and STUDENT NUMBER are on the upper right corner of the first/front page. Choose one of the following topics/questions: 1) With reference to at least two ethnographic examples discuss the relationship between motherhood, militarization and resistance. 2) Batliwala and Ahanraj (2007:21) argue that it is a “gender myth” to assume that giving poor women access to economic resources - such as credit –will ensure their overall empowerment. Discuss what they mean by this idea of “gender myth” with reference to the shifts from Women in Development (WID) to Gender and Development (GAD). 3) With reference to at least two ethnographic studies explain and discuss the significance of heterosexual masculinities and femininities in shaping experiences of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS infection, treatment, and care. 4) With reference to Robert Morrell’s work on the shifting notions of masculinity (2001) as well as other relevant ethnographic examples discuss the role of race and class in shaping gender......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Annie Proulx Essay

...Academic essay on Annie Proulx's "Job Story" Choices are something we all make. Not necessarily important choices, but there will always be a time to make them. It's not always good choices, but they have to be made. There will always be consequences, whether it's bad or good. Throughout the story, Leeland Lee has to make a lot of choices. Where to live, where to work and when to work. All the different choices he made, put him in the position he is now. Leeland Lee is an awkward-looking young boy. His face is heavily boned, which he has gotten from his mom, his neck is quite thick and he has red-gold hair. His eyes are as pouchy as a middle-aged alcoholic. His nose is broad and lays close to his face. Lori Bovee is Leeland Lee's wife. She has an undistinguished oval face, and hair of medium length. Leeland Lee is the protagonist of the story, because he is the main character. I would say Leeland is a flat and static character as he is an endless optimist. He doesn't give up when it comes to finding a new job, and despite his wife dying he still gets a job at Unique Eats. The reason he is a static character is because he doesn't change at all. After getting several different jobs he doesn't change anything, after his mom and wife dies he doesn't change one single thing except the fact he isn't listening to the radio anymore, but since that have been an important factor of the story all along, it can also show a lot about how he has changed. The story starts......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Job History

...Essay on “Job History” written by Annie Proulx In the short story “Job History” written by Annie Proulx, we follow Leeland Lee from the time of his birth, until he is about fifty years old. In the short story we follow Leeland through his harsh life, with ups and downs, in the form of thoughts, feelings, incidents, etc. Leeland is born in a ranch in Wyoming, and lives there with his wife Lori. Leeland does not look particularly good, in fact he is a very unattractive man; (page 91, line 12)“Leeland’s face shows heavy bones from his mother’s side. His neck is thick and his red-gold hair plastered down in bangs. Even as a child his eyes are as pouchy as those of a middle-age alcoholic, the brows rod-straight above wandering out-of-line eyes. His nose lies broad and close to his face, his mouth seems to have been cut with a single chisel blow into easy flesh” And in the top of that, we see how Leeland through his life, tries to find a successful career, but fails consistently. He moves various times from place to place, too seek occupation and good business. But it is hard when you’re a high school dropout, without a career. Leeland have to changes his job constantly, because of his lack of luck, and since he can’t get along white his bosses. He is never able to stay at one job or place for long, which lead to problems in the family. He has a hard time supporting his wife, and their children financially. Throughout the story the author, Annie Proulx manages...

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay 1

...An essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal[->0] point of view[->1]. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism[->2], political manifestos[->3], learned arguments[->4], observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article[->5] and a short story[->6]. Almost all modern essays are written in prose[->7], but works in verse[->8] have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope[->9]'s An Essay on Criticism[->10] and An Essay on Man[->11]). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke[->12]'s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding[->13] and Thomas Malthus[->14]'s An Essay on the Principle of Population[->15] are counterexamples. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education[->16]. Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays[->17] are often used by universities[->18] in selecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams. The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the evolution of a theme or an idea. A photographic essay[->19] is an attempt to cover a topic...

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Liking Is for Cowards, Go for What Hurts

...We all know love. We have all loved in some kind of way. We love our parents, significant others and even our friends. But we can also love other things like animals or material things. But what is the difference between loving and liking? And is it better not to love and feel pain or to love and be hurt in the progress? Jonathan Franzen seeks to answer these questions in his essay “Liking Is for Cowards. Go for What Hurts”. The essay “Liking Is for Cowards. Go for What Hurts” is, as mentioned, written by Jonathan Franzen and published in The New York Times, May 28, 2011. Jonathan Franzen is born in 1959, and he is an acclaimed American novelist and essayist. The essay is based on the commencement speech he delivered at Kenyon College in Ohio, USA. “Our technology has become extremely adept in creating products that correspond to our fantasy ideal of an erotic relationship, in which the beloved object asks for nothing and gives everything, instantly. (…)” As Franzen claims in his essay, many people can feel like they love their technological object. It gives them a satisfaction, which human interaction maybe wouldn’t. Franzen however thinks, that people in general don’t love material things: they like them. There is a major difference between loving and liking – even though it might appear small. “Liking, in general, is commercial culture’s substitute for loving.” Products are made to be likeable, but if that concept in transferred to a person, you would instantly......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Reaction - Salvation

