Free Essay

Euthanasia

In: Social Issues

Submitted By amp13071
Words 1685
Pages 7
Euthanasia and Ethical Implications Thereof Euthanasia according to the medical dictionary is the act or practice of killing hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy and/or allowing said person to die by taking less than complete medical measures to prolong life. This type of act is also known as mercy killing or assisted suicide. Individuals who have reached the point when they feel they have no other options have often chosen to look into euthanasia as a way out. Families who see their loved one suffering have approached heath care professionals to act on their behalf and end the pain by euthanizing them. Each instance creates an ethical dilemma for the individual, the health care provider, the family, and other loved ones.
Nursing Obligations
According to the American Nurses Association (ANA), Nurses are not expected to participate in active euthanasia, as this violates the nurses’ code of ethics. As nurses we have the obligation to provide timely, humane, comprehensive, and compassionate end-of-life care (ANA, 1985). The code for nurses affirms that respect for persons “extends to all who require the services of the nurse for the promotion of health, the prevention of illness, the restoration of health, the alleviation of suffering and provision of supportive care of the dying. The nurse does not act deliberately to terminate life of any person” (ANA, 1985).
However, ANA recognizes the patients’ right to self-determination, every patient has the legal and moral right to make decision of what will be done with their own person, including the choice of no treatment, to accept, refuse or terminate treatment without deceit, undue influence, duress, coercion or penalty and to be given necessary support throughout the decision-making of treatment process (ANA, Code of Ethics. Pg. 4). Looking at two scenarios presented in our case study, the patient has every right to make decision of what he wants and this autonomy should be respected.
The obligation of the nurse has been to promote, preserve and protect human life and this role has never changed. The nurse participation in active euthanasia does not refute this obligation. The nurse is expected to provide proper and ethically justified end-of-life care which includes promotion of comfort and alleviation of suffering, adequate pain control, and sometimes foregoing life sustaining treatment.
Applied Laws
Both the Dax Cowart and Terri Schiavo cases dealt with various laws and principles that were highly controversial due to their ethical consequences. In Cowart’s case, the ethical principle of patients’ right to autonomy is notably disregarded. Although healthcare providers’ stated that Cowart had full decision-making capability, they upheld the consent of his mother who was not even his selected legal guardian. Furthermore, he underwent a copious amount of pain throughout the burn recovery process. Respect for autonomy indicates that patients have the right to self-determination in most scenarios. Cowart not only suffered during the recovery stages but his voice was also considerably ignored despite the numerous times he vocally refused to carry on with treatments. Likewise, in the debatable cases of Schiavo, many local and national branches of government were greatly involved in the matter. After her husband requested a change in law, the Florida legislature approved the removal of feeding tubes when patients were in a permanent vegetative state (PVS), or any other terminal illness (Bishop, 2008, pg. 544). Judge George Greer of a Florida circuit court ordered to remove her feeding tube but was invalidated with the Governor of Florida, Jeb Bush’s, passing of Terri’s Law. Many claimed that the law eliminated Schiavo’s right to privacy and confidentiality. Congress passed the highly criticized Palm Sunday Compromise which allowed her parents to bring the case to federal courts. However, the Supreme Court did not end up granting certiorari and the case was not reviewed. Overall, after her death, various bills were passed in many states that prohibited the removal of feeding tubes without prior written consent from incompetent patients. These two cases brought awareness for patients’ right and autonomy into national consideration.
Obvious Stakeholders
The Terri Schiavo case presented itself essentially as a black and white issue which turned out to be not so black and white. “Evidence suggests that recovery from PVS after 3 months in nontraumatic brain injury is rare and recovery after 12 months in traumatic brain injury is seldom encountered” (Racine, Amaram, Seidler, Karczewska, & Illes, 2008, p. 1031). This led to the decision to withhold feedings as per her wishes by her husband Michael Schiavo. There were the obvious stakeholders in this public tug-o-war which were her aforementioned husband and opposing him, Terri’s mother and father, Robert and Mary Schindler.
Not So Obvious Stakeholders It is arguably important for the reader to know that Terri suffered from bulimia and this fact had contributed to her health issue. People suffering from bulimia could benefit from Terri’s story and possibly improve their conditions. The activists that stood outside the hospital and the courts also had a stake in this matter. As conditions worsened Florida’s sixth circuit courts were involved and had a stake to make the right decision. The Supreme Court said that “the administration of artificial nutrition and hydration without consent is and intrusion of personal liberty” (Casarett, Kapo, & Kaplan, 2005, p. 2607). Pro-Choice and Pro-Life activists were up in arms about this issue and would argue ad nausea about this issue. Even major public figures such as Ralph Nader, Rev. Jesse Jackson, and republican senator Jose Serrano made statements to save Terri’s life. The Catholic Church became involved with pleas from Pope Jean Paul II to spare Terri’s life. Lastly this made the American public a stakeholder in the sense that living wills are now a part of our everyday considerations when entering a hospital.
Summary of Values, Morals, and Norms
The opinions of society are viewed in many ways. Each individual has their own social value, moral upholding, and general norms. In the nursing practice it really is not much different. Nurses are just part of the human race that happens to look after other’s well-being. Nurses must put aside their own beliefs daily to act in best interest of their patients and abide by their wishes to the best of their ability while making sure they are safe and well cared for.
In the matter of euthanasia, the ethical implications can come at very high moral consideration for anyone in the health care practice. Euthanasia is a Greek work which means a “good death” (vanBogart, Biko & Ogunbanjo, 2010). When we look at cases such as the Dax Cowart, here is a man who repeatedly begged to die whether it was by being shot by a ranger, killed by paramedics, his own failed suicide of throwing himself down stairs at the hospital, or hoping to die from sepsis of his own burn infections, this man did not want treatment but was given it against his will (vanBogart, Biko & Ogunbanjo, 2010). While euthanasia may be looked upon as morally wrong, it can be seen as morally wrong to repeatedly treat someone against their will. There is also the case of Terri Schiavo, a young woman who had suffered from respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, was in a coma for 10 weeks, was being keep alive only by tools of modern medicine, had no living will, and after three years was diagnosed as being in PVS. Her husband, who was in control of her health matters, was in a long legal battle with her parents to end medical interventions and let her die naturally (Bioethics, 2010). While no one knows honestly what they would do in this situation unless they are actually faced with it head-on, it seems morally just to let someone go who has no quality of life.
By definition, ethical behavior is the moral principles or values based on concepts of good or bad (Bioethics, 2010). Taking this into consideration, everyone acting on behalf of the patients in two aforementioned cases was in fact acting in an ethical fashion. The actions were value based and in good intention. There was no malice at any time intended for either Dax or Terri. This now presents the question, is euthanasia right or wrong? That still remains to be seen. As individuals we still have our own opinions and views on topics such as these.

