Free Essay


In: English and Literature

Submitted By MCoburn1
Words 412
Pages 2
Meghan Coburn
Professor Swanagan
EDRD 2010 – 05
30 March 2015
“Extinct Technologies”
It is not uncommon for species to go extinct. Technologies can go extinct as well. Sometimes how many technologies have gone or are going extinct. For example, how many people are using phones with cords? Cell phones and online video chat (both smartphones and computers) are becoming a very high percentage of users. In fact, nearly a quarter of households in the US have already got rid of landlines and 50 percent of adults’ aged 25 – 29 only use mobile devices. Cellphones include instant accessibility to anyone at any time, while the land bound land lines stays at home. Also while at home, people are using the newer technology way which is a cordless phone. The reason is because it’s portable of course. You can’t go too far with the phone with the cord. Another example would be wrist watches. They’re becoming extinct. Throwing on a fancy watch may look professional, but let’s be honest. Cell phones and IPods tell you the time when you’re out and about, and virtually every appliance in your home – such as your refrigerator to your stove to your coffee maker to your television and your DVD player – has a clock. No one wears wristwatches anymore, unless he or she grew up with one. Lastly, another known piece of technology that has become extinct would be Dial-up Internet access. It’s hard to find someone with who uses a phone line to connect to the internet when there are many alternatives such as wireless internet; better known as “WIFI”.

“Extinct Species”
Atlas Bear
Size and Weight: Up to 9 feet long and 1,000 pounds
Diet: Omnivorous
Distinguishing Characteristics:
Long, brown fur; short claws and muzzle
About the Atlas Bear:
The Atlas Bear is named after the Atlas mountains that spans modern-day Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. This bear was the only bear ever to be native to Africa. Most naturalist consider this shaggy giant to be a subspecies of the Brown Bear, while others argue that it deserves its own species name. The Atlas Bear was well on its way to extinction during early historical times; it was hunted intensively for sport, and captured for arena combat, by the Romans that conquered northern Africa in the first century A.D. Scattered populations of the Atlas Bear persisted until the late 19th century, when the last remnants were wiped out in Morocco’s Rif mountains.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Extinction of Mammoth

...Title: the extinction of Mammoth Introduction * Location and life of mammoth * Causes of extinction * Reasons for extinction Body Causes for extinction * activities as cause of mammoth extinction * Climate change in the extinction of mammoth(climate warming) * Loss of habitat * Radiation cause Reasons for extinction * Hunting and poaching * Protection from mega fauna animals. * Habitat loss due to vegetation and other factors * Use of skin for cloths and horn for ivory item. etc. Summary Mammoth is a large and extinct elephant of the Pleistocene epoch; these types of elephants were hairy and had a sloping back and long curved tusks. These big elephant has gone extinct and throughout this paper I’ll be talking about how these mega fauna animals have gone extinct, what caused their extinction, the reason for this extinction etc. Mammoth are thought to be extinct due to the climate change because they used to live in glaciers areas, they are also thought to have gone extinct because of man activities on them like hunting and poaching. The last thing I’ll be talking about in this paper is the reason why these animals have gone extinct. Journal article: * The extinction of the woolly mammoth and the archaeological record in Northeastern Asia Authors: Pitulko and Nikolskiy, march 2012 Pitulko, V. V., & Nikolskiy, P. A. (2012). The extinction of the woolly mammoth and the archaeological record in Northeastern......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Extinction of the Dinosaurs

