Premium Essay

Factors Impeding Effective Implementation of Strategy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Orora
Words 4299
Pages 18
1.0 INTRODUCTION:
Strategy implementation is also referred to as strategy execution or strategy actualization. There is no universally accepted definition of strategy implementation. Reading through various scholarly works, one is able to identify three broad distinct conceptions of the term. Some authors view it as a sequence of carefully planned consecutive steps, a perspective which can be labeled a process perspective. The second approach treats strategy implementation as a series of concerted (but often parallel) actions and examines these actions from a behavior perspective. Some authors combine the process perspective and behavior or action perspective and form a third approach, which we label as a hybrid perspective.
Under the process perspective, implementation is the process that turns plans into action assignments and ensures that such assignments are executed in a manner that accomplishes the plan’s stated objectives (Kotler, 1984). Strategy implementation is an iterative process of implementing strategies, policies, programs and action plans that allows a firm to utilize its resources to take advantage of opportunities in the competitive environment (Harrington, 2006).
Under the behaviour perspective, implementation is the actions initiated within the organization and its relationships with external constituencies to realize the strategy (Varadarajan, 1999). Implementation is operationally defined as those senior-level leadership behaviors and activities that will transform a working plan into a concrete reality (Schaap, 2006).
In the hybrid perspective, implementation is defined as ‘the sum total of the activities and choices required for the execution of a strategic plan…the process by which strategies and policies are put into action’ (Wheelen & Hunger 1992). Strategy execution is defined as the step-by-step implementation of the various...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Marketing

...*Executive summary /Abstract */introduction Critically evaluates the marketing planning process Discusses impediments to effective implementation of marketing plan Introduction The leading exponents of the marketing planning have been warned of the communications factors, operational, cultural and managerial in which frequently impede the effective implementation of the marketing planning programmers in the past two decades. (Cravens, 1998; Doyle, 1998; Greenley, 1982; Leeflang and de Mortanges, 1996; McDonald, 1992a, b; 1995; Piercy and Morgan, 1994; Jain, 1993; Simkin, 1996a, b; Verhage and Waarts, 1988). There have some specific guidance are offered in the recent years to assist marketing managers overcoming those internal organisational and in pre-empting forces (cf. Cravens, 1998; Dibb et al., 1996; Lings, 1999; Piercy, 1997; 1998; Simkin, 2000). Yet, the recent research has shows barriers to the implementation of programmes and marketing strategies. (Dibb and Simkin, 2001; Simkin, 2000). Another key barrier is indicating impeding the deployment of effective marketing practices used to be the lack in most marketing function or either in organisations. (cf. McDonald, 1992a, b; Piercy and Morgan, 1994). The research are shows this is a no longer to the case with the bulkiness businesses professing to have a marketing department undertaking not only promotion and customer research,but are relate to the Kotleresque textbook approach to marketing management...

Words: 1580 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Strategyic System

...Case study research offers the potential for a deeper examination of the processes involved in the relationship between MCS and strategy formulation and implementation. The aim of case research is not necessarily to identify the best fit between MCS, strategy and other variables, but to study the interactions between MCS and strategy. This may be contrasted with the empirical research reviewed in the preceding section that was cross-sectional in design and therefore presented a static view of MCS and strategy; the dynamic nature of the relationships cannot be inferred. Also, case studies can allow a wide range of controls to be studied, including those that are difficult to measure with surveys. In this section, the cases reviewed address a series of Interrelated issues: managers’ perceptions as mediating the link between MCS and strategy, the role of MCS in effecting or impeding strategic change, and choice of interactive and diagnostic controls to manage strategy. Managers’ perceptions as mediating MCS and strategy. Archer and Otley (1991) presented a rich description of the control system used in an agricultural manufacturing company. The managers of Rumenco saw their company as having limited opportunities to determine and pursue strategic goals, due to the declining industry and capital resource limitations. Managers characterized their competitive advantage as cost leadership (production) and 222 K. LANGFIELD-SMITH product......

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

John Kotter's Eight Stage Change Model

...various stakeholders including senior and emerging leaders, managers and employees throughout the eight stages are defined. In addition, factors which can contribute to a failed organization change initiative are discussed. Transforming an organization from a sub-optimizing enterprise of independently functioning departments to an organization that embraces cross-functional teams and customer centric integrated processes that focuses on delivering quality products and services requires a well defined and implemented plan of action. In addition, transforming an organization also requires a large amount time, financial resources and most importantly risk. Published success rates of some change management programs are as low as 10% (Oakland & Tanner, 2007). Shrinking profit margins and increasing competition both globally and locally require initiatives that are implemented by organizations to deliver the desired results. A number of organizational change models are available for an organization to use when transforming an organization. John Kotter’s Eight-Stage Change Model provides a framework that allows an organization the time needed to implement change as well as inclusion and participation of all stakeholders throughout the organizational transformation. John Kotter’s Eight-Stage Change Model is a “comprehensive implementation model and offers guidance for large-scale change management efforts” (Stragalas, 2010, p. 31). The Kotter Change Model does not......

