Facial Blindness

In: Other Topics

Submitted By victoria182
Words 473
Pages 2
Victoria Cooper
Face Blindness
It has been said that maybe 2.5% of the population have inherited facial blindness (Jordan, 2011). Facial blindness is very imperative in our criminal justice systems and the concerns for the impact it has on it as well. Most people who have inherited facial blindness or prosopagnosia do not even know they have it. This is the issue that is of great concern. Therefore, it brings into the question whether or not prosecutors (DAs) rule out the possibility of an eyewitness' having face blindness before testifying against a defendant.
One concern about people who may have prosopagnosia is that when using eyewitness testimony, there’s a possibility that the individual may have the diseases. The issue arises when we do not consider this because there are people with the disease and could possibly have no idea that they do. Under the criminal justice system, when using eyewitness testimony with the consideration of face blindness we are incoherently impacting lives negatively. Not considering facial blindness decreases the reliability of an eyewitness testimony because people have a misconception of people’s faces.
Eye witness testimony is already fairly unreliable due to outside influence on a person’s ability to recognize a face such as the time since they saw the individual, pressure from peers, or even just the natural idea of simply forgetting (Alperin, 2011). We can see plenty cases of where district attorneys have not considered situations such as facial blindness by referring to the innocence project (Law). Many individuals have been put in jail due to misconception of facial features and error in eyewitness testimonies. There are simple factors that come into play and taking caution for those instances can help. Simply taking these issues such as face blindness into consideration can spare many lives and time spent in the…...

Similar Documents

Facial Blindness

...Victoria Cooper Face Blindness It has been said that maybe 2.5% of the population have inherited facial blindness (Jordan, 2011). Facial blindness is very imperative in our criminal justice systems and the concerns for the impact it has on it as well. Most people who have inherited facial blindness or prosopagnosia do not even know they have it. This is the issue that is of great concern. Therefore, it brings into the question whether or not prosecutors (DAs) rule out the possibility of an eyewitness' having face blindness before testifying against a defendant. One concern about people who may have prosopagnosia is that when using eyewitness testimony, there’s a possibility that the individual may have the diseases. The issue arises when we do not consider this because there are people with the disease and could possibly have no idea that they do. Under the criminal justice system, when using eyewitness testimony with the consideration of face blindness we are incoherently impacting lives negatively. Not considering facial blindness decreases the reliability of an eyewitness testimony because people have a misconception of people’s faces. Eye witness testimony is already fairly unreliable due to outside influence on a person’s ability to recognize a face such as the time since they saw the individual, pressure from peers, or even just the natural idea of simply forgetting (Alperin, 2011). We can see plenty cases of where district attorneys have not considered...

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

River Blindness

...MERCK AND RIVER BLINDNESS 1. Think about the definition of stakeholders — any parties with a stake in the organization’s actions or performance. Who are the stakeholders in this situation? How many can you list? On what basis would you rank them in importance? People suffering from the disease or those who potentially may be infected – would directly benefit from the cure Merck employees at all levels – profitability and the economic health of the company affects current employees Merck shareholders – inability to profit from the drug might have a negative effect on shareholder’s value, but taking the stand on “doing the right thing” might have a favorable effect on company’s reputation and increase the value of the stock Various healthcare organizations – Merck is one of the leaders in the industry whose actions or inactions may affect the state of the industry as a whole One way to rank stakeholders in importance is by their level of benefit from the drug putting people suffering from the disease in the first place as they would benefit the most from the invent of the cure. Then, employees and shareholders would share the second place, provided that the company would most likely not be able to recover funds invested in the long and expensive process of developing the drug which in turn would affect company’s profitability. Finally, various healthcare organizations would rank third; the effect on them would depend on the level of their involvement in the...

Words: 2838 - Pages: 12

Facial Reconstructions

...Forensic Facial Reconstructions Samantha McAnally CRMJ430 April 20, 2013 Abstract This paper will focus mainly on the history and the various techniques that forensic facial reconstruction has to offer. It will also go over some problems or an issue that is process has faced over the years. The Daubert Standard will discuss and how facial reconstruction was allowed as evidence thru this standard. I will go over all the periods of time that facial reconstruction was used. Computerized and Clay reconstruction will be discussed and how they have help investigators solved current and cold case crimes. Forensic Facial Reconstruction Forensic facial reconstruction is the method of restoring the appearance of a person (whose identity is frequently not recognized) from their skeletal remnants through a combination of creativity, forensic science, anthropology, osteology, and anatomy. The situation can also display what an individual would look like as an adult if they were abducted or gone missing as adolescents. In this paper, we will discuss the different approaches that can be used in facial reconstruction from computerized techniques to sketch artist techniques. The fortitude of forensic facial reconstruction is to yield an image from a skull that suggests an adequate resemblance of the thriving individual that the situation will assist in the proof of identity of the skeletal remnants while there are not any additional resources accessible. Finding skeletons...

