Premium Essay

Failed International Business: Swiss Air ( Germany)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By EAAgboola
Words 1531
Pages 7
Knorr, A., & Arndt, A. (2003). Swissair’s Collapse - an Economic Analysis. Materialien des Wissenschafts schwerpunktes: Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft, Bd. 28, September 2003. Bremen
This article discusses the failure of Swissair by analyzing the financials of the company prior to the year 2001 when the company became grounded. It begins by giving the company’s profile and its history from establishment in 1931. The paper highlights the company’s successes and gives a table that shows the gradual increase in the number of fleet, employees, revenue, cities served, and the break-even load factor from 1931 to 2000.
The paper goes ahead to explain the reasons why the company failed to consider the alliance strategy that was commonly used by similar companies as well as elaborating other principal causes of failure such as government interference and uncritical media coverage, A five year financial review of the company is provided beginning 1996 to the year 2000 showing how the operating revenue increased while the EBIT and profits decreased and finally led to losses.

Mileski, J., & Nwabueze, U. (2008). The Challenge of effective governance: a case study of Swissair. Journal of Corporate Governance, 8, 5, 583-594
This article begins by giving a brief history of Swissair Company making note of its initial successes and good management practices. It then explores the best managerial practices that are crucial for the success of any business, laying emphasis on the precepts of effective corporate governance and their impact on businesses. The paper then explores the corporate governance practices that were common in the Swissair Company comparing them to the best corporate governance practices before clearly exposing the failures in corporate governance that led to the grounding of the company. This paper is important because it gives explicit corporate...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Mobile Payment

...Mobile payments in Asia Pacific i n f o r m at i o n , c o m m u n i c at i o n s & e nt e rta i n m e nt Mobile payments in Asia Pacific  Contents 2 Introduction from Sean Choi and David Collins 3 Introduction from John Ure and Peter Lovelock 4 Introduction 6 Business models and the m-payments value chain – Business models behind different transaction types – Emerging business models by country – Industry perspectives on m-payments 22 Case studies – Smart in the Philippines – Yeepay’s B2B approach – The growing reach of Octopus – Gaming and virtual money – A view from the bottom of the pyramid – mHITs in Australia 29 Regulations and standards 40 Risks and challenges 44 About KPMG © 2007 KPMG, a Hong Kong partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International, a Swiss cooperative. All rights reserved. 2 Mobile payments in Asia Pacific Introduction from Sean Choi and David Collins Seung Hwan (Sean) Choi This KPMG thought leadership report explores the development of the market for mobile payment systems in Asia Pacific. We believe the significance of this market cannot be overstated, as new technologies have the potential to play a key role in the expansion of commerce to an ever-wider segment of the world’s population. This is especially true in Asia Pacific. The expansion of commerce and the growing reach of...

Words: 18276 - Pages: 74

Premium Essay

Corruption

... consequences. Corruption as a phenomenon, is a global problem, and exists in varying degrees in different countries (Agbu, 2001). Corruption is not only found in democratic and dictatorial politic s, but also in feudal, capitalist and socialist economies. Christian, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist cultures are equally be deviled by corruption Corruption in India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Political corruption | Concepts | * Bribery * Cronyism * Kleptocracy * Economics of corruption * Electoral fraud * Nepotism * Slush fund * Plutocracy * Political scandal | Corruption by country | | Europe | * Albania * Armenia * Belgium * Bosnia * Denmark * Finland * France * Germany * Croatia * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Georgia * Greece * Iceland * Ireland * Italy * Kosovo * Latvia * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macedonia * Moldova * Montenegro * Netherlands * Poland * Portugal * Romania * Serbia * Slovakia * Slovenia * Spain * Sweden * Switzerland * Ukraine | Asia | * Afghanistan * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Cambodia * China * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Jordan * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Malaysia * North Korea * Pakistan * Philippines * South Korea * Sri Lanka * Thailand * Uzbekistan * Vietnam | Africa | * Angola * Botswana * Cameroon * Congo * Egypt * Ghana * Kenya * Liberia * Mauritius * Morocco...

Words: 8076 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Haier Strategy

...9-706-401 REV: AUGUST 25, 2006 KRISHNA PALEPU TARUN KHANNA INGRID VARGAS Haier: Taking a Chinese Company Global Only by entering the international market can we know what our competition is doing, can we raise our competitive edge. Otherwise, we’ll lose the China market to foreigners. — Zhang Ruimin, 19961 All success relies on one thing in overseas markets—creating a localized brand name. We have to make Americans feel that Haier is a localized U.S. brand instead of an imported Chinese brand. — Zhang Ruimin, 20032 On December 26, 2004, Haier Group, ranked China’s number-one company by the Asian Wall Street Journal,3 celebrated its 20th anniversary with annual sales topping RMB 100 billion.a (See Exhibit 1 for Haier revenue growth.) Starting with a defunct refrigerator factory in Qingdao, Shandong province, founder and CEO Zhang Ruimin built Haier into China’s largest home appliance maker.b Globally, Haier ranked third in white goods revenues, and was the second-largest refrigerator manufacturer (with about 6% of the global market) behind...