...Reaction – “Salvation” The nonfiction short essay “Salvation” written by Langston Hughes in 1940, presents a theme on the literal and often manipulated perception of children. Hughes narrates the essay as he recounts his disappointing attempt at salvation. Hughes aunt told him that when she was saved by Jesus she saw a light, and felt something happen within herself. As children will do, Hughes took her story literally and was heartbroken as he sat in front of the church and watched other children “saved” while he was not. He believed that Jesus must not want him because he did not see or feel anything. In the end, Hughes is forced to lie about accepting Jesus and in turn rejects the Christian faith all together. I related to Hughes story on many accounts. I am a mother of three young children who perceive everything in life literally, and as a young girl I was raised in a very religious environment. I could visualize and almost feel Hughes devastation as he sat at the front of the church crushed by the thoughts of God not wanting him. “Still I kept waiting to see Jesus” (Barnet, Cain, & Burto, 2011, pp. 351). One of the churches that my family attended for a short time during my childhood practiced speaking in tongs. I specifically remember feeling just like Hughes during a service when other children were speaking in unnatural languages perceived to be sent from God himself. I could not understand why I was not chosen to talk for God and intern was hurt and...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Drug Addiction

...write an essay on drugs for this topic. Drugs are very harmful and keep the capability of dragging an individual towards death and destruction. People all over the world want to eradicate the adverse situation of drug addiction from this world and this is the reason why they are busy in writing essays on drugs. Essays on drugs are of many types such as war on drugs essay, essay on performance enhancing drugs in sports, essay on drug abuse, essay on illegal drugs, essay on drug addiction, essay on drug use, essay on drugs and alcohol and essay on drug testing, etc. The essays on drugs should be initiated by bringing in the information related to the topic of the essay on drug. You should know what drugs are. In an essay on drugs, you will have to write about drugs, their affects and the reasons due to which people use them, you have to include the information about why the drugs are so famous and how harmful are they. A persuasive essay on drugs will be one, which will be according to the topic of the essay on drugs. It should have a full-fledged introduction, which should introduce the topic completely. The introduction should also have a thesis statement that should be the main idea of the essay on drugs. A thesis statement should be based on the essay question to which your essay on drugs is an answer. A thesis statement of an essay on drugs can be one sentence or more than one sentence but it is suggested that it should be only one sentence. Essays on drug abuse or......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

No Wonder They Call Me a Bitch

...Dog Food Fried, Flipped and Devoured Eating dog food may not be seen as the easiest thing to stomach because the smell, texture and by-products found within the mixture are thought of as awful and revolting. In Ann Hodgman’s “No Wonder They Call Me a Bitch”, although the title may suggest otherwise, different types of dog food are discussed. In this essay, Hodgman aims to inform her readers about the inequality in different types of dog food, as well as to entertain and amuse. Hodgman is writing to a broad audience, one of dog lovers and owners, as well as those that may be curious as to what is really in dog food, or more generally the packaging and processing of mass-produced food of any kind. Language, description and humor are techniques Hodgman skillfully uses to create a strong, convincing essay. Within this essay, Hodgman continually uses diction and syntax that a diverse audience can understand and relate to. In the beginning, the reader feels repulsed by what is written. However, through a light tone of voice and sentence structure, the levity of the experiences and feelings occurring throughout the experiment is conveyed. The personal anecdotes and thoughts make the tone feel less formal and much more story-like. In this way, Hodgman produces a piece that connects the information and readers Shortly after capturing interest through stating questions, Hodgman begins using large amounts of description. Each type of dog food is explained and illustrated so well that...

