False Representation

In: Film and Music

Submitted By LYAB
Words 542
Pages 3
False Representation While watching Mel Gibson’s movie, Apacalypto, he depicts Native Americans with typical stereotypes that we commonly see in today’s society. Some of the stereotypes that are included have to do with their clothing, physical features, personality and their ability to become one with nature. All these aspects were shown through the main character Jaguar Paw as he faced the many difficulties that came his way.
The clothing and physical features that Mel Gibson present are common stereotypes of Native Americans acting like uncivilized savages. In the movie, Jaguar Paw was mostly naked except for an undergarment he wore below the waist. He had tattoos, big piercings, and wore many necklaces, amulets, and bands around his body. Also, he had the body type of a physical fit and toned man with long braided hair. These are all common stereotypes of a typical Native American. They are seen as savages because they wear little or no clothing at all and the amulets that they wear are made from animals that they hunt. Moreover, Jaguar Paw had the stereotypical body, that all Native Americans were fit and muscularly toned because they are hunters and warriors. However, not all Native Americans were naked and physically fit. Every tribe had their own unique style of clothing jewelry and not all men were in shape.
In a particular scene that involved Jaguar Paw, he was portrayed even more as a savage and barbarian. In this scene, Jaguar Paw and his hunting group kill a tapir and dismember it, taking the heart, liver, ears, and balls out, distributing one of each part to members of the hunting group.1 This scene of Jaguar Paw portrayed Native Americans as barbarians and animalistic because after killing the tapir, they were screaming and shouting like brutes. Afterwards, as Jaguar Paw was cutting the tapir in parts, Mel Gibson did a wonderful job depicting the…...

Similar Documents

Representation

...Representation is considered one of the oldest topics in political science . Representation is the act of someone or something taking place of a person . The Senate and the Upper house in the Anglo-American democracies don’t use represenatation.Critics believe that the appointed Senate is not independent . Elections ( people choosing their leaders ) is important for representation to happen . Canada is then described as “ the only free federal state that does not have and effective Upper House “ meaning the Lower house has more powers than the Upper House . If something happens to one chamber , this will change the affect the whole legislature , the Alberta committee’s recommendations emphasizes on this .The Alberta report doesn’t mention the seante of Canada with responsibilities . Pitkins interpreted representation as cinematography . “It is generally assumed that the organizing principle of the House of Commons is representation by population , while Senate seats are distributed equally ( twenty four each ) among four regions plus six senators for Newfoundland , which joined confederation forty-four years after mainland Canada was consolidated , and (as of 2001 ) one senator each from Yukon , Northwest Territories , and Nunavut “ ( pg 70 . Smith D.E (2003) Canadian Senate in Bicameral Perspective) . Norman Ward did not support representation by the people . The BNA Act first provided twenty four member for each region and when the population increased due immigration the......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

False Memory

... כי בקבוצת הנחקרים שנחשפו לגירויים שליליים, על מנת להוריד את מצב רוחם, תכיפות הופעת זיכרונות מסולפים תהיה נמוכה מזו שבקבוצת הביקורת, וכי הנחקרים בקבוצה בה נמנעה השינה טרם המבחן, השרויים גם הם במצב רגשי ירוּד, יִשׁגו עוד פחות, ויציינו את ה – CT כמילה מתוך רשימת המילים שנלמדו, פעמים מעטות יותר מקבוצת הנחקרים אשר שנתם לא הופרעה. ביבליוגרפיה • Loftus, E. F. (1997). Creating False Memories. Scientific American, 277, 70-75. • Payne, J. D., Schacter, D. L., Propper, R. E., Huang, L. W., Wamsley, E. J., Tucker, M. A., Walker, M. P., & Stickgold, R. (2009). The role of sleep in false memory formation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 92 (2009) 327-334. • Reyna, V. F., Mills, B., Estrada, S., & Brainerd, C. J. (2006). False Memory in Children: Data, Theory, and Legal Implications. Cornell University. • Storbeck, J., & Clore, G. L. (2005). With Sadness Comes Accuracy; With Happiness, False Memory : Mood and the False Memory Effect. Psychological Science 2005 16: 785. • Sugrue, K., & Hayne, H. (2006). False Memories Produced by Children and Adults in DRM Paradigm. Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. • Walker, P. M. (2009). The Role of Sleep in Cognition and Emotion. • Yoo, S., Gujar, N., Hu, P., Jolesz, F. A., & Walker, M. P. (2007). Current Biology, Volume 17, Issue 20, R877-R878, 23 October 2007....

