Premium Essay

The Failure of Fahrenheit 451

In: Novels

Submitted By blaine
Words 2630
Pages 11
The Failure of Fahrenheit 451
By Jeremy Smith

13 October 2003
I.

In 1953, Ray Bradbury published a novel in which the burning of books presages the burning of the world.

In the half century since, Fahrenheit 451 has emerged as a staple of high school and college syllabi and continues to chart best-seller lists. Both Simon & Schuster and Del Rey are releasing fiftieth anniversary editions this year. This past summer it was the number one best-selling science fiction/fantasy paperback in Barnes & Noble stores. While it is most often used as a way of talking about media and censorship, Fahrenheit 451 also represents a literary mode that seeks to prevent a certain future by describing it. This mode is often -- but not always -- dystopian. It is distinguished most by a moralistic and apocalyptic state of mind.

Let's call it Cassandraism, after the daughter of Troy whose prophecies were not believed. Launched with Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Cassandraism remains the most socially acceptable branch on the family tree of science fiction, embracing such respectably literary figures as Aldous Huxley, George Orwell, Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., and Margaret Atwood, who with her 1986 novel The Handmaid's Tale became its foremost contemporary practitioner.

In Atwood's new novel Oryx and Crake, digital convergence and genetic engineering are combined and carried to their logical conclusion, a media-filtered apocalypse that the characters (and, one senses, the author) simultaneously yearn for and struggle against. Like the Bible's Book of Revelation, Oryx and Crake should be read not as a prediction of the future, but as a nightmare of the present. It stands in a tradition of novels like Brave New World or 1984 that are vaticinia ex eventu: history disguised as prophecy.

If the imaginative success of a Cassandraist novel as a warning must be measured in direct…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Fahrenheit 451 Essay

...In Fahrenheit 451, there is a struggle between knowledge and ignorance, and the novel shows how people cope when faced with this struggle. It can be debated, but the pursuit of knowledge is key, and ignorance is not always bliss. The pursuit of knowledge is crucial for Guy Montag, the society as a whole, as well the sanity of everybody. Montag is lost, depressed, and lonely because he felt as if a part of his life was missing. He would wander through the streets at night crying, wondering what was wrong with him, screaming to the skies about the constant weight on his shoulders. Over time, he began to stash books in his vents and pursue reading more. After this, he changed. He seemed lighter, happier, and overall more content with his life. The mere presence of books brought him such a great happiness and began to fulfill his need for knowledge. Clarisse McClellan also struggled with her desperation for knowledge. By the government, she was deemed “different” and “strange” due to the fact she adored reading, writing, and reading. People crossed streets to avoid her, students at school tormented her, and even parts of her own family disowned her. All these actions were a result of her need for knowledge. Ultimately, she ended up taking her own life because she felt so unwanted, she could not express her love for knowledge, and she felt as peculiar as a violin in a marching band. Citizens were burned and were willing to be burned alive if it meant that they were going to lose...

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Aplit

...the piece of literature. Finally symbols show what text cannot and guide you to a more complete understanding of the underlying point. A complicated novel will often include many characters, one central plot, and numerous sub-plots. Pattern recognition allows us to see the relationships between character, actions, and ideas. A time when symbolism enhanced my understanding when reading a literary work, was when i was reading The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The symbol is the green light, which sits across the water from Gatsby's house. Gatsby stood at the end of his garden with arms outstretched, desperately trying to reach the green light. The green light symbolizes how desperately Gatsby want Daisy back in his life- however, his failure to reach the green light demonstrates how Daisy is ultimately gone from his life forever. 2.)Chapter 1: Every trip is a quest (Except when it's not) Story I have chosen is Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief A.) Our questor: A young boy with dyslexia and ADHD who finds out he is a demigod and that his father is poseidon. B.) A place to go: Percy and his friends must go and try to find the master lightning bolt that someone stole he also has to find and try to save his mom C.) A stated reason to go there: Zeus thinks percy stole the lightning bolt and wants him dead so to stay alive he must find out who stole it and give it back to Zeus. He also has to try and find his mom and save her life D.) Challenges......

