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Fanfiction

In: English and Literature

Submitted By ninagianna
Words 2704
Pages 11
Sentence Outline
Narrowed Down Topic: Fanfiction: A Creative Platform for Writers
I. Introduction
A. Introductory Device
B. Thesis Statement People should have the liberty to write fanfiction, because it is an opportunity for enthusiastic writers to develop their writing abilities, it is an outlet for writers to explore endless possibilities in creating derived compositions, and lastly it is an activity to simply enjoy oneself considering it is a non-profit activity that brings forth intercommunication within a certain fandom, though sometimes fanfiction may affect an author’s capability to produce their own stories. II. Background
A. Morrison (2012) states in The Guardian that fanfiction officially started, in the modern times, during the mid 50’s and 60’s with the growth of television expanding, more people wanted to create what-if stories with their favourite characters through writing.
B. According to Schaffner (2009), fanfiction are stories ripped off from other people's work, so fanfiction is a free form, innovatory or derivative textual work that fanfiction practitioners publish online.
C. Alter (2012) writes in her article that fan fiction is still a sensitive subject for writers and publishers; while some see it as free marketing and others regard it as a derivative dreck at best and copyright infringement at worst.
III. Body
A. Writing fanfiction is an opportunity for enthusiastic writers to develop their writing abilities.
1.) Buroker (2013) an official indie fantasy author, who herself started off with a fascination with the Star Trek series began to write at a young age with a young audience, is now the author of a book entitled Forged In Blood, now available in the Amazon ebook store.
2.) Cubbison (2011) a student contributor for the site Transformative Works and Cultures, writes in her article about Rebecca W. Black, a second language acquisition researcher who brought about a section in fanfiction.net about an anime Card Captor Sakura written by English Language Learners for a Native English audience to give feedbacks in their writing.
3.) Meg Cabot the bestselling author of The Princess Diaries series posts on her own fanfiction policy page, "I myself used to write Star Wars fanfiction when I was a tween. I think writing fanfiction is a good way for new writers to learn to tell a story.” (The Daily Dot, 2012)
B. Fanfiction is an outlet for writers to explore endless possibilities in creating derived compositions.
1.) Black (2012) a doctoral candidate at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, states that fanfiction writing is helping students to develop believable characters or complex plots, for instance a young girl from the UK created a younger sibling for the anime character Sakura Kinomoto.
2.) Fanfiction was also described as a tool for correcting fictional justices perpetrated by the sources materials’ authors. For example, a doctor accused of criminal negligence on an episode of Chicago Hope had been exogenerated within the narratives of many Chicago Hope communities (Business/Financial Desk, 1997).
3.) The famous series of Fifty Shades of Grey written by EL James started as a Twilight fan fiction ( Eanet 2012).
C. Fanfiction is an activity to enjoy oneself, considering it is a non-profit activity that brings forth intercommunication within a certain fandom.
1.) McGuinness (2013) a writer for Metro UK, included in his article statistical information about the website OneDirectionFanFiction.com, that has over 365,000 members and more than 43,500 stories about the famous boy band and this is being enjoyed by teenage girls who write and read about them.
2.) Kumoricon a convention dedicated for celebrating and gathering Japanese animation and culture lovers, included in their most popular events is fanfiction writing, also with 5,300 attendees dressed up in their favorite anime costume (Kern, The Columbian, 2013).
3.) According to Alter (2012) a reporter for the Wall Street Journal, fanfiction writers get comments and fast feedbacks from their readers through fanfiction online communities that provides free membership like fanfiction.net.
D. Sometimes fanfiction may affect an author’s capability to produce their own stories.
1.) In April 2000, Anne Rice expresses her view regarding fanfiction in her website stating “I do not allow fanfiction... It upsets me terribly to even think about fanfiction with my characters. It is absolutely essential that you respect my wishes" (Rice, 2010, para.5).

Jasmine Dawn P. Samson Niña Gianna A. Lobo
2 AB English 2 AB English
09086061584 09323469436 jasmine.samson27@gmail.com theninabanina@gmail.com

Fanfiction is a Creative Platform for Writers

At first glance, defining fanfiction is not as easy as it seems. Fanfiction in general refers to a textual output published by majority of the writers online; these textual outputs are based, derived or inspired from films, famous personalities, though majority of the fanfiction published are from well known novels. Fanfiction writing is identified by some as an unofficial and unauthorized activity; in addition, fanfiction is not professionally edited or published. Fanfiction writing has become widespread since the introduction of the World Wide Web, hence, the fanfiction that once started as an underground recreation is now an activity hard to ignore. Legitimate authors and copyright holders still feel indifferent with fanfiction writing. Some authors oppose fanfiction for personal reasons, or simply they don’t want their material to be derived for other people’s purposes. Copyright holders on the other hand wanted to re-emphasize the copyright laws. Amidst the different perceptions and conceptions regarding fanfiction, people should have the liberty to write fanfiction, because it is an opportunity for enthusiastic writers to develop their writing abilities, it is an outlet for writers to explore endless possibilities in creating derived compositions, and lastly it is an activity to simply enjoy oneself considering it is a non-profit that brings forth intercommunication within a certain fandom.