Words: 1284 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Systematic Review

...South University At 22:57 26 January 2016 (PT) To cite this document: Saja Ahmed Albliwi Jiju Antony Sarina Abdul halim Lim , (2015),"A systematic review of Lean Six Sigma for the manufacturing industry", Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 21 Iss 3 pp. 665 - 691 Permanent link to this document: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-03-2014-0019 Downloaded on: 26 January 2016, At: 22:57 (PT) References: this document contains references to 63 other documents. To copy this document: permissions@emeraldinsight.com The fulltext of this document has been downloaded 961 times since 2015* Users who downloaded this article also downloaded: Saja Albliwi, Jiju Antony, Sarina Abdul Halim Lim, Ton van der Wiele, (2014),"Critical failure factors of Lean Six Sigma: a systematic literature review", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 31 Iss 9 pp. 1012-1030 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJQRM-09-2013-0147 M.P.J. Pepper, T.A. Spedding, (2010),"The evolution of lean Six Sigma", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 27 Iss 2 pp. 138-155 http:// dx.doi.org/10.1108/02656711011014276 Diego Pacheco, Isaac Pergher, Guilherme Luís Roehe Vaccaro, Carlos Fernando Jung, Carla ten Caten, (2015),"18 comparative aspects between Lean and Six Sigma: Complementarity and implications", International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, Vol. 6 Iss 2 pp. 161-175 http:// dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJLSS-05-2014-0012 Access to this document was......

Words: 13381 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Supply Chain

...The Impact of “Cloud Computing”-based Information Sharing on Supply Chain Li YiPeng, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, School of Information and Safety Engineering, Wu Han, China, Lyp2357@163.com The research presented in this publication uses both analytical and methodological approach through mathematical models to exploit a real time information sharing based on “Cloud Computing”. The author has clearly provided type, limitation and limited orientation to the following terminologies with respect to the scope of is research and publication: Type of Information Shared, The pertaining definitions of Information Measurement, Quantitative and Qualitative Measurement of Information, Accelerating Physical Flow, Scope of Uncertainty in the Supply Chain, Building Cloud Computing Platform in Supply Chain. The methodological approach is also provided to find the optimal solution for information sharing in a cloud computing scenario, the study uses a mathematics optimization model by including variables such as Product, Consumer (computed through Poisson Process, Auto Regression, ARIMA and Stationary Demand), Retailer and Manufacturer. The results of this study are very important to supply chain practitioners. It can be used as benchmark to assess the impact and value of cloud computing in the supply chain. It is the cloud computing platform’s task to make the partners using the information service more easily and conveniently. To those middle and small-sized companies...

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Public Policing Versus Private Security

...University of Pheonix | Survey of Justice and Security | Public Policing versus Private Security Comparison | AJS/502 | Latisha Lipsey | 5/19/2014 | | Public policing and private security have many similarities as well as differences. There are a couple of different fields of policing, which include private security and public policing. State government, city government, and towns provide the community with public policing to enforce laws and serve and protect the citizens (The Debate on Private Versus Public Policing, 2007). Private security functions include loss prevention duties or protective services. Private security also specializes in closed circuit monitoring services, secret level clearance, and patrol. Public policing has the right to arrest, where as private policing does not have the right to arrest, but they are able to detain someone until law enforcement arrives (The Debate on Private Versus Public Policing, 2007). There are some cases where private security goes undercover, which is similar to public policing, this is to blend in with the environment and also used as asset protection. The vision between public policing and private security has been a little blurred through the years, private police look like and at times behave like public police, and there are also similarities of the job activities and responsibilities (The Debate on Private Versus Public Policing, 2007). But there is a huge difference between the two, in which the......

Words: 1631 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Duke University Children's Hopsital Case Study

...Duke University's Children's Hospital (DCH) is a pediatric hospital that is located on Duke University Hospital’s fifth floor. DCH is a 134-bed facility with 800 employees who care for patients in neonatal ICU, pediatric ICU, pediatric emergency room, intermediate care unit, bone-marrow transplant unit, subspecialty clinic, and outreach clinic (Meliones, 2000). The annual operating loss of DCH grew from a high $4 million in 1992 to a staggering $11 million in 1996, forcing hospital administrators to cut-down resources. This move made some caregivers feel that the clinical care quality at DCH had deteriorated. Complaints from parents were on the rise, dissatisfied doctors considered sending their patients to other hospitals, and some frustrated staff members eventually quit. As important as DCH’s institutional mission was to promote the community’s health, so important it was to not lose focus from the big picture during a difficult time. The specific goal of clinicians is to restore the health of their patients; however, cost is not something that they want on their minds. Hospital administrators on the other hand have their specific goal to control the rapidly growing healthcare costs. Cost-cutting in such testing conditions traumatized patients, frustrated clinicians, and crippled the mission of DCH. The decision to remove a respirator therapist who worked in the night shift, for instance, affected not only the patient and her parents, but also the insurance company,...