Words: 2653 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Study on Rats

...anomalies • Hypertension • Hypotension Pulse – see student handout, section 3 • • • • • Purpose of pulse measurement Pulse sites Pulse – rate, rhythm, volume Factors affecting pulse Pulse anomalies: • Tachycardia • Bradycardia Assessment of pulse • Temperature – see student handout, section 3 • • • • • • • Purpose of temperature measurement Temperature regulation and how heat is produced and lost Calculation of centigrade and Fahrenheit Temperature sites and normal parameters Thermometer choice and sites for assessment Factors affecting temperature Temperature anomalies: • Hyperthermia • Hypothermia Assessment of temperature • Practical time should be allowed to undertake the physical measurements (blood pressure, pulse and temperature) in small groups. © COLEG 20 Calculations and Practical Techniques in Health Care F0K9 34 Week 5 Height / Weight / Body Mass Index / Fluid balance Height - see student handout, section 3 Factors affecting human growth: • Heredity / genetics • Hormones • Diet • Infection • Non-organic failure to thrive Measurement and calculation of height Weight - see student handout, section 3 Factors affecting weight: • Genes • Dietary intake • Physical activity Assessment of weight is carried out for a number of reasons: • to assess weight loss or gain • to determine fluid loss or gain • to calculate drug dosages • to monitor the condition of the female and fetus during pregnancy. Measurement and calculation of weight......

Words: 22521 - Pages: 91

Free Essay

Adlerism

...“There is nothing wrong with change – if it is in the right direction…” -Winston Churchill 65. “Charge starts when someone sees the next step…” -William Drayton 66. “Keep testing your limits…” -Jor-Ei – Man of Steel 67. “It doesn’t matter who you are – what matters is your plan…” -Bane – Dark Knight Rises 68. “One cannot build on sand…” -Juan Gallardo (Blood and Sand) 69. “There is a fine line between participation and learning…” -Aristotle 70. “They Key is to learn something new every day!” -Boyd Grant – Fresno State 71. “You don’t have to burn books to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them.” -Ray Bradbury 72. “The books are to remind of us what asses and fools we are…” -Faber (Fahrenheit 451) 73. “You are one bad decision away…” -Coach Adler LQHS 74. “You can choose your sin but you can’t chooser the consequences…” -Jenny Sawford 75. “I wasted time, and now doth time waste me…” -William Shakespeare 76. “The common curse of mankind… Fully and ignorance!” -William Shakespeare (Thoersites) Troilus and Cressida 77. “One must find the source within one’s own self, one must possess it…” -Siddhartha 78. “Don’t mistake activity with achievement…” -John Wooden (UCLA Basketball) 79. “They are an intriguing people. From the moment they wake they devote themselves to the perfection of what they pursue. I have never seen such discipline…” -Capt. Algren – The last Samurai 80. “Our remedies......

Words: 2720 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Ghhg

...Дневник читателя READER’S JOURNAL Ernest Hemingway. The Old Man and the Sea (1952). Joseph Heller. Catch-22 (1961). Tennessee Williams. A Streetcar Named Desire (1959). Iris Murdoch. The Black Prince (1973). Jerome David Salinger. The Catcher in the Rye (1951). Michael Ondaatje. The English Patient (1992). Ray Bradbury. Fahrenheit 451 (1953). Ken Kesey. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1962). Edward Albee. Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962). Arthur Miller. Death of a Salesman (1949). ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Ernest Hemingway. The Old Man and the Sea (1952). ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- FULL TITLE · The Old Man and the Sea ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- AUTHOR · Ernest Hemingway ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- TYPE OF WORK · Novella ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- GENRE · Parable; tragedy ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- LANGUAGE · English ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- TIME AND PLACE WRITTEN · 1951,......

Words: 43588 - Pages: 175

Free Essay

Paper

...the public. PSG is the result of implementation techniques typically used or required by public safety entities to achieve the level of reliability National Public Safety Telecommunications Council Public Safety Grade Task Group Defining Public Safety Grade Systems & Facilities May 22, 2014 and resiliency required to support mission critical activities. NPSTC has previously published a PTT over Long Term Evolution (LTE) document detailing many of these issues. Public Safety Grade also refers to the core best practices, definitions, performance specifications, and the general and featured best practices characteristics necessary for mission critical public safety operations. A PSG communications system should be designed to resist failures due to manmade or natural events as much as practical. This definition includes descriptions of coverage criteria for public safety systems that must be considered as a component of system reliability and elements of resiliency that ensure a rapid return to optimal performance. PSG communications systems are systems that are used by public safety responders and that have been evaluated by public safety officials to provide reliant and resilient operations in the event of natural or manmade disasters or events. Communications is vital to both public safety field and command personnel during routine, local incidents and even more so during major incidents covering a larger area. Public safety voice LMR networks today are among the most......

Words: 44798 - Pages: 180

Free Essay

French New Wave

... The 400 Blows was released in 1959 to much critical and commercial acclaim. Truffaut received a Best Director award from the Cannes Film Festival, the same festival that had banned him only one year earlier. Following the success of The 400 Blows, Truffaut featured disjunctive editing and seemingly random voice-overs in his next film Shoot the Piano Player (1960) starring Charles Aznavour. Truffaut has stated that in the middle of filming, he realized that he hated gangsters. In 1962, Truffaut directed his third movie, Jules and Jim, a romantic drama starring Jeanne Moreau. Over the next decade, Truffaut had varying degrees of success with his films. In 1965 he directed the American production of Ray Bradbury's classic sci-fi novel Fahrenheit 451. It showcased Truffaut's love of books. His only English-speaking film was a great challenge for Truffaut, because he barely spoke English himself. This was also his first film shot in color. Truffaut worked on projects with varied subjects. The Bride Wore Black (1968), a brutal tale of revenge, is a stylish homage to the films of Alfred Hitchcock (once again starring Jeanne Moreau). Mississippi Mermaid (1969), with Catherine Deneuve, is an identity-bending romantic thriller. Stolen Kisses (1968) and Bed and Board (1970) are continuations of the Antoine Doinel Cycle. And The Wild Child (1970) included Truffaut's acting debut in the lead role of 18th century physician Jean Marc Gaspard Itard. Two English Girls (1971) is the yin......

Words: 10418 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Books

...FAHRENHEIT 451 by Ray Bradbury This one, with gratitude, is for DON CONGDON. FAHRENHEIT 451: The temperature at which book-paper catches fire and burns PART I IT WAS A PLEASURE TO BURN IT was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed. With the brass nozzle in his fists, with this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world, the blood pounded in his head, and his hands were the hands of some amazing conductor playing all the symphonies of blazing and burning to bring down the tatters and charcoal ruins of history. With his symbolic helmet numbered 451 on his stolid head, and his eyes all orange flame with the thought of what came next, he flicked the igniter and the house jumped up in a gorging fire that burned the evening sky red and yellow and black. He strode in a swarm of fireflies. He wanted above all, like the old joke, to shove a marshmallow on a stick in the furnace, while the flapping pigeon-winged books died on the porch and lawn of the house. While the books went up in sparkling whirls and blew away on a wind turned dark with burning. Montag grinned the fierce grin of all men singed and driven back by flame. He knew that when he returned to the firehouse, he might wink at himself, a minstrel man, burntcorked, in the mirror. Later, going to sleep, he would feel the fiery smile still gripped by his face muscles, in the dark. It never went away, that. smile, it never ever went away, as long as......

Words: 46160 - Pages: 185

Premium Essay

Developing Managers

...ASSESSMENT 280 Diagnostic Surveys for Gaining Power and Influence Gaining Power and Influence 280 Using Influence Strategies 281 SKILL LEARNING 283 Building a Strong Power Base and Using Influence Wisely 283 A Balanced View of Power 283 Lack of Power 283 Abuse of Power 285 Strategies for Gaining Organizational Power 286 The Necessity of Power and Empowerment 286 Sources of Personal Power 288 Sources of Positional Power 293 Transforming Power into Influence 298 Influence Strategies: The Three Rs 298 The Pros and Cons of Each Strategy 300 Acting Assertively: Neutralizing Influence Attempts 304 SKILL ANALYSIS 310 Case Involving Power and Influence 310 River Woods Plant Manager 310 SKILL PRACTICE 311 Exercise for Gaining Power 311 Repairing Power Failures in Management Circuits 311 Exercise for Using Influence Effectively 312 Ann Lyman’s Proposal 313 Exercises for Neutralizing Unwanted Influence Attempts 314 Cindy’s Fast Foods 314 9:00 to 7:30 315 x CONTENTS SKILL APPLICATION 317 Activities for Gaining Power and Influence Suggested Assignments 317 Application Plan and Evaluation 318 317 SCORING KEYS AND COMPARISON DATA 319 Gaining Power and Influence 319 Scoring Key 319 Comparison Data 320 Using Influence Strategies 320 Scoring Key 320 SKILL PRACTICE Neutralizing Unwanted Influence Attempts Observer’s Feedback Form 321 321 6 MOTIVATING OTHERS 323 SKILL ASSESSMENT 324 Diagnostic Surveys for Motivating Others 324 Diagnosing Poor Performance and Enhancing......

