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Fantasy Literature

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24 ¡¡ 3˘ —ˆ ˚ƒ •¶ § ” § –¤ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ 2008˜Œ 6´ JOURNAL OF X I ZHOU TEACHERS UN I ERSITY N V

Vol 24¡¡ No. 3 . ¡¡ Jun. 2008¡¡



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– ·œ ˘ »ˆ —¡ —¿ ‡ „ß ˜ »ø·¡ ˇ ,˛˜ ´ ˚Æ `¸ ¸ § ˜ ‰˙ ¨ ‡ •¢ ,`ƒ ˝… ˘ »ˆ —¡ ¶ ¶ ¸ “ … · ˜ ¡£ » ‰˘ ˜ „ ‰¡,†¢‚ ‡ ˘ »ˆ —¡

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[2 ] „ ¡“ ¡“—´ – ·œ (New Age )¸ ¶fl˜ ¸… ¡£¡– ¡“ ˚ ˇº ¡¶ ‰ ƒ ¡• ¡¢ ¯œ ˘ ¡¶ ´ fi ˆ¯ fi ´• ¡•º ¡¶ ‰Æ„„ ¨¸ § ¡•¿“ ˘ `¸ ¨¸ § ‰

1¡¡ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § —¿ ˇ · ˘ »ˆ —¡ ¸ ¤ ˛“ `‰ •‰ : ‚ ˆ ˘ »ˆ —¡ —¸ fi ¸ ˘ ª ,—¿ ˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ ˛˜ ¸ ˛“ ˛˜ – ‰ł º ¯œ˘ ¨ » ; „† ˚– fi ¶ ˛˜ ¡£ ˚ ,—¿ ‰˙ ¨ · ´ ¿ ‚¯ ¶ ‚ ‚ ˛“ ‡ •¢
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•¢ „ „ ‡ — ,•¢ ˇ › · ¨¸ •‰ ¶ł ˚‰ · ˛˜ § ‰¨¸

· ł ˜ ˇº “ ¨ˇ ˚¶ ˚ fi —˜ » ¨ˇ ˚¶

‰ ,º ˚ ‰ˇ ·ƒ ,¶ł –»æ »fl˜ ˇ ·œ ¿˘ § † †»„ ˚˙ •‰ ˇ ˜ ˜ “ ,¿· ‰`¸ – ·œ ˚‰ § ,

¡£¶ł ˝¤ „ – ·œ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ,˛ ˆ˙ ¸˘ ”ı ¿· ‰ —˚† ˆ· †»¿

1. 1¡¡ ˛˜ »fl˚– ·œ¸… ‡–—¿ 1. 1. 1¡¡ › ˚… „ظ ‚· ¶ ˚ ˇ ¨ˇ ˛“ ¡ › ˚… „ؘ ‚· ˜§ »ˆ ˇ ˚ ‚æ` — ˛˜ § ¡£ ”˝ ˚' ¯• 20˚ …˝ ˘ ‡ ˇ `¸ ” †¢ †» ‰ ˇ ‡‹ ˇ ˚ ´ „œ , ”˝ »Æ , — ”˝ ––ˆ ˜ •¢ · ˚ – ¸ ¶fl ¡£¡– ¡

¨¸ ¶ ¨¸ – ——˜ ¯ º ¡£ ˜˙ ˆ· , ˜ ˜ ? ¶ ˚ ˇ —¤ ł ¡¶˛˜ § § ˜ » ‚ ˛˜ ˚ ¨¸ ¡•,· ˛˜ § ‡ •¢ ¶ł ˇ —¿ , ·¸ ¶ ·¸ ˇ ˇ ˜ ¨¸ º ¨» ˜ ¡¶˙‡ ˛ ¡· ‚ »• ˝ı ¡— ¿˝ ¶ “ „ ˇ ˜ ¸… ¿… ¨» …˘ •¢ ¿“ « ˜ §

º ¨¸ »fl˚

§ ¡•,¯ ¨ —¡¶˛˜ § º ˙ ˚‰¡“ ¡“˛˜ § ¨¸ ¡“ ˘ æ …˘ …º ˜ •¢ œ § › ˜ ˇ „ º »¥¶fl ¡£ ˜ ˚– ·œ–‡

—´ ¸ › ˚… —˜ ‚æ¶ß— ¡£
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˜ ˚– ·œ¿“ ˚…,˛˜ § …–ª ‡ – `¸ ·
¡–– ·œ ˛ •‰ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § –

1. 1. 2¡¡ ˛˜ »fl¸ · ˚‰ ‰¸ ¡¡ ˚– ·œ¸… ‡– ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ —¸ —˘ ‚· ˘ ¨¸ º ¨» ˜ œ ‹ œ‹ „† ˚– ——¿ ˜ ‰˙ ‡˚ ¶ “ »fl ¡£˛ fl fl ¶¨

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˜ œ · ‹ ¶¨ ,˙ ¶« ˛ •‰¡¢¯ „ ¿ ˜ — ˜ œ » •‰ ˚˙ ˛ ˚ º ˜ ¨ § —´

º ‰æ ˛˜ ˆ , fi ˚‰¡£¨¸ ˆ˙ ˙¿ ` º ˛˜ »fl˜ ˛˜ – ¡£ ¶ ˚ ˇ ˚fi ´ ˜ ˛˜ »fl ¡¶ ˇ ˜ ,

˚ ¨¸ ˚¶ ‰

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¡• —‚ ‡ ¡ · —¡ — ¸ ,˝¤ „ ¶ …—

˘ »ˆ ˛˜ – — ,œ » †¢†»

„ ˇ · ˝ „ ¡£¡–
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—˜ » ˆ ,¸ »„ —« æ ¡¢ —ˆ˛ ¡¢ —˛ – ˜ ˇº ˇ ˚ ‰ ¡£ ˚ — ,˚„ ˆ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ‡ ˛“ ˚– ·œ ¸… ¡¢¸ ‡– ¨ ‰ł —¿ ˚ ‡ ˛“

· ¶¤ ˛»¡fi¨¸ ¡fl˝ ¡fi¨¸ — ¡fl œ ‹ ” ,·

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˚ ‚ ¨ ˘ : 2007 - 10 - 22 »ø‰ˇ ˜¿ : 2007˜Œ‰› ˚¡ —¿ œ ·· —´ ˇ ˚ ‰`¢ ˇ ˇ ˜¿ ( YC07B001) ˛ ¤ …‰Ø ˚ … ( 1981 - ) ,¯fi ,‰› ¯ ‰› ¸ ,˜ˇ † · § —˛˜ ˇ ‰˚ƒ ,· ˚´ – ·œ˛˜ § —¿ ¡£ : ˛ ¨

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39
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, †¯ ˜ ˆ ‰ ‡ • ”˝ ˙¡ – ˜ ‰ ˚˝ ¡– , ‚ –‡ ˝ ˚˙ ¡ ¡fiˇ ·œ˛ ˚ı ¡fl ¡fi—´ ł ´œ » ¨ ‰»Æ ‰ˆ ”˝ ‰ )”˝ › ˚… ‰˜ —‡ •‰ ˚‰,· ¡fl ˚˙ – ·œ ,¸ ˝ ˜ ‰ (¨ ‰¤¸ ˜ « ¨ “ ؇ ,˘ ˛ •‰ •· ¯ ·« ˝‡ »ø¶‰ ,‰Ł ¨¸ ‰ œ ˘ ˚˙ •˙ ˛ •‰ ˜ æ —¯ ”˝ †¿ • ¡£¡–
˜ [5 ]

¨» `Ø—˜ ¸ø ˛‰ ˚– ·œ ¸ ¶fl ¡fl ¡fi—´ —˜ » ‚

˛“ ¤ ˆ⁄ ˚‰ ‰Ø »„ ˚˙ ˜ ˜ ˛˜

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¯œ˘ fi ´• ‰ł§ ” — ¿ ˚ fi ˙ ,˝¤ „ ˝ł ´ ` ˇ´ `¸ †» ˛˚ ‚ ˆæ …«» ‚

“ ˛˜ 1. 2¡¡ ˛˜

…˙ … ´ ˛“¡¶‰”£ › ¡•¡– ¡£ ¯œ˘

˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § †¥»ˆ ˇº ˛˜ § ˘ »ˆ —¡ ˛“ —¿ ¶ ˇ ,» ¸ • ¿˘ ˇ´ `‰ : ˘ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶˜§ »ˆ ¡˛“ ‚ ‚ ¡• —¨ˇ ˛“ ¡ ˜§ ˘ ¸ —¡ ¸ ª ‰¤ ˘ » ‚ „„ ¿“ ˝ § ˚ ,˚ ˜

