Free Essay

Family System Theory

In: Other Topics

Submitted By lnquattl
Words 259
Pages 2
Family Systems Theory
LaTova Quattlebaum
Simmons College
Family Theory

September 24, 2015

Family Systems Theory
The family systems theory has many strengths, one being that it “encourages nurses to see individual clients as participating members of a larger family system” (Kaakinen, Coehlo, Steele, Tabacco, & Hanson, 2015, p. 76). That being said working labor and delivery this concept holds true as the birth of an infant affects everyone in the family not just the woman, all roles within the family system are switched and everyone has to adapt. That adaptation could be adaptive or maladaptive in order to maintain stability (Kaakinen et al, 2015, p. 76). A weakness is that the theory maybe too “abstract for beginners” (Kaakinen et al, 2015, p. 79). Healthcare facilities appear to focus on the individual rather than the family, with that happening it makes it harder for new nurses to recognize the importance of “a family as a whole, is greater than the members of the family” ( Kaakinen et al, 2015, p.79). Looking at the family as a whole, during the laboring and birthing process, it is essential to take care of the mom laboring, but as equally as important to care for those attending the labor (i.e. dad, grandparents, and siblings) as their negative experiences could ruin the entire labor experience for the family as a whole.

References
Kaakinen, J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., Tabacco, A., & Hanson, S. H. (2015). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

System Theory

...Systems theory: a scientific/philosophical approach and set of concepts, rather than a theory, for the transdisciplinary study of complex phenomena. It was first proposed by the biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy in the 1940's (anthology: "General Systems Theory", 1968), as a reaction against scientific reductionism*. Rather than reducing a phenomenon (say, the human body) to a collection of elements or parts (say, the organs or cells), systems theory focuses on the relations and interactions between the parts, which connect them into a whole (see holism*). The particular arrangement of elements and relations determines an emergent* organization, or system*. That organization is abstract, independent of the concrete substance of the elements, which may be atoms, molecules, cells, transistors, or people. This entails that the same principles of organization can be found in different domains: physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology, technology... One of the aims of systems theory is to unify different scientific disciplines by uncovering these general principles (see unity of science*). Systems theory studies characteristics common to many or all complex systems.......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Theories of the Family

...Individuals in a Diverse Society February 20, 2013 Theories of the Family Structural Functionalism -Functionalist believe that everything and everybody in society has a role (a function) that makes society to run smoothly -It is a macro theory It focuses on institutions and structures existing in the society as whole Key Terms Function: The different parts of each society contributes positively to the operation or functioning of the system as a whole Institutions: Society is a system of social structures/institutions (economic, legal, education) -Each social systems has needs which are met by the structures and they are interconnected -Individuals and groups are constrained by these structures Interdependence: The roles taken on people, and the institutions and organizations of society are all interdependent and work together to ensure the smooth operation of society as a whole -A change in any one part affects others, requiring other parts to take account of changes, modify its actions, and adapt to any changes necessary Norms and Values: Individual behaviour is governed by social norms (most consistent behaviour in society) or rules that are generally accepted and agreed upon -These norms and values are consistent with the equilibrium state of society, or normal state of affairs -There are aspects of these norms that return the society to a normal state of affairs in the case of a disturbance- for example, sanctions, punishment, social approval and social......

Words: 1306 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Family Counseling Theory

...Family Counseling Theory Family therapy in a nutshell is a form of therapy in which the counselor works with the entire family at once instead of individual members. Often, a family therapist will even reschedule a session if one or more members of the family aren't present. The essential theory behind family therapy is that a family is a system made up of parts and a problem with one of the parts affects the entire system. Families try to maintain stability, if one member of the family does anything out of the "norm" for that particular family; the other members of that family will fight against him or her to bring things back the way they used to be. This is problematic, especially if one member of the family is in therapy and learns new coping styles, yet the family is fighting their healthy changes. The theory that will be addressed is that of Virginia Satir. Virginia Satir was considered the Mother of Family Therapy. (Wikipedia) Satir is a Wisconsin native raised on a farm in Neillsville. At an early age, Satir was intrigued by the family and she knew intuitively that there was more that went on in families than was apparent to the naked eye. Her family moved to Milwaukee, WI in order for her to attend high school. Later she attended the Milwaukee State Teachers College, which is now called University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Satir went on to publish Conjoint Family Therapy, Peoplemaking and The New Peoplemaking (Margarita Suarez/Virginia Satir Global Network) just...