Words: 10226 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

International Finance

...Sixth Edition INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Cheol S. Eun Bruce G. Resnick International Financial Management Sixth Edition The McGraw-Hill/Irwin Series in Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Stephen A. Ross Franco Modigliani Professor of Finance and Economics Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Consulting Editor FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Adair Excel Applications for Corporate Finance First Edition Block, Hirt, and Danielsen Foundations of Financial Management Fourteenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance Tenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance, Concise Second Edition Brealey, Myers, and Marcus Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Sixth Edition Brooks FinGame Online 5.0 Bruner Case Studies in Finance: Managing for Corporate Value Creation Sixth Edition Chew The New Corporate Finance: Where Theory Meets Practice Third Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: Applications and Theory First Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: M Book First Edition DeMello Cases in Finance Second Edition Grinblatt (editor) Stephen A. Ross, Mentor: Influence through Generations Grinblatt and Titman Financial Markets and Corporate Strategy Second Edition Higgins Analysis for Financial Management Ninth Edition Kellison Theory of Interest Third Edition Kester, Ruback, and Tufano Case Problems in Finance Twelfth Edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jaffe Corporate Finance Ninth......

Words: 186186 - Pages: 745

Free Essay

Ntng

...decisions on the line of the Union Cabinet. The recommendations of the GoMs were placed before the Cabinet for a final call) 2) The Chief Executive of Lok Sabha Television (LSTV) Rajiv Mishra was sacked from his post by Meira Kumar, the Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha, on 30 May 2014. This sacking was done by 3) India lost in its first tie of the 13th FIH Men’s Hockey World Cup that started from 31 May 2014. India lost to Belgium by 2-3 to start its campaign on a losing note. This World Cup is being held at – The Hague, Netherlands (The 13th FIH Men’s Hockey World Cup is being held from 31 May to 15 June 2014 at Kyocera Hockey Stadium at the Hague. 12 teams participating in the Hockey World Cup are – Argentina, Australia, Belgium, England, Germany, India, Malaysia, Netherlands (the hosts), New Zealand, South Africa, South Korea and Spain) 4) Who emerged as the winner in the Presidential Elections in the southern African country Malawi that were held on 20 May...

Words: 14338 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

Management

...governments of its member countries. More documents related to this discussion can be found at http://www.oecd.org/daf/competition/airlinecompetition.htm. English - Or. English JT03358883 Complete document available on OLIS in its original format This document and any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. DAF/COMP(2014)14 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ................................................................................................................................................. 3 1. Features of the airline industry ............................................................................................................. 4 1.1. Liberalisation of the air transportation industry .......................................................................... 4 Business models and industry consolidation............................................................................... 6 1.2. a. LCC entry and new business models...

Words: 29874 - Pages: 120

Premium Essay

Ryanair Case

...O’Leary, formerly an accountant at KPMG, described the airline as follows: “Ryanair is doing in the airline industry in Europe what Ikea has done. We pile it high and sell it cheap. . . . For years flying has been the preserve of rich [people]. Now everyone can afford to fly.”1,2 Having created profitable operations in the difficult airline industry, Ryanair, as did industry analysts, likened itself to U.S. carrier Southwest Airlines, and its common stock has attracted the attention of investors in Europe and abroad. Low-Fare Airlines Historically the airline industry has been a notoriously difficult business in which to make consistent profits. Over the past several decades, low-fare airlines have been launched in an attempt to operate with lower costs, but with few exceptions, most have gone bankrupt or been swallowed up by larger carriers (see Exhibit 2 for a list of failed airlines). Given the excess capacity in the global aircraft market in more recent years, barriers to entry in the commercial airline space have never been so low. Price competition in the U.S. and Europe, along with rising fuel costs, has had a deleterious affect on both profits and margins at most carriers. The current state of the industry can be...

