Evaluating the Research Process

In: Other Topics

Submitted By allisonval4
Words 623
Pages 3
Evaluating the Research Process Week 4
Allison Valentino
HCS 465
September 3, 2012
Dr. Ajit Narang
































Evaluating the Research Process


➢ Explain the research process used in the study


Research process was to determine if Japan hospital organizations experienced any incidence of adverse drug events and medication errors. If so, why were these errors happening and how to does the data compare to other countries in the surrounding areas in addition to the United States. Two physicians were involved to determine the incidents. Data was gathered from Western countries but not world wide. Another reason to do the research was the increase in patient safety.


➢ How is the literature review used in the research?


Literature/data was retrieved from other Western countries and the United States. Comparison with JADE study (Japan Adverse Drug Events) done by Bates DW in 1995 as well as including the research done for global patient safety also done by Bates DW in 1995.


➢ What are the ethical considerations for data collection?


Data was gathered from several different subject selections (ages and genders); appropriate staff was involved (physicians who were qualified); names were kept anonymous to protect patient confidentiality; staff was aware of the research



➢ What is the data telling us in terms of statistical analysis?


The data concluded that the different hospital units had different incidences of adverse drug events and medication errors. Data also determined the patient’s length of stay as an inpatient would also increase the chances of medicine errors.




➢ Which statistical methods were used in the study?


Sample survey and inferential…...

Similar Documents

Evaluating Research

...Monica Cotton- Johnson Evaluating Research Process University of Phoenix January 23, 2012 D. J. Steacy Evaluating Research Process The research process can be a long process. The research must be done completely to determine whether the research is worth the effort. The correct data must be collected and tested to analyze the statistics. Teen pregnancy is a huge issue for the school aged children. There is a process the students must take to prevent teen pregnancy. The process starts with the education to the students. Abortion is the ability to end an unwanted pregnancy. Teenagers have sex without thinking about the consequences that can follow their actions. Ninety percent of teenagers become pregnant each year (Medoff, M. May 2009). The mother, child, and society have consequences to the teenage pregnancies. The infants born to teenagers can have a low birth weight, risk of short and long term illnesses, developmental delays, and be maltreated. The teenagers do not know how to raise a child at a young age, as they are barely learning how to take care of themselves. Some of the teenagers do not finish school. There have been proven to have many reasons why teenagers get pregnant. Poverty, single parent homes, alcohol, drug use, and low educated parents are just a few reasons to explain high teen pregnancy rates. Of course, every decision has to be made by the teenager. The prevention of teen pregnancy is a priority; therefore the causes of teen pregnancy...

Words: 1307 - Pages: 6

Research Process

...RESEARCH PROCESS A PAPER WRITTEN BY : IVIE ELOGHOSA OGBEIDE(ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT,UNIBEN) INTRODUCTION. Research process has been conducted from the time since human being was first created and it is a never ending process. More than hundreds of definitions of research have been available in written form in different books, encyclopedias, dictionaries and in research literature. These definition may have difference in wordings but meanings are similar.This paper is going to look at the meaning of research,its aim and purpose,types,characteristics and the processes or steps involved in a research. The word "research" is used to describe a number of similar and often overlapping activities involving a search for information.It is a systematic investigation to establish facts. Research can be defined as the search for knowledge or as any systematic investigation, with an open mind, to establish novel facts, solve new or existing problems, prove new ideas, or develop new theories. The primary purposes of basic research are documentation,discovery,interpretation,or the research and development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knoledge.Research is the seeking of knowledge in systematic, organized manner. The system that a researcher follows to find out the facts that are hidden and not known to people, determines the validity, genuineness and reliability of research. A research is biased or fake if there is no validity or reliability in the research...

Words: 4637 - Pages: 19

Research Process

...Research Process The ultimate goal of the student data collection is to determine the average monetary expense of furthering one’s education for one calendar year. The subjects of this paper are students of the University of Phoenix’s Bucks County Campus. The cost of obtaining a higher education at this university is approximated by using a focus group, consisting of four learning team members. Constructs, such as tuition cost, travel expense and resource expense data from each subject will be explored. In order to effectively measure the information obtained from the focus group, controls are implemented on the data. This study assumes that each student travels to and from the campus twice a week. The first trip is made to attend class and the second trip is made so that each student can participate in a physical learning team meeting. Since the duration of each class is five weeks in length, the analysis used is based on 10 trips to the University of Phoenix campus. Each student will complete 10 courses per calendar year. The distance involved in traveling to the campus will be measured by mileage, price of gasoline, and tolls. Another measurement is tuition cost per course. The constructs for the tuition cost include tuition reimbursement and out-of-pocket expense. Travel expenses were calculated based on current gasoline average cost of $2.69 per gallon. Mileages per gallon calculations were based on 17 miles per gallon of gasoline from participant’s home to...