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Family Theories

...FAMILY THEORIES (HDFS 865) Fall 2010 Tuesdays, 2:25-4:55 pm 1339 Sterling Professor Lynet Uttal Office: 338 Old Middleton Building, 1305 Linden Drive luttal@wisc.edu 306 Ingraham Hall, 1155 Observatory Drive (corner of Charter) 608-263-4026 Office hours: By appointment. Send me an email with 2-3 times you are available. Course Overview HDFS 865 Family Theories is a survey course that examines the interdisciplinary study of families. The course content is organized into two sections: a) theories, ideologies and definitions of families and b) applications of family theories in practice, family programs, and policies. This course will examine “what is theorizing in family studies?” Family theories are explanatory frameworks for different ways of understanding families. Theorizing about families involves conceptualizing the lived experiences of people in relation to their own families as well as developing explanations of the social role of families in society, tracking demographic changes over time, and identifying ideologies and social forces that influence and are influenced by family life. Some theories look at how individuals develop over the life span in the context of families; others define the forms and functions of families as a social unit in society. Some look at “the family” as a unit and focus in on the internal dynamics of relationships between family members, while others look at “the family” as a subsystem or institution in the larger scope of...

Words: 5664 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Family System

...Family can be defined as anyone with biological ties to one another, as well as, individuals that can become family by emotional ties. A family system is comprised of the immediate individuals that are responsible for the nurturing, caring, and general well being of a child. The way in which a child is nurtured and cared for can significantly affect the how the child develops into the adult they will become. Depending on how positive or negative the family system experience is on the individual, the result will yield how healthy the child’s development will be. The family system today may be a home with mom and dad; or a single parent home with just mom or dad; an aunt, uncle, or both; or even a grandparent or grandparents. A healthy family system consists of caretakers that nurture and care for a child that possesses a positive self-concept. Self-concept is a person’s identity or set of beliefs about what one is like as an individual (Feldman, 2014, p.241). One’s self-concept can be determined by how the family system has influenced the individual’s development positively or negatively. In my family system, I was the only male child. My parents could be described at authoritative parents, parents who tend to be strict, but also loving and emotionally supportive (Feldman, 2014, p. 252-3). I was considered the “golden child” due to being the first born and having athletic and intellectual prowess. I can remember blaming my sister for things that I did,......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Systems Theory

...SYSTEMS THEORY Summary RSP 1 SYSTEMS THEORY Three Distinct but Closely Interrelated Theoretical Legacies  Information theory: focuses on the reduction of uncertainty which is achieved by the acquisition of information .  Cybernetics: a science of communication concerned with the transmission and control of information; it examines the communication and manipulation of information in various systems .  General Systems Theory (GST): interested in systems in general; family systems theory is an extension of this branch . Definitions and Terms  Three Uses/Definitions:  General Systems Theory (GST) is used to explain the behavior of a variety of complex, organized systems.  GST is also a process of theory construction which focuses on building universal concepts, postulates, and principles.  GST, as a worldview, emphasizes interrelationships between objects.  Terms  Isomorphism: Refers to equivalence of form: there is a one-to-one correspondence between elements and relationships.  Cybernetic system: systems with feedback. Core Assumptions of General Systems Theory  GST Has Potential for Unifying Science: suggests that there are unifying principles in every discipline; GST is a way to consider isomorphism between them.  A System Must Be Understood as a Whole  Von Bertalanffy: promoted the notion that a family, or any system, is greater than the some of it's parts.  Lewin: the whole is different from the sum of it's parts.  Human Systems are......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Family System

...There is great controversy over the meaning of “normal” and “healthy” when it comes to development and family systems. Heathly and normal can be a matter of perspective and culture. Research has provided the understanding that what happens to a child during the developmental phases of life affect them conscious and unconsciously; with the most effect coming from within the family system. Roehlkepartain reports that spiritual development is an essential aspect that can either be a catalyst towards their spirituality or pull the child away from it. In relation to the materials this week the information I feel is not clearly defined as to what is normal and healthy. Parenting styles were covered in the text this week and the research supports the different models of the types of parenting. On the other hand research has provided a great deal of information as to what is not healthy and condusive to development and learning within the family system. There are several factors that can contribute to the development and family including parenting style, poverty, abuse, child care and education. There are four types of parenting that Feldman (2014) has identified as ciritual to the development of a child these four types of parenting styles have effects on their children. 1.) Authoritiarian parents tend to be controlling and very strict. These children are not allowed to express themselves or their opinions. The effects that this type of parenting has on the child is that......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Theories of the Family

