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Evolutionary Perspective

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By davidbrown95
Words 2296
Pages 10
Evolutionary perspective: Bowlby
John Bowlby (1907-1990) produced this theory on the bases of importance in the maternal care and the key ideas of Ethologist. He thought he can combine these two to come up with a big theory based on evolutionary perspective. He thought that ethology (study animals in their natural habitat) has lot to do and in common with maternal care. He found that some species of birds when first hatched follow the first moving object they see and keep follow it after that. This is called Imprinting. The idea of the theory imposes that the infant would show imprinting to their own mother who would then explain the strong attachment/bond between the infant and caregiver/mother. The principle of this study is that attachment is an innate and adaptive process for both infant and parent meaning. As such, it provides an evolutionary perspective. Attachment behaviour in infants and animals has been made stronger, has been endured and evolved because it helps them survive, as Darwin’s theory of evolution has proposed. The theory consists of different parts and promotes survival of the infants/animals in several ways which are: 1. Safety: By forming an attachment it means that there is a desire to gain and maintain proximity and this ensures safety for the infant. Both infant and the caregiver experiences feelings of anxiety when separated and this creates a proximity-seeking drive for both (have the desire of being too next to this person). 2. Emotional relationships: oh having a strong attachment to someone as an infant means they develop the skills to be able to produce healthy, stable and being able to conduct emotional relationships in future. Bowlby used the ideas of the internal working model – of having a conscious or /and unconscious rules and expect ions towards other to see how these relationships work and how it happens. This model...

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