Words: 1513 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Comparing the Quality Management Practices in Uk Smes

...The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.com/0263-5577.htm Comparing the quality management practices in UK SMEs Maneesh Kumar Strathclyde Institute for Operations Management, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, and Quality management practices 1153 Received 5 May 2008 Revised 23 June 2008 Accepted 17 July 2008 Jiju Antony Centre for Research in Six Sigma and Process Excellence (CRISSPE), Strathclyde Institute for Operations Management, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK Abstract Purpose – The last two decades have witnessed an explosion of research into the area of quality initiatives (QI) such as ISO, total quality management, lean, Kaizen and its application within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). However, very few empirical studies have reported the application of Six Sigma in SMEs; the reasons may be attributed to several myths associated with Six Sigma. The purpose of this paper is to assess the current status of QI in the UK manufacturing SMEs and report the differences in the quality management practices of Six Sigma SMEs against the ISO certified firms. Design/methodology/approach – A survey-based approach was adopted to understand the established quality management practices in the UK SMEs. A short survey instrument was designed by reviewing the literature on quality improvement initiatives in SMEs. A sample of 500 manufacturing SMEs across UK was selected through stratified random......

Words: 6237 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Growing Economy, Scope for Fresh and New Projects, Need for Infrastructural Facilities.

...Challenges Project Management in Bangladesh : Positive Factors: 1. Growing economy, scope for fresh and new projects, need for infrastructural facilities. 2. Availability of resources. 3. Abundance of manpower. 4. Urge for development. 5. Adaptability of manpower vis-à-vis technologies. Negative Factors: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. Poor & very inadequate technical bases. Inadequacy of research & trained manpower. Serious brain drain. Lack & inadequacy of infra-structural facilities. Corruption (resource utilization is only 40% effectively). Very poor project planning. Data bank lacking & highly inaccurate. Dearth of experienced & hardworking and honest entrepreneurs. Poor general economic conditions & low per capita income. Size of market & buying capacities. Uncongenial legal framework. Absence of good governance. Unfriendly administrative machinery. Irrational fiscal policy. Weak & ineffective capital market. Inefficient monitoring of banking structure & banking policy. Default culture. Absence of business ethics. Lack of political will. High political risk including instability. Precarious law & order situation. Bangladesh is classified as “high risk” country. Low savings - GDP ratio. Majority of the population lives below poverty level. Low literacy rate & lack of civic sense, patriotism, and sense of belongingness. Unhealthy distribution of income and concentration of most of the wealth of the...

Words: 2738 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Economics Project India Ahead

...steps that we believe India must take in order to achieve its full potential. In our latest brics analysis, India scores below the Other three BRIC nations, and is currently ranked 110 out of a set of 181 Countries. If India were able to undertake the necessary reforms, it could raise its growth potential by as much as 2.8% per annum, placing it in a very strong position to deliver the impressive growth. We highlight the ten key areas where reform is needed. In a way these are the covered ones, we consider them to be the most crucial: 1. Improve governance. Without better governance, delivery systems and effective implementation, India will find it difficult to educate its citizens, build its infrastructure, increase agricultural productivity and ensure that the fruits of economic growth are well established. 2. Raise educational achievement. Among more micro factors, raising India’s educational achievement is a major requirement to help achieve the nation’s potential. According to our basic...

Words: 4202 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Drivers for Change

...expansion of the global economy is assured. With it comes the challenge of conducting business efficiently across different geographical and cultural boundaries, and adopting new business models. Mergers and acquisitions will increase as corporations seek to fast track global expansion. Furthermore the pace of technological development is expected to continue unabated. All of these factors provide the background to change within an organisation. Alvin Toffler, a former editor of Fortune Magazine and influential voice in business, made the famous comment: 'There is only one constant today and that is change' Tofler made that comment some decades ago, and today the rate of change is phenomenal. No longer can organisations, even in the public sector, sit back and be content with steady state. Every organisation is challenged by change, and competitiveness is determined by the organisation's ability to cope with change. How is your organisation challenged by change? Identify three areas of major change your business is faced with. So what are the drivers for change? We have mentioned some of the factors that call for change. Here are others - weak business performance, poor customer satisfaction, high rate of project failure, lack of innovation, rapid technology advances, new business...