...Controversy surrounds the extinction of the dinosaurs. According to one theory, dinosaurs were slowly driven to extinction by environmental changes linked to the creeping withdrawal of shallow seas from the continents at the end of the dinosaur era. Proponents of this theory propose that dinosaurs dwindled in number and variety over several million years. An opposing theory proposes that the impact of asteroid or comet caused catastrophic destruction of the environment, leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Evidence to support this theory includes the discovery of a buried impact crater (thought to be the result of a large comet striking the earth) that is 200 km (124 mi.) in diameter in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The spray of debris was blown from the edge of the crater. The debris has been found over large regions of North America. Comet enriched material from the impact's fiery explosion was spread all over the world. With radiometric dating, scientists have used the decay rates of certain atoms to date the crater, spray of debris, and fireball layer. Using similar techniques to date the dramatic changes in the record of microscopic fossils, they have found that the impact and the dinosaur extinction occurred nearly simultaneously. Although great amounts of ash suggest that most of North and South America was devastated by fire from the impact, the longer-term environmental effects of the impact were ultimately more deadly to life than the fire. Dust......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mass Extinction Events

...generation regards the possibility of a forthcoming, human-induced mass extinction event and what it’s effects would be upon the evolution rate of species. In the search for understanding this possibility and its effects, scientists must look to the past where it is widely accepted that there have been 5 previous periods of mass extinction. The term ‘mass extinction event’ is defined as any period when abnormally large numbers of species die out simultaneously or within a limited time frame. Such occurrences have been observed at 5 places in history- the Ordovician-Silurian, Late Devonian, Permian, Triassic Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. What was the cause of these extinction periods? Well... no one can say for sure. Although there are a number of plausible hypotheses, the sheer amount of time and space between today and the events in question makes it very difficult to place a theory as anything more than conjecture. In saying this, it is known that these cataclysms were random occurrences and not caused by the actions of any one single species. The extinction of species is not normally considered an important element of Neodarwinian theory, in contrast to the opposite phenomenon, speciation. In the wake of mass extinction periods, the fossil records provide an accurate and reliable source of information invaluable to the study of evolution. Today, there is evidence mounting to suggest that the sixth mass extinction may be beginning- but the apocalypse this time is us.......

Words: 1922 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Human Responsibility to Prevent Animal Species Extinction

...of saving endangered species of animals is discussed time and time again in the media and environmental politics. There are countless organizations that work to protect certain species from going extinct. Except perhaps by extremists on online forums, the general population of Earth tends to agree that there are species of animals worth saving from extinction. The topic is virtually indisputable. However, what may be debatable is the reasoning behind the environmental cause. On many organizations’ websites, their reasons stated for attempting to save endangered species include medicinal, research, and economical benefits. While these are incredibly important, these justifiers are also taking the animal away from the issue. The issue now is about humans and how we suffer from a species dying out, when the foundation of the matter should be the wellbeing of the animals and the ecosystems to which they belong and contribute. The idea of human responsibility is the understanding of obligation a human should feel toward a cause or situation, recognizing the impact humans as a whole have had on the issue. In terms of animal extinction, human responsibility is present in the consciousness that the issue stems from destruction by humans. Therefore, humans are responsible for repairing the damage and protecting the victims. It is understandable to mention the human benefits of protecting biodiversity in attempt to appeal to a wider public and get a bigger reaction. Humans are,......

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction

...Directions: These sample questions in the Reading section measure your ability to understand academic passages in English. You will read one passage and answer questions about it. In a real test, you would have 20 minutes to read the passage and answer the questions. Candidates with disabilities may request a time extension. Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction There is increasing evidence that the impacts of meteorites have had important effects on Earth, particularly in the field of biological evolution. Such impacts continue to pose a natural hazard to life on Earth. Twice in the twentieth century, large meteorite objects are known to have collided with Earth. 5 If an impact is large enough, it can disturb the environment of the entire Earth and cause an ecological catastrophe. The best-documented such impact took place 65 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period of geological history. This break in Earth’s history is marked by a mass extinction, when as many as half the species on the planet became extinct. While there are a dozen or more mass extinctions in the geological record, the Cretaceous mass extinction has always intrigued paleontologists because it marks the end of the age of the dinosaurs. For tens of millions of years, those great creatures had flourished. Then, suddenly, they disappeared. The body that impacted Earth at the end of the Cretaceous period was a meteorite with a mass of more than a trillion tons and a diameter of at least 10......