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Evaluating the Research Process

...Evaluating the Research Process Week 4 Allison Valentino HCS 465 September 3, 2012 Dr. Ajit Narang Evaluating the Research Process ➢ Explain the research process used in the study Research process was to determine if Japan hospital organizations experienced any incidence of adverse drug events and medication errors. If so, why were these errors happening and how to does the data compare to other countries in the surrounding areas in addition to the United States. Two physicians were involved to determine the incidents. Data was gathered from Western countries but not world wide. Another reason to do the research was the increase in patient safety. ➢ How is the literature review used in the research? Literature/data was retrieved from other Western countries and the United States. Comparison with JADE study (Japan Adverse Drug Events) done by Bates DW in 1995 as well as including the research done for global patient safety also done by Bates DW in 1995. ➢ What are the ethical considerations for data collection? Data was gathered from several different subject selections (ages and genders); appropriate staff was involved (physicians who were qualified); names were kept anonymous to protect patient confidentiality; staff was aware of the research ➢ What is the data telling us in terms...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Research Process

... sure that there is relevancy in your materials. Make sure the information is useful and relevant to your topic. A clearly well-defined topic allows you to quickly eliminate irrelevant information. The basic criteria to evaluating your information are: * Authority- Who is the author? What are their credentials * Accuracy- Are the facts verifiable? Is the information correct? * Objectivity- What is the purpose? Is there a bias? * Currency-Is the information up to date? * Coverage- What is the scope of the information? What does it focus on? Throughout your research process you will need to keep accurate notes of what research tools and search strategies you used, this will help you not to use the same information. Cite what you find, give credit where credit is due. Citing or documenting the sources that are used in your research serves two purposes. It gives proper credit to the authors and it allows those who are reading your work to duplicate your research and locate the sources that you have listed. The research process is a step by step process of developing a research paper. The research process is an overview of the research process and highlights the main parts of the project. As we can see the research process has many stages or steps. Each of the steps are built upon information that has come from brainstorming ideas, searching for resources and analyzing ideas....

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Evaluating the Research Process

...Evaluating the research process Teenage pregnancy inflicts indirect costs related to lost education and jobs, as well as direct costs related to public assistance services used during and after pregnancy. A major concern is that the majority of teenage pregnancies are unintended. 79 percent of teens 18 to 19 years old and almost 87 percent of teens 15 to 17 years old reported their pregnancy as unintended in 2001. Policies and programs need to be put into place to help teens make well-informed choices about sexual activities. Because teens lack formal education and training they rely heavily on public assistance programs. Adams, Gavin, Ayadi, Santelli, & Raskind-Hood felt there was a need for a study on teen pregnancy and how they affect the cost of public services. Research produces valuable information and expands understanding (Neuman, 2009). The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) data for this ten-state shows that even though both the teens and older mothers account for 34 percent of all births in the study states, they accounted for 52 percent of all births reported as unintended. The researchers believe the data from this study will not only add to current literature on the topic, but will also provide a measure of costs that may be more relevant to state budgets and decisions regarding alternative public health interventions. In this paper I will discuss the literature review, ethical considerations for data collection, statistical analysis, and the...

Words: 1564 - Pages: 7

Research Process

... death. For example a police detective has to know laws and how to handle evidence or the case can get kicked out of court. How will knowing these terms be an asset to you when evaluating and analyzing research studies or data? Knowing these terms will show that you understand the proper use of the research and how to conduct your job in the criminal justice field. When in court or writing detailed reports you have use data that shows the outcome of incidents or crimes. Not only will it have an effect on you it will have a huge effect on the department or company. Methodology Methodology is how the criminal justice policy gatherers data and the collection of facts. In the Criminal Justice field the Methodology is used to conduct research, solve crime, lay out facts, and present information in court. This method can also help the criminal justice system investigate and get a better understanding of certain crime. Pure Research Pure research is a slow process and can take months or years. Pure research is about finding new information, which usually teaches, creates, or shows a new discovery. It is also the main foundation of new research. DNA would be a perfect example of pure research. DNA research started hundreds of years ago. Research is constantly changing because of new technology, every day on T.V or the Internet stories arise of unsolved crimes that are solved because of new technology and DNA. Applied Research Applied research is about correcting a......