...Sociological theories are usually thought of as statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are related. The conclusions drawn from empirical observation and testing help individuals and society to be improved in the ways they lead their lives. This essay is going to explain three mostly commonly mentioned sociological theories of the family which are Functionalism, Marxism and Feminism. | Functionalists believe that each part of society has a function, and they are very positive about society so they always see the good in all things. By looking at society on a large scale they argue that society is based on consensus, meaning that we are socialised to agree on the norms and values in order to survive. Functionalists believe that the family should be seen to perform functions which benefit both its members and society in general. According to Murdock (1949), "the family is a universal institution with universal functions". | In other words, families are found in all societies regardless of for example culture differences. Functions performed universally are reproduction which keeps the human race, primary socialisation which teaches children the norms and values of society, economic where family provides for its members such as food and shelter, and educational where family socialises the young into society’s norms and values which are affected by culture and class. Functionalists believe that the following functions are important for the wellbeing of...

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Family Systems

...Introduction Roughly defined, a family is a system of one or more adults, parents, together with the children they care for. Today the definition of a family has expanded beyond the structure of the traditional family, but yet, they system or care for one another stays the same. The role of many psychologists is to determine and interpret the effects of the family system on childhood development. The strength in the system’s structure is often a determining factor in the health of a child’s development. Social, cultural, physical, emotional and spiritual factors all take place of help mold children into who they become. Healthy Family Systems The health of a family system is most often discerned by the role parents play in their children’s lives; a parent’s presence plays a huge factor in development, as well as the strength of the system as a whole. Although each culture has its own interpretation of effective parenting, the influences a parents exposes to children play a significant role in their development, and likewise, the reactions of a child, can shape the parents as well ( Feldman, 2010, 254). When one views a cohesive and healthy family system, each member understands his or her own appropriate roles, they work together to support each other, provide protection, and well as build each other up with a set of morals and ethics. When parents do not play their appropriate roles, the negative effects that play out in a child can often be seen through lack of......

Words: 1135 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Family Tradition and Theories

... Family Tradition and Theories Author’s Name Institution Family Tradition and Theories My family lives in the middle East and it consists of my grandfather Mansour, grandmother Fahiama, my father Amer, my mother Nada, my 17 years old sister Mariyah, my 23 years old brother Abdullah, my aunt, uncle and I. Our family tradition is taking breakfast together every Friday. Every member of the family ought to be present at the breakfast table no matter the time he or she slept last night. Even if one member of the family is mad at the other, he or she must be present at the table at 10 a.m. and none is supposed to leave the table until all the family members are through with their breakfast and said our prayers. This is because most of my family members are preoccupied and so they are always busy and do not find time to sit together with the rest of us who are not busy and have meals together. This makes connecting as a family very difficult and that is why the Friday meeting is compulsory for all of us. When we take breakfast together as a family, we share more than just food. Taking breakfast together is a way of building protective assets that strengthen our health and development. When we take breakfast together, we catch up with one another and spend time together even if it is for two hours only. We chat, ask one another how they spent their night, week, how they are faring in their jobs and about their plans for the day. Therefore, when we take......

Words: 4450 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Family Systems

...presentations for that module/week. The essay must be strongly supported with proper citations of 2–3 current, scholarly sources in current APA format; include a reference page at the end. These sources must be less than 7 years old. DO NOT write opinions, but support your answers to the questions with your readings. You will first post your essay to the applicable Discussion Board Forum for the current module/week. Upon considering feedback received, you will then make any necessary revisions and submit the final essay to your instructor. Essay 1 – Family Systems Explain in detail (using course readings/presentations from this and the last module/week) the relationship between family systems and healthy development. How can one discern a healthy family system? What are the determining factors that distinguish healthy family systems? Discuss the effects of an unhealthy family system on development. Give details on family systems and how they affect physical (neural), emotional, spiritual, and social development. Are differing viewpoints considered, analyzed, and treated? Essay 2 – Trauma, Development, and Spirituality Explain in detail (using course readings/presentations from this module/week) how trauma can affect development, more specifically neural development. Discuss how spiritual development can counter the effects of trauma. What are the determining factors that lead to developmental delays when a child is exposed to trauma? Give details on the prevalence of......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Systems Theory

