Explain Why Some Groups of People Within a Country Have a Lower Level of Development Than Other

In: Social Issues

Submitted By elvdzanden
Words 585
Pages 3
Using Figure 4 and your own knowledge, explain why some groups of people within a country have a lower level of development than others. (10)
Figure 4 shows that rural areas, especially in the North West are less prosperous and less developed. This is shown by the high score of 55% in poverty in rural areas compared to the urban rate of 40% and national rate of 50%. In the capital city, Dhaka, the poverty rate is almost half the rural poverty rate at 28%, and the regions close to Dhaka also have lower poverty rates, suggesting these regions have better opportunities. The cause of this indifference may be because the rural areas have fewer resources and therefore miss out on investment and trade. Rajshahi is landlocked with no way of importing and exporting materials on mass or cheaply, again leading them to be isolated away from trade prospects. Employment in rural areas is mainly agricultural which does not earn much income and more educated, younger generations migrate out of rural towns to pursue a wider range of better paid, formal jobs in the city, leaving a ‘brain drained’ rural population. Myrdal’s cumulative causation model supports these ideas as successful growing areas attract more economic activity causing even greater disparity and the core has a cumulative and growing advantage over the periphery.
Physical factors will affect the development of some areas. North West Bangladesh is much drier than in the south and suffers from droughts and water shortages; meaning it is not a good area for industry to locate to and for investment. Therefore agriculture will still prevail as the greatest form of income; but farmers will struggle with irrigating their crops and keeping livestock alive in the harsh conditions, in 2000 50% of crops were lost due to drought. This leads to reduced water and food for rural people, thus reducing their ability to develop. The…...

Similar Documents

Why Are Some Employees More “Stressed” Than Others?

...Why Are Some Employees More “Stressed” Than Others? A. Perception and Appraisal of Stress 1. The transactional theory of stress describes how stressors are appraised. When people first encounter stressors, primary appraisal, or the evaluation of the significance and meaning of those stressors, is triggered a. Job demands that are not considered stressful are called benign job demands B. Types of Stressors 1. Work Hindrance Stressors – work-related stressors that people perceive as hindering their progress toward goals a. Role conflict – conflicting expectations that other people have of us b. Role ambiguity – lack of information regarding what needs to be done in a role c. Role overload – when the number of roles a person holds is so high that some of the roles are performed less effectively, or not at all d. Daily hassles – relatively minor day-to-day demands that get in the way of accomplishing what we want to do 2. Work Challenge Stressors – work-related stressors that can lead toward development and growth a. Time pressure – the sense that you don’t have enough time to do what needs to be done b. Work complexity – the degree to which the requirements of the work tax or exceed the capabilities of the person doing the work c. Work responsibility – the nature of the obligations a person has to others 3. Non-Work Hindrance Stressors – non-work-related stressors that hinder progress toward goals a. Work-family conflict – when the......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Why Women Earn Less Than Men in Oced Countries

...Stark Midterm Essay How to explain that women still get lower wages than men in the OECD countries? In western countries since the Second World War, women’s growing participation on the labor market has been one of the most profound transformations not only of the economy but also of society as a whole. Dual income families have become the norm and in a bid for sexual equality, most OECD countries have created laws to protect pay equality for men and women, such as the Equal Pay Act in 1963 in the US, or the article 119 of the EEC treaty. Nonetheless, women continue to earn less than men in all OECD countries. There are different ways of measuring this. Comparing annual or monthly earnings shows the difference between what both sexes “take home”, which is interesting from a sociological perspective. However we shall focus on the “gender pay gap”, defined as the “the relative difference in the average gross hourly earnings of women and men working full time”. This shows the difference between the actual “price” of women and men’s labor, taking into consideration the fact that men work more hours on average. How does the gender gap stand today?  Despite differences between countries the gender pay gap remains a persistent characteristic of OECD labor markets. In 2006, women earned an average of 16% less than men, per hour worked.  … Although we can see a slow but continuous drop over the past few decades in all countries In OECD countries, which are......

Words: 3444 - Pages: 14

Explain Why Some Groups of People Within a Country Have a Lower Level of Development Than Other

...Using Figure 4 and your own knowledge, explain why some groups of people within a country have a lower level of development than others. (10) Figure 4 shows that rural areas, especially in the North West are less prosperous and less developed. This is shown by the high score of 55% in poverty in rural areas compared to the urban rate of 40% and national rate of 50%. In the capital city, Dhaka, the poverty rate is almost half the rural poverty rate at 28%, and the regions close to Dhaka also have lower poverty rates, suggesting these regions have better opportunities. The cause of this indifference may be because the rural areas have fewer resources and therefore miss out on investment and trade. Rajshahi is landlocked with no way of importing and exporting materials on mass or cheaply, again leading them to be isolated away from trade prospects. Employment in rural areas is mainly agricultural which does not earn much income and more educated, younger generations migrate out of rural towns to pursue a wider range of better paid, formal jobs in the city, leaving a ‘brain drained’ rural population. Myrdal’s cumulative causation model supports these ideas as successful growing areas attract more economic activity causing even greater disparity and the core has a cumulative and growing advantage over the periphery. Physical factors will affect the development of some areas. North West Bangladesh is much drier than in the south and suffers from droughts and water shortages;......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Multi-National Corporation’s Strategies for Special Interest Groups Within a Host Country