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Representation of Interest

...Representation of Interests Malik Jackson POL/443 May 29, 2013 Dr. Beatrice Johnson Representation of Interests It is my belief that different individuals lead their life with different interests and these interests are always in flux as policy changes affect them. The interest groups that I support are sometimes quiet large and then it becomes difficult to identify with the group as an individual person. That is why the supporters have to put some sort of trust in the groups as a whole. It may even happen that supporters may not fully understand what benefits they are going to get after funding and supporting the group. We know that Amnesty International works to stop torture at all countries. We may not see the influence of their literature through bare eyes. But we have seen that sometimes governments had to change their policies due to the specific influence of Amnesty International for some particular cases. Amnesty International, 2011 report states that the Indian Supreme court decreed the recognition of right to food as the country’s basic human right. So the government has to take steps to stop people from starving and all this happened as Amnesty International took initiative there. My interest groups are fully lawful as they are run in lawful manners and they also send petitions to important individuals in the government. It is true that these groups follow such less thrilling means rather than depending on protests for change. Reaching the lawmakers and......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Representation

...Kevin Gilbert’s ‘Consultation’, each composer along with their respective text provide such profound perspectives and manufacture their representation of the Australian Aboriginal experience, in particular concepts revolving the hardships experienced by the Australian Indigenous and the necessity for equality and change. The representation manufactured by Keating’s ‘Redfern Park Address’ and Gilbert’s ‘Consultation’ orbits the hardships experienced by the Australian Indigenous population for an extended period of time. Paul Keating’s speech was an extremely iconic event in Australia’s history and was effective to an extent to convey Keating’s main message; to recognise past injustices against the Australian Indigenous population and to promote the necessity to attain equality and justice. In Keating’s ‘Redfern Park Address’, Keating utilises anaphora with the words ‘imagine if’. Keating is inviting his audience and responders to take an emotional journey and to empathise. One of Keating’s main challenges was to create empathy. By utilising anaphora plus the pathos, Keating is inviting his audience to place their feet into the shoes of the Aboriginals and attempt to experience the hardships they had experienced. Moreover, Gilbert’s ‘Consultation’ was a poem driven by a sarcastic and aggressive tone. Gilbert’s poem constructs a representation that expresses the ill treatment and lack of significance experienced by the Aboriginals. ‘Blacks gamblin’, Playin’ pups” “Life aint too...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

False Confession

...Areiann Johnson Final Paper April 16, 2012 False Confessions She was killed Mr. Cope. She was raped and murdered! You are in shock. You are confused. You feel indescribable, unbearable pain. This pain is so emotional that it affects you physically too! Someone has ripped your heart out of your chest and made you watch as they relentlessly take a knife to it. All hope is lost. You will surely die from this ordeal. At least you wish you could! Your heart is weak; it drops into your stomach making you nauseated. How will you ever heal? You have been broken. Now every thought that runs through your mind is consumed with your desire for revenge. You want nothing more than to catch the person that has taken someone so precious from you; to make them suffer as you have. Police ask you to come in for questioning. You want to help them do their job and find the perpetrator. You have no idea that the real reason they asked you to come in is because you are their main suspect. They believe you did it. They think that you have taken your own daughters life and have sexually abused her, your little princess…impossible! Billy Wayne Cope is a religious man and has spent numerous hours in church activities with his twelve year old daughter Amanda. On November 29, 2001 Amanda was found on her bed raped and strangled to death. Billy Wayne Cope became police detectives’ main suspect. He initially thought he was helping catch the person that has done this horrific......