Words: 2024 - Pages: 9

Repetitive Blindness

...Running Head: WARNING: REPEATING TABOO AND NEGATIVE WORDS IN RSVP CAN CAUSE BLINDNESS. Warning: Repeating Taboo and Negative words in RSVP can Cause Blindness. Perception and Cognition   Abstract The effect of emotional salience on perceptual processing was explored using the RSVP experiment paradigm at stimulus speeds of 100ms/frame. 24 students completed 80 trials of three word streams, each containing two target words. Target words were identical for the ID condition and different for the control condition. The words were divided into taboo, negative emotion, positive emotion and neutral words. Results showed that all ID categories showed more Repetition Blindness (RB) than the control condition and that taboo and negative emotion words generated more RB than neutral and positive words. Interestingly, neutral words demonstrated a higher RB than positive emotion words, possibly suggesting the salience of negativity over emotion.   Method Participants A total of 24 students comprised of 15 females and 9 males, from an undergraduate second year psychology class took part in the experiment. The mean age was 28.8, and the ages ranged from 19-50. All participants first learned to read and write in English, and 21 also spoke English as their first language. Materials Participants used the lab computers to complete the trials. Each trial consisted of three words, which included the target words C1 and C2 and a filler word in between them. The target words...

Words: 2340 - Pages: 10

Facial Attractiveness

...Facial Attractiveness: The Effects of Labeling from Individual and Social Perceptive Abstract An examination of Because the paper is relatively short, consider removing "in-depth" how the effects of labeling based on facial attractiveness impacts an individual’s self-esteem, social interaction, self-perception and quality of life. These two sentences need to be revised. Both sentences are incomplete by themselves. The following paper is an examination of the effects that labeling based on facial attractiveness impact an individual’s self esteem, social interaction, self perception, and quality of life. Research has revealed how labeling in a variety of settings; from social encounters in school to the business sector, as well as across the span of adolescence to adulthood, has taken a toll on personal development. This paper also looks at the personal and social ideas of attractiveness, along with the possible consequences of perceived attractiveness on personal and professional outcomes. What is facial attractiveness? Is it a personal opinion or is it a predestined hormonal attribute of the human race? Does attractiveness play a role in our daily lives? And if so does facial attractiveness have a meaning of higher intelligence? One may ask these questions when searching for that long awaited answer to why are people judged by appearance and why does society place such high value on attractiveness. Attractiveness does not make a person intelligent...

Words: 1628 - Pages: 7

Merck-River Blindness

...Merck- River Blindness Case Analysis Section 1: Introduction and situational analysis: Merck is an American-based international pharmaceutical company with a history that spans almost 350 years. The company focuses on innovative research and consumer education. (Demand Media, 1999-2011 ) In 1950, George W. Merck, then the chairman of the company said, “We try never to forget that medicine is for people. It is not for the profits. The profits follow, and if we have remembered that, they have never failed to appear. The better we have remembered that, the larger they have been.” This philosophy was at the core of Merck and Co.’s values system. (Kreitner, 2010) In 1978, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that over 300,000 people were blind and another 18 million were affected with a disease called onchocerciasis, better known as river blindness. River blindness was caused by parasitic worms that was spread by small black flies the breed in and lived around fast moving rivers mostly in developing countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America. The parasitic larvae were transferred to humans when bitten by the small black flies, at which time the parasitic larvae would infect the host. The worms would begin to reproduce producing millions of microscopic baby worms into the person’s body. This would eventually lead to gross deformity, severe itching that in some cases cause people to commit suicide and eventually blindness. At the time, the disease...

Words: 1861 - Pages: 8

Facial

...CEO Compensation Thoughts on the current state of executive compensation practices in the US: Current state of Executive compensation within the US differs from different compensation practices within the forms it takes, laws and regulation it's subject to, its dramatic rise over the past 3 decades and wide go criticism leveled against it. Within the past 3 decades in America government compensation or pay has up dramatically on the far side what is often explained by changes in firm size, performance, and trade classification. It’s the very best within the world in each absolute term and relative to median earnings within the America. It has been criticized not solely as excessive, however conjointly for "rewarding failure" as well as large drops available value. Observers dissent on what proportion of the increase in and nature of this compensation may be a natural result of competition for scarce business talent benefiting investor price, and the way abundant is that the work of manipulation and self-dealing by management unrelated to produce, demand, or reward for performance. While our government compensation attorneys perceive the elaborate, technical aspects of government compensation legal problems and governing laws, they tend to conjointly perceive market practices and trends. They tend to facilitate our purchasers establish and perceive the key legal risks in a very industrial context so they will build familiar business selections. They tend to closely monitor...

