Premium Essay

Factors That Influence Justice in America


Submitted By rhoskins40
Words 2156
Pages 9
There are several factors that can influence justice in America. I find that you can read and work up information all day on justice in America as far back as history goes. The constitution of the United States Supreme Court helps set careers and regulations of factors that do influence America. Some of them can vary in topics from your race, crime, prisons, policing, and courts.
Organized crime may be defined as systematically unlawful activity for profit on city guide interstate and even international scale. Crime organized keeps their illegal operations percent and members confer by word of mouth. Gangs sometimes become sufficiently symptomatic to the call organized. The act of engaging in criminal activity as a structural group in referred in the United States as racketeering. The criminal organization depends on the part of support from the society in which it extends. It is frequently expedient for it to compromise some of society’s upright memories, especially people in the judiciary, police forces, legislature, and cultivation of mutually dependent relationships with legitimate business. The five factors that influence a justice decision are Constitution, Precedent, Judicial Philosophy, Intent, and Public Opinion. According to an article I read in a book from David O. Carpenter the Constitution states, “We, the people of the United States in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America” (The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States). The constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. Binding precedent obligates a court to follow its decisions, while persuasive precedent

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Us Government

...George W. Bush's 9/11 Adress Influence on America America has been influenced by many positive and negative factors that continue to influence today. In the speech, The 9/11 Address by George W. Bush uses three rhetorical strategies to create a thought provoking speech that still continues to influence America today. He used repetition, pathos, and tone. By using repetition, Bush constantly reminds America that although the biggest buildings are being shaken nothing will affect the foundation of the country: "These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong" (Bush). He continued to speak of America’s strength to push a positive influence. Bush made a comparison to America, "These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve" (Bush). Repeating Americas strength reassures that nothing will come close to altering Americas foundation. Pathos is used to channel inner feelings, as George W. Bush used his words to evoke sympathy and sorrow for all Americans: "Thousands of lives were suddenly ended by evil, despicable acts of terror. The pictures of airplanes flying into buildings, fires burning, huge structures collapsing have filled us with disbelief, terrible sadness and a quiet, unyielding anger" (Bush). Encouraging Bush's audience to feel sadness and to feel angered he then motivated his audience to feel pride: "America was targeted for attack because...

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Police Influence on Society

...Police Influence on Society Stephanie Jennings CJA/344 February 11, 2013 Stephen Humphries Police Influence on Society There are different factors when it comes to the police influence on society. The factors can be both negative and positive on society. The police are in the community to protect and serve. The main purpose of law enforcement is to maintain order and to investigate criminal activity in the United States. The history of American policing was learned from Great Britain and adapted by America. The first ideal people to do the policing were healthy young boys and men that had come over with the Europeans on the first ships to venture to America (Trojanowicz, R. C., 1991). The main reason was to protect themselves from the natives who did not want to share their land. The natives, in time, became more settled and the two groups were able to live more successfully together. Policing became one of the primary duties of the Justices of the Peace. Evolution soon took hold of the colonies and they became cities and towns. This made it more of a priority to organize forms of law enforcement. In 1636, “The Night Watch” was born and it was to be a productive way to control the actions and criminal activities of the area of Boston. New York took the idea in 1651 and created the “Shout and Rattle Watch.” There was success and failures in both cities but Philadelphia felt that policing could be more productive is the area was divided and assigned to small...

Words: 751 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Police History

...Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Introduction Criminal justice changes in rules, procedures, and terms from state to state. However, the punishment exercised on criminals cannot vary from the standards established by the United States. A crime is classified as an act that violates the federal laws of America. Consequently, all the violations are subject to different severities of punishment. Crimes in particular can be as minimal as a traffic violation and become as severe as homicide. The severity of the crime will determine the severity of the punishment. The criminal justice system is designed in order to standardize a level of punishment to appropriately fit the crime committed. The criminal justice system is largely affected by constitutional law and has evolved significantly over time. Currently, the criminal justice system maintains itself to helping the process of reprimanding criminals. There are three elements of the system and there all valuable in the criminal justice system. The primary element is the police force. Police officers have the responsibilities to capture criminals, investigate, and testify in court based on what actions were witnessed. In some situations, police officers have the obligation to jail criminals directly from street while they await their trial dates. The second element is the court system. The court system is generally composed of a prosecutor, judge, and suspect who is referred to as the defendant in court...