Words: 9073 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Cretaceous Mass Extinction

...Review the theories put forward in the literature that attempt to explain why there was a mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous period. You should aim to outline the main theories, the claims they make, briefly explain any supporting evidence, and compare and contrast the rival theories. Reasons for the Cretaceous mass extinction have been hotly debated for more than 200 years, since the founding days of geology. Cretaceous mass extinction is referred to the mass extinction that happened in the period of Cretaceous (just after Jurassic), more than 100 million years ago. Many creatures, especially dinosaurs, disappeared in the end of Cretaceous. K-T layer which marks the boundary between the Cretaceous and the Tertiary becomes the key point for the solutions. Till now, four main theories which are gradualism, supernova, volcanism and cosmic impact, have been put forward to solve the scientific problem. And, the last three models belong to catastrophism in favor of sudden extinctions, opposite to gradualism. However, this essay will attempt to argue that cosmic impact should be the most reasonable explanation due to evidence that have been found up to now. In order to demonstrate it, this essay will analyze these different theories separately paragraph by paragraph, along with corresponding findings. In addition, it will compare rival theories. In the ‘gradualistic’ view (theory of gradualism), the Earth was a slowly evolving word and the turnover of living......

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Dinosaur Extinction

...Dinosaur extinction is still a major mystery of earth history. In this review article, extinctions in the geological record will be briefly mentioned. Many of the imaginative theories for the extinction of the dinosaurs will also be presented. Within the uniformitarian paradigm, the meteorite impact theory, once considered ‘outrageous’, now is the dominant theory. However, the volcanic theory is still believed by a majority of paleontologists. Both theories have their strengths and weaknesses. The unscientific behavior of those involved in the meteorite paradigm change will be briefly explored. Evidence that the dinosaurs died in a cataclysm of global proportions will be presented, such as the huge water-laid dinosaur graveyards found over the earth. Occasional nonspecific bone-beds and the rarity of fossils of very young dinosaurs suggest a catastrophic death and burial. The billions of dinosaur tracks recently discovered provide testimony to unusual, stressful conditions. Nests, eggs, and babies are a challenge to a Flood model, but there are enough unknowns associated with the data that solid conclusions are difficult to draw. The part that impacts and volcanism play in a Flood paradigm will be briefly discussed. The question of whether the K/T boundary and the extinction of the dinosaurs should be considered a synchronous event within the Flood will be considered. Introduction Dinosaurs bring wonder to children and adults alike. That such great beasts once roamed the......

Words: 16556 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Don Bosco

...typically cause extinctions. One estimate is that less than 1% of the species that have existed on Earth are extant.[1] Biodiversity biodiversity is divided into three, phenotypic, genoti, environmental Ecological diversity refers to the sum of the different types of environment or Ecosystem present in a region or the habitat which is the sum total of the climate, vegetation and geography of a region. Ecosystem is a unit of the biosphere in which there is an interaction between the living and nonliving factors so as to maintain a continuous flow of energy. It is a structural and functional unit of a biosphere. There are several kinds of habitats or ecosystems around the world. The variety of diversity of species in an ecosystem is influenced by the ecosystem it self. Examples of ecosystems: Grass land, wet land, desert, aquatic ecosystem etc. Species diversity is the variety of different species in a given area. It is very difficult to estimate the different species in a given area. Most of the species are found near the equator and a few at the poles. Genetic Diversity may be defined as variation in genes with a particular species. It refers to the heritable variation. Sexual reproduction play an important role genetic diversity. A species having more genetic diversity can adapt better to the changed environmental conditions.   Threats to biodiversity   Extinction of Species Since the planet came into existence, it has been subjected to five mass......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Causes of Extinct Animals