Words: 1106 - Pages: 5

Evaluating the Research Process

...  HCS 465- Health Care Research Utilization Evaluating the Research Process Class Group: BSDD10S8G8   University of Phoenix Online   Professor: Donald Steacy    December 5, 2011 Literature Review The literature review is based upon an effort to search for and obtain information relative to a study for the purpose of offering a critical appraisal (Flores, Win, Susilo, 2010). The literature review used in this article examines how patient's right to privacy terms be violated and how biometric technologies can ease or eliminate the consequences related. The literature review details how the implementation of biometric technologies can be important for identification, verification, and for compliance with patient privacy laws. Literatures used in this study were obtained through proQuest databases from Walden University, and from professional journals, business publications, technical reports, newspaper articles, and EBSCO-host online databases. The author of the research study also obtained information from related areas of research, and from doctorial dissertations of the same subject. Ethical considerations for data collection Ethical consideration given to the data that was collected for this study, was the insurance that all information obtained by participants would be shared only with their written consent and by select individuals affiliated with the study; as well as blinding all identifying...

Words: 1463 - Pages: 6

Evaluating the Research Process

...Evaluating the Research Process Megan Gardner HCS/465 Pamela Bennett 05/06/13 Evaluating the Research Process Pregnancy is a major factor that is over taking the teen community. This is an action that is happening and no one can find a way to slow it down. It seems that everywhere you look; another teenager is pregnant or knows a friend or pier that is pregnant. In the article “Aggression is a predictor of rapid repeat teen pregnancy” the author talks about how teenagers are not only getting pregnant, they are getting pregnant again. This article is an interviewed related article. There was a study done to show that there are many different factors that affect mothers to have another pregnancy. Some of these factors are aggression behavior, mental health disorders, and emotional past experiences. The articles also prove that mothers who continued to have rapid pregnancies tend to have less confidence. Not only is this article peer reviewed but I choose this article to do more research on. I believe this is a strong subject that should be taken seriously. Doing research on this article to find out more information, it is always important to know the background to the article and learning the methodology helps as well. This helps advance my research to maximize my information intake. Methodology is the overview explaining the gathering of the qualitative and quantitative data and where the data may be found. This is the following research on the background...

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Research Process

... can be reduced. The cohort study design, also called longitudinal study is used for this research. The cohort study was prospective as in the beginning process of the study the researchers tested the girls to determine how many were already pregnant and how many were not. The researchers then focused on the group of Latinas and followed the group of Latinas over a period of time to determine if their attitudes had changed about intended pregnancy. There was one subject studied, which was pregnancy intentions and teenage pregnancy among Latinas; however, there were three factors examined to conduct the survey. The study involved 1,000 teenage females of diverse groups, but the 213 Latina teenager from San Francisco became the main focus of the study. The organization that the researchers studied was the Mission Teen Health Project. The study took a total of two years, although the girls were evaluated every six months. After the study of Latina adolescents were complete, intentions was the main risk factor for teenage pregnancy. References Rocca, C.H., Doherty, I., & Padian, N.S., Hubbard, A.E., Minnis, A.M. (2010, September). Pregnancy intentions and teenage pregnancy among Latinas: a mediation analysis. Perspectives on sexual and reproductive health, 42(3), 186-196. Retrieved from http://av4kc7fg4g.search.serialssolutions.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary....

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Evaluating Bias in Research

...The first step in the students guide to research is to frame your research question. You must pose a question carefully and precisely. Whether you have noticed a problem that you think you could help fix or have a desire to understand something. You are forging the unknown. It’s important that you define your terms when coming up with a question so you know exactly what you are measuring, observing, and how to collect your data. When you evaluate your findings you must have a clear picture of what exactly you are looking for. The major assumptions and biases of the drug industry that underlie drug research is that the drug companies are for profit. So it is a huge conflict of interest and unethical for drug companies to be funding any research. Healthcare somewhere along the way got turned into a business, it is no longer about what is best for patients. Drug companies are only interested in making money and therefore they skew the research using varying tactics so that the public is none the wiser. They basically coerce everyone involved in the research process. They use manipulative PR tactics to cover up findings unfavorable to their research or products. To confuse and mislead the public. The offer varying degrees of truth on how the research is conducted, how they evaluate the findings, what they are and are not made aware of, and how exactly everyone involved is finically compensated. Another example of this would be paying for expert testimony in a...