Morrison (2012) states in The Guardian that fanfiction officially started, in the modern times, during the mid 50’s and 60’s with the growth of television expanding, more people wanted to create “what-if” stories with their favourite characters through writing. Fanfiction was reported to officially start at the modern times when the popular dystopian series Star Trek began in the 60’s. “Sci-fi” lovers brought their compositions to conventions and sold them to their specific fandoms. Slash fanfiction was a term to describe the fanfiction genre based on Captain Kirk and Spock relationship from Star Trek. The writing of slash fanfiction was favoured by the female mass. Star Trek's reputation remained significant as the entertainment industry paved way to new television shows, movies and books. According to Schaffner (2009), fanfiction are stories ripped off from other people's work, so fanfiction is a free form, innovatory or derivative textual work that fanfiction practitioners publish online. In simplest terms, fanfiction is another way of producing fiction from others. Just like Gregory Maguire the author of the bestselling novel Wicked was based from L. Frank Baum’s “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz” (Alter, 2012). Alter (2012) writes in her article that fan fiction is still a sensitive subject for writers and publishers; while some see it as free marketing and others regard it as a derivative dreck at best and copyright infringement at worst. According to the Philippine Copyright Law or RA 8293 of 1997:
“Collections of literary, scholarly or artistic works, and compilations of data and other materials which are original by reason of the selection or coordination or arrangement of their contents” (RA 8293, Section 173.1, 1997).
This section declares derivative works as “new works”, but as long as it does not violate the copyright protection of the original work like publishing or reproducing the original work. To begin with, writing fanfiction is an opportunity for enthusiastic writers to develop their writing abilities. According to Buroker (2013) an official indie fantasy author, who herself started off with a fascination with the Star Trek series began to write at a young age with a young audience, is now the author of a book entitled Forged In Blood, now available in the Amazon ebook store. Cubbison (2011) a student contributor for the site Transformative Works and Cultures, writes in her article about Rebecca W. Black, a second language acquisition researcher who brought about a section in fanfiction.net about an anime Card Captor Sakura written by English Language Learners for a Native English audience to give feedbacks in their writing. In addition, Meg Cabot, The Princess Diaries bestselling author posts on her fanfiction policy page that she herself started out at a young age writing about Star Wars. She describes writing fanfiction as a good starting point to enhance her writing style and a good way to improve story telling techniques. She added in the policy page a message for writers saying:
"I think writing fanfiction is a good way for new writers to learn to tell a story" (The Daily Dot, 2012). In this light, we could say that the abovementioned writers started off fully inspired and passionate, and they used constructive and supportive feedback as a tool to improve or develop their writing style. Fanfiction is also an outlet for writers to explore endless possibilities in creating derived compositions. Black (2012) a doctoral candidate at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, states that fanfiction writing is helping students to develop believable characters or complex plots, for instance a young girl from the UK created a younger sibling for the anime character Sakura Kinomoto. Fanfiction was also described as a tool for correcting fictional justices perpetrated by the sources materials’ authors. For example, a doctor accused of criminal negligence on an episode of Chicago Hope had been exogenerated within the narratives of many Chicago Hope communities (Business/Financial Desk, 1997). Lastly, the famous series of Fifty Shades of Grey written by EL James started as a Twilight fan fiction (Eanet, 2012). The popularity of the Fifty Shades of Grey brought the attention of some readers because of the copyright issues relating to it. However, this statement provided by Amanda Hayward, CEO of The Writer’s Coffee Shop, explains further the situation, she states that:
“James's book bore very little resemblance to Twilight, even though the story began as fan fiction. Essentially only the character's names were borrowed, the setting, plot, abilities, relationship structure, feel and focus of the story were original. Twilight and Fifty Shades Trilogy are worlds apart; new readers are totally surprised it was ever a Twilight fan fiction story. We see it in the reviews over and over again” (Deahl, 2012). So, if some people think that fanfiction would be a dreck output, it would rather be a bigoted statement, because fanfiction is perhaps a creative tool to freely express endless possibilities. Fanfiction is also an activity to enjoy oneself, considering it is a non-profit activity that brings forth intercommunication within a certain fandom. As McGuinness (2013) a writer for Metro UK, included in his article statistical information about the website OneDirectionFanFiction.com, which has over 365,000 members and more than 43,500 stories about the famous boy band and this is being enjoyed by teenage girls who write and read about them. Conventions like Kumoricon is dedicated for celebrating and gathering Japanese animation and culture lovers, included in their most popular events is fanfiction writing, also with 5,300 attendees dressed up in their favourite anime costume (Kern, The Columbian, 2013). Lastly, Alter (2012) a reporter for the Wall Street Journal, fanfiction writers get comments and fast feedbacks from their readers through fanfiction online communities that provides free membership like fanfiction.net. When writers upload their works online, everyone who reads it are allowed to give their comments or suggestions. In this light fanfiction led to the rise of more online communities wherein aspiring writers with the same interests meet up and exchange ideas and opinions with each other. Lastly, in April 2000, Anne Rice expresses her view regarding fanfiction in her website stating “I do not allow fanfiction... It upsets me terribly to even think about fanfiction with my characters. It is absolutely essential that you respect my wishes" (Rice, 2010, para.5). This is why sometimes fanfiction may affect an author’s capability to produce their own stories. The growth of fanfiction writing and the fanfiction community has definitely reached the mainstream media. For this reason, fanfiction activity online may no longer be ignored or considered as an underground activity. Majority of the fans may see the popularity of fanfiction both as bad and good. The positive side of the growth of fanfiction is that fanfiction practitioners are able to receive feedback from their readers. As we have seen, writing fanfiction has an immense advantage. It improves one’s writing style; it is a creative platform for readers to incorporate original work through limitless recreation, and it is an activity for personal or social enjoyment. As oppose to the previous statement, copyright holders or authors as mentioned before are still in opposition with fanfiction writing. What they fail to realize is that: social media or the whole realm of the World Wide Web is progressing at such pace that the copyright laws established in the past are “dying” or left behind. In addition, fanfiction practitioners believe that fanfiction writing is in line with Freedom of Speech through derivative composition; therefore writers are considering the fact that the copyright law should be relevant and evolve in modern society. Fanfiction practitioners remain the same in their attitude: passionate and optimistic. The existence of the fanfiction community remains the same.