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Business Essay Format and its Structure What Makes Business Essay Format? Those students, who study different business courses, for example management, marketing, have to write many different business essays. This type of essay as well as the others (argumentative essay, classification essay, cause and effect essay, persuasive essay, comparative essay, etc) has peculiar features that should be observed carefully in order to produce an essay in conformity with all instructions of research paper writing. One of these features to be observed at writing is business essay format as there is no doubt that format of the essay plays the same important role as the content of business essay. When student has made comprehensive research of the object and has found interesting ideas and sources to support hisher position, it does not mean that heshe has coped with a writing task. The writer should make the next step that is to organize hisher research paper writing in a proper way. It means that attention should be paid to the business essay format. In general, there are different formats of research paper – ChicagoTurabian, Harvard, APA, AMA, MLA format paper; which of them suits you the most depends on the business essay topic, subject, requirements set by the professor. When the student has chosen the format of the business essay it is very important to follow it and not use any elements of the other essay format. In case when you do not get any instruction as for the......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nnnn comprised of two parts: Part A has six questions; you are to answer four (4) questions only. Each question is worth 8 marks (total of 32 marks). Each answer should be approximately half to one page long. Part B has two essay questions; you are to answer one (1) question only. This question is worth 18 marks. Each answer should be two to three pages long. It will be a closed book examination- NO MATERIAL (other than Foreign Language Dictionaries) shall be allowed inside the Exam Venue. You may wish to take a calculator into the exam if you wish. This Exam provides you with an opportunity to demonstrate knowledge application. Although diagrams, analytical modelling and calculations may help to support your answer, this will not be a key focus of the questions. PART A For Part A – Short Answer Questions - while all topics are examinable you should focus on the following themes/chapters: * Operations Management, Performance and Strategy * The Nature of Planning and Control * Capacity Planning * ERP * People, Jobs and Organisation * Lean Synchronisation * Operations Improvement Each answer should be approximately half to one page long. Using relevant examples will help support your answer. PART B For Part B – Essay Question This question will enable you to use the themes listed in Part A and additional material that you have learnt in the course more broadly to write a comprehensive answer to the question. Each answer should be......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay Writing

...Mennesker i verden. How can I write a critical essay? Actually, writing such an article is very simple if you know the main characteristics of an essay. For sure, you have learned how to write the introduction, the body and the conclusion parts. Now, it is time to get familiar with the critical essay which considerably differs from other types of writing that are likely to be assigned during the studying process. Actually, its main goal is to provide an analysis of the article that you wish to work with in the future. Let us summarize the main steps in writing a critical essay and learn a tip or two to perfect your writing skills. 1. Study your topic interest. This gives you an edge to prepare in writing an essay because you can learn more about the article that you wish to “criticize”. In any case, you are still going to read an article before writing a critique about it so you might as well understand clearly what the subject is all about. 2. Look for information. Writing an essay will always involve the search for information. At the very least, looking for other sources of knowledge that are to affirm a notion in an essay is always necessary. 3. Create a thesis statement. Once you have finished with the article in reference, you can create a thesis statement that will serve as the guiding medium for you to write your critical essay. The main philosophy behind it is to make a thesis statement that will present a notion of either you agree with the author’s......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...How to determine custom essay editing company that is legitimate This is the company you will find great editors to provide you with custom essay editing service. Students whose first language is not English may find speaking and writing in English as a difficult task for them. Most of these students are international students who have enrolled in various universities in America and in the UK. The main teaching language is English, American and Standard English respectively. It is essential for students to master well the language of instruction because it is a medium through which they are required to write their assignments and speak in classroom. Competence and fluency in English language will help students to read and understand the teaching material provided to them. It is important therefore for students to ask for support from custom essay editing services which deal with the tips of writing good essays among other academic papers and also to write for them assignment essays. Our writing and editing services is created both for students and professionals. We deal with both the non academic and academic editing and writing services to fulfill your needs. At our custom essay editing, you will find editors who are qualified in linguistics and English language. We are ready to provide you the custom essay editing service at any time of the day or night because we operate as a 24/7 service. Our custom essay editing service comprises of creative thinkers, skillful......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Essay

...Business essays you write, no matter whether it is on Finance, Management, Marketing, sustainability, E-Business, employee management or any other topic, must be good enough to get you grades as well as be an asset to your portfolio. At VivaEssays, we offer excellent business essays writing service. Backed by our team of highly professional, expert writers, we assure you of the best quality. Our writers have enough experience writing business essays for colleges and organizations. Before writing well structured, compelling and insightful business essays, it is necessary to follow certain guidelines. One of the most important aspects of writing good essays is to include relevant content and to substantiate your arguments with references. You must also use the right language, presentation and layout. The simplest way to do this is to break up business essays into stages. Before you start writing the essay, do a thorough research on the essay question. Find out what exactly does the topic question requires you to address. If you are allowed to choose your own topics, choose one that interests you. Conduct a good research on the internet and library taking care to choose authentic resources. You can take the help of interviews and surveys to get directly relevant content. Include sources such as case studies and articles from books written by noted scholars or from official journals. After making an outline plan, start writing your business essays in precise language...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2