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Factors of Production

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ting731
Words 1956
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Define and Describe the Four Factors Of Production In every society there are so called 'factors of production,' that are used to manufacture goods and services. These are often referred to as limited resources: The first factor of production is land. This refers not just to land itself but to all natural resources - the surface of the earth, forests, mineral deposits etc... These resources can be split into two different types: non-renewable and renewable. Non-renewable resources are resources such as coal, oil, gold and copper which once used up can never be replaced as their formation took millions of years. Renewable resources include fish stocks, water and wind power and these can be renewed and replaced. However these sources require careful management as misuse can lead to destruction of the source. Some nations are endowed with natural resources and exploit this by specialising in the extraction and production of these resources
This category sometimes extends over all natural resources. It is intended to represent the contribution to production of nonhuman resources as found in their original, unimproved form. For the French physiocrats led by Francois Quesnay in the 1750s and 1760s, land was the only factor yielding a reliable gain to its owner. In their view, laborers and artisans were powerless and in excess supply, and hence they earned on average only a subsistence-level income; and in the same way what they produced outside of agriculture fetched enough to cover only their wages and input costs with no margin for profit. Only in agriculture, due to soil fertility and other "gifts of nature," could a laborer palpably produce more than required to cover subsistence and other…….
Land in production represents the natural materials used in production of goods and services. It provides the raw materials and resources that become the goods or the land...

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