¡¢ ‰˜ ˘‰ º ‰ ¡¢ ´ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ˇ¨ —— ˚˙ ‰·œ ¨ ‚ ¤ ˘ » ·œ¨¸ ,¸ß ˆ˙ ‚ł ” · ˜ ˜ —¿ †˜ `ˇ ¡£¨ ˘ ˚˙ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ¶¤ » ¨¸ ˜ ¤ ˝ § ¨¸ ” ˜ § ”ª ( ,¸ß ˆ˙ ˜ )

1. 2. 1¡¡ ˛˜

”‹ » ˙ Æ ˇ´ ˜ ‚ ‚ —¿

– ·œ“ ˆß ¶¨ ‰ˇ ˜ ˛ •‰ ‚ › ¨¡ –¨ ‰ˇ ˜ § ‰˙ ¨ ,˘ ‡ „ß · ´ ¿ ˛ ¶ (1)¨ˇ ˛“ ˚˙ ˜§ »ˆ »ˆ —¡ ˚ ¸ —˝ ˜ ˆ »ˆ ˇº ˛˜ § ª —¡ ¡£ˇ ¸

´ ˚ ‡ ˛“ ” · —¿ ¸ß ˜ ˛˜ ´ — ´ ˚ :¡ …˜ • – ¡£ ˚ ‰— (» ·¸ ,–˚

» ˚ ˚ `ˇ ¡£„œ˜ •› º ˛ ˚‰ »ˆ ˛˜ ˘ ‰« ‰ ¡• › º ‰„œ˜ ¡¶˜§ • · ˙ł • ¸ ”˝ ˘ ¸ ˘• ¶ º •¢ œ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ˘• …‚ ¶ ‰ ˛ •¤ …˘ ”ı ˛˜ § fi ¸ø ˛‰ ˜ ` ` » ‚ …¿

—¡ ‡ı ‰ ¡“ ¡“ ¡· ˜§ ‰ ¡”˝¡· „ ß ¡⁄ †¤ ¸ ¡“

—˝,ˇ ·œ˜§ »ˆ —¡ —†»˝‹ ¸ ”

» ‚ « ¨• ˜ ¶¤ ˜

,¸ ˆ ˜§ •¤ ¡¢ ˚ı ˜ ¸…˛‹ ˛
[7 ]

‰« ˘“ ˛˜ ´ ˜ •¶ ˛§ ˇ ˘

¡fi…¿ ˚ ‰ ¡fl ¡£¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡•1954˜Œ‡ ˜ —¸ ”˝ •¢ „ ¡£¡– ˘ ·˚ · ˜§ »ˆ ˇ ˚
‚¯ ˜ ˇ

˛ •‰ •¢ `¸ ˜§ »ˆ ¡£ ¨» ¶ł ˜§ »ˆ —¡ » ¸ —¡ · ‰¶¤ ¸ † » ¡¶æ ˜§

˘ »ˆ ( H igh Fantasy)— ¡£ ¨» ˜ ˚´ ˙Ø (˛ ˆ˙ ø ˜ ¶¤ »

,‰« ·œ ˘ »ˆ —¡ ‰ ¶¤ ˛“ ˜§ »ˆ – ¸ ˚˙ ‚ ,ˆ ˜§ »ˆ

˚˙ › „ ˙ ˆ ‚˜ – ˜ » ‚ ˇ ˚ ˚ ‰ ) ,— ¶ ‡‹ ‚ ˚ ‰—˛¥ –‡˛ › ˚˙ ¶¤ ´ ¡¢ £˚¶ ˜ ˚´ … ) , ‡ ¸ø – ¨» ˜ ¡£ ˜ ˘ ˛ « ¸Ł ˜ ¸ •¤ `¸ ¡£`

—¡ ,†¢Æ ‡ ¡ …¿ ˚ ‰ ¡–˙ ˘ »ø – ¸ ˚ ,” ˇ ˆ ”‹ ” ¶ł †»˚fi • ˙¡ – ¡£

‚ˆ ˚ ‰˜ „ •¶ ˚˙ ¿ ˜ •¢ œ ˜ ,ı ` ˚˙ –»˚ ¿· · ˜£ ” ,¨·

( 2 )‰« ˜§ —¡ º – ·œ˘ »ˆ —¡ ¨ ˝‹ ¡£ æ ¸ ¸ —¡ –‡” ¸ ”‹ ˜ —˛ ˛˜ »fl† ¡• —‚ ‡ :¡ · ˚ ‰˘ · ¡¢ ˆ œ –¨ ‰ˇ ‰ ` †¿æ ˜§ —¡ ¸ø •· ‡ ˜ ˆæ ¸
¡ æ ˜§ —¡ ¸ ¡– ˚˙ ´‡ ‚ ¡¶ — „œ —¡ ¸ ˚•