Conclusion The cases of Dax and Terri are truly representative of the various outcomes of tragic circumstances and the ethical indications presented. In both cases, there were various conspicuous stakeholders and more ambiguous components. Moreover, as nurses, many morals and values are tested during end-of-life cases. Our obligations will indicate our behavior towards practices of euthanasia. However, all situations are highly different in stakeholders, individuals, and overall values so we must assess each case appropriately.

References
American Nurses Association (1985). Code for Nurses with Interpretive Statements. Kansas City, MO: The Author.
American Nurses Association; code of ethics retrieved from http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/EthicsStandard/CodeofEthics.aspx
Bioethics, euthanasia, and physician-assisted suicide. (2010). Chapter 5. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763743267/43267_CH05_Pass1.pdf
Bishop, J. (2008). Biopolitics, terri schiavo, and the sovereign subject of death. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy, 33(6), 538-557.
Casarett, D., Kapo, J., & Kaplan, A. (2005, December 15). Appropriate use of artificial nutrition and hydration - fundamental principles and recommendations. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 2607 - 2612. Retrieved from http://www.hadassah-med.com/media/1884450/sounding_board-1.pdf
Racine, E., Amaram, R., Seidler, M., Karczewska, M., & Illes, J. (2008, September 23). Media coverage of the persistent vegetative state and end-of-life decision making. Neurology, 71, 1027 - 1032. http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/01.wnl.0000320507.64683.ee van Bogart, D. K., Biko, S., & Ogunbanjo, G. A. (2010). Assistance in dying: Dax's case and other reflections on this issue. S.A. Family Practice (Supplement 1), 52(6), S19-S23. Retrieved from http://www.che.org/members/ethics/docs/2666/Dax Cowart.pdf

