Free Essay

Example of Business Ethics Case Study (Indonesian)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By purisuka
Words 926
Pages 4
Case

Taken from:
Jennings, Marianne Moody. 2008. Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. United State of America: Cengage Learning

The Finance Club at Harvard University is a prestigious organization for Harvard MBA students. The student members have the opportunity to interact with public officials like Senator William Proxmire and business executives such as Bruce Wasserstein. The Finance Club also serves as a network for job hunting.

Each spring, the club holds elections for its officers, including two co-presidents. In the spring of 1992, after initial balloting, there was a tie between two teams of two co-presidents. Murry Gunty was one member of one of the teams and busily recruited students to vote in a run-off election. Two of the students he recruited voted under names of absentee members of the Finance Club. The new votes gave Mr.Gunty his victory. However, two of the votes were from students who were not members of the club, but used someone else’s name to vote.1

After an anonymous tip, the elections were set aside and the runners-up installed as co-presidents. Mr.Gunty was required to write a paper on ethics.2

1 Gilbert Fuchsberg, “Harvard Has Some Crimson Faces Over a Lesson in Practical Politics,” The Wall Street Journal, April 9, 1992, B1
2 ”Harvard Student Rigging Election Must Write Paper,” The Wall Street Journal, April 24, 1992, A3

Kasus
The Finance Club Universitas Harvard adalah sebuah organisasi yang mempromosikan kegiatan dan karir seputar keuangan di kalangan mahasiswa MBA Harvard Business School (HBS). Klub Keuangan ini adalah salah satu klub terbesar di kampus dengan lebih dari 500 anggota dan melayani siswa dengan berbagai kepentingan keuangan terkait seperti Investment Banking, Investment Management, Venture Capital/Private Equity, atau Corporate Finance (www.hbsfinanceclub.com). Melalui acara seperti Konferensi Keuangan Tahunan dan the Days on Wall Street Trek, para anggota komunitas HBS dan profesional dari Wall Street dapat bertemu dan memiliki kesempatan untuk berinteraksi, seperti bertemu dengan tokoh masyarakat, Senator William Proxmire, dan eksekutif bisnis, Bruce Wasserstein.

Setiap musim semi, klub tersebut mengadakan pemilihan pejabat struktural organisasi termasuk dua co-presidents. Musim semi 1992, setelah proses pemungutan suara awal dilakukan, dua tim dari dua co-presidents memiliki hasil suara yang sama. Murry Gunty adalah salah satu anggota sebuah tim co-president yang sangat sibuk mempengaruhi dan mengajak mahasiswa untuk memberikan suaranya. Dua mahasiswa yang diajaknya memberikan suara menggunakan nama anggota Finance Club yang sedang absen. Dua suara yang dimanipulasi tersebut memberikan kemenangan pada tim Gunty.

Setelah hal ini terungkap, proses pemilihan dihentikan dan tim pesaing Gunty dinyatakan menang dan kandidatnya ditetapkan sebagai co-president. Di lain pihak, Gunty diharuskan menulis sebuah paper tentang etika.

Isu & Dasar Etik
Pada kasus Murry Gunty terkait masalah manipulasi suara dalam proses pemilihan co-president Finance Club HBS, ada unethical behavior yang sangat jelas terdeteksi dan mengakibatkan kerugian pada seluruh pihak terkait. Unethical behavior itu terjadi ketika Gunty melakukan rigged election, manipulasi pemilihan supaya kandidatnya memperoleh kemenangan. Dia memasukkan dua suara yang berasal dari mahasiswa bukan anggota Finance Club; sehingga hasil seri yang didapat pada pemungutan suara awal berubah dan timnya memperoleh kemenangan. Tidak berhenti sampai disitu, karena setelah kasus ini terkuak, kandidat tim pesaing Gunty akhirnya naik menjadi co-president dan ada “hukuman” membuat paper tentang etika untuk Gunty. Proses politik yang coba dilakukan oleh Finance Club HBS menjadi tercoreng akibat peristiwa ini.