Words: 3745 - Pages: 15

False Judgement

...Independent Study Project Othello, the Invisible Wound, To Kill a Mockingbird July 30th 2014 By Eileen Harford Everyone has had a time in their life when they have misjudged a situation. Whether it was assuming someone took your pencil when it is actually in behind you ear, or assuming which character is the killer in our favorite movie, we all have misjudgements all the time in our lives. When was the last time you have mistaken a situation? The theme of false judgement demonstrated in the play “Othello” by Shakespeare, the short story “The Invisible Wound” by Karoly Kisfaludi, and the film “To Kill a Mockingbird”. In these three storylines, the author exhibits the theme of false judgment through a character of innocence that is poorly misjudged and ends tragically for them. Othello accuses his wife, Desdemona of adultery, while the unnamed protagonist in “The Invisible Wound” also inaccurately assumes his wife is cheating. In “To Kill a Mockingbird”, the jury accuses Tom Robinson of a crime that he did not commit all because of the colour of his skin. Given the above, it is clear that these three story lines hold the same theme of an error in judgement occurring. Throughout the play, “Othello” by William Shakespeare, a few of the characters are condemned on untruthful information. Desdemona and Cassio are victims of poor judgement. Accusations towards Desdemona seem to be the most prominent to any reader – which all begin when Othello falls to Iago’s manipulation......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Representation of Women

...women are approached by man just for the beauty that they possess and are eventually "stereotyped" when a ring is placed on their finger. Based on my knowledge from these books a women is placed quickly into the world as the mother figure therefore limiting the things that they are really capable of doing. Within my essay I will show you how the roles of women have changed from the book to this era, prove that there is more to a women than looks and discuss why women are so quick to be labeled as nothing more than the "baby maker". There is more to a women that people do not see. We as a society base a person more on what they look like, act and talk that the qualities that a person possess. A women is more precious than gold The representation of women within the story Miss Annie can be viewed as a negative one. When it comes to a lady she is more than just someone’s slave. The roles of women change every day. These roles are changing quickly because women represent so much more in the society today. From the beginning of time women have been known as just the care provider of the home as seen in the many stories within these books but, now women in the real world are being known as more of a finical provider. Based on the book An Evening in gunman the story of Miss Annie had much of a similarity to the women who lived on the family island because they were the ones who were known for basically taking care of the household whiles their husband where off to......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Evidence of False Thumb

...Evidence of False Thumb Evolution Roughly 75% of all the types of mammals that have ever lived are now extinct. We tend to think of extant organisms as all there is. We know dinosaurs once lived and are now extinct. An article explored the routes of diversification taken by early mammals, only those lineages in the far right based on figure 1, in Cenozoic Era have survived to the modern day. Each era group showed how common it was in various time period. The multituberculates were very common until the early Paleocene. In history, they were the dominant group of mammals, existing in the largest numbers for the longest time and are now extinct. Their generations, the spalacotheriods and eutriconodonts, were successful in the Early Creataceous but its population declined by the end of that Period. At the root of the tree showed (figure 1) the groups of mammaliaforms, not true mammals, but have some similarities. This group first appeared in the Jurassic era and didn’t survive the Cretaceous era. The Cretaceous ended with a global extinction that wiped out the non-avian dinosaurs, and several stem-mammals suffered the same fate. Others lingered into the Paleocene Epoch only to become extinct, possibly outcompeted in the rapid radiation of the therians. We tend to think of extinct groups as more “primitive” than extant groups, but the mammals radiated rapidly and many niches occupied today were occupied by now-extinct forms in the past. In the phylogentic tree some show niches......

