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Examine the Changing Importance of Three Energy Alternatives to Oil

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Examine the changing importance of three energy alternative to oil [15 marks]

In the last decades the demand for oil increased rapidly mainly due to growing population and better and richer standard of living and is the top energy source for the humans. But as the production of oil is not able to keep up with the fast rising demand, the prices started to rise from $10 in 1998 to $130 in 2008 for one barrel of oil and will become even worse as most oil resources will reach their peak in the next years. Through this it is inevitable that at some point the world will run out of energy unless new methods for energy are developed using renewable sources, such as wind, crops or water. These are also known as alternative energy.
Just recently, wind power became the second most successful renewable source, especially after the price decreased by 10 percent the last 20 years. Nowadays, there is a worldwide capacity of 100,000MW. Germany, one of the top producers of wind power, generates 5.6% of its energy from 18,000 wind turbines. It not only gains the advantage of extra energy but also the employment of 64,000 people. Also the United Kingdom increased their amount of turbines from 50 to 6,000 turbines which now produced 6% of the total used energy. Wind power energy has many advantages as it is a free energy source and so does not need any further energy or produces any waste that would affect the environment. Another advantage would also be that it takes much less space than an average power station. Through this winder power is one of the cleanest sources of energy making it very attractive in terms of gaining energy without giving more problems to the environment and might even be a way to gain environmental sustainability.

Another alternative energy source is the usage of biofuels which are produced from biomass. Biofuels provided 1.8% of the world’s...

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