Apa yang dilakukan oleh Gunty ini dapat dipengaruhi oleh nilai-nilai personal pada diri Gunty atau bisa jadi semata hanya karena dorongan internal untuk memenangkan timnya. Di sisi lain, mungkin tidak adanya aturan dan hukuman yang jelas terhadap pelanggaran-pelanggaran spesifik yang dapat terjadi selama proses pemilihan co-president Finance Club MBS, turut mempengaruhi Gunty dalam melakukan rigged election tersebut. Hal ini terbukti dengan adanya “kesan kebingungan” dalam memberikan hukuman pada Gunty. yang akhirnya diminta membuat paper tentang etika.
Solusi
Di dalam proses pemilihan pejabat struktural organisasi sebaiknya ditetapkan aturan-aturan yang secara spesifik dapat mengatur jalannya proses pemilihan suara dan dapat menghindarkan terjadinya unethical behavior. Aturan-aturan itu dapat meliputi siapa saja yang boleh memberikan suara (misalnya pada kasus di atas, hanya anggota HBS yang dapat memberikan suara) dan hukuman-hukuman apa yang dapat diberikan jika ditemukan pelanggaran etis (misalnya pada kasus di atas, dapat dicopot keanggotaannya dari Finance Club HBS).

Discussion Questions
1. In the words of the school newspaper publisher, “Why would anyone do this? It’s just a club.” Menurut pendapat saya, Gunty melakukan hal ini karena faktor nilai-nilai personal pada dirinya. Selain untuk memperoleh celah yang lebih luas untuk menjalin hubungan dengan tokoh-tokoh penting dalam dunia bisnis, mungkin ada kebanggaan tersendiri baginya jika dapat membawa kandidatnya memenangkan persaingan (kebutuhan akan penghargaan).
2. Was anyone really hurt by the conduct? Menurut saya, yang paling merasa tersakiti adalah Harvard University, khususnya Finance Club HBS karena usahanya untuk melakukan proses pemilihan sebagai praktek politik tercoreng akibat unethical behavior yang terbukti dilakukan oleh Gunty, salah satu anggotanya .
3. Would you have reported the conduct anonymously or disclosed it publicly? Saya lebih memilih untuk mengungkapkan hal itu secara terbuka kepada masyarakat, namun dengan hanya memberikan inisial nama orang dan organisasi saja (sesuai kode etik jurnalistik). Hal ini bukan bermaksud menjelek-jelekkan yang bersangkutan, tetapi agar masyarakat dapat belajar dari peristiwa ini, sehingga kejadian serupa dapat terhindarkan.
4. What are the long-term implications for Mr. Gunty? Kecuali Gunty dapat memberikan kontribusi positifnya bagi dunia bisnis tanpa unethical behavior, implikasi jangka panjang yang dapat diperoleh Gunty adalah kontrol sosial masyarakat yang negatif karena tindakan tidak etisnya yang telah merugikan dirinya sendiri dan organisasi terkait.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...Q 1: Discuss and analyze the ethical issues reflected in the case. The case is about British American Tobacco (BAT), London-based tobacco firm, which is involved in doing unethical activities and hence breaking their marketing code in Africa. BBC had investigated and found BAT is trying to attract more young African buyers of its product by adjusting marketing strategy to meet young people's needs. They are actually promoting and selling cigarettes in form of “single sticks”, which is attractive to young people of poor African countries like Nigeria, Malawi and Mauritius, who cannot afford to buy a whole packet of cigarettes. Now, there is nothing wrong with marketing one's product to target an audience of possible consumers. However, in this case, BAT allegedly targeted African children as young as 11 by aggressively marketing single sticks' to them. The company also hosted events that targeted young people despite their publicly stated commitments. Now, we know that most ethical issues concerning business consumer relations refer to the ‘marketing mix’, ethical issues in product policy, marketing communications, pricing and marketing strategy. Ethical Issues in marketing management – Product Policy At the most basic level, manufacturers should exercise due care in establishing that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure that their products are free from defects and safe to use as well as effective and fit for the purpose. Cigarette may be effective as they......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Study

...Case Study Frank Torres MGT/448 May 6, 2016 Professor Louise M. Lozada-Sorcia Nike must overturn problematic problems in order to establish a successful commerce in a foreign country. Some of the legal, cultural, and ethical challenges that confront Nike’s global business are child labor laws, wages, and outsourcings of manufacturing. Nike sweatshop labor case like those described in “Nike: The Sweatshop Debate” has agitated a large sum of controversy over business ethics. The first case illustrates how Nike has inadvertly managed to oversee that those companies they subcontract do not follow international labor laws, including those pertinent to the country the employees are working from. An example is the employee Lap, interviewed in the article. The employee is exploited, “Her basic wage, even as sewing team leader, still doesn’t amount to the minimum wage . . . . She’s down to 85 pounds. Like most of the young women who make shoes, she has little choice but to accept the low wages and long hours. Nike says that it requires all subcontractors to obey local laws; but Lap has already put in much more overtime than the annual legal limit: 200 hours.” Another evident situation that challenges business ethics is the cultural depreciation in the countries where Nike contracts with manufacturer subcontractors. Countries like China and Indonesia close to non-existent labor laws, “The majority of Nike shoes are made in Indonesia and China, countries with governments......

