Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of a College Student

In: Other Topics

Submitted By iampreziah
Words 6098
Pages 25
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2006; 70 (5) Article 104.

RESEARCH ARTICLES Factors That Affect Academic Performance Among Pharmacy Students
Sujit S. Sansgiry, PhD, Monali Bhosle, MS, and Kavita Sail, MS
College of Pharmacy, University of Houston
Submitted February 3, 2006; accepted April 14, 2006; published October 15, 2006.

Objective. The objective of this study was to examine factors such as academic competence, test competence, time management, strategic studying, and test anxiety, and identify whether these factors could distinguish differences among students, based on academic performance and enrollment in the experiential program. Methods. A cross-sectional study design utilizing questionnaires measuring previously validated constructs was used to evaluate the effect of these factors on students with low and high cumulative grade point averages (GPAs). Pharmacy students (N 5 198) enrolled at the University of Houston participated in the study. Results. Academic performance was significantly associated with factors such as academic competence and test competence. Students with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or greater significantly differed in their level of test competence than those with a GPA of less than 3.0. Students enrolled in their experiential year differed from students enrolled in their second year of curriculum on factors such as test anxiety, academic competence, test competence, and time management skills. Conclusion. Test competence was an important factor to distinguish students with low vs. high academic performance. Factors such as academic competence, test competence, test anxiety and time management improve as students’ progress in their experiential year.
Keywords: academic performance, academic competence, test competence, time management, strategic studying, test anxiety

INTRODUCTION
Grade point average (GPA) is a…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performances of College Students

...Factors Affecting Academic Performance Abstract The study intends to assess difference in the performance of students at school and university levels and estimates the change in perception of students about contribution of family, teachers, and self- efforts in academic achievements. Primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire from final year students of engineering departments of universities of Lahore. The statistics are computed by comparing grades and perceptions of contributing factors of sampled students. The study finds significant difference between university and school levels regarding performance of students. Drastic change in the perception of students about the share of family, teachers, and self- efforts in performance is also observed. Introduction There are two main objectives of this report; first, to estimate the change in the performance of students at two distinct levels; school and university, second, to assess the change in the perception of students about role of contributing factors in their academic achievements. Before the initiation of the survey, a focus group of students of engineering departments of different universities was conducted to assess the most significant factors. In focus group, students identified following factors, which had a significant effect on their academic achievements: 1-Family support (moral and economic) 2-Teachers (teacher’s skill, qualification, guidance etc.) 3-Students’ self profile......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Students Academic Performance in Nigeria

...org/ERR ISSN 1990-3839 © 2011 Academic Journals Review The effects of poverty on academic achievement Misty Lacour1 and Laura D. Tissington2* 2 Southern Arkansas University, Magnolia, Arkansas, USA. th University of West Florida, 1732 N. 13 Avenue Pensacola, Florida 32503, USA. Accepted 12 May, 2011 Poverty, which forms a specific culture and way of life, is a growing issue in the United States. The number of Americans living in poverty is continually increasing. Poverty indicates the extent to which an individual does without resources. Resources can include financial, emotional, mental, spiritual, and physical resources as well as support systems, relationships, role models, and knowledge of hidden rules. Poverty directly affects academic achievement due to the lack of resources available for student success. Low achievement is closely correlated with lack of resources, and numerous studies have documented the correlation between low socioeconomic status and low achievement. Several strategies exist to assist teachers in closing the poverty achievement gap for students. Key words: Poverty, family income, achievement gap, academic gap. INTRODUCTION In the United States (US), the gaps in achievement among poor and advantaged students are substantial (Rowan et al., 2004). Through multiple studies, The U.S. Department of Education (2001: 8) has indicated results that “clearly demonstrated that student and school poverty adversely affected student achievement”. The U.S.......

Words: 3421 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Hospitality Students

...ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF HOSPITALITY STUDENTS OF CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY- SILANG CAMPUS Mark Anthony S. Gato Janna Gold D. Lagura An undergraduate research proposal submitted to the Faculty of Cavite State University- Silang Campus in Partial fulfilment of the requirements for graduation for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management. To be prepared under the supervision of Mr. Rizalito B. Javier. INTRODUCTION Hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, restaurant, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry (Bieber et al, 2011) The fact that some students with apparently high scholastics aptitude do very poorly in tertiary school while others with only mediocre ability do very well has presented a challenge to many educators. It has been observed that hard working students with high IQs sometimes do not perform as well as their classmates with lower IQs (Harvey, 2003) Academic performance is generally refers to how will a student can accomplishing his or her task or studies, but there quite a number of factors that determine the level and quality of students’ academic performance (Bell, 2008). According to Swagman (2011), she stated that the U.S education system stacks up against other countries on the PISA......