...of extinct animals. Extinction of animals is a very serious issue in our Mother Earth. There are various types of causes of extinct animals. First of all, the main cause is climate changes. Nowadays, industrial sector is the main sector in the world. During the production process, factories will release different kinds of toxic gases that cause air pollution problems and global warming. A blogger from mentioned that global warming is a huge reason for many species’ endangerment and ultimate extinction. Thus, according to the research done by National Geographic, iceberg in South poles and North poles starts to melt which causes 12polar bears to face extinction due to loss of habitat. Therefore, a climate change is the main cause of extinct animals. Next, habitat destruction is one of the factors that cause animal extinction. Laura Klappenbach has mentioned that habitat is destroyed and cannot continue to support the species and ecological communities. She added that it often results in the extinction of species and, as a result, the loss of biodiversity. According to World Wild Life Federation (WWF) , the natural habitat has been damaged by human activities such as deforestation. On the other hand, factories release toxic waste and chemical waste will cause water pollution which will directly influence the habitat devastation for aquatic animals. Thus, deforestation is one of the forms of habitat destruction that lead to animal extinction. Apart from that,......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...jeopardy of extinction than others. The rare species, the highly specialized species, the less competitive species, and the species having low aptitude for dispersal and colonization, all these species might be missing from a reserve system if the reserves were numerous but small. 3) Why should the number of extinctions be inversely related to reverse size? Answer: reserve size will determine population size for each species and small populations face special jeopardizes. 4) How should the equilibrium number of species on a large reserve? Answer: It should be greater than the equilibrium number on a small reserve, but it doesn’t distinguish between a large reserve full of common species and a large reserve full of rare species. 5) Why did Diamond think that the theory of Simberloff has some mistakes? Answer: Simberloff’s reasoning from their assumptions is correct but minimizes or ignores much more important conservation problems. Because those indifferent to biological conservation may seize on Simberloff’s report as scientific evidence that large refuges are not needed, it is important to understand the flaws in their reasoning. 6) Why does a large reserve receive more immigration and endure less extinction? Answer: A large reserve presents a bigger target to dispersing individuals, hence a higher immigration rate. A large reserve supports large populations, thereby buffering each species against the dangers of rarity, hence a lower extinction rate. A......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Endangered Species

...This Act was passed in 1973, to protect the extinction of or threatened species. Before I go any further let me define the difference between extinct and threatened species; • Extinction is the process by which a species die out, this means that all genetic buildup of that species is gone forever. Extinction can be the cause of Natural disaster, from human activities. • Threatened species are living organism that can become endangered in our nearby future. Endangered species represent the living species of plants and animals. That have become scarce, this means that they are in danger of becoming extinct. When an endangered species becomes extinct, this can interrupt the food chain or web. This will interrupts the production of new or improve medicine, we would loss that animal species forever because there is no genetic evidence left of that species. All this would be affected by the extinction of a species. The goal of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 is to prevent extinction from happening. ESA was signed by President Nixon, The extinction of animals and plant species was brought about by Rachel Carson who wrote a book called Silent Spring (1962). Rachel warned about destroying wildlife with DDT in our environment. This is what prompted the enactment of the Endangered Species Preservation Act of (1966). This Act was made to protect nature species that were on the brink of extinction or threatened. After many......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Extinction . As Dead as a Dodo! For every species that is alive today, perhaps a thousand more have lived previously and become extinct. Most of these extinctions occurred before humans evolved, and the species are known to us only through fossils The Dodo The dodo was a large (50 lb) flightless bird that lived on Mauritius, an island in the Indian Ocean. It lived undisturbed for so long that it lost its need and ability to fly. It lived and nested on the ground and ate fruits that had fallen from trees. The island was uninhabited and the dodo had no natural predators. Then Mauritius was colonised in 1638. Dodos were hunted for food and easy to catch because they were not afraid of people. New competitors were brought onto the island (including pigs, cats and rats). These competitors ate the dodos' eggs in their ground nests and also ate the dodo’s young. The last dodo was killed in 1681. Answer the following questions using information from the text: 1. What was the dodo? 2. Out of the four causes of extinction we have learnt about, which two caused the extinction of the dodo and why? 3. When did the last dodo die? Dinosaurs There are many theories as to how the dinosaurs became extinct. Keep in mind that there is no absolutely proven theory. Asteroid Theory According to this theory a large asteroid or comet collided with Earth about 65 million years ago. Scientists think that such a large collision would throw so much dust into the air that sunlight would......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Animal Rights