Words: 853 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Business and Management

...BUSINESS ETHICS GROUP ASSIGNMENT WHAT LIES BENEATH THE BEAUTY Adityo Prasidi (1340000582) Cinthya Natalia (1340001244) Jeannie Purnamasari (1340001175) Karina Rizki (1340001130) Niltha Mathias (1340000462) Oktavius Ivoni (1340000771) Regvred Reinaldo (1340000784) Talita Anggreni (1340001023) TABLE OF CONTENT WHAT LIES BENEATH THE BEAUTY 1 CHAPTER 1 BACKGROUND: UNILEVER 2 1.1 Company Background: Unilever 2 1.2 Overview of Unilever Indonesia 3 1.3 Unilever Indonesia Foundation 3 1.4 Overview of Dove Products 4 1.5 Environmental Record 5 CHAPTER 2 CASE STUDY: UNILEVER VS GREENPEACE 7 2.1 Indonesia Palm Oil Plantation 7 2.2 Unilever Palm Oil Suppliers 11 2.3 Environment Destruction Caused by Palm Oil Plantations 14 2.3.1 Deforestation 15 2.3.2 Destruction of Orang Utan Habitat 17 2.4 The Impact to Unilever 18 CHAPTER 3 CASE ANALYSIS 19 3.1 Ethical Theory 19 3.1.1 The Stockholder Theory 19 3.1.2 The Stakeholder Theory 20 3.1.3 The Social Contract Theory 20 3.2 Triple Bottom Line 21 3.2.1 People 21 3.2.2 Planet 22 3.2.3 Profit 22 3.3 Environmental Issues of Business Ethics 22 3.3.1 Business and Ecology 23 3.3.2 The Ethics of Environmental Protection 24 3.3.3 Who Should Pay the Cost of Environmental Damage 24 3.3.4 Regulation 24 3.3.5 The Value of Nature 24 3.4 Ethical Issues 25 3.4.1 Environment Destruction 26 3.4.2 Violating the RSPOs Principles 28 3.4.3 Unilever Failure of Screening its Suppliers’ Code of......

Words: 11225 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Monsanto Balances Environmental & Ethical Factors Case Study

...UNIT 2 COMPLETION QUESTIONS: Monsanto Balances Environmental & Ethical Factors   CASE SUMMARY: Summarize the key facts of the case in a paragraph. Monsanto Company is the world’s largest seed company specializing in biotechnology or genetic manipulations or organisms (Ferrell, Gatewood, Gatewood, & Taylor, 2010). Scientist of Monsanto spend numerous hours modifying crops, inserting new genes or adapting existing genes within plant seeds, to meet certain aims; for example, higher crop yields or insect resistance. Their seeds have increased quantity and availability of crops, and help all farmers worldwide increase food production and revenues. Monsanto was started in 1901 by John F. Queeny, selling food additives, food extracts, and artificial sweeteners to different companies. Times changed and in the seventies, Monsanto marketed its first roundup herbicide that would propel the company even more into the public’s consciousness. However, it did do that, but within a few years after the introduction of Agent Orange which contained carcinogenic chemical dioxin, Monsanto had legal problems and a lawsuit was filed in 1979 by veterans who claimed they had been harmed by the chemical. Monsanto and other manufacturers agreed to settle for $180 million. The leaders of Monsanto decided a new focus was needed and in 1981 the company made a change focusing on biotechnology. With this new quest, the company began selling soybeans, cotton, and canola seeds if......