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...The criminal justice system uses a lot of terminology that can be hard to understand, two words commonly used are disparity and discrimination. In this essay I will define and give current examples of the terminology. I will also explain why knowing the difference between the two is important in the criminal justice system. Disparity and discrimination are similar terms. You might be asking yourself what is disparity? Disparity can be defined as a lack of similarity or equality. Diversity can be defined as the condition of having or being composed of differing elements. One current and highly controversial form of discrimination that we are facing worldwide is same sex marriages. No matter if you are for it or against it you have seen or been affected in some way by the topic. By not allowing same sex marriages to be validated we are discriminating against the gay and lesbian community. There are still many forms of discrimination that take place in today’s society; unfortunately a lot of discrimination is racially based. We also see a lot of gender based discrimination; typically men are still paid more than women for the exact same job. America is the most racially diverse demographic nation in the world. Many people working the criminal justice systems are aware of the racial disparity and would like to counteract it. Racial disparity in the criminal justice system exists when the proportion of the racial or ethnic group within control of the system is greater than the...

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Racial Profiling and the Cirminial Justice System

...enforcement in their jurisdictions (Cleary, 2000). This literature review will examine the argument of whether racial profiling is practiced significantly by police agencies nationwide, and whether such practices are beneficial or not? The determination of whether race is a significant factor in the likelihood of being stopped by law enforcement is the purpose of this research. Are African Americans Targeted by Police Because of Their Race? A Review of the Literature Examining whether or not African Americans are targeted by police because of their race is an effective topic because African Americans experience it every day and the experience is not a new concept. The argument over racial profiling is based on two questions. Does racial profiling actually occur and if so, is it being used as a legitimate tool by law enforcement? The extent of racial profiling by the public is unknown; however, research reveals that “both race and personal experience with racial profiling are strong predictors in the attitudes toward profiling and that, among blacks, social class affects views of the prevalence and acceptability of the practice” (Weitzer and Tuch, 2002) thus furthering the need to investigate class influences on evaluations of the police. The Rodney King beating is evidence that racial profiling does exist. A 1999 Gallup Poll research study revealed that 77 percent of blacks felt that racial profiling is widespread in the United States; and 42 percent felt they were targeted by...

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sociology in Criminal System

... Abstract Sociology in the criminal justice system s both interest but very complicating. There are some many different aspects on what can be touched upon. The criminal justice system is known to be very biased. In specific terms the system is racial bias and unfair. The America uses a formal social control, to deal with crimes. Statistics show a fair difference and connection between race and the percentage of people convicted of crimes. Other components influence these percentages but always seem to come back to race. The racial unfairness has taken a toll on the American people and contrasts the idea that America was originally built on Incredible as it is America is one of the most tolerant nations in the world. America is a country that was built on freedom, pride, happiness, and equality. Though this is common knowledge and an allusion of the American people, the country has some faults. Equality is a major moral in America that was fought for in history and even in today's society. Throughout our history minority groups have fought hard for there rights and we have accepted the fact that its wrong to discriminate. It is agreed that racial discrimination is wrong as well (Banks, 2009, p 79). Racism has been a problem in America seen the country was founded. Slavery was a form of racism in the early centuries of America. Our judicial system has been a pride and joy for some Americans for others criminals...

Words: 3066 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Crimes in Dhaka

...Understanding Crime Trends in Dhaka city Literature Review In this modern technological sphere of human civilization ‘crime’ does not have any certain or universal definition. Though some the sociologists and criminologists have given some definition. In short, the deviation of law considered as crime. While every crime violets the law, not every violation of the law can traced as crime. In the modern forms of crimes, mostly evolve centralizing the urbanization process. The rapid urbanization process and crime conduction has some intimate relationships. Since urbanization process heavily influence the socioeconomic condition of the third world country, so there could be the possibility of having different trends of crime. Rapid urban settlement is the feature of contemporary urbanization process in Bangladesh. Dhaka city turned into the center hub of all possible crime and criminal activity. So, how urbanization process could be integrated to understanding crime trends in Dhaka city, as well as overall crime scenario of Bangladesh, we will be looking for it. The study will cover major trends of crimes in the past years, for coming days. Simultaneously how crime trends could possibly be changed, with the socio-economic variables related to crime in urban areas. The following literature reviews attempt to demonstrate and support the objectives of the study. In a research article by J. Walker, et al. (1990) was emphasized on the sectors and trends though. Australian rates of crime...