Words: 7615 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Lindt Annual Report

...Lindt & SprüngLi AnnUAL REPORT 2011 For the past 165 years, premium chocolate manufacturer Lindt & Sprüngli has been committed to render top quality. With six production sites in Europe and two in the USA, 18 subsidiaries as well as numerous independent distribution partners, LINDT products are in the meantime available nearly all around the globe. To ensure an impressive presentation of the LINDT product variety and to grant our loyal chocolate lovers an extraordinary shopping experience, increased investments have been made in the past years for the expansion of the LINDT retail department. For this reason, we will take you in this annual report on a journey, starting in New York, with stopovers in Zurich, Tokyo, Sydney and San Francisco where we will show you some impressions of selected worldwide LINDT Boutiques, Shops and Chocolate Cafés. We look forward to welcoming you during your next trip in one of our stores.                 K e y F i n a n c i a l data A n n uA L r e p o rt 2011 InCOME STATEMEnT 2011 2010 Change in % Sales EBITDA in % of sales EBIT in % of sales net income in % of sales Operating cash flow in % of sales CHF million CHF million % CHF million % CHF million % CHF million % 2,488.6 421.9 17.0 328.7 13.2 246.5 9.9 345.4 13.9 2,579.3 423.3 16.4 325.3 12.6 241.9 9.4 363.7 14.1 – 3.5 – 0.3 1.0 1.9 – 5.0 BALAnCE SHEET 2011 2010 Change in % Total assets Current assets in % of total assets non-current assets in % of......

Words: 42264 - Pages: 170

Premium Essay

Around the World in Eight Days

...Master’s thesis M.Sc. in EU Business & Law An analysis of the European low fare airline industry - with focus on Ryanair Student: Thomas C. Sørensen Student number: 256487 Academic advisor: Philipp Schröder Aarhus School of Business September 13, 2005 1 Table of contents 1. Introduction 1.1. Preface 6 1.2. Research problem 6 1.3. Problem formulation 7 1.4. Delimitation 7 2. Science and methodology approach 2.1. Approaches to science 2.1.1. Ontology 2.1.1.1. Objectivism 2.1.1.2. Constructivism 2.1.2. Epismotology 2.1.2.1. Positivism 2.1.2.2. Hermeneutics 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 2.2. Methodology 2.2.1. Types of research 2.2.2. Types of data 2.2.2.1. Quantitative data 2.2.2.2. Qualitative data 2.2.2.3. Primary and secondary data 11 12 13 13 13 14 2.5 Reliability and validity 15 3. Theoretical framework 3.1. The structure of this thesis 16 3.2. Theory on strategy and competitive advantage 3.2.1. The Positioning School 3.1.1.1. Theory on Porter´s Five Forces model 3.2.1.2. Theory of Generic Strategies 3.2.2. The Resource-based School 3.2.2.1. Theory on SWOT analysis 18 24 20 23 25 27 4. The low fare airline business model 4.1. Introduction 28 4.2. Differences between the LFA model and the FSA model 4.2.1. The service factor 29 29 2 4.2.2. Turnaround times 4.2.3. Homogenous fleet 4.2.4. Point-to-point travel vs hub-and-spoke travel 4.2.5. Higher seat density 4.2...

Words: 44143 - Pages: 177

Free Essay

Ap Euro Notes

...AP EUROPEAN HISTORY NOTES- Filled with silliness and inside jokes, enjoy at your leisure :) If something is in [] brackets, it is only written in there for our pleasure, ignore it if you are looking for actual information. Key: • 7: The Renaissance and Reformation- 1350-1600 UMSUniversal o Georgio Vasari- Rinascita=rebirth (like Renaissance) painter/architect Male Suffrage o Individualism: People sought to receive personal credit for achievements, unlike medieval ideal of “all glory goes to god” Names Ideas o Renaissance: Began in Italian city-states, a cause de invention of the printing press, laid way for Protestant Reformation Events Books/Texts Italy: City states, under HRE (Holy Roman Empire) o For alliances:  old nobility vs. wealthy merchants FIGHT P-Prussia  Popolo: third class, “the people”, wanted own share of wealth/power R-Russia A-Austria  Ciompi Revolts: 1378 Florence, Popolo were revolting [eew], brief period of control over government B-Britain  Milan taken over by signor (which is a tyrant) • o Under control of the Condottiero (mercenary) Sforza- Significant because after this, a few wealthy families dominated Venice (e.g. Medici) Humanism: Francesco Petrarch (Sonnets), came up with term “Dark Ages”, began to study classical world of rhetoric and literature  Cicero: Important Roman, provided account of collapse of Roman Republic [like Edward Gibbon], invented Ciceronian style: Latin style of writing...

Words: 17289 - Pages: 70

Premium Essay

Chapter 17 Outline Procter & Gamble in Japan: from Marketing Failure to Success

...Chapter 17 Outline Procter & Gamble in Japan: from Marketing Failure to Success Introduction The Globalization of Markets? Market Segmentation Product Attributes Cultural Differences Economic Differences Product and Technical Standards Distribution Strategy A Typical Distribution System Differences between Countries Choosing a Distribution Strategy Communication Strategy Barriers to International Communication Push versus Pull Strategies Global Advertising Pricing Strategy Price Discrimination Strategic Pricing Regulatory Influences on Prices Configuring the Marketing Mix New Product Development The Location of R&D Integrating R&D, Marketing, and Production Cross-Functional Teams Implications for the International Business Chapter Summary Critical Discussion Questions Nike--The Ugly American? Procter & Gamble in Japan:  from Marketing Failure to Success Procter & Gamble (P&G), the large US consumer products company, has a well-earned reputation as one of the world's best marketers. With its 80-plus major brands, P&G generates more than $37 billion in annual revenues worldwide. Along with Unilever, P&G is a dominant global force in laundry detergents, cleaning products, and personal care products. P&G expanded abroad after World War II by exporting its brands and marketing policies to Western Europe, initially with considerable success. Over the next 30 years, this policy of developing new products and marketing strategies in the United States......

Words: 16584 - Pages: 67

Free Essay

Uk Pestle Analysis

...differences between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats in the current government is making the coalition vulnerable. Tensions between pro-Europe Liberal Democrats and euroskeptic Conservatives continue to plague British politics. Further, conflicting views on issues such as welfare reforms, immigration and the economy are straining relations. The UK economy is developed, but rising government debt remains a concern The UK is one of the largest economies in the EU and is one of the strongest in terms of social welfare and standard of living. Among the EU countries, the UK has one of the highest levels of per capita GDP in terms of purchasing power parity. According to the World Bank's Doing Business indicators for 2013, the UK is the seventh best country in the world to do business. The...

Words: 22764 - Pages: 92

Free Essay

State of the World

...Barbados Barbados is a North American sovereign island country located in the Caribbean. The capital of this state is Bridgetown. This state raised its head as an independent state in 1966 after being a Colony of the British Empire for almost 350 years. Category | Fact | Category | Fact | 1.Size | 439 Square km | 4.Religion | Christianity | 2.Population | 277,821 | 5.Currency | Barbadian Dollar | 3.Language | Barbadian | 6.GDP Rate | $16,653 | The main resources of Barbados are Petroleum, Fish, Natural gas, Sugarcane etc. The national symbols of Barbados are Neptune's trident, pelican, and Red Bird of Paradise flower (also known as Pride of Barbados). In Barbados Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of the State and represented locally by Governor General which is at present Elliott Belgrave. These two heads are advised by the Prime Minister of Barbados who is also the Head of the Government on matters of Barbadian state. The current Prime Minister of Barbados is Freundel Stuart. ...

Words: 64439 - Pages: 258

Premium Essay

Terrorists

...capability on par with some of the world's best spy services.4th generation warfare is highly irregular, unconventional and decentralized in approach. Al-Qaida employs symmetrical operations to bypass the superior military power of nation-states by attacking and exploiting vulnerable political, economic, population, and symbolic targets, thus demoralizing both government and its populace. Al-Qaeda uses cover and related techniques of intelligence and counterintelligence tradecraft. Al-Qaeda is a radical network organisation within the broader Islamist Salafi movement, legitimizing its terrorist operations as a global Islamist jihad whose raison d’être and modus operandi are inextricably embedded in disturbing the conglomerate of international Western diplomatic, financial, military and intelligence policies today. Gunaratna (2002, p. 296) offers a detailed description of al-Qaeda as an Islamist organization full of vitality” It has a “politically clandestine structure” inspired by “internationalism”, drawing on the “Marxist militant model” using “nom de guerre” and a strict “cell structure” It follows “the idea of a cadre party, maintains tight discipline, promotes self-sacrifice and reverence for the leadership and is guided by a program of action and hopes that their efforts will persuade other Islamic militant groups to join the global jihad.al-Qaeda’s ideology is...

Words: 4342 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Dgfd

...National Events – 2013 January: S Ramakrishnan takes charge as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Director Senior scientist with four decades of experience in rocketry, S Ramakrishnan has assumed charge as Director of the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Tiruvananthapuram. Ramakrishnan, who was director of the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), succeeds P S Veeraraghavan. A Padma Shri award recipient, Ramakrishnan is an expert in aerospace propulsion, launch vehicle systems and project management. The new director was one of the scientists who took part in the mission to realise India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV-3. He was the mission director for PSLV C1, C2, C3 and C4 flights. Amitabh Bachchan, Vidya Balan named PETA's hottest vegetarian celebrities Bollywood megastar Amitab Bachchan and actress Vidya Balan have been named PETA's hottest celebrity vegetarians of 2012. The other names in the running were Miss India Neha Dhupia, actor Shahid Kapoor, Sonu Sood, southern star Dhanush, Kareena Kapoor and veteran actress Hema Malini. Bachchan, 70, has been named the hottest vegetarian celebrity three times in the past and even won the crown in PETA Asia's equivalent contest in 2011. Balan, who had won the crown in 2010 too, has often credited her curves to her meat-free diet. IPS officer creates triathlon record A senior officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre has created a record of sorts on completing a 695 km long journey from Visakhapatnam to Hyderabad on a bicycle. Rajiv......

Words: 33722 - Pages: 135