Words: 2454 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Intercultural Communication

...Preface 1 Chapter 1 3 Introduction 3 1.1 Issue background 3 1.2 Purpose of the paper 4 Chapter 2 5 Theory and Discusion 5 2.1 Notion and Principle of Intercultural Communication 5 2.2 Misinterpretation Intercultural Communication in the Lecture 7 2.3 Obstacle in Intercultural Communication 9 Chapter 3 12 Conclusion 12 Bibliography 13 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Issue background The world today is filled by an ever growing number of contacts resulting in communication between people with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. Not just happen out of the country, Indonesian society has always been known to be very heterogeneous in many aspects, such as the diversity of ethnicity, religion, language, etc. Is common as an Indonesian citizen with the differences in culture in our society, because of the breadth of Indonesian region. Culture is a lifestyle that developed and shared by a group of people and passed down from generation to generation. When someone tried to communicate with people of different cultures and adjust differences, proved that the actual culture is also studied. In fact, we often can’t accept or have...

Words: 2535 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Analysis on Nike

...Assignment On Case Study Analysis (Hitting the Wall: Nike and International Labor Practices ) Business Ethics (MBA-513) Section: 02 Case Summary Nike is global footwear for athletes and non-athletes. It is still a highly successful athletic shoemaker today. Based in Beaverton, Oregon, Nike had been a corporate success story for more than three decades. It was a sneaker company, but one armed with an inimitable attitude, phenomenal growth, and the apparent ability to dictate fashion trends to some of the world’s most influential consumers. Selling a combination of basic footwear and street-smart athleticism, Nike pushed its revenues from a 1972 level of $62,000 to a startling $49 million in just ten years. Many researchers believe that Nike went in decline due to two reasons: Michael Jordan’s final retirement and the slowing economy. Another aspect of Nike that has brought a negative image upon them is the negative accusations of exploiting foreign child labor with lower wage. Poor labor conditions and low wages have been an issue for many years, and are still present in 2011.In the 1980s and 1990s, Nike had been plagued by a series of labor incidents and public relations nightmares: underage workers in Indonesian plants, allegations of coerced overtime in China, dangerous working conditions in Vietnam. For a while, the stories had been largely confined to labor circles and activist publications, until a young female worker had died in a...

Words: 3349 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Responsibility in College Ethics

...“Nike: Just Do It” By Adam Fernald ETH/316 John Bevell In the past Nike has been accused of using child labor in the production of its soccer balls and sweatshop conditions in suppliers’ overseas factories. Nike has about 28,000 employees globally and over 800,000 workers who are employed by its suppliers in 52 countries and create sports and fitness footwear, apparel, equipment, and accessories for worldwide distribution (Trevino, L.K. & Nelson, K.A., 2011). Nike has worked to improve labor conditions in their footwear, apparel and equipment supply chains for more than 15 years. Key issues in which they have engaged include the health and safety of the workers who make their products, excessive overtime, the ability of workers to freely associate, and child labor and forced labor (Nike Inc., Labor, 2013). Since these accusations were brought to the publics attentions Nike has been focused on improving the monitoring of the organizations supply chain, sent auditors to evaluate conditions and enforce the company code. About a decade after Nike was first targeted they released factory names and locations of their suppliers. A MIT professor was brought in to assess Nikes audit data and the results were disappointing. Most suppliers’ factories had not improved, and some even got worse (Trevino, L.K. & Nelson, K.A., 2011). Nike's entrance into the Pakistani markets was the part of its long term strategic planning. Although Pakistan has laws against child......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Corporate Governance

...capital and providing advisory services. The Indonesia Corporate Governance Manual (CG Manual) was commissioned by IFC as part of the Indonesia Corporate Governance Program that IFC is implementing in Indonesia since 2012. This manual is distributed with the understanding that neither the authors, nor the organizations, countries they represent, nor the publisher are engaged in rendering legal or financial advice. The material in this Manual is set out in good faith for general guidance, and no liability can be accepted for any possible loss or expense in incurred as a result of relying on the information contained herein. This publication is not intended to be exhaustive. It should not be relied upon as a basis for formulating business decisions. On all financial issues and questions, an accountant, auditor, or other financial specialist should be consulted. A lawyer should be consulted on all legal issues and questions. As the laws in the Republic of Indonesia are constantly changing, legal rules referred to herein may be obsolete or superseded by new legislation at the moment of the publication of this Manual. All references to the male gender throughout this Manual apply to both sexes, unless otherwise indicated. The conclusions and judgments contained in this report should not be attributed to, and do not necessarily represent the views of IFC or its Board of Directors or the World...

