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Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths Since 1900

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Examine the main trends in births and deaths since 1900
24 Marks
The birth rate and death rate over the years has had a general trend of decrease. The birth rate is defined as the number of live births per 1000 per population per year. The death rate is defined as the number of deaths per 1000 of the population per year. The decrease in these rates has been due to a number of factors.
One reason for the fall in the birth rate is as a result of the declining infant mortality rate (IMR). This has meant as a factor that because there are less infant deaths before their first birthday, there are a number of fewer children needing to be born as replacements for those that the parents have lost. The IMR in 1900 was 154 whereas this has fallen to just 4.4 in 2014. This decline in the IMR has been due to better awareness of nutrition and a vast improvement in the NHS care of post-natal mothers by setting up support clinics. But sociologists have argued that the trend to smaller families first happened in urbanised areas where the IMR remained quite high.
Another main reason for the fall in the birth rate is the changes that have happened since 1900 to give a better position to women in society. The changing position of women has contributed to more women now choosing to have a career before children and with an easier access to divorce and family diversity being acknowledged Liberal Feminists have argued that now women have an increased choice and are a step closer to being free from patriarchal oppression. Feminist movements who were an influential figure in the early 1900s also gave rise to the awareness of contraception and medical intervention in the choice for women. Marie Stopes , a suffragist, especially raised awareness of contraceptives in her book she wrote in 1918 which sold a lot of copies and was a great success.
There have been other improvements in...

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