–¨ ‰ˇ· » ˜ ¸ •¤ ˚˙ :¡fi– ˜ª ¿· ‰ ˜ ˚– ” , ˝ ˜ „» ¨ˇ ‡
[9 ]

¡“ ¡“ ¡· ˜§ ‰ ¡”˝ ¡· ˛ ˛ …˙¡˛“ ¡“ ˚¶ ¡¢ ¶æ„ ˜ …‚ •‰ ¨º ˚ , ˘ ‚ ˆ —˜ ¡¢… •‰ ˜ † ¸ ˛‹ ˚‰
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˚¿ ¡–“ ˆß •¢ – ˜ —¿ —˝ ˛ ˛˜ ˜ ˝‹ ˚– ‰ł — • — `¸

„ª · ˘ »ˆ ˆ ¶ ¯ —ª ˛ ˜ ¡£ ˛˚ —'´ ,• „ ¡•¡¢ ¿“ ˚… ¡¶ˆ˛ “ ˛» ˆ ˜ ,˙¿



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—¨ˇ ¿ ¶¨ † •˙ ‡£‚ ¡£¸ß ‰Ø ¡¢› º `¸ •

·˛ ‡˘ » ¯œ– ˇ æ ¡¢§¡ ¶• •¤ ¡–˚ ˚´ ˜ ˜ „ 1. 2. 2¡¡¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡•¡¶„ ß †¤ ¡¢ »flº ˛˜ ˘• ¡– , —˛‰, ˚ —¿ ‡ •¢ ,¨ˇ ˛“ …¸˜ ¡fi•

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˚‰ »ˆ —¡ ,‚ł ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˇ´ ¶¤ ˘ ¸ ˜ •‰:´ ‚ ˛ ¨ˇ ˛“ :¡

¡• —¿ º ˘ »ˆ ¤ ´ †¿ —¡ ˚˙ ¡ »ø– —¯ ”˝ ¸ ‰˜ ‰ł—— ´ `¸ ˚ —º ˇ ¸

˛˜ • – ˚˙ :¡¶ˇ ·œ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § …‰Ø ¡¶˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § • ¡•¡¢ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ¡•¡£˝ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ¶¤ ¨» `ƒ `¿ ˜ … — » ‚
[ 10 ]

˝ı ˘ » ˜ ¸¶ ˚¿ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶˙§ ˜Œfi ˚Ø ¡“ ¡“¡· ˜§ ‰ ¡—¿ ¡•,· ˛˜ ¡“ • – · ¡ »ø¶‰ ‰« æ ˜ ‚· „Ø ,¢ ¡fl ˚ ˜£ ˚‰¡– —¡ ˛˜ — ¶ ¸ ˘ ¸¶ ˚¿ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶ – ˙ · ˘˚ ˛ ¡¢ ´ ¸ —¡ ´ ¸

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…¿ ˚ ‰˜ Ł ¶¤ ;• „ ¸ • ˚ , º • ˆ ˙ł – ˜ ¡£˙ » ¶¤ ¶ł †» „

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¤ `¸ ¸ø —˜ »ˆ ˇº —¡ —¡ ˜ ‰Æ —˛ ‰, ¸ „„ ˚ · ˛˚ ˚˙ , ø ˜

¡– ¸ `¸ ¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡• ¤ · ˛“ • ˜ ‰¨» †»˝‹ ˜ „ ª ¡ ¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡• ,— — ¡£

Æ ‡ `¸ º ˙

‡Øˇ ˜ ‚¯ ¤ `ƒ ¡£” » ¶¤ ¨» `ƒ `¿ …» ‚

ˇ ¶ æ ‰ ,¶ ˛ ˚ı ˜ ‹ ¶¨ ,†»˝‹ ˜ ¡˜ ˛˜ »fl› —˝¡• —¨ˇ ¨» ” »‰ » „¯ ˇ ”‡ `¸ ¶` ¡•¡“ ¡“ ¡“