Words: 5125 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Bstm Students

...Chapter I The Problem and Its Background Introduction Students spend one third of their 24 hours to study. A high school student spends 8 hours to school. For college students, sometimes they need longer time because of library research and extracurricular activities. (Molmisa, 2011) If the students spend more time in school than at home they should learn much from school. But why does some student get failing grade and some get passing grade? The student’s performance or academic achievement plays an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leader and manpower for the country’s economic and social development. (Ali et.al, 2009) This research will be conducted to find out what affects student’s academic performance. The focus of this research is how student’s performance is affected by factors. Student’s performance is affected due to social, psychological, economic, environmental and personal factors. These factors strongly influence on the student performance, but these factors vary from person to person and country to country. Theoretical Framework This chapter presents the relevant theories about Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Bachelor of Science in Immaculate Conception International College of Arts and Technology in Sta. Maria, Bulacan. The factors affecting academic performance of a student has many reason why it is happening. Thinking skills will affect student’s learning facilities if they will not learn......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Working Students

...CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Student jobs have become a sort of trend among students around the world, who wants to be a working while they are studying. In short, the term that suits this trend is ‘Earn and Learn ‘ policy. Other reasons why student jobs are popular among students are they help to cope up with the constant increase in tuition fees, and a way to afford further educations. The problem has been developed with the question as to how the corresponding workloads and required working hours of working students affect their academic performance at EARIST. As a researcher, the main purpose of the study is to know the factors that affect the academic performance of working students. In addition, this paper aims to provide encouragement and motivation to all students especially to those who are financially distressed to pursue and finish a college degree in order to competitive in the future and be able to realize their goals and aspirations. It may also provide learning experiences and information to other students who are not working. In order to accomplish our objectives, we adopted several methodologies in obtaining data and information such as conducting surveys by providing questionnaires to our subjects, getting information in the internet and conducting interviews personally and honestly with our target subjects to get assurance that our data, information and values gathered were correct and......

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance

...HOW DOES THE ALLOWANCE OF THE STUDENT AFFECT HIS/HER ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE A RESEARCH PAPER Presented to DR. THERESITA POBLETE Department of Community Development College of Public Affairs Mindanao State University In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course CD 160 (Techniques and Methods of Social Investigation) Second Semester, 2013- 2014 By COSARY B. PANGILAMUN March 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE The students’ intellectual capacity and improvement varies from their Academic Performance is said to be one of the crucial areas of the learner’s life since it serves as an output of what the student learned and a reflection of what kind of students they are. Some learners may not be bothered whether they progress or not, however, in the flip of the other side, their parents are left with great distress if their children do not perform well. But, judgments of the students’ academic performance can’t be measured hundred percent for there are multiple factors that arise when it comes to studies. These facets need or should be considered for a better understanding of the students’ performances in school. Researchers have found out that determinant “of learners’ performance has been the subject of ongoing debate among educators, academic and policy makers. Various factors affect students in many ways under different circumstances. These factors take in socio-economic, psychological, emotional, and environmental......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Students Study and Academic Performance

...Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction This research deals on the common factors that affect the study of BEED-2ND year students and their academic performance. These factors are the problem of the 2nd year BEED students in their studies. It has been an interplay of so many factors on gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parents educational attainment, social status, numbers of sibling and etc. This research focuses on the factors that affect the studies of BEED-2nd year students and their academic performance. These factors can help students on how to face these problems in their studies. This study also can help the parents and the teachers understand the problem of their students. Furthermore, this research helps us as a future teacher because if we know the problem of our students we can understand them clearly especially on financial aspect. Theoretical Framework One of the problems that besets our educational system is poor study habits several studies found this problem challenging and therefore, efforts have to be exerted in order to determine the root cause. According to Lass and Wilson(1965), students fails not because they do not have intelligence to understand why they are studying, not because their lesson are too difficult for them but because they do not know how to study or understand what study means. Students failure in his academic subject may not be to lack of intellectual capacity, but perhaps it may be due to negative......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Common Factors Affecting Students Study and Academic Performance

...Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction This research deals on the common factors that affect the study of BEED-2ND year students and their academic performance. These factors are the problem of the 2nd year BEED students in their studies. It has been an interplay of so many factors on gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parents educational attainment, social status, numbers of sibling and etc. This research focuses on the factors that affect the studies of BEED-2nd year students and their academic performance. These factors can help students on how to face these problems in their studies. This study also can help the parents and the teachers understand the problem of their students. Furthermore, this research helps us as a future teacher because if we know the problem of our students we can understand them clearly especially on financial aspect. Theoretical Framework One of the problems that besets our educational system is poor study habits several studies found this problem challenging and therefore, efforts have to be exerted in order to determine the root cause. According to Lass and Wilson(1965), students fails not because they do not have intelligence to understand why they are studying, not because their lesson are too difficult for them but because they do not know how to study or understand what study means. Students failure in his academic subject may not be to lack of intellectual capacity, but perhaps it may be due to negative......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance

...Factors Affecting Students Academic Performance By Pat & Tyler Thesis n Smoking, Alcohol, time spent sleeping and stress all have a great effect students’ academic performance. Our Survey n Grade & Gender? n How many hours a week do you engage in physical activity? n How many cigarettes do you smoke in a week? n How many alcoholic beverages do you consume in a week? n How many hours of sleep do you get per night? n How do feel when you wake up on a school day? n How often do you feel stressed? n What is your overall average? n Do you enjoy school? Grade & Gender How many hours a week do you engage in physical activity? How many cigarettes do you smoke in a week? How many alcoholic beverages do you consume in a week? How many hours of sleep do you get per night? How often do you feel stressed? Do you enjoy school? Statistics Canada n The following data is taken from The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth: transition into adolescence (NLSCY) Male & Female Achievement Importance of Doing Well in School Importance of Doing Well in School n After observing this data, it is very clear that those who consider school to be very important do much better than those who do not consider school to be important. n This was not surprising because of the common sense involved. n We found it interesting that a very small fraction of the students surveyed didn't consider school to be important. n It has been proven many times, by Stats Canada on......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Students

...problem and its background Introduction Students are most essential asset for any educational institute. The students must be nurtured and guided because the social and economic development of the country is directly linked with student academic performance. The elementary students’ academic performance measurement has garnered considerable attention to research bodies but in a broader perspective considering all the possible factors that may affect student learning. This research will focus only on the social factors affecting the academic performance of lower section students to give keener and precise observation because these factors strongly influence on the student performance. Learning is influenced by social interactions, interpersonal relationships, and communication with others.Learning is often enhanced when children have an opportunity to interact with andcollaborate with others on instructional tasks. In these situations, children haveopportunities for perspective taking and reflective thinking that can enhance their self-esteemand development. Quality interpersonal relationships can provide trust andcaring that increase children’s sense of belonging, self-respect, self-acceptance, andproduce a positive learning climate. Parents, teachers, and peers are very importantpeople in the child’s social world (Lumsden 1994). The relationships and interactions experienced by the students can enhance or undermine the students learning. Attitude can alter every......

Words: 1101 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Students in Nigeria

...A CASE STUDY OF SCHOOL - RELATED FACTORS AFFECTING NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE By Dr. Olaniyi Bojuwoye ABSTRACT A ten-item questionnaire containing various descriptions of school-related characteristic which have been found to adversely affect pupils academic performance was administered on 809 teachers and 1012 students of secondary schools from ten randomly selected states in Nigeria. The respondents ranked the characteristics in terms of their degree of effect on pupil academic performance. The result showed that lack of resource materials for teaching, instructional strategies, teacher shortages and teachers’ attitude to work were rated more highly than other characteristics. The result further showed that while the teachers considered lack of resource materials for teaching as having the greatest degree of effect on pupils academic performance, the students on the other hand considered poor instructional strategies as having the greatest degree of effect on pupil academic performance. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND LITERATURE On attaining Independence status as a nation in 1960 what seemed a major concern to most Nigerian leaders then was how education would be accessible to all citizens of the newly created nation. Education was seen as the necessary instrument immediately and essentially for the consolidation of the independence, for securing the new nation against neocolonianism and for making workable the newly established self government in......