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

... INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIAN ETHICS TOPIC: EUTHANASIA COURSE NO.: RELT 255 INSTRUCTOR: KIGUNDU NDWIGA, PhD BY: CHRISTINE W. THAIRU STHACH 1511 OCTOBER 2014 EUTHANASIA 'Euthanasia' is a compound of two Greek words - eu and thanatos meaning, literally, 'a good death'. Today, euthanasia is generally understood to mean the bringing about of a good death - 'mercy killing,' where one person ends the life of another person for the sake of this person whose life is to be ended. Euthanasia, also refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering, and a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life to relieve intractable suffering. It incorporates an agent; a subject; an intention; a casual proximity, actions of the agent lead to the outcome. A non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in most countries. For voluntary euthanasia the process has to:- i) Include patient request ii) Take into consideration the amount of suffering the patient is experiencing iii) Discuss and pursue alternative course of action iv) Presented to the patient all available information A person who undergoes euthanasia usually has an incurable condition. In many cases it is carried out at the person’s request but there are times when they may be too ill and the decision is made by relatives, medics or courts. Very often people will call euthanasia “mercy killing”, perhaps thinking of it for someone...

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...IssUEs Of EUThANAsIA: ARGUmENTATIvE EssAy Bilal S. H. Badr Naga Majd T. Mrayyan (1) Bilal S. H. Badr Naga., MSN, RN, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center in Qassim, Saudi Arabia (2) Majd T. Mrayyan., Prof, RN, The Hashemite University, Jordan Correspondence: Bilal S. H. Badr Naga., MSN, RN, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center in Qassim, Saudi Arabia Email: Bilal_badrnaga@yahoo.com Case scenario Abstract Euthanasia is one of the issues that has been the subject of intense debate over time. It has been a pertinent issue in human rights discourse as it also affects ethical and legal issues pertaining to patients and health care providers. This paper discusses the legal and ethical debates concerning both types of euthanasia. It focuses on both the supporter of euthanasia and the opponent of euthanasia. Several statements for the Euthanasia argument arediscussed: a merciful response that alleviates the suffering of patients which is sometimes wrongly perceived to be otherwise unrelievable; the autonomy in which the patient has the right to make his own choices; the regulation and legislation of existing practices of euthanasia to protect health care providers and patients. In this heated debate religious, political, ethical, legal and personal views are also included. Among all these, those who desperately want to end their lives because they simply cannot go on in any way, are the ones who suffer. Every individual or group has a different viewpoint regarding euthanasia. Euthanasia is considered...

Words: 7058 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Euthanasia Euthanasia - Deep sympathy for the suffering Introduction Euthanasia is the deliberate killing either by omission or commission of a dependent person for their benefit. Arguments against euthanasia claim that the concern for happiness and human life and not their obliteration is the objective of any good governance. They say that the terminally ill are people who require protection from social, economic and family pressures, and who are particularly prone to this pressure as a result of chronic depression, pain and effects of continued medication. Arguments for euthanasia say it is impossible to maintain quality of life if a patient is dead. While there have been massive arguments, debates and campaigns against euthanasia, this paper will seek to support euthanasia because of the moral issues that relate to the topic. This paper supports that when a personal is physically dead, the only reason anybody wishes to keep them alive is for their selfish clinging onto them with the hope of a miracle and the fear of closure without regard to the wishes of the person. It supports the practice of euthanasia and seeks to evaluate the reasons why euthanasia should be legalized. This paper will have a general audience because of the controversy that it sparks every time it comes up Death is a dreaded subject for all human beings because it signifies leaving the known to go to the unknown. This is the reason why by its nature euthanasia is a hugely hushed up topic...

Words: 1514 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...nurses around the world have been discussing different topics to try to find cures for all kinds of health issues people are faced with. One main topic that has been discussed is Euthanasia, which is the act of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. Euthanasia is also called medically assisted suicide by a lot of people. It was also originated from the Greek language and occurs in every race of people. Euthanasia should not be forced on anyone but has good reasons in some cases. “There are two types of Euthanasia, active and passive. Active Euthanasia is death by commission. Passive Euthanasia is death by emission.” (Mcmanaman 2). Active Euthanasia is very simple from a moral point of view. It is never justified though because it always amounts to murder. Passive Euthanasia can be of good and of immeasurable value regardless of the condition of the patient. (McManaman 2). If you are not very ill or in a dying state these actions will not be performed on you, because then it will just be just like murdering a patient. Either type of Euthanasia should only be able to be legally processed. If it is not legally processed whoever is a family member of one who has been killed by it can sue whoever was given the euthanasia to kill their family member. This is a very serious and offensive case so therefore the...