•‰ ˚‰,˘ »ˆ —¡ º ¨ — ¿˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ ˙ł – ‰« » –˚ ” ˝¿ ¸ ¸ ˚˙ ˛“ ¡ ‡‹ … , ˝ł “ ˛» ˆ ¡– ˚ †»„» ˆ ¨• ¡£ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ¶¤ ˜¿ ˙ ¶ł ˚˙ „« ,˙ł – ¡£ ¶ ¨¸ fi ” ,„œ˜ ‚ ˛˜ § › ·· ˝ł „ ¡£˘ »ˆ —¡ ¶¤ ¸ †¢†» ˜ †»¨• ¶¤

˚– …„ ,†»˝‹ ˜ ¸… •‰ ˇ ‰ł — ´ ⁄ ˛‹ ˚‰¡– —`¸ ˘ ¸¶ ˚¿ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶¡· „ ß ¡⁄ †¤ ˇ ¸ ·· ‰æ ¶ ˚ ‰”¸ —˜ æ ˜ «

˚˙ › —˝ — ”˝ ¨ ' › —˝¡– ¯fi , ˜ »ˆ ˇº ˚ ‰—¶

– …› ˜ ¶` ˆ †»˝‹ º ˛˜ § ¸ ł ‚ ˝ —– ¶ł ˇ ˜ ˛¶ ¯ ·¸ ˛ †»¿ ˚¶ ¡£¶¤ ,˜˙ ˆ· ˘ »ˆ —¡ ¸ ˚˙ ˆ · ˚„ » ˛

‚ ˛˜ § —¢ —˚§ ´ ˜ ˚– ·œ , —´ ¸ `¸ » ˛» ˝fl » ¢ — ,

– • ´ ¡¢ ˛

¯ —´ ¢ —˜ ‰` ,´ ` ˜ “ »»– —˛, ˜ —˜ Ø ,†¢˚„ ˙– † ` —´ ˜ ¸¶ ˚¿ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶˚ ¡· „ ß ¡⁄ †¤ ”› ¡¢ · ¡¢ ˆ ¸ ¡¢ …

¨ˇ ˜ ˚´ ˚ ,« ˘ ¸ ˜ —¡ ¸ ˜ ¨¡ ˆ „†˚¶ ,†¢ 2¡¡ ˘ »ˆ —¡ ·· ¸ ˚˘ ¡£ ˛“ ·· º —¿

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¶¨ ˆ ‰˚˝ •¯ ¡£¡–‹ ˜Œ,¶˛ ˝

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»fl˚– ·œ ˜ ¡ ˜§ »ˆ • ‡– ¡– ˛ ‰ ¨¡ ˇ ¡¢ ˚ ˘

¡ ¡¢ ˜§ ‰ ¡˛“ ‚ ‚ ¡·

¡• – · ¡ ˇ ·œ ˜§ »ˆ —¡ ˜ ˜ • ¸ ¡– ‚ •‰ ‰ł — ˚ ,¨ˇ ˛ ˆ —´

– ˝` ˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ • —— ˆ ˘ »ˆ —¡ — ¿ — ‰¥ ˜ ˙ ¸ ,˚„ ¸ ¨¨ º —¿ »• ‡ ¨ ˙ ˝Œ˘ ¡£

˛“ ¡ ˛ ˚ı ¸… ¡¢ ¿˘ …… · ˜ ˚– ·œ —´ ı »œ¡¢ ·œ¡fi ‰ ¡fl… ˛‹ ‚ ·ł ˘ – ¸ ˇº ˜ †“ —¸¡–¸ ˇ ·œ˜§ »ˆ —¡ ˜ ˚… fi · ¡£ ˜ ¸

40

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24

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2. 1¡¡ ˘ »ˆ —¡ —¿ ˙ ¸ 1997˜Œ ,„œ…˚ ˘ »ˆ · »Æ ––' ¿ ·˛ „œ…˚ — ‰ º »Æ ,‰æ˛ ˇ ” ¡¢˜ ˛ —— ‚ ,˚´ 10˜Œ, 2007˜Œ ‡— ¡£·¸ º ¶` » ˘ … ‚ł ‡ „ß ‰Æ ˛“ …fl ˜ ¡¶—˛ —„œ‡ ¶… „œ…˚ ˘ »ˆ ˘ »ˆ · »Æ ¡¶¿˘ »ˆ ˚ ‰ ¡• ¿ ¨ “ ˆß ˘ »ˆ ”˛ •‰¡– ˇ „ — ¡£ `¸ ¡ — „œ– ·œ … ¿ ´• ´ …¶