Words: 4789 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Hospitality Students

... 2011, Page 01 ‐ 14  FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ QUALITY OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: A CASE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL M.S. Farooq1, A.H. Chaudhry1, M. Shafiq1, G. Berhanu2 1University of the Punjab, Pakistan 2University of Gothenburg, Sweden ABSTRACT This study was conducted to examine different factors influencing the academic performance of secondary school students in a metropolitan city of Pakistan. The respondents for this study were 10th grade students (300 male & 300 female). A survey was conducted by using a questionnaire for information gathering about different factors relating to academic performance of students. The academic performance was gauged by the result of their 9th grade annual examination. Standard t-test and ANOVA were applied to investigate the effect of different factors on students’ achievement. The results of the study revealed that socioeconomic status (SES) and parents’ education have a significant effect on students’ overall academic achievement as well as achievement in the subjects of Mathematics and English. The high and average socio-economic level affects the performance more than the lower level. It is very interesting that parents’ education means more than their occupation in relation to their children’s academic performance at school. It was found that girls perform better than the male students. Keywords: Quality performance, achievement, socioeconomic demographic factors, gender and academic......

Words: 2717 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance Among College Students

...ACHIEVEMENT OF GRADE 10 STUDENTS IN SOCORRO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The Faculty of College of Education Bucas Grande Foundation College Socorro, Surigao del Norte In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements for the Degree BACHELOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION Major In English DINGDING, CRISNA D. PIEDAD, JESIRYL V. CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Rationale English, the second language in Philippines plays an important role as a means of communication in many parts of the world, and is considered important in order to absorb and develop technology, art and culture and also to maintain good relationship with foreign country. English is also the tool to communicate and interact with foreign people and international audiences. English has been acknowledged as the medium of great deal of the world’s knowledge (Crystal, 1999). In this case, the educational institution plays an important role in supporting the teaching of English. In learning English, there are four language skills that have to be mastered by learner. According Ronny (2009), we have to learn at least four language skills: (1) listening (2) speaking (3) reading (4) writing. Every aspects on the process of teaching and learning, assessing students, giving instruction, even the books are in English. That is why the students are supposed to be master in English to make them easy to understand another lesson – in this case it is Mathematics. Students have to......

Words: 8368 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Students

...the teacher. II. Discussion Classroom Management is a term used by teachers to describe the process of ensuring that classroom lessons run smoothly despite disruptive behavior by students. PRINCIPLES IN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT Cited by James H. Stronge. 1.) Consistent, proactive discipline is the crux of effective classroom management. If we are proactive in our approach to discipline we prevent unnecessary disciplinary problems from cropping up. We have not to wait for disciplinary problems to erupts for us to take a move. 2.) Establish routines for all dialy tasks and needs. Routinized collection of assignments, passing of papers, and preparation for experiments saves us a lot of time and effort. 3.) Orchestrate smooth transitions and continuity of momentum throughout the day. Smooth transitions and continuity of momentum throughout the day ensure us that every instructional moment is made use of wisely. 4.) Strike a balance between variety and challenge in students’ activities. A variety of school activities will ensure the students’ multiple intelligence and learning styles. 5.) As classroom manager, be aware of all actions and activities in the classroom. While our back faces them when we write on the boar, our “eyes on the back of our heads” will make our students feel that we know what they are doing. This is what Kounin calls with-it-ness. 6.) Resolve minor inattention and disruption before they become major disruptions. 7.) We have......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance of First Year College Students of the Divine Word College of Bangued First Semester 2010-2011

...FACTORS AFFECTING ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF FIRST YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF THE DIVINE WORD COLLEGE OF BANGUED FIRST SEMESTER 2010-2011 Mary B. Gallardo,MST-Math, Alfreinell S. Castillo, BSC, Jessie T. Sibayan, AB, Marianito T. Taeza, AB, and G. Regil D.Valera, BSCE Registrar’s Office, Divine Word College of Bangued June 1, 2011. The objective of this study was to examine factors such as age, gender, high school graduated from, and Grade Point Average (GPA) in fourth year and to identify whether these factors could distinguish differences among students based on academic performance. A survey was made from the available data at the Registrar’s Office. The researchers looked into the records of the first year students of the degree programs namely: Bachelor of Elementary Education (N= 37), Bachelor of Secondary Education (N= 20), Bachelor in Business Administration (N= 53), Bachelor of Science in Nursing (N= 30), and Bachelor of Science in Accountancy (N= 35) a total of 175 subjects. In this particular research, age, school graduated from and gender did not affect academic performance in college among the first year BEEd, BSEd, BSBA, BSAc and BSN students of the Divine Word College of Bangued during the first semester 2010-2011. Academic performance was significantly associated with the grade point average in high school. Introduction. Learning is a lifetime process. Continues learning equips an individual as a student with a larger tapestry of knowledge,......

Words: 1704 - Pages: 7