Words: 1948 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Euthanasia According to Webster’s dictionary, euthanasia is “intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit”. Clearly, everybody hopes that his or her death is gentle and easy, and bypasses pain and suffering and loss of dignity. However, the question of whether people can legally passively or actively end their own lives raise many issues. Some argue that by allowing euthanasia will permit people to look down on human life, as if it is not important and can be used for certain criminal circumstances. On the other hand, others argue that permitting people to take their own lives actually maintains human dignity, since people should not have to die painful deaths. I believe that human dignity and the value of human life can best be protected and preserved by permitting people to chose to stop treatments which prolong their lives, but without legalizing the active taking of lives. The philosopher Dyck is representative of the the position that euthanasia should never be legal, because it does not entail compassion for one, or one owns human dignity. Dyck proposes an alternative moral argument to euthanasia, the idea of “benemortasia.” Benemortasia is the belief that a “good” death doesn’t need to be painless or be fully controlled by the person.. Not only does Dyck argue that our definition of good death should change, but he has multiple arguments for why euthanasia is morally wrong. First off, one who causes someone...

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

... 1 9 December 2012 Euthanasia Controversy In today’s society, health care is a major issue. Healthcare is preventions of illnesses. There have been many debates on how to solve the problem. Many professional doctors and nurses around the world have been discussing different topics to try to find cures for all kinds of health issues people are faced with. One main topic that has been discussed is Euthanasia, which is the act of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. Euthanasia is also called medically assisted suicide by a lot of people. It originated from the Greek language. Euthanasia should not be strained on a single person but could be helpful in some instances. “There are two types of Euthanasia, active and passive. Active Euthanasia is death by commission. Passive Euthanasia is death by emission.” (Mcmanaman 2). Many people make a moral differentiation between the two but if you are not severely ill or in a dying state these actions will not apply to you, because then it will just be just like murdering a patient. If it is not legally processed , this is a very offensive case so therefore the consequences will be highly looked at. The way of using Euthanasia is looked down upon because of the way it devalues human life. The Government should not have the power of making it legal to end someones life because it is such a moral issue. However, Euthanasia could be good when used...

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Running head: EUTHANASIA Euthanasia: A Silent Plea for Mercy Shannon Curry University of Southern New Hampshire Professor Henson Tuesday December 23, 2014 Euthanasia: A Silent Plea for Mercy All over the world there are amazing technological advances in medicine happening every day, despite that there are neonatal patients suffering from painful life limiting medical conditions that have no treatment or cure. “Advances in medical technology make it possible to extend life, at times, the focus on ‘cure at all costs’ overshadows the obligation to provide dignified, humane, and compassionate care” (Rushton, 2005). In an effort to provide legal, humane and compassionate end-of-life care to infants, the Dutch developed the Groningen Protocol in 2003. Developed in collaboration with the prosecutor’s office, the Groningen Protocol was designed to guide a transparent medical and legal decision making process for parents and their doctors considering neonatal euthanasia (Catlin, 2008; Petrou, 2005). Neonatal euthanasia is the practice of hastening the death of a terminal ill newborn in an effort to relive their suffering.  Most countries current laws make it illegal for the neonatal population to benefit from euthanasia. Research is suggestive that albeit in secret neonatal euthanasia maybe disguised and illegally practiced around the world. Legalizing neonatal euthanasia would not only allow transparency...

Words: 2327 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide Debate Marissa Burton HCA 322 Mark Metzger April 29, 2013 Dying has become a dilemma. The act of dying has transformed in recent technological advances by making it possible not only to lessen pain but also to extend life. However, when treatment fails and modern medicine has nothing more to present to patients, they may demand for a life ending act. When patients and their family become aware of the quality of life and a great deal of unbearable pain, conflict often introduces itself between health care professionals who are trained to save lives, and patients and their families, who desire to end all suffering. According to Pozgar (2013), the focal point of this conflict is on the concept of euthanasia and its position in the modern world. The issue has been at the middle of some very heated debates for many years (p.123). Euthanasia can be defined as the act or practice of terminating a person’s life in order to relieve them of their suffering from incurable conditions or diseases. Euthanasia is also known as “the mercy killing of the hopelessly ill, injured, or incapacitated”. The dividing of euthanasia into two categories, active and passive, is for many the most controversial aspect of this topic (Pozgar, 2013). Active euthanasia takes place when the medical professional, or another person, intentionally do something that causes the patient to die. Passive euthanasia takes place when the patient dies because the medical professional either...