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¡¶ 2007—„œ‡ ¶… „œ…˚ ˘ »ˆ . ˘ »ˆ · »Æ …fl ¿ ˛˜ ¡•,˚ ´… ¿˘ »ˆ `¸ ` ˜ ¡¶´ ¿˘ »ˆ ¡⁄ —»ˆ ¡⁄ ˘ »ˆ ¡• –˚ º – fi · ´ ˚˙ ¡ „Æ ˚… ˜ •˙ ·' ˘ »ˆ ‡— º ·« … ¡• — ¿ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˜ ´ ˛˜ ¡£ –˚ ¨ ˚ —˙؉˜ •¢ œ , ¡£¡–

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˘ »ˆ —¡ ˇ´ ˜ ¶¤ ¸ 2007˜Œ ,—”£ ˇ´ ˜ ` » ˇ ˚

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[ 17 ]

˝— —'˙؉¶ł – ˇ ˜ •˙ „ …—

˘ ¸¶ ˚¿ ´ ˛˜ ¡¶˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ¡“ ¡“‡‹ ˇ ˚ „ ¡“ Ø ¡• —‡˘¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡• —¡ ˛“ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ,†¢ ¸ » ‚ ”ˇ ,‰ ˜ ¶¤ ˛» ,ß —˝ §

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¿ ¡£ˆ „œ´ « `˘ †¡ › œ ˛“ ˚‰ †»· ˛“ »
' ¨

˜¨ ¡⁄ ¨ł

¯ ¡

¡ ¶¨ ˜Æ˛ ˙ ˜ ˘⁄ ¿ ˛“ »… †¡

¶ ˘ »ˆ ˜ —¿ ,„ؘ ‡ ¨ ‚ “ ¸ :‡‹ ‰ˇ ˚ ˜ ˇº ˇ ¡¢ ª ˜ `¸ ˘ »ˆ – ˇ —˛ ‰ ˚ –‡” ¸ø …‚· ¨ ˚ ”Œ ˇ „ ,¨· · ß ˙ ¨¸ fi ˇ ¡£ ‰ł„ ¡• ˛˜ —‚ł ˘ »ˆ » ˝¤ „ •˙ ˇ ˚ —Ø „„ ˇº ˜ ¿ ˜ ˛˜ § … ”˝ ¨¸ ˛˜ ¸… ¿…,…· ”˝ —‡¸ — ¶ ¨ ‚ ‚ ˛“ ‡ •¢ ª ,˘ ¶¤˛» fi « … :¡ „ª ¸ ,˜˙ —'

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˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ —´ ˆ˙ Æ „' `¸ ˚ ˆ ¸ ˚

¡¶˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ fi œ …·· ¸

¶ł —´ ˜ —· ‰¤ ,—„ ˚ `ˇ ¿… ˇ ‰ ,•˙ ‡£¤ – Ø ˚• ˇ ˚˙ …«“ ”– …ß ¡£˘ ˜ ¨ • ˛“ ˛ · ¿Ø ,¡ ˛˜ »fl–‡ ˛ ˜ ¶¤ ¡¢ »ˆ œ ˛ ¡¢ ‡£œ » ”˝ ˘ ¨ ‚æ ,¿ `¸ …« ˜ ´ « `Ø „¯ ¡–¯ ˜ † ˇ ,˝— ¶ß‰ ˛ ‰ø ¡–
[ 18 ]

ˆŁ ˜¡ ˘ ƨ˜ »ˆ ˇº ˚ ‰ ,„ ˚ —˜ ؘ ˇº ˇ `ƒ ,– · œ ˆ ` ˘• ,¶… ¿ ‡˘ fi ˛“ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ,ˇ` » « `Ø , ·· ˚– …Ł ¶¤ ˛“ ¨¸ ¿˘ »ˆ ¡¢§ »ˆ ¡¢ »ˆ ¨ —¡ …… ˜ — ¸ •¤ —˝,¸ ‡£‡£ —˚– ˚˙ º `œº ¨¸ ˜ ¨¸ æ » `¸ ¶

,˘ „

fi ˇŒˇ‚ º ˇ ˛ ˆ˙ œ · ˇ ( ·· `¸ ¡– ¡ ¯ º ˜ ˛» ˆ ¡£ —˚ —„œ ¨” 2

ˇ ‰†,˘ »ˆ —¡ ˚˙ …fl ