Explain Why Some Groups of People Within a Country Have a Lower Level of Development Than Other

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Using Figure 4 and your own knowledge, explain why some groups of people within a country have a lower level of development than others. (10)
Figure 4 shows that rural areas, especially in the North West are less prosperous and less developed. This is shown by the high score of 55% in poverty in rural areas compared to the urban rate of 40% and national rate of 50%. In the capital city, Dhaka, the poverty rate is almost half the rural poverty rate at 28%, and the regions close to Dhaka also have lower poverty rates, suggesting these regions have better opportunities. The cause of this indifference may be because the rural areas have fewer resources and therefore miss out on investment and trade. Rajshahi is landlocked with no way of importing and exporting materials on mass or cheaply, again leading them to be isolated away from trade prospects. Employment in rural areas is mainly agricultural which does not earn much income and more educated, younger generations migrate out of rural towns to pursue a wider range of better paid, formal jobs in the city, leaving a ‘brain drained’ rural population. Myrdal’s cumulative causation model supports these ideas as successful growing areas attract more economic activity causing even greater disparity and the core has a cumulative and growing advantage over the periphery.
Physical factors will affect the development of some areas. North West Bangladesh is much drier than in the south and suffers from droughts and water shortages; meaning it is not a good area for industry to locate to and for investment. Therefore agriculture will still prevail as the greatest form of income; but farmers will struggle with irrigating their crops and keeping livestock alive in the harsh conditions, in 2000 50% of crops were lost due to drought. This leads to reduced water and food for rural people, thus reducing their ability to develop. The…...

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