Words: 1984 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Euthanasia

...look at euthanasia if positive or negative, history of euthanasia or where and how it began, what methods are generally used by nurses or doctors when euthanasia is asked by the patient and why it is an interesting research.) Here are the following ‘help’ question bases (make the nurse/doctor elaborate): 1. Pressure – dilemma 2. Situation with mercy killing applies. 3. Respondent (Ask the doctor & nurse OR 2 nurses) Hi Jessh, these are the following questions I have thought of for the Euthanasia Research Paper. Please ask the nurse more questions for you will be the one who will talk to him/her. 1. How long have you been a nurse? 2. How many patients have asked for assisted killing? 3. What are their age ranges? 4. What are the diseases? 5. Do you think you have the right to do euthanasia? 6. What methods have you done with assisted killing? 7. Do you feel pressure/dilemma while doing assisted killing? Can you explain this pressure/dilemma? 8. In which situations does assisted killing apply? 9. What are your feelings towards euthanasia? 10. Have you been caught? 11. Does the patient or the family of the patient desire assisted killing? 12. What do you think about euthanasia? 13. Do you feel guilt? 14. How do you inform the family members or the party about the death? 15. Do you think it’s cruel to end the suffering of one person if they still want to live? 16. Have you done euthanasia voluntary...

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Marc Vinkler E1 d. 04-12-2011 Essay - about euthanasia What happens when a patient is terminal ill and decides for euthanasia? What would you do if it was a member of your family? Many people have not done any considerations about the question. Is it because we are afraid of the thought, or because we are convinced that we would not end up in the situation? Do you think that people should have the right to decide whether they would like euthanasia or live on with an incurable illness or a paralyzed body? The word euthanasia comes from Greek and means good death. But is euthanasia a good way to die? You can answer that question with two widely different points of view. When a person has been involved in a car accident, where he got paralyzed and also suffers from a lot of pain. Most people would agree that it is best to take the medicine from the person if he or she begs to die. In that way you can say that it is a good death because the person escapes from the pain hell. But if a person makes the wrong decision because depression and ignorance it is tragic. Because in some cases you can actually have a relatively good life even though you are paralyzed. Just read the story about Vivian Berzinski who was paralyzed in 1972 when she was 17 years old. Her doctors felt she would never be able to move, never be able to talk and never be able to breathe without a respirator. But since then she armed only with the love of her family and her own fierce will, she has married...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Euthanasia: Live and Let Die April 11, 2013 Euthanasia: Live and Let Die In 2004, Pope John Paul II said “A man, even if seriously sick or prevented in the exercise of its higher functions, is and will be always a man… he will never become a ‘vegetable’ or an ‘animal’. The intrinsic value and personal dignity of every human being does not change depending on their circumstances” (Pope John Paul II, 2004). Euthanasia or assisted suicide is the deliberate action of ending a life in order to relieve unstoppable suffering. Euthanasia is legal in Albania, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, as well as some US states. In some of these countries, euthanasia is generally executed by a medical professional taking into account his patient’s needs and desires; but sometimes a medical professional can dispense the last medication ending his patient’s life without the patient’s consent. However, euthanasia and assisted suicide is forbidden in the majority of countries and could be penalized by a fourteen years prison sentence. (“Euthanasia and assisted, intro”). Legalizing euthanasia is extremely controversial moral and legal issue throughout the world, but achieving that goal is extremely necessary. Although legalizing euthanasia could cause negative effects for society, the positive side of this controversy indicates that asking for death is important for those patients who have decided that after a certain point, the pain has exceeded the desire of living. On the one hand...