...Abstract Developing countries seeking to build their economy commonly look to attracting multi-national corporations (MNCs) through low cost labor and lucrative tax incentives plans in the hopes of creating a mutually benefiting relationship between both parties. However bringing in these outside businesses poses a legitimate threat to elite special interest groups already existing and thriving in the current economic state. MNCs must due their due diligence when selecting a potential host country and then determine the best strategy to deal with these groups in order to mitigate as much risk as possible. Contents Abstract ……………2. Contents……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3 Intorduction 4 Literature Review 6 MNCs must determine the political environment 6 Why elite special interest groups exist 8 Strategies for dealing with elite special interest groups 9 Corupption………………………………………………………………………… 9 Assisting host government in creating a functioning economy………………… 11 Methodology 12 Conclusion 12 References 16 Multi-National Corporation’s Strategies for Special Interest Groups within a Host Country Research of developing countries has shown that economic growth is closely correlated to its cash flows and the quickest way for developing countries to increase those cash flows is through attracting new businesses. Technology has played a major role in the globalization of business and has made it much easier for......

Words: 4358 - Pages: 18

P5 Explain How and Why Groups of Customers Are Targeted for Selected Products.

...4a – P5 Explain how and why groups of customers are targeted for selected products. Segment marketing is the where defining the businesses customers’ needs and wants by ordering them in particular groups that receive different care and different levels of marketing. Customers are segmented by a business can vary from business to business but generally include areas such as, sex, regional location, income, socioeconomic factors, or previous buying. Geographic - Geographic segmentation is an important process – mainly for a multi-national and global businesses and brands. Many large businesses have regional and national marketing which change their products, advertising and promotion to meet the individual needs of geographic section • Regions: e.g. in the UK these might be England, Scotland, Wales Northern Ireland • Countries: perhaps sorted by size, development • City / Town size: e.g. population within ranges • Population mass: e.g. suburban, urban, semi-rural, and rural • Climate: e.g. Northern, Southern Any undeveloped countries or less well-off will not want some products so now days they won’t advertise expensive products such as the new xbox 250gb slim with kinetic which is priced at £196.99 this is not a need only a want so some people will not pay a lot for this because they don’t need it. Demographic - Demographic segmentation contains of mixing the market into groups based on variables such as sex, gender family, age, income, occupation, race,......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Why Are Some Volcanoes More Hazardous Than Others

...Why are some volcanoes more hazardous than others? (40 marks)  A volcano is a surface landform resulting from the extrusion of magma from underground as lava, ash, rocks, and gasses are erupted in various proportions. Each year, around 60 major volcanoes erupt globally. How hazardous each one is, depends on a variety of human and physical factors that interrelate to determine the level of impact on human activity that each event exerts. I will be looking at how the physical properties of a volcano, interact with human variables to make certain volcanoes more hazardous than others. This essay will incorporate exemplification from countries at different stages of development to discuss human factors and how this links with their physical geography. The scale will be primarily global; both development spread and tectonic activity are best presented in this manner.  The strength of an earthquake, measured on the Richter scale, often determines the level of damage caused by an earthquake. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the power of a volcanic event is illustrative of how potentially hazardous an eruption is going to be. The explosiveness can be measured by the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI); the higher the VEI, the greater the potential hazard. The type of magma, and ultimately the classification of volcano that is created, is a huge physical factor in determining a volcano`s explosivity. Magma comes in many forms and each chamber is unique. Therefore, a wide......

Words: 1910 - Pages: 8

Why Some Social Groups Benefited More Than Others from Industrialization in 19th Century Europe?

...previously lived independently in a vertically integrated society were replaced by a city based society of segregated social classes. The population grew rapidly, and people found work in the factories of cities. The industrial revolution began in Britain, which filled all the requirements for it to happen. As an aftermath of 1688 and the “Glorious Revolution”, British kings lost much of their power and influence to aristocratic landowners, who in turn sought to bring their own lands under greater control. This is known as the Enclosure Movement. This lead to two very important consequences; the land became more productive, which in turn lead to the agricultural revolution, and people who used to work the lands of the aristocratic landowners effectively became a poor, unemployed, new class of society in need of work. It was this class of poor that manned and worked in the factories that the industrial revolution brought along with it. They were ideal for the job, because they were in desperate need of work and would work for low wages. Although they were mostly unskilled labourers, it didn’t matter much since the jobs at factories required little skill from the workers. So, the factories had a big work force available at the very beginning, and this was not the case in other European countries. As the Industrial Revolution literally revolutionized society, power and influence in Europe changed hands once more. The traditional......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Explain Why the Pattern of Population Change in Some Countries Does Not Follow That Predicted by the Demographic Transition Model (15 Marks)

...model is a model used to explain the transition from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates as part of the economic development of a country. It is based on the development of the UK. The DTM is based on a generalized picture of population change over time based on European studies assuming that all countries will go through the stages 1 to 4. As already stated, the DTM is based on the development of the UK; therefore it assumes that all the countries in the world will follow the same sequence of development as those countries in Europe which is not the case. In the UK, it took about 100 years to transition through the second stage as advances in technology and economy occurred over time, slowly lowering the death rate. However, in LEDCs death rates have fallen rapidly due to the introduction of advanced medical practices, even though birth rates have stayed high. An example of this rapid decrease and a country which does not fit the DTM is Algeria, as its birth rate is 21.0 yet its death rate is only 4.0. However the DTM says that it is in stage 4 of the model, yet its birth and death rates do not suggest this. Algeria’s GNI per capita is also only $6900 which is rather low for a country said to be in stage 4. A low GNI per capita also indicates a lower level of development than that of a country in stage 4 as the GNI per capita can suggest lower levels of education and in turn healthcare, again implying a country in stage 3. In......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Evaluate the Factors That Can Result in Some Pressure Groups Being More Successful Than Others’ Discuss (25 Marks)

...result in some pressure groups being more successful than others’ Discuss (25 Marks) A pressure group is an organisation that may be causal or sectional whose purpose is to further the interests of a specific section of society or to promote a certain cause; there are many reasons why a pressure group would want to do this. There are various degrees of success with pressure groups, ranging from amending or passing new laws to gaining public support. One thing that can alter a pressure group's success is whether the group is an insider or outsider group, and its relationship with the government, otherwise known as the pressure groups status. An insider group is one that operates within the political system and which normally has support from MP's, they are normally consulted by the government on matters that may affect the group or its members. Insider groups are usually more professional in their organisation and don’t use methods such as direct action to gain publicity. The British Medical Association is an insider group, recently they were included in discussions over the proposed NHS reforms and as a result of those talks the reforms were altered. Insider groups will have regular contact with members of parliament and other decision makers like civil servants and so have more opportunities to influence them and their policies. Because of this, insider groups generally have more support but tend not to hold such radical ideas. The membership of a pressure group......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Some People Believe Immigration Damages Host Society, While Others Believe Immigration Enriches the Host Society. Present the Arguments of Anti- and Pro-Immigration Groups in One or Two Countries, Explaining Why They

...highly debated one with pro- and anti- groups each presenting strong and applicable arguments towards why immigration is damaging or enriching. Immigration has both the ability to damage and enrich a host society, however the affect it has, ultimately depends on the attitudes, policies and beliefs of the society’s people. The reception of migration may be influenced by personal values and way of life of citizens, however it can also be seen to be hugely swayed by political leaders. This essay will demonstrate these points through explanation and the exploration of the thoughts of those, both anti- and pro- immigration with within Australia. It will highlight the assets which migration can provide Australia – economically and culturally and give reasons why anti-immigration policies would damage the society instead of enriching it. Reasons why immigration is seen in a negative light will also be addressed, including national identity loss, unemployment and negative economic effects. Over the last fifty years, Australia has encompassed a large-scale immigration policy predominantly “concerned with population building and importing human capital and skills,”(Jackubowicz 2006). Multiculturalism, strongly linked and interchangeably used with immigration came around as a term in the 1970’s and was initially strongly advocated politically. However in more recent years questions relating to whether or not multiculturalism should be encouraged have arisen, triggering strong......

Words: 2067 - Pages: 9

Why Are Some Volcanoes More Hazardous Then Others?

...factors that interrelate to determine the level of impact on human activity that each event exerts. I will be looking at how the physical properties of a volcano, interact with human variables to make certain volcanoes more hazardous than others. This essay will incorporate exemplification from countries at different stages of development to discuss human factors and how this links with their physical geography. The scale will be primarily global; both development spread and tectonic activity are best presented in this manner. The strength of an earthquake, measured on the Richter scale, often determines the level of damage caused by an earthquake. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the power of a volcanic event is illustrative of how potentially hazardous an eruption is going to be. The explosiveness can be measured by the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI); the higher the VEI, the greater the potential hazard. The type of magma, and ultimately the classification of volcano that is created, is a huge physical factor in determining a volcano`s explosivity. Magma comes in many forms and each chamber is unique. Therefore, a wide spectrum of lava types can occur. The viscosity of the magma is primarily determined by three factors: temperature, dissolved gasses, and the chemical make up. The hotter the magma is and the lower the silica content, the more fluid it will be and therefore the less explosive; if magma has a high level of dissolved gasses, then it is also......