Words: 131549 - Pages: 527

Premium Essay

Corruption Effect in Economics Development

...Development Final Assignment Endemic Corruption Cases in Indonesia’s Economics Development [pic] International Undergraduate Program Poppy Puspita Rini 1006718624 Statement of Authorship I certify that the attached material is my original work. I declare that no other person’s work has been used without due acknowledgement. Except where I have clearly stated that I have used some of material elsewhere, it has not been presented by me, for examination in any other course or unit at this or any other institution. I understand that the work submitted may be reproduced and/or communicated by the University or third party authorized by the University for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. Name : Poppy Puspita Rini Student Register Number : 1006718624 Depok, June 11 2013 Poppy Puspita Rini Introduction Corruption in Indonesia is widespread and costly. Recently, corruption cases become a major on-going economics development sector issue. Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission (Indonesian: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) (abbreviated KPK) shows there has been a sharp increase in all enforcement activity, relating to the sector. Political organizations in economic sector continue to face significant corruption risks. How far the current corruption and bribery case in Indonesia’s economic development? ......

Words: 8080 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Advertising and Regulatory System

...in advertising is really needed to protect the interest of society from unbridled business behavior (Frith, KT and Mueller, B, 2003, p. 85). It is the foundation of ethics and a rule of advertisement. Advertising regulation refers to the laws and regulations that define the specific products that can be advertised on the country/region specific. Rules can include various aspects such as place settings advertising, advertising time, and the content of the ad. There are five main political/economic systems operate in the world that has its own policies structure for dealing with the media, such as the libertarian/capitalist (i.e., the United States), Socialist/capitalist (e.g., Japan, Australia, Singapore, and Britain), Authoritarian/capitalist (e.g., Brazil, Thailand, and Malaysia), Sectarian/authoritarian/capitalist (e.g., Saudi Arabia and Iran), Communist/planned economies (e.g., Vietnam or China). It also will be discussed to study the different of advertising and regulatory systems in several representation of the world. B. Discussion 1. The Definition of advertising and regulatory systems Before differentiating of advertising and regulatory systems in several parts in the world, it is important to understand what that system is. As is known in the introduction that regulation of advertising is aimed to protect the consumer goods / services advertised. This is the foundation of ethics and rules in advertising. Advertising regulation refers to the laws and......

Words: 6469 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Business Ethics and Csr in the Context of Samsung

...BUSINESS ETHICS AND CSR IN THE CONTEXT OF SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS 1.0 Introduction In the 21st century of business, there are number of factors apart from the financial figures that play a vital role for the success story of the business corporations. These factors include the culture adopted by the business, philosophy of the management of the company, code of ethics and standards followed by business. The presence of all of these factors in the business’s ethical guidelines has a significant impact on the ability of the business organisations to perform well on the long term basis. In this report the Samsung Electronics’ ethical issues are studied along with the importance of the business ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices adopted by the business organisations. The upcoming sections of this report present information about the meaning and importance of business ethics which is followed by the description of the violations of the ethical issues by the Samsung Company and the also the role of Samsung management in promoting CSR and overcoming ethical issues. 2.0 Meaning of Business Ethics The primary objective of each and every business organisation is to run business for the purpose of profit as well as the maximisation of owners’ wealth. Profit can be maximized by selling goods and services at reasonable prices and as far as wealth is concerned this can only be maximized if business follows the required ethics. The term business......

Words: 3270 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Nike Case Study

...Running Head: Nike, Inc. Nike, Inc. Case Study Adelaide A. Odoteye FIN 586 – Dr. Cullers Fall 2006 The brand name “Nike” is one of the most readily recognized around the globe. The name is synonymous with high-quality athletic shoes, apparel, and accessories in the minds of many people worldwide. Perhaps it is the ubiquitous Nike “swoosh” and compelling marketing that commands attention. Or maybe it is the association between the brand name and its famous endorsers, such as Tiger Woods and Michael Jordan. Alternatively, it may be Nike’s cutting-edge sporting vision and technology that entrances multitudes of consumers. Quite conceivably, it is a combination of these factors that has propelled Nike to the top of its industry. However, not all of Nike’s story is ideal. In recent years, the company has faced criticism in connection with its use of contract labor in developing nations. The purpose of this case is to provide an understanding of the company’s background, its general business strategy, and its use of contract labor. The Athletic Apparel and Footwear Industry The athletic apparel and footwear industry experienced steady growth for more than two decades, beginning in the early 1980’s. For example, in the U.S.A. alone, consumer spending on athletic footwear increased by 10 percent during the first six months of 2005 (Quinn, 2006). Consumers were not just professional athletes, but ordinary men, women, and...