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Evaluating the Research Process

...Evaluating the Research Process HCS/465 Evaluating the Research Process There are many steps to the research process that a researcher must go through. From choosing the subject or a problem to writing the final report, steps are important to maintain a set of standards to the research process. Reviewing the appropriate literature and considering ethical decisions in data collection are also equally important. The types of data collected and how it was collected will help in drawing a conclusion to the significance of the project. With an appropriate amount of statistically sound data a determination can then be made as to whether the research project or study was effective. This paper will be using the article “Who Gives a Tweet: Assessing Patients’ Interest in the Use of Social Media for Health Care” for examples of how the research process is used to determine the effectiveness of a study the article. Research Process The research process begins with selecting a problem or question that a researcher seeks to find an answer to. The researcher will form a hypothesis based off their theory or other research. Third the literature is reviewed. Next, researcher will list all the measures that must be looked at and decide on the subjects for the project. The researcher will then need to decide upon and describe the design of the research as well as decide on the appropriate way to measure their variables. The last steps of the research process are then to...

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Evaluating the Research Process

...Evaluating the Research Process ABC HCS/465 July 27, 2015 DEF Evaluating the Research Process In some recent study on teen pregnancy, it is estimated that the cost may be as high as $428 billion per year or an average of $5,500 for each teen parent that gives birth before 18 years of age (Youth.gov, 2015). That is why through this study, "Effectiveness of the "baby think it over" teen pregnancy prevention program", it is vital to understand the mindset of teen's interest in sexual activities during this stage of growth (Somers & Fahlman, 2001). To further explain that the article completed be Cheryl L. Somers, and Mariane M. Fahlman is being researched in the process and not the general topic. The following information will explain the research process, and why is it important, what literature supports the review, were the ethical needs met in the process of collection of information, what statistical analysis discovered and provides and last how does the article conclude in a research format. Furthermore, a statistical example will be provided to share the effectiveness of the research process on how strongly statistical supports the research process in health care. The research process and its importance The research design mention in the article is the use of the quasi-experiment design that analyzes that combine the past literature with the existing literature (Somers & Fahlman, 2001). It also points out, the purpose through evaluation effects of...

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5

Evaluating Bias in Research

...The first step in the students guide to research is to “Frame Your Research Question.” Framing a good research question is the most important step toward having a successful research project. Your research question should use multiple sources to back up your own distinctive argument and it should be developed accurately and carefully avoiding questions that can be answered in just a few statements. One of the major assumptions of the drug industry is the fact that all research is accurate and the results are true. In fact the results may not even be valid on the research of humans. Some companies that want to promote their product will sometimes add generalizations to the research criteria so that the results will look good in their favor. These research studies are being done by employees of the drug companies and/or parties that are being financially compensated for their input. Companies that are doing this are actually putting the consumer at risk for many other medical problems or even death, all for the sake of making money. My opinion about the drug industry is that these companies are so hungry for money that they just don’t care that they are endangering other people’s lives. They are willing to let money get in the way of having a trustworthy and reliable company. They must not forget that some of their own family members may one day be prescribed the exact medicine that they have falsely claimed is safe with minimal side effects. I would recommend......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Evaluating Bias in Research

... to cut down on the accidents which is great, however; one opposes. Number six states, "Grime, weather and time of day can affect how a camera functions. In heavy rain or snow, auto company representatives and aftermarket camera sellers suggest checking before you drive off to make sure the lens isn't obscured. Even though back-up cameras can help prevent accidents, automakers and retailers warn drivers not to rely on them completely. Drivers should continue checking side and rearview mirrors, and look over their shoulder to see what's in back of them. There are certainly sometimes conditions where performance of the system might be not as optimal as in other conditions." Other avid drivers with back up cameras believe that the required car backup camera law needs amending. Back up cameras would be more sufficient if it had a de-froster and a sound motion sensor. This will prove to aid and put an end the problem instead of partially fixing it. (Wooyard, 2015; Administration 2014; Rafter, M. V. 2014) When driving a car with a backup camera there are many times in inclement weather that the backup cameras do not work correctly. If the government re-test’s the way in which the cameras could de-frost themselves or work during inclement weather this would save the lost percentage of the unsaved lives. Through research we learn that they save some lives; instead of saving all lives. All lives are precious to be saved not some. Advantages are higher averages of...

Words: 1784 - Pages: 8