...working with the family for a period of six weeks, the relationship between the mother (Mrs J) and the other three children (HD, HD, HD) it would appear that a systems based approach maybe most appropriate. The family unit (to include the father – Mr D) can be seen as a system, and to gain an insight into the working pieces of the system, I must try and understand the dynamics and how the individuals interacts with it. Systems theory is based principally on the basis that no individual is isolated. The family interactions, (to include professional interventions) represent a system (or web) around the individuals. In the family environment, the decision taken by one of the family member (i.e. the Mrs J or Mr D) can directly affect the options available for the other members. It is also important to acknowledge that the family are also reliant upon other exosystems (such as Children Services, health and education) to influence and support the children within it (Bronfenbrenner, 1994). The internal and external system can be complex and overlapping, “systems theory concentrates on the relationship between the parts rather than parts in isolation” (Social Care Institute for Excellence, 2004, p.18). Why use systems theory? Within this particular case it would be easy to focus upon the individuals within it and neglect the external influences assisting them. However such a stance would only have a partial success as the internal issues within the family are manipulated......

Words: 642 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique

...Head Office 30 Grosvenor Street, Neutral Bay, NSW 2089 Ph: 02 9904 5600 Fax: 02 9904 5611 Coming to grips with family systems theory in a collaborative, learning environment. info@thefsi.com.au http://www.thefsi.com.au Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique By Jenny Brown This paper will give an overview of Murray Bowen’s theory of family systems. It will describe the model’s development and outline its core clinical components. The practice of therapy will be described as well as recent developments within the model. Some key criticisms will be raised, followed by a case example which highlights the therapeutic focus of Bowen’s approach. This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Australian Academic Press for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy (ANZJFT) Vol.20 No.2 1999 pp 94-103). Introduction Murray Bowen's family systems theory (shortened to 'Bowen theory' from 1974) was one of the first comprehensive theories of family systems functioning (Bowen, 1966, 1978, Kerr and Bowen, 1988). While it has received sporadic attention in Australia and New Zealand, it continues to be a central influence in the practice of family therapy in North America. It is possible that some local family therapists have been influenced by many of Bowen's ideas without the connection being articulated. For example, the writing of Guerin...

Words: 9557 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Family Theories

...alcoholic associating the same number of families which are affected by the same. Provided with such statistics the Australian total health cost which are alcohol and drugs related stands at approximately 10%. There is a high level of alcohol and drugs consumption by young people most of whom are below the designated age of drinking with a correlating increase use by women. Research across the globe suggest that there is a correlation between alcohol and drug abuse with the commission of criminal offences. Prison in Western Australia has reported that 59% of the prisoners were under the influence of either alcohol or other illegal drugs before committing the offense which they were charged with. The offended were also likely to be having a drinking or other drugs related problems or to be under the influence during the time of the offence. The same study conducted in the American twenty prisons reveal that offenders reported to have been under the influence of any narcotics range from 8% to 100%. According to The New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (1986), it was noted that 42.3 percent of homicide incidents to be alcohol and drug related, as 46 percent of the spouse killing funds either one or both of the spouse having drugs or alcohol in their system. Contributing to the 50 percent of the homicides, alcohol and drugs happen to be the common factor among killings that take place in relationships settings either spouse, family, neighbour or even......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bowen Family Systems Theory

...Bowen Family Systems Theory I have quite a large family. My nuclear family consists of my mom, dad, brother and myself. My mom’s side of the family equates for that majority of our family. My mother is the youngest of nine! As one could guess, I have many aunts and many cousins. Because there are so many people of all different ages there are many patterns of interaction and diversity issues that affect the family dynamics. The nature of my parent’s relationship is extremely loving, affectionate and kind. My parents were strict in many aspects but lenient in other aspects. Luckily my nuclear family and extended family have not had to face issues with substance abuse, violence or disabilities. However we did have to face two major losses in the family, both of my grandmothers. When thinking about interaction patterns, family rituals and celebrations come to mind. Our celebrations particularly Christmas and birthdays were rituals, which bring us together. Christmas is important because my family is Catholic, so this connects us all in a special way. When it comes to diversity issues, issues arise between the young individuals and the older individuals pertaining to beliefs. Even though most of the family is Catholic, everyone is unique and has their own personal beliefs that sometimes can be cause for arguments. This can affect family dynamics. Overall, though there is a mutual respect for everyone. Bowen’s approach has eight major concepts. One of them,......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7