Words: 6449 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Ethics

...Coca-Cola Case Study Factors Affecting Management Christopher H. Thompson Texas A&M University Central Texas Instructor: Dr. David Geigle G BK 444.115 – International Business Texas A&M University-Central Texas Summer 2014 Absract There have been and/or are plenty of factors, both internal and external impact the planning function for management within an organization. Regardless of size, age, revenue, product, or service, planning is the most fundamental and important component for management. By no means is the Coca-Cola Company an exception. Arguably, Coca-Cola is the most recognized, most popular, as well as the biggest-selling soft drink in history. Synonymous for Coke, the company produced nearly 550 million servings in 2007 selling other brands such as Sprite, Dasani, Bacardi, Fanta, Minute Maid, and Powerade generating a net operating revenue of $28.9 million. (Isdell, 2007). This paper will examine 4 major internal and external factors that impact managerial planning; globalization, technology, diversity, and ethics. In addition, will explain how managers can use delegation to manage the impact that these factors have on the four functions of management.  Brief History  It all started back on a regular afternoon, in the year 1886 in Atlanta, Georgia, when a pharmacist named John Pemberton, by curiosity decided to stir up a fragrant, caramel-colored liquid (syrup) and was combined with carbonated water. This drink, named Coca-Cola,......

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Analysis of Biological Assets Valuation Method with Fair Value Accounting and Historical Cost Accounting in Plantation Subsector of Indonesian Agricultural Industry in the Period of 2007-2012

...ANALYSIS OF BIOLOGICAL ASSETS VALUATION WITH FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING AND HISTORICAL COST ACCOUNTING METHOD IN PLANTATION SUBSECTOR OF INDONESIAN AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY IN THE PERIOD OF 2007-2012 Karina Putri Ramadhani1 and Indra Pratama2 1 Thesis Writer, Swiss German University 2 Thesis Advisor, Swiss German University Abstract The analysis of biological assets valuation with fair value accounting and historical cost accounting method in plantation subsector of Indonesian agricultural industry, in the period of 2007-2012, tries to evaluate the relevance of historical cost towards the fair value of biological assets. It also tries to look for empirical evidence on the differences in calculations on biological assets between FVA and HCA toward company’s EBIT, net income, and potential tax liabilities. The research tests 5 companies within the plantation subsector in agricultural industry listed in Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI). This study shows that there is a strong correlation between all variables tested. Among all statistical tests conducted, all hypotheses are rejected. This study concludes that the historical value of biological assets does not represent its real fair market value, or irrelevant. Also, the change in biological assets valuation from historical cost to fair value accounting would significantly affect the company’s EBIT, tax expense, and net income. Keywords: Fair Value, Historical Cost, Agricultural Industry, Plantation, Fair Market, EBIT, Tax Expenses, Net......

Words: 3520 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Khoabnamap Study About Religion

...IN CONTEMPORARY SOUTHEAST ASIA ISLAMIC STUDIES AND ISLAMIC EDUCATION i ii IN CONTEMPORARY SOUTHEAST ASIA ISLAMIC STUDIES AND ISLAMIC EDUCATION Editors KAMARUZZAMAN BUSTAMAM-AHMAD PATRICK JORY YAYASAN ILMUWAN iii Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Cataloguing-In-Publication Data Islamic studies and Islamic education in contemporary Southeast Asia / editors: Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad, Patrick Jory ISBN 978-983-44372-3-7 (pbk.) 1. Islamic religious education--Southeast Asia. 2. Islam--Education--Southeast Asia. I. Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad. II. Jory, Patrick. 297.77 First Printed 2011 © 2011 Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad & Patrick Jory Publisher: Yayasan Ilmuwan D-0-3A, Setiawangsa Business Suites, Taman Setiawangsa, 54200 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means – for example, electronic, photocopy, recording – without prior written permission of the publisher. The only exception is brief quotations in printed review. The opinions expressed in this publication is the personal views of the authors, and do not necessary reflect the opinion of the publisher. Layout and cover design: Font: Font size: Printer: Hafizuldin bin Satar Goudy Old Style 11 pt Gemilang Press Sdn Bhd iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS T his book grew out of a three-day workshop jointly held by the Regional Studies Program, Walailak University, and the......

Words: 104903 - Pages: 420