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Oedipus and Blindness

...R Raimey 28 November 2011 In the dictionary, blindness is defined as unable to see; lacking the sense of sight; but the second definition of blindness is defined as, unwilling or unable to perceive or understand. As read in the play, blindness is seen as a central theme. Not speaking of only physical blindness, but blindness as to understanding what’s in front of Oedipus. His flaws and the exposure of the truth bring about his downfall. Since he is of high rank, he believes things he wants to believe. In the play titled, “Oedipus the King,” by Sophocles, he uses physical blindness and mental blindness to show Oedipus' status as an unfortunate hero. While Oedipus is trying to find Laius’ murderer, Creon comes to him with news from Apollo. Creon says that Apollo wants them to clearly “drive the corruption from the land (620)…” With that, Oedipus sends for the blind prophet by the name of Tiresias who “… sees with the eyes of Lord Apollo…” to help him find the killer (625). When Tiresias tells Oedipus “[he is] the murderer that [he] hunt[s] (627), Oedipus still does not understand even though Tiresias has told him in three different ways. He cannot see himself as someone that would murder a king and bring a plague to the city. He thinks of himself as the one who came to Thebes’ rescue and drove the plague away. In addition, Oedipus knows that Tiresias cannot be wrong, because he is a psychic; he has no incentive to lie. Furthermore, when Tiresias tells Oedipus that “[He is...

Words: 1892 - Pages: 8

Color Blindness

...Color Blindness Color blindness also known as color deficiency is a vision problem when you have difficulty distinguishing certain colors, such as blue, yellow, red and green because your eyes did not make all the pigments needed for color vision. If one pigment is missing, the eye might have trouble seeing certain colors. A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption. (1) There are three different types of color blindness disorders. 1. Trichromat; meaning you can discriminate among colors of the visible spectrum and have normal color vision 2. Monochromats; which are totally color blinded sensitive to lightness and darkness 3. Dichromats; who are partially color blinded (Rathus 82). Color blindness is a sex-linked trait that is caused by a recessive gene. Roughly 8% of men and 0.5% of women are affected. (3) Men are more likely to be color blinded than women. Why? Because the genes for the red and green color receptors are located on the X chromosome of which males have only one and females have two. (2) Being color blind in not debilitating in fact there are many famous and success individuals who are color blind. For example Bill Clinton our 42nd President has a color vision deficiency that he inherited from his parents. He needs a special light in order to determine the color of a certain object. He also has difficulty when it comes to signals from individual colored lights, so he......

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Blindness

...“Blindness”, originally written in Portuguese by a well-known author named José Saramago, is a novel that tells the story of a sudden epidemic of blindness by which nearly all the citzens of an unnamed city were effected. It is an interesting and breathtaking story that envolves the reader in a way that makes it almost impossible to stop reading it, because you can’t wait to find out how it ends. In the beginning of the novel, the author describes the events in which the main characters went blind. The first one was a man who was driving his car in very chaotic traffiic and then, unexpectedly is caught by the blindness that is not yet seen as an epidemic. As many people start losing their sight, the government decides in an attempt to contain the apparent cotagion, to take extremely repressive measures quarantining all the blind people in an asylum which quickly becomes overcrowded. Those who were quarantined were forced to stay in filthy and inhumane conditions while they struggled to survive. Avid readers will, in many cases, say that when a book is adapted into a movie, it becomes an oversimplified version of the original and leaves behind many important facts that cause the story to be interestingly overwhelming. I partially agree with this sort of opinion, however, the film version of the book was also a fantastic production. The book and the movie can be seen through different perspectives. The book allows you to let your imagination flow and create alongside the...

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Blindness and Regret

...Malanee Janes Mrs. Ashmore Dual English IV 23 September 2014 Blindness and Regret The play Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles has a lot to do with excess. Mainly dealing with how some of the actors of this play lack the ability to use moderation. Greeks believed in moderation, but in this curtain scenario that’s not the case. In fact the play Oedipus Rex abuses excess on many different levels just like we do here in the 20 and 21st century. The problem in which we use excess quiet heavily, is the worldwide disaster of a thing we use everyday, the Internet. If we ‘d gone by the Greeks way of thinking by using moderation, the world wouldn’t be such a messed up place like it is today. People created Internet to make our lives easier, but yet it complicates our lives and gives everyone virtually no privacy in their everyday lives. Our entire lives can be discovered by a total stranger, anywhere from where a person lives, to how much income a person makes, even the contents of their backyard which makes everyone of us vulnerable to the people around us just because we’ve abused and excessively taken advantage of computer technology. Our personal lives and accumulations aren’t private anymore. Which is in certain cases threatening, this allows people to be in our lives who really have no business being in good, bad, or otherwise. In the play Oedipus Rex, Oedipus lacks in using moderation, which he instead uses a lot of excess, “Than once more I must bring what is dark to...

