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Excel with Ms

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kimmj
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APA Reference Style

In June 2007, the American Psychological Association introduced new style guidelines for referencing electronic resources. This replaces Section 4.16 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, on pages 268-281. Formats for print resources remain the same. * What is the APA style? * How to reference/cite material

What is the APA style?

The American Psychological Association reference style is one of the Author-Date reference styles. When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name, year of publication and location reference. If quoting directly, a location reference such as page numbers and paragraph numbers is also required.

In-text

Direct quotation - use quotation marks and include page numbers, e.g.
Samovar and Porter (1997) point out that , "language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (p.188).
Alternatively, "Language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (Samovar & Porter, 1997, p. 188).
A quotation of 40 or more words should be formatted as a freestanding, indented block of text without using quotation marks.
Indirect quotation/paraphrasing
Attaching meaning to symbols is considered to be the origin of written language (Samovar & Porter, 1997).
NB: Page numbers are optional when paraphrasing, although it is useful to include them.
Citations from a secondary source
Peterson (as cited in Samovar & Porter, 1997) states that language must be first understood as symbols.

Reference List

At the end of your essay, you are required to provide the full bibliographic information for each source. References must be listed in alphabetical order by author.
For books, each reference should include four elements: (1) Author/Editor, (2) Date, (3) Title, and (4) Publication Information. NB. There is a full stop...

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