Words: 2123 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Key Social Issues

...issues that contribute to the need for criminal justice practitioners are sex offenders, drug abuse, and gun control. The first key social issue is sex offenders. Sex offenders are required by state law to register in the system and allows the public to know where they live and what offense was made (Perlam 2006.). A sex offender is an adult, or child having consensual or nonconsensual sex with a minor. Having a sex offender in your neighborhood can prove not to be a good thing for schools or homes because of the children. When individuals register as they are supposed to, it allows people in the community to be aware of them. The second key social issue is drug abuse. This issue requires a need for criminal justice practitioner in for different reasons. Drug abuse is a social and physical problem. The physical problem is the pain that a person inflicts upon themselves intentionally and unintentionally while high. Drug abuse can lead to life threatening addictions and can also kill a person. Therefore, it contributes for a need of a criminal justice practitioner; the CJ practitioner can promote a lack of narcotics to prevent individuals from spending the rest of their lives jail. When a person abuses drugs, they do not see their problem as an issue. A criminal justice practitioner role would be to help drug abusers by, sending them to rehabilitation centers or locking them up. Drug abusers can become violent and also influence others to try/use drugs in the community. The third...

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Solitary Con

...Solitary confinement is an incarceration norm in the United States and around the world, as prisoners are locked away and left to their own devices for days on end. Though this practice has mostly been commonplace and a part of the American criminal justice ethic for the better part of three centuries, some have questioned whether this is the future of criminal justice in America. Solitary confinement, it seems, has psychological effects that have previously been unknown and given this information, some argue that the practice is inhumane or in violation of the sixth amendment’s prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment. Solitary confinement breaks down the mind’s ability to function and in the process, it does long-term, often irreparable damage to prisoners. Those prisoners, many of whom are later released at the end of their sentence, are afflicted with a new mental disability as a result of their time in solitary confinement. This can have dangerous effects on communities and it can lead to higher rates of recidivism among these prisoners. Given the accumulated knowledge that the scientific community now has on the long-term effects of solitary confinement, it is clear that this practice raises ethical and practical questions. It will, in the next ten to twenty years, force various states and the federal government to choose whether they want to continue with an inhumane practice that could leave communities with a new danger that has been wholly caused by incarceration...

Words: 1929 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Organizational Justice

...Organizational Justice In today’s developing work life, organizational justice is increasingly important to the welfare of the organization, managers, and employees. Organizational justice shows how employees view the fairness of work-related issues in the workplace and the trust they have in the organization and its management. According to Burge, the study of organizational justice is important for three reasons: 1. Justice is a social aspect that strongly affects every-day life, whether it is social or organizational. 2. The most important asset of any organization is its members, and the manner in which they are treated influences behaviors such as commitment, trust, performance, and turnover. 3. Since the global workforce is becoming more educated and skilled, workers are demanding not only better jobs with better pay, but also more respect and dignity in their work environment. (as cited in Marjani & Ardahaey, 2012, p. 125) Some theorists such as Schmink, Cropanzano, and Rupp (as cited in Marjani & Ardahaey, 2012) have stated that organizational justice is influenced by the structure of the organization and that organizational structure, justice, and ethics are potentially related. The way organizational members view the justice and the fairness they receive from the organization will affect the way they work and interact with others in their group or team. These factors, in turn greatly affect the organization’s effectiveness and efficiency. Studies...

Words: 1655 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

American Nation

...American Set of Values American Set of Values America is one of leading nations across the world in various aspects. This situation has been brought about by various factors, which drive the agenda of the nation for its prosperity and integrity. Core values are adopted by America as a nation forms a significant ingredient in towards these achievements. American core values define the beliefs and values upheld by its citizens irrespective of the status, power and backgrounds. The set of cores values influences the way American people conduct themselves in everything they do. This paper discussion the American core values in to details. The first core value upheld by America as a nation if people’s liberty. In this case, people are not forced to undertake political and personal obligations. Therefore, people are not forced into things they believe are not right particularly if they such an action can cause harm to an individual or, others. Liberty in this case has been divided into three including political, personal, and economic freedoms. Persona freedom includes the freedom, which the government cannot invade or interview with at any given time (Bill & Halamandaris 2004). An individual is free to act according to his or her will without being forced. Citizens are allowed to think and talk about issues affecting their lives and for generations to come. Political freedom, allows citizens to participate in political processes including voting. Citizens...