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Facial Expression of Emotions

...Running Head: Facial Expression of Emotions FACIAL EXPRESSION OF EMOTIONS Pysc 380 – Physiological Psychology Abstract Emotions are shown in many different ways. One way in which are emotions are show in is our facial expressions. Facial expressions are responses that are innate, unlearned, automatic behavior. What causes these innate responses and what do they mean? There have been many articles and studies done on trying to understand all possible aspects of human and animal facial expressions. The emotional aspects of these facial expressions are vastly different. The goal of this paper is to better understand, both psychologically and physiologically, the nature of communication of emotions through facial expressions. Facial Expression of Emotions The warmth of a smile or a face contorted in anger, facial expressions tell the world our emotional state. Facial expressions relay information faster than words can be spoken. Ralph Adolphs wrote an article entitled “Perception and Emotion, How we recognize Facial Expressions.” In this article the author states on how some emotional responses through facial expressions are so fast that it is not possible for someone to be aware of the stimulus (Adolphs, 2006.) There have been many studies of how facial expressions can create activity almost immediately in a person’s brain. These studies are of importance because it helps the theory that cognitive...

Words: 1781 - Pages: 8

Facial Expressions

...A person is able to convey a lot with just a facial expression. A smile can signify happiness, while a frown can signal unhappiness. In some cases, our facial expressions can show our true feelings when in certain situations. At times we try to hide our true feelings and say we are okay but our facial expressions might signal otherwise. People often blink faster when in an uncomfortable situation. Blinking less frequently may show that a person is intentionally trying to control their eye movements. Poker players have to remain calm they use this technique; they might blink less frequently because they are purposely trying to appear unexcited about the hand that was dealt. Facial expressions are also among the most universal forms of body language. The expressions used to convey fear; anger, sadness, and happiness are similar throughout the world. Darwin was the first to suggest that facial expressions were universal his ideas about emotions were a centerpiece of his theory of evolution suggesting that “emotions and their expressions were biologically innate and evolutionary adaptive, and that similarities in them could be seen phylogenetically. However the dominant perspective in psychology was that facial expressions were culture-specific – that is, just as every culture had its own verbal language, it had its own language of facial expressions” (Matsumoto, Hwang). Women are better than men at reading facial expressions according to a study published by Neuropsychologia......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Racial Color Blindness

...No matter where you are in the United States, when a word like racism is thrown around, its subject and all related material are bound to cause controversy and disagreements. Color blindness, or racial blindness is one of these issues associated with racial advantages or opportunities. It is a sociological term meant to disregard when discussing participation in something. My view on this issue is con-color blindness for several reasons. First of all, the United States is still not seen as truly equal when offering some opportunities. Also, there are not distinctions or classifications for people to base any kind of statistics on. For these and other reason, color blindness used nationally would not be successful in this country. Affirmative action is one case of con-color blindness. This is a method of offering opportunities to certain people according to race, gender, or religion that are misrepresented in the process. In other words, they are not getting an equal opportunity for jobs or education. I believe this helps open up chances for everyone that would normally not offered to them. It creates more of a broad spectrum in the fields of employment and education as everyone is more represented in these fields. Most Americans are split on this issue and with the introduction of racial color blindness; it has created more controversy on the subject of equality. The role of education would be changed dramatically if we did not recognize race. Several...

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Hysterical Blindness

...HYSTERICAL BLINDNESS Hysterical Blindness ENG 090 05/10/2012 Wednesdays were always the day to meet with Charles (Chuck) Griffin, take the dogs for a walk, and get a cup of coffee from the Deer Perk coffee shop located in Deer Park, Texas. Chuck was a bold character, never backing down from an opportunity to bring a smile to the faces of his friends and family. Every week, I met Chuck outside the gated, community east of Houston, Texas. We shared a comedic greeting, usually at my expense, regarding haircut, eyeglasses, or clothing and gingerly began our walk towards the soccer, fields located behind a group of shops smartly placed to attract patrons of the sporting events which occurred regularly. Our walks were always filled with laughter about current events, coworkers, or politicians. Two to three hundred feet from the park, our energy filled canines would started to show their excitement as they anticipated our destination and the activities always afforded them by this midweek rendezvous. Frisbees always began flying well before we arrived at the center of the soccer fields. Dogs came off the leashes and bolted in the direction towards those floating discs, always wanting to be the first to sink their teeth into what we thought must be the best tasting plastic around. Chuck’s dog (Sam), more often the winner with the longer legs and the more muscular of the two, always held his head high as he trotted back towards his master, looking...

Words: 624 - Pages: 3