References

Alter, A. (2012, June 14). The weird world of fan fiction. WSJ Asia. Retrieved on September 1, 2013 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303734204577464411825970488.ht ml

Ball, C. (2007). Who owns what in fanfiction: Perceptions of ownership and problems of law. Unpublished MA thesis, Loughborough University. Retrieved on July 31, 2013 from http://www.academia.edu/834988/Who_owns_what_in_fanfiction_perceptions_of_ow nership_and_problems_of_law

Black, R. (2005). Access and affiliation: The literacy and composition practices of english- language learners in an online fanfiction community. International Reading Association, pp.118-128, doi:10.1598/JAAL.49.2.4. Retrieved on August 31, 2013 from https://resources.oncourse.iu.edu/access/content/user/mikuleck/Filemanager_Public_Fi les/L750%20Electronic%20Lang%20and%20Lit/New%20Forms/Fanfiction%20_%20 English%20Lang%20Learners.pdf

Business/Financial Desk. 1997. “Business Digest.” The New York Times, August 18, D.1

Chandler-Olcott, K. & Mahar, D. (2003) An exploration of multiteracies. International Reading Association, pp.556-557. Retrieved on August 31, 2013 from https://resources.oncourse.iu.edu/access/content/user/mikuleck/Filemanager_Public_Fi les/L750%20Electronic%20Lang%20and%20Lit/New%20Forms/Adolescent%20anim e-inspired%20fan-fiction.pdf

Deahl, R. (2012, January 2013). E.L James and the case of fanfiction. PW: Publisher Weekly. Retrieved on September 1, 2013 from http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/page-to screen/article/50188-e-l-james-and-the-case-of-fan-fiction.html

Eanet, L. (2012). 50 Shades of Fanfic: E.L. James and Other Superstars of Fan Fiction. Blackbook. September 02, 2013. http://www.blackbookmag.com/art/50-shades-of- fanfic-e-l-james-and-other-superstars-of-fan-fiction-1.48292

Gockel, C. (2013, September 7). How fanfiction made me a better author. Retrieved on September 1, 2013 from http://www.lindsayburoker.com/guest-posts/how-fanfiction- made- me-a-better-author-with-carolynn-gockel/

Guinness, R. (2013, May 30). Write or wrong: Will amazon's kindle world help or hinder fiction? Metro UK. Retrieved on August 28, 2013 from http://metro.co.uk/2013/05/30/write-or-wrong-will-amazons-kindle-worlds-help-or- hinder-fan-fiction-3814096/
Kern, D. (2013, September 1). Kumoricon brings costume play in the park. The Columbian, p.1. Retrieved on September 2, 2013 from http://www.columbian.com/news/2013/sep/01/costume-play-in-the-park/