Words: 401244 - Pages: 1605

Free Essay

Networks

...objection is perhaps avoided, but only at the expense of the very promise of the Internet as a democratic medium. In chapters 6 and 7, I offer a detailed and updated analysis of this, perhaps the best-known and most contentious claim about the Internet’s liberalizing effects. First, it is important to understand that any consideration of the democratizing effects of the Internet must measure its effects as compared to the commercial, mass-media-based public sphere, not as compared to an idealized utopia that we embraced a decade ago of how the Internet might be. Commercial mass media that have dominated the public spheres of all modern democracies have been studied extensively. They have been shown in extensive literature to exhibit a series of failures as platforms for public discourse. First, they provide a relatively limited intake basin—that is, too many observations and concerns of too many people in complex modern A Moment of Opportunity and Challenge 11 societies are left unobserved and unattended to by the small cadre of commercial journalists charged with perceiving the range of issues of public concern in any given society. Second, particularly where the market is concentrated, they give their owners inordinate power to shape opinion and information. This power they can either use themselves or sell to the highest bidder. And third, whenever the owners of commercial media choose not to exercise their power in this way, they then tend to program toward the inane and......

Words: 214717 - Pages: 859

Free Essay

Medical Surgical Nursing

.........................................................................................................................35 Drug Schedules ................................................................................................................36 Pregnancy Categories for Drugs.....................................................................................36 Exam Prep Questions ......................................................................................................37 Answer Rationales...................................................................................................39 CHAPTER 3 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System ......................................41 Acute Respiratory Failure................................................................................................42 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ...................................................................42 Pulmonary Embolus ...............................................................................................42 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease .......................................................................44 Chronic Bronchitis .................................................................................................44 Emphysema.............................................................................................................44 Asthma ......................................................................

Words: 177674 - Pages: 711

Premium Essay

Database Management System

...Properties 10.1.3 Transaction Management with SQL 10.1.4 The Transaction Log 10.2 Concurrency Control 10.2.1 Lost Updates 10.2.2 Uncommitted Data 10.2.3 Inconsistent Retrievals 10.2.4 The Scheduler 10.3 Concurrency Control with Locking Methods 10.3.1 Lock Granularity 10.3.2 Lock Types 10.3.3 Two-Phase Locking to Ensure Serializability 10.3.4 Deadlocks 10.4 Concurrency Control with Time Stamping Methods 10.4.1 Wait/Die and Wound/Wait Schemes XI TABLE OF CONTENTS 10.5 Concurrency Control with Optimistic Methods 10.6 Database Recovery Management 10.6.1 Transaction Recovery Summary Key Terms Review Questions Problems 435 435 436 440 441 441 442 Chapter 11 Database Performance Tuning and Query Optimization 445 446 447 447 449 451 452 453 453 453 454 456 458 459 459 460 462 463 465 474 475 475 476 11.1 Database Performance-Tuning Concepts 11.1.1 Performance Tuning: Client and Server 11.1.2 DBMS Architecture 11.1.3 Database Statistics 11.2 Query Processing 11.2.1 SQL Parsing Phase 11.2.2 SQL Execution Phase 11.2.3 SQL Fetching Phase 11.2.4 Query Processing Bottlenecks 11.3 Indexes and Query Optimization 11.4 Optimizer Choices 11.4.1 Using Hints to Affect Optimizer Choices 11.5 SQL Performance Tuning 11.5.1 Index Selectivity 11.5.2 Conditional Expressions 11.6 Query Formulation 11.7 DBMS Performance Tuning 11.8 Query Optimization Example Summary Key Terms Review Questions Problems Chapter 12 Distributed Database Management Systems 480 481 483 484 485......