...Lisa Tellor-Kelley ENG 170 29 September 2015 Animal Rights “What is man without the beast? If the beast was gone, man would die from great loneliness of spirit. For whatever happens to the beast soon happens to the man” (Chief Seattle) Many things have been done to protect animals, but there are more significant things to be done to make sure they do not become extinct and give them their rights. Animals are just like humans in many ways. They have nerves so when they are being tested on they can feel the pain that is being inflicted on them. Many people consider their pet as their child, so what child would want that kind of pain inflicted on them? Finally, in different parts of the world, people still hunt animals. It is no longer a way to get food like it used to be. Now it is just for pure sport or fun. Should animals have to be hunted down and torn apart while still alive? Dogs, cattle, sheep, monkeys and other small animals are mainly the ones being experimented on. They are tested on numerous times throughout each year. Acute toxicity, skin irritation, psychology research are a few tests that the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals or PETA listed. Acute toxicity is a test where animals are force fed chemicals to find out the lethal dosage. Skin irritation tests are when chemicals are placed on the bare skin of animals, which the animal is restrained. Pointless test like the effects of shocking and drug abuse are known as psychology research test.......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Unit 1 Possible Essay Question

...and your reasoning must be sound. WARNING: Do NOT get your answers from the internet ‐ these answers are usually WRONG because the responder is not in this class. They are providing answers using different information. 1. Some political figures have dismissed Evolution or Climate Change as "just a theory." Explain why this phrase is inaccurate. Because it is a scientific theory---strongest explanation supported by a large body of scientific research with minimal influence of humans. There is evidence to prove it. 2. Some people argue that extinction is normal and happens with or without humans (which is accurate). So why are scientists so concerned with extinction? [ Be specific. Give at least 2 reasons with empirical evidence.] Extinction is normal but we are currently in the Holocene extinction period and 100-1000 times as man species are going extinct every year than the normal “background” extinction. We are at a period where 10,000-100,000 species go extinct every year. The normal is 10-100 species per year. 3. Damian eats a bowl of cereal (Rice Krispies) and milk for breakfast. Explain how the energy Damian gets from the milk actually come from the sun. A rice plant is in what major group of plants? What part of the plant is rice? Are we "killing" plants by eating Rice Krispies? Milk comes from cows. Cows get their nutrition to have enough energy to make milk by eating—grass. The grass has vital vitamins and...

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Apes Project

...| Midterm Review Project | Chapter 4-14 | | | 1/16/2014 | AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CHAPTER 4 EARTH SYSTEMS AND RESOURCES I. The Nature of Ecology a. Ecology is the study of connections in nature i. Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with one another and with their non-living environment ii. An organism is any form of life. The cell is the basic unit of life in organisms. b. Population i. Members of a species interact in groups called populations. ii. Species of the same population live together in a particular place or habitat. c. Communities and Ecosystems i. A community consists of populations of different species living and interacting in an area ii. An ecosystem is a community interacting with its physical environment of matter and energy. II. The Earth’s life support systems a. The different spheres of life-parts of Earth that support life systems. i. The Earth is made up of interconnected spherical layers that contain air, water, soil, minerals, and life. i.i Atmosphere: thin envelope or membrane of air around the planet. Its inner layer is the troposphere; it extends only about 17 km above sea level. i.ii Stratosphere: subsequent layer; its lower portion contains ozone to filter out the sun’s ......

Words: 5886 - Pages: 24