Words: 1589 - Pages: 7

Faithful Representation

...historical cost to fair value | |accounting has created numerous debates surrounding the trade-offs of the concepts of relevance and | |reliability. This article contributes to the debate by critically reviewing the current developments of | |these trade-offs to determine whether current financial reporting guidelines are appropriate to deal with | |the difficulties and uncertainties of financial reporting. The article found that the proposals of the joint| |framework discussion paper goes a long way in resolving the issues around the trade-offs of relevance and | |reliability. Changing the concept of reliability to faithful representation will not negatively impact on | |resolving the issues. Some recommendations are made to enhance the trade-off concepts. | Keywords: Faithful representation Financial reporting Framework Discussion Paper Qualitative characteristics Relevance Reliability 1. Introduction The current international move from historical cost to fair value accounting has created numerous debates among accountants on the question: How fair is fair value? (Ernst & Young, 2005; Langendijk, Swagerman & Verhoog, 2003). In Poon’s (2004:39) view the debate on fair value accounting basically revolves around the issues of relevance and reliability. Currently, the two main documents addressing the issues and trade-offs of the concepts of relevance and reliability are the US Financial Accounting Standards......

Words: 6702 - Pages: 27

Representation of Age

...Representation refers to the construction in any media (especially mass media) of aspects of ‘reality’ that can either mirror or subvert societal expectations. They are often based on negative stereotypes allowing the audience to feel secure and familiar. By definition, all media texts are re-presentations of reality. They are intentionally composed, lit, written, framed, cropped, captioned, branded, targeted and censored by their producers, they are entirely artificial versions of the reality perceived in the current world. Every media form, from a home video to a glossy magazine, is a representation of someone's concept of existence, codified into a series of signs and symbols which can be read by an audience. However, it is important to note that without the media, our perception of reality would be very limited, and that we, as an audience, ‘need’ these artificial texts to mediate our view of the world, in other words we need the media to make sense of reality. Therefore representation is a fluid, two-way process: producers position a text somewhere in relation to reality and audiences assess a text on its relationship to reality. Society has tended to overlook, undervalue, and stereotype the elderly. The stereotypes are concepts produced by the media and perceived by the audience as truth. Seniors are often thought of as unproductive, alienated, and ineffectual. Parsons (1993) notes that society views the aged as an "increasing burden on society because they are......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

False Eye Witness Testimony

...believe is a true account of the event. However, memories have been found to be fallible with no guarantee of corresponding with objective reality (Johnson, 2001). Research has found that false memories (FM), where a person recalls an event that did not occur and mistakes it to be a true representation of that event (Gleaves & Smith, 2004; Johnson, 2001) exists within the realm of eyewitness testimony (ET) (Loftus, Miller & Burns, 1978). This raises the issue of how well does ET reflect reality. Some theories that explain FM include the source monitoring failure theory (Johnson, Hastroudi & Lindsay, 1993), activation monitoring theory (Roediger, Balota &Watson, 2001) and fuzzy trace theory (Brianerd & Reyna, 1998; Reyna & Brainerd, 1995). Due to word count limitations, this paper will explore the concept of FM using fuzzy trace theory, source monitoring errors and the misinformation effect to explain how FM occurs in the context of ET and why ET can never the representation of the complete truth. The FTT proposes that there are two parallel memory traces, the verbatim trace and the gist trace (Brianerd & Reyna, 1998; Reyna & Brainerd, 1995). The verbatim trace stores information item-by-item and is a verdicial representation of an event. The gist trace stores a generalised meaning based representation of an event. The FTT proposes that verbatim trace decays quickly whereas the gist trace lingers in memory longer resulting in FM due to inaccurate recall (Leding, 2012). ......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