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Midterm Question #1 I feel as though the American Criminal Justice System as it stands right now is a conflict model of law. In recent years there has been many things that have contributed to the tumultuous relationship between society and every aspect of the American Criminal Justice System. From the senseless killings of innocent people to unfair convictions of more innocent people, the Criminal Justice System has encountered many blows that they have no clue how to even begin to withstand. The state in which our society lies right now is very hostile towards anyone apart of the system. Cops are feared because they have killed innocent men. Judges and lawyers are not set upon a pedestal in society because of their convictions of innocent people based on false pretenses. After the Sandra Bland scandal correction officers have been under scrutiny. Respect, dignity, and faith in the very system that is sworn to protect the communities is very much nonexistent. People like Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown, Sandra Bland, Eric Garner, and Oscar Grant will forever be known for their tragic deaths at the hands of the law. In each case, these individuals were killed for some reasons known and others unknown. At different stages within the system, these people were dealt an unfair hand. Trayvon Martin was handed injustice inside the courtroom. George Zimmerman was found innocent on a stand your ground precedent that did not apply to him. Even with audio of a dispatcher clearly telling...

Words: 3855 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Marketing Mix

...Environmental Factors effects in Marketing loihfihphi MKT/421 October 8, 2013 kihofiahwiof Environmental Factors that effects in Marketing Marketing is important in any firm in United States. Our country and many others are built on a framework of capitalism where trade is a primary source of profit. Global and domestic marketing revolves around buyers and sellers. External factors can voluntarily or involuntarily influence company’s marketing decisions. Managers of larger company tends to have wider array of choices when it comes to structuring their marketing plan and strategy because they either already have a strong marketing position to begin with, but to smaller firms they would have to take careful consideration and anticipation to any marketing decisions that uncontrollable external factors will create. In this paper, the author will discuss global interdependence and the effects of trade practices and agreements in the marketing. Also we will relate the significance of demographics and physical infrastructure variable while we examine the importance of social responsibility and ethics versus legal obligations firms consider prior to decisions. In this paper we will also analyze the effects...

Words: 1294 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Racial Profiling

...Shawnta Morris CJE 101-01 Research Paper October1, 2013 Racial Profiling and the Effects it has on Blacks in the Criminal Justice System. Some people wonder what is racial profiling. Racial profiling deals with miss-education, slavery, and incarceration. Since the beginning of slavery African Americans have suffered due to their identity. Racial profiling deals with selecting a person for their complaint of a specific racial group. The main reason in advocating racial profiling in the background of criminal study can enlarge the possibility of arresting criminals. Paul Bou-Habib stated, “If the rate at which members of a specific racial group commits a crime is higher than that of other criminals will be caught if the police concentrate their efforts on investigating members of the racial group in question?” (2011, p.34). It is injustice, when police officers, political officials, and judges have learned how to automatically have a racist attitude towards blacks. For example, my friend was in McDonald’s parking lot and he was in the process of switching seats with his friend because he was exhausted of driving. While leaving the parking lot, the officer had pulled them over because he seen a black guy get out of his car and thought something seemed suspicious. The officer implied that my friend did not use his right turning signal. The term “driving while black has been used to describe the practice of law enforcement officials to stop African-American drivers without probable...

Words: 1936 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Civil Action J Shlichtmann

...Courts of law in America have one major flaw. The pursuit of truth is overshadowed by the pursuit of money. In A Civil Action, Jan Schlichtmann greatest impacts the resolution of the environmental issue by prioritizing justice over money. Towards the beginning of the movie, Schlichtmann is shown in a silent settlement discussion with another lawyer. His client is visibly severely paralyzed. Schlichtmann doesn’t even seem to consider any offer below what he believes to be just and fair to his client, whose life has essentially been ruined, regardless of each “final” amount. He finally settles for $2 million. Schlichtmann could have easily declined and proceeded with the trial to earn more money for himself, but he decided to only take the justified amount for his...

Words: 418 - Pages: 2