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Examples Of Critical Discourse Analysis

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Systemic functional grammar offers a systematic way of describing and analyzing the links between grammatical choice and socio-cultural context. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is the approach which has significance in the rhetorical prospective of any texts to manipulate societal beliefs, values and expectations. Moreover, it is concerned with the ways in which texts may influence public opinion in relation to politics, economy, religion and the environment. This essay will analyze and contrast two news texts which speak about the same theme (protesters death in Turkey), but from two different perspectives (western and Eastern), by investigating patterns in the types of processes.

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In text 1, the writer uses transitive 5 times such as (Kobane protests leave 19 dead,), and this indicates that the writer wants to present both the actor and the goal. Mostly, protesters or pronoun (the) are used as actor participant. While, intransitive is used twice only. The writer does not use more intransitive clauses to make the things more obvious and does not want to hide any action. Passive voices are used to delete and to hide the agent, and passive are more common in news. Both short and long passive are used beside nominalization and ergative to delete or to hide the agent. It is clear from the table 1, that text 1 uses no long passive at all whereas it uses 3 short passives (Curfews have now been imposed in several cities). As I mentioned earlier, short passives play an important role to hide the agent. Text 1 is used with short passives to hide the action and to be neutral with what is happening in Turkey. Moreover, no use of ergative in the text and it is a clear picture of the internal ideology of the writer that he wants to be away from judging who is doing what and to be more …show more content…
it is clear that the uses of transitive clauses are less common than intransitive clauses in the second text. Furthermore, short passive is seen six times but long passive is never used In the text. In text 2, the writer uses transitive 1 time only (Twelve killed in clashes with police over government's 'inaction' against ISIL), and this indicates that the writer wants to present both the actor and the goal. Intransitive is used three times like (Clashes also erupted in the capital Ankara). It is common when the writer uses more intransitive that he wants to hide some of the actions.
As it is clear from the table above, there is no long passive, in contrast short passive is used in sex sentences like (12 people were killed in demonstrations across Turkey,Turkey's president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, had warned that /Kobane was about to fall). Short passive is used several times by the writer to show his hiddenness of the actions happen in Turkey and to be in a neutral

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