False Claim

...The False Claims Act The False Claims Act is an American federal law that covers fraud involving any federally funded contract or program. It is the federal government primary tool in combating fraud against the government. Recent legislation, such as the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009 and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, has broadened the scope of the False Claims Act. The definition of a false claim has been expanded, so now any false statement that is material to a claim can be actionable and liability has been expanded to knowingly failing to repay an overpayment (Cardinal 2013). According to the Wikipedia, this American federal law imposes liability on persons and companies typically federal contractors who defraud governmental programs. The law includes a qui tam provision that allows people who are not affiliated with the government, called "relators" under the law, to file actions on behalf of the government informally called "whistleblowing” especially when the relator is employed by the organization accused in the suit. Qui Tam. Qui Tam is a writ whereby a private individual who assists a prosecution can receive all or part of any penalty imposed (wiki 2015). Its name is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase qui tam pro domino rege quam pro se ipso in hac parte sequitur, meaning “he who sues in this matter for the king as well as for himself” (Wiki, 2015). There are many legal and regulatory principles and concepts affecting the......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

False Advertising

...False Advertising Advertising is common tools in industry. Many companies spend millions even billions in this section to pay celebrities and ideas sincesurveys prove that advertising plays big role in their income. They produce branding image which are unique, strong, catchy, and easy-to-remember for their consumers. Talking about advertising, on the onehand, it is good for its functions, displays, etc; on the other hand, sometimes it is too good to be true, the way they bring the messages to the consumers which state “the number one …”, “you may see the result in just...”, so on and so forth. Illogical sounding absolutely has to be considered in big portion by consumers. Consumers have to be aware of the dangers in health and safety of such false advertising. False advertising might describe in two aspects, in term of definition and requirements. Based on Tricia Ellis-Christensen, false advertising is any type of advertising that deceives consumers. Consumers believe that they will earn several benefits such as good deal, saving money, or buying something that will perform in a specific manner, yet almost all of themare non-existing at all. While the definition that might found in theglossary of research lawyer state that false advertising is the crime or tortof publishing, broadcasting, or otherwise publicly distributing anadvertisement that contains an untrue, misleading, or deceptiverepresentation or statement which was made knowingly or recklessly and with the intent...

Words: 889 - Pages: 4

Character Representation

...Character Representation There are many different characters when it comes to movies. There are also different roles played in every movie. Most characters are considered to be male or female. Even if it is behind a creature, there is still a woman or a man behind the character. The male and female characters have been making changes in the role they play in movies over the years. The movie, The Fast and the Furious have many different kinds of characters. Letty and Dom are two of the many main characters in this movie. Letty and Dom both play in this major action movie dealing with fast cars and the intensity of everyday life and also the love they have for one another. Letty and Dom both make a major statement when it comes to being sexist in this dramatic action movie. Dom and Letty are more like the new modern day Bonnie and Clyde. Letty is Dom's partner in crime, and she is always by his side. They both have been in love with one another through all of the Fast and Furious movies. They have always stuck by each other’s side throughout the squeal of The Fast and the Furious movies. Letty proves how immense she is, and she is always proving that she can do just what Dom does in the movie. She proves her loyalty to him and he does the same. They both have this vendetta about them that allows them to keep going hard for one another. 3 When you have two characters who are both fearless and fearful of anything and isn’t afraid to go to war for one another......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4

False Statements

...False statements or false official statements can lead to errors or even situation that can cause harm. People can be misleading every day, however when a false statement is given in the Army it can cause a problem. False official statements falls under Uniform Code of Military Justice Article 107, it describes “Any person subject to this chapter who, with intent to deceive, signs any false record, return, regulation, order, or other official document, knowing it to be false, or makes any other false official statement knowing it to be false, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct”. There are four elements in Article 107. 1) That the accused signed a certain official document or made a certain official statement; 2) That the document or statement was false in certain particulars; 3) That the accused knew it to be false at the time of signing it or making it; and 4) That the false document or statement was made with the intent to deceive. Further defining UCMJ Article 107, “official documents and official statements include all documents and statements made in the line of duty. The rank of any person intended to be deceived is immaterial if that person was authorized in the execution of a particular duty to require or receive the statement or document from the accused. The government may be the victim of this offense. The false representation must be made with the intent to deceive. It is not necessary that the false statement be material to the issue inquiry.......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5