Words: 189848 - Pages: 760

Premium Essay

The Six Sigma Handbook

...Chapter 15 Managing Six Sigma Projects Useful project management tools and techniques Project planning Project charter Work breakdown structures Feedback loops Performance measures Gantt charts Typical DMAIC project tasks and responsibilities PERT-CPM-type project management systems Resources Resource conflicts Cost considerations in project scheduling Relevant stakeholders Budgeting Project management implementation Management support and organizational roadblocks Short-term (tactical) plans Cross-functional collaboration Continuous review and enhancement of quality process Documentation and procedures Chapter 16 Risk Assessment Reliability and safety analysis Reliability analysis Risk assessment tools Fault free analysis Safety analysis Failure mode and e¡ect analysis (FMEA) FMEA process Statistical tolerancing Assumptions of formula Tolerance intervals 534 535 536 538 541 543 544 544 545 545 552 552 552 556 558 560 560 565 566 567 568 571 571 571 590 591 591 596 597 600 605 606 x Contents Chapter 17 Design of Experiments (DOE) Terminology Definitions Power and sample size Example Design characteristics Types of design One-factor Examples of applying common DOE methods using software Two-way ANOVA with no replicates Two-way ANOVA with replicates Full and fractional factorial Empirical model building and sequential learning Phase 0: Getting your bearings Phase I: The screening experiment Phase II: Steepest ascent (descent) Phase III: The factorial experiment Phase IV:......

Words: 236475 - Pages: 946

Premium Essay

Managerial Economics

...COMPETITION 366 Price Rigidity and Kinked Demand 366 Price Wars and the Prisoner’s Dilemma 368 OTHER DIMENSIONS OF COMPETITION Strategic Commitments Advertising 378 376 376 APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 9: TYING AND BUNDLING 392 CHAPTER 10 Game Theory and Competitive Strategy SIZING UP COMPETITIVE SITUATIONS ANALYZING PAYOFF TABLES 402 Equilibrium Strategies 405 397 398 COMPETITIVE STRATEGY Market Entry 414 Bargaining 416 Sequential Competition 417 Repeated Competition 422 411 APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 10: MIXED STRATEGIES CHAPTER 11 439 Regulation, Public Goods, and Benefit-Cost Analysis 446 I. MARKET FAILURES AND REGULATION 447 MARKET FAILURE DUE TO MONOPOLY 448 Government Responses 449 Contents xix MARKET FAILURE DUE TO EXTERNALITIES Remedying Externalities 458 Promoting Positive Externalities 464 455 MARKET FAILURE DUE TO IMPERFECT INFORMATION II. BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS AND PUBLIC GOODS PROVISION 470 PUBLIC GOODS 471 Public Goods and Efficiency Applying the Net Benefit Rule Dollar Values 475 Efficiency versus Equity 475 Public Investment in a Bridge 471 467 THE BASICS OF BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS 474 474 EVALUATING A PUBLIC PROJECT 477 476 480 VALUING BENEFITS AND COSTS Market Values 480 Nonmarketed Benefits and Costs 480 SECTION III: Decision-Making Applications 497 CHAPTER 12 Decision Making under Uncertainty UNCERTAINTY, PROBABILITY, AND EXPECTED VALUE 500 Expected Value 502 499 DECISION......

Words: 329787 - Pages: 1320

Premium Essay

Business Law

...particular sport, such as the off-side rule in football, or the rules of a club, are designed to bring order to a particular activity. Other kinds of rule may really be social conventions, such as not speaking ill of the dead. In this case, the ‘rule’ is merely a reflection of what a community regards to be appropriate behaviour. In neither situation would we expect the rule to have the force of law and to be enforced by the courts. In this book we are concerned with one specific area of law: the rules which affect the business world. We shall consider such matters as the requirements that must be observed to start a business venture, the rights and duties which arise from business transactions and the consequences of business failure. In order to understand the legal implications of business activities, it is first necessary to examine some basic features of our English legal system. It is important to remember that English law refers to the law as it applies to England and Wales. Scotland and Northern Ireland have their own distinct legal systems. Summaries and commentary of selected cases throughout highlight the key facts, legal principle, and context underlying important cases Classification of law There are various ways in which the law may be classified; the most important are as follows: 1 Public and private law. The distinction between Chapter 8 The terms of business contracts Interpretation ship between the state and its......

Words: 412925 - Pages: 1652