Morrison, E. (2012, August 13). In the beginning, there was fanfiction: From the four gospels to fifty shades. The Guardian, p.1. Retrieved on September 2, 2013 from http://www.columbian.com/news/2013/sep/01/costume-play-in-the-park/

Republic Of The Philippines. Congress Of The Philippines. Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines Sec. 173. R.A 8293. June 6, 1997

Schaffner, B. (2009, November/December 2009). In defense of fanfiction. The Horn Book Magazine. Retrieved on August 31, 2013 from http://archive.hbook.com/magazine/articles/2009/nov09_schaffner.asp

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..."Анимэ үзэгчдийн сэтгэл зүйн онцлогийг судлах нь" Гүйцэтгэсэн: Т. Азбилэг / МУИС-НУС, Социологи, Нийгмийн ажлын тэнхим, Анги: Социологи-2, II курс/ Г. Доржтүвдэн / МУИС-НУС, Социологи, Нийгмийн ажлын тэнхим, Анги: Социологи-2, II курс/ Удирдсан багш: М. Дэлгэржав /МУИС-НУС, Боловсрол, сэтгэл судлалын тэнхим/ Улаанбаатар 2016 он Сэдэв: Анимэ үзэгчдийн бие хүний зан төлөвийн сэтгэл зүйн онцлогийг судлах нь Хураангуй: Энэхүү судалгааны хүрээнд анимэ болон анимэ үзэгчдийг судалгааны дараах арга зүйн хүрээнд агуулга, өртөлт, үр нөлөөлөл, анимэ үзэгчдийн бие хүний зан төлөв гэсэн хэсгүүдэд хуваан авч судаллаа. Үүнд: контент анализ, ганцаарчилсан ярилцлага, фокус бүлгийн ярилцлага, асуулгын арга, кейс судалгаа, Г. И. Айзенкийн бие хүний зан төлөвийн арга тус тус орно. Судалгаанаас үзэхэд анимэ үзэгчид нь өсвөр насныхан ба залуучууд байдаг бөгөөд анимэ нь тэдэнд урам зориг өгсөн, сургамжтай, амьдралд тустай байдаг гэж тэд үзсэн байна. Гэсэн хэдий ч тэд сурч авсан зүйлсээ амьдралд хэрэгжүүлж чаддаггүй байна. Бие хүний зан төлөвийн хувьд анимэ үзэгчид нь тогтворгүй зан төлөвтэй, гадагшаагаа чиглэсэн буюу экстраверт шинж, темперамент нь холерик шинж давамгайлж байна. Түлхүүр үг: анимэ, анимэ үзэгчид, анимэ үзэгчдийн сэтгэл зүйн онцлог Үндсэн ойлголтонд хийх тайлбар: Анимэ- Анимэ гэдэг нь animation (дүрс амьлуулах) хэмээх үгийн товчлол юм. Анимэ нь Японоос үүсэлтэй бөгөөд энэ нэр томъёо зөвхөн Японы гаргадаг анимейшнд хамаарагдана...

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Filipino Ii

...KABANATA I ANG SULIRANIN AT SANLIGAN NITO A. PANIMULA Ang Pananaliksik na ito ay tungkol sa pagkawili ng mga kabataan sa wattpad at kung anu- ano ang mga epekto nito sa kabataan pati na rin ang pag-unlad ng panitikan sa pamamagitan ng wattpad. Ang wattpad ay isang aplikasyon sa internet kung saan ang mga tao ay may kalayaang makapagbasa o makalikha ng mga akda tulad ng mga nobela, mga tula, mga artikulo, mga kwento, mga pang-akademyang akda at iba pa. Ang wattpad ay nakakapagbigay sa mga tao ng pagkakataong makabuo ng akda na maaaring makita o mabasa ninoman. Ang mga manunulat ditto maaring propesyonal o baguhan. .  Nagsimula ang wattpad noong oktubre 2006, ito ay ideya nina Ivan Yuen at Allen Lau. Simula ng ito ay mabuo ay dagsa na ang mga nagbabasa at nagsusulat ng kanya kanya nilang mga akda dito. Sa wattpad ay malayang makakabasa ng akda na di tulad ng libro o mga aklat ay libre at maaaring idownload lang sa mga telepono o kung ano pa mang gadget. Ayon sa isang tanyag na manunulat na si Stephen King, “Kung wala kang oras para magbasa, wala kang oras (o mga gamit) para magsulat. Ganun lang iyon kasimple.” Sa paglipas ng panahon ay nagkakaiba-iba na ng mga pananaw at paraan ng paggawa ng akda ang mga manunulat dahil na rin sa modernong panahon at teknolohiya. Sa Pamamagitan ng pagsususulat sa wattpad ay umuunlad na ang panitikan, dahil sa mga bagong...

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