Words: 3301 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Bbc Broadcasting & Presentation

...evaluate the approach taken to measurement “recommended” by the BBC.  Key Success Factors  Identify and Measure the organisation {SWOT&PEST)  Key Performance Indicators  Balance Scorecard  Appraisal & Review of Business Policy Measurement 4 4 5 6 7 9 3 How should the senior team in BBC Broadcasting & Presentation develop their thinking to sustain the momentum of total quality/business excellence?  Pillars and Dimensions of Total Quality Management  Customer Focus  Continuous Improvement  Employee Investment and Empowerment  Systems Thinking  Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle  Leadership  Customer Focus through Customer Relationship Management (CRM)  European Forum for Quality Management (EFQM)  Balance Scorecard Programme Management Process (BSPM)  Establishment and set up of Programme Office  Strategic Analysis  Strategic Development  Strategic Implementation  Strategic Implementation: Measure and Appraise 10 11 11 12 14 14 15 16 16 17 19 19 21 22 22 23 4 Conclusion 24 5 Bibliography 25 Executive Summary BBC Broadcasting & Presentation began their quality journey when their mission statement was emerged out of a lengthy process. They develop objectives that connected to their mission. To deliver their mission they had critical success factors and key performance indicators than linked to the critical success factors. They also assigned owners to each critical process and total quality measures......

Words: 5405 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Organizational Behaviour

... “ Change or perish” (Abrahams, Eric “Change without Pain” Harvard Business Review 2000, p.1) is the fate of companies and corporations when faced with the external and internal challenges that impact organizations, their structure and process and ultimately corporate success. (Abrahams, 2000). Regardless how uniquely positioned in its macro- or micro economical environment, no company is sheltered from the requirement to adapt to the ever-changing circumstances and influencing factors it conducts business in and more importantly, is intending to conduct business in the future and remain successful. ( Robbins, Judge, 2009) Be it planned changed or change induced by so called change agents, change is the driving force behind organizational re-structuring, -re-alignment and re-focus on a company targets, goals and ultimately success. (Judge, 2000). In order to adapt to and manage change effectively, it is imperative for management to understand the complexity and interconnectivity of the factors required to align in any given affected corporate structure. (Weber, 1998) For such crucial competitive analysis, various assessment tools to analyze, assess and investigate corporate organization, structure and process, have been incepted, designed and refined. (Kaplan, Norton, 1996) This paper will use such assessment tools to perform a corporate analysis or “FIT” Test (Fold, Campbell, 2002) of RedBird Energy, a Canadian based renewable energy project developer and financer,...

Words: 3933 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Ad Analiyis "Chanel Perfume"

...Factors Affecting Initial Trust in C2C E-Commerce and Strategies of Building Initial Trust in China Huamei Sun Factors Affecting Initial Trust in C2C E-Commerce and Strategies of Building Initial Trust in China Huamei Sun School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China E-mail:shm9166@sina.com Abstract The study of initial trust is very important to the development of e-commerce. On the basis of current status of China’s C2C e-commerce, this paper conducts an in-depth analysis of the factors affecting the consumers’ initial trust. At last, the paper provides some valuable marketing strategies as to how to build the initial trust so as to facilitate the success of online transactions. The research conducted by this paper will help enterprise enhance their competitive advantage and contribute to the development of e-commerce. Keywords: Initial Trust, C2C E-Commerce, Online Shopping 1. Introduction The study of the trust in the e-commerce environment has long been mostly focusing on the B2C Model, yet with the development of the information technology, the online C2C business has accounted for more than 75% of the online shopping turnover, which has influenced people’s work environment greatly and become an important part in the daily life of consumers in the information society. Under the C2C e-commerce environment characterized by the person-to-person transactions, it’s difficult for the buyer and seller to build a high......

Words: 4584 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Campbell and Bailyn’s Boston Office: Managing the Reorganization

...Case: Campbell and Bailyn’s Boston Office: Managing the Reorganization Executive summary: This case was about issues that Ken Winston, the regional office manager Campbell and Bailyn’s Boston Office faced with as a result of the two recent changes in organizational structure and performance management system to react to the dynamic of the industry and market. The issues created by these two changes were process complication, limitation in competitive advantages, and discouragement on internal collaboration. We recommend Winston to engage KAT and sales specialist team, define measureable goals to each individual, set up one common organizational goal and make it as part of the performance assessment and hold more company events to encourage collaboration and relationship. With this solution, Winston will be able to ease the process, build stronger sales team, maintain market share, gain sales, maintain profit and create good and healthy working environment within the organization. 1. Situation analysis Campbell and Bailyn (C & B), found in the early 1900s and based in New York, was one of the five largest investment bank in the worlds. The firm has good reputation and was doing well in all segments of the investment banking industry. Within the firm, the bond division, which had been the fastest growing unit, had eight regional sales offices around the world. After New York, the Boston office was the largest. Due to the size and the revenue volume,......

Words: 2709 - Pages: 11