Words: 1548 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...in the world today is to legalize euthanasia, and already several countries are considering the passing of legal bills to make euthanasia legal. Argument I: Euthanasia in our modern time is seen as a merciful solution, not as a crime, and it is justified by human feelings and understanding. A- Counter Argument: Euthanasia is nothing than an act of suicide, and hence, it is as morally wrong and unacceptable as suicide is. B- Refutation: Suicide and euthanasia are morally different because suicide is the choice of death as one of several options whereas in euthanasia it is the only choice to end permanent and unbearable pain and suffering. Argument II: Euthanasia should be legalized because this is the only way to regulate a concept that is practiced all over the world anyway. A- Counter Argument: Doctors who assist patients to commit euthanasia should be punished as criminals, because according to their oath, they are supposed to elongate the lives of their patients, not to end them. B- Refutation: Doctors who assist euthanasia cannot be treated as criminals if their intentions are to relieve patients of permanent and unbearable suffering. Medical assisted euthanasia is not in violation with the oath that doctors take to relieve their patients of unbearable and permanent pain. Argument III: Euthanasia has deep roots as it has been practiced by human civilizations. A- Counter Argument: Euthanasia was practiced by barbarian and inhuman...

Words: 1641 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Outline ( Euthanasia-Why it should be allowed? ) Title : Euthanasia- Why it should be allowed? Specific Purpose : To inform my audience about definition, types of Euthanasia and the argument in favour of Euthanasia. Central idea : Euthanasia proposed on three arguments in favour of it which are the good death, right to maintain human dignity and justice. I. Introduction A. What is euthanasia? 1. The act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. ( Wikipedia ) 2. Euthanasia is the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. B. Classifications of euthanasia. 1. Voluntary euthanasia 2. Involuntary euthanasia 3. Euthanasia by action C. Euthanasia results in the Netherlands.( Churches for Life, 2008 ) II. Arguments in favour of euthanasia. A. The good death. 1. described ideally as drifting into death in a pleasing environment as one falls asleep ( L Mishara, 2011 ). 2. Euthanasia can be seen as a way to assure that a person dies in a dignified and appropriate manner. a. Case on Mrs Boyes where she was requested for voluntary active Euthanasia. She was so...

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Christian decision. Mainline and Liberal Christian denominations: Pro-choice statements have been made by the United Church of Christ, and the Methodist Church on the US West coast. The 'Episcopalian (Anglican) Unitarian, Methodist, Presbyterian and Quaker movements are amongst the most liberal, allowing at least individual decision making in cases of active euthanasia The BBC wrote in an Aug. 3, 2009 online article titled "Religion & Ethics - Christianity: Euthanasia - the Christian View" on www.bbc.co.uk: "Christians are mostly against euthanasia. The arguments are usually based on the beliefs that life is given by God, and that human beings are made in God's image. Some churches also emphasise the importance of not interfering with the natural process of death... Christians believe that the intrinsic dignity and value of human lives means that the value of each human life is identical. They don't think that human dignity and value are measured by mobility, intelligence, or any achievements in life. Valuing human beings as equal just because they are human beings has clear implications for thinking about euthanasia: • patients in a persistent vegetative state, although seriously damaged, remain living human beings, and so their intrinsic value remains the same as anyone else's • so it would be wrong to treat their lives as worthless and to conclude that they 'would be better off dead' • patients who are old or sick, and who are near the end of earthly life...

Words: 7225 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Euthanasia

...Voluntary Euthanasia According to the Philosopher Helga Kuhse, she writes that 'Euthanasia' is a compound of two Greek words - eu and Thanatos. These words literally mean “a good death”. Today, 'euthanasia' is generally understood to mean the bringing about of a good death - 'mercy killing,' where one person, A, ends the life of another person, B, for the sake of B."  Euthanasia is putting to death of a very sick person's life in order to alleviate them from their agony. A person that usually request for euthanasia services has an untreatable condition but there are special cases where some people want their life to end. In many situation, it is implemented when the patient ask for it but there are occasions when the patients is too ill and cannot make the decision themselves but the requests is made by relatives, medics or, in some instances, the courts. The country of United Kingdom’s law is against the practice of euthanasia and it is illegal to help anyone kill him or herself. The punishment of euthanasia can lead to detention of up to 14 years. This issue has been at the centre of very intense debates for many years and is surrounded by religious, ethical and practical considerations. Euthanasia have different categorize which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is lawful in some countries such as United States Of America and Canadian Provinces. Non-voluntary euthanasia is banned in all countries because it is considered a murder...

Words: 2617 - Pages: 11