Words: 1902 - Pages: 8

Referring to a Stretch of Coast You Have Studied, Explain How and Why Some Coasts Are Under Threat from Economic Development (10 Marks)

...Referring to a stretch of coast you have studied, explain how and why some coasts are under threat from economic development (10 Marks) Some coasts such as Southampton could be considered under threat from economic development due to the fact it is extremely reliant on nearby industries, but has an extent biodiverse environment. Southampton is known to have advantages for industry as it is sheltered from storms in the English Channel, deep water for large ships and lots of flat land for development. However there is a large amount of pressure on Southampton, the majority of the pressure being based around Southampton’s water; along its western edge is a large area of salt marsh where industrial development has taken place for Fawleys oil refinery. The oil refinery is the largest in the UK, located on the Solent because it is convenient for tankers travelling to and from Europe. Although this is a large advantage for Southampton, the oil refinery causes problems and potentially causes threat to the coast as it damages it in many ways; mainly from oil spills. Oil spills, such as the one that occurred in October 1989, suffocate the surrounding environment by poisoning the food chain, blocking sunlight from sea vegetation and ruing the natural habitat. Moreover, as a secondary affect, it was reported that cleaning the spill can actually cause further damage to the environment. Metal pollution is a problem in Southampton water also. The paints that are used to stop organisms......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Why Are Some Pressure Groups More Succesful Than Others?

...Why are some pressure groups more successful than others? Pressure groups are organisations of people who all have a shared goal of trying to and eventually influencing governmental policy. They do this through different methods such as mobilising public opinion, or using their Insider group status as an advantage to have their issue brought up in government. With a main goal of influencing government policy and having their issues and opinions heard, the groups do not want to actually be elected into government. The success of a pressure group usually depends on several factors. The first factor is how close the pressure group is to the government, and also the particular political party that is in power at that time. Some groups, also known as Insider groups, have better relationships with the government or political connections inside it, and this allows them to have their issues raised or promoted in political debates. As well as this, the government can and will go to these Insider groups to gather information on an area that the government could want to make a policy concerning. As the government knows that a specific pressure group has extensive knowledge in that area, they are more likely to consult them on it, and this allows the pressure group to get the specific policies passed that they think will favour them the most. An example of this would be that because the National Farmers Union (NFU) represents most UK farmers, it was consulted by the government......

Words: 1020 - Pages: 5

How Might Porter’s Diamond Explain Why Some Locations Produce Firms with Sustained Competitive Advantages in Some Industries More Than Others?

...How might Porter’s Diamond explain why some locations produce firms with sustained competitive advantages in some industries more than others? Answer with reference to examples from at least two different industrial sectors. Answer. Porter’s diamond model is a model that can help understand competitive position of location in global competition that suggest a inherent reason why some firm within location are more competitive that other on a global scale. The argument is that the local are provided organization by specific factor, which created more potential competitive advantage for country or region. The Porter's model includes 4 drivers of local advantage, which are shortly described below: 1. Local factor conditions A company in local is exploited by factor conditions. Factor conditions can be seen as advantage factors such as workforce shortage, as a factor potentially strengthening competitiveness, this factor may heighten companies' focus on automation and zero defects. For example, in analyzing of film production industry in the Hollywood, has pointed out the local skilled labor, in the area. Also, resource constraints may encourage development of substitute capabilities; Japan's relative lack of raw materials has reduced and zero defect manufacturing. 2. Local demand conditions Focusing on the domestic market provide the primary driver of growth, innovation and quality improvement. The strong domestic market is stimulates by stat up the to a slightly......

Words: 453 - Pages: 2

Using Economic Theory Explain Why Some Countries Are Richer Than Others

...theory explain why some countries are richer than others The wealth of a country can be measured by many different ways. People may judge it by the countries natural resources or by the countries welfare in an economical plan. To be simple the basic economy of a given country decides its slot in the positioning of poor or rich. There are three major categories of countries – first world, developing and third world countries. First world countries are with stable prospering economies and generally in a good state. Good examples for that China, Japan, The USA, The UK, Germany etc. In the category of developing states are included most of the countries in the world. Generally they are trying to take the example of first world countries and better themselves in their image. Examples for third world countries are most of the states in Central Africa. There is a huge gap in between first and third world countries in aspects of economics, life standard and even resources. Even though the already developed countries and the still developing countries are quite similar the difference in the economic pans is still enormous. There is a generally accepted theory that the most developed economy in the world acts as a main force pulling other smaller countries or states economies alongside or behind it. For the two centuries the main economic leaders were The UK and The USA respectively. The USA still continues to hold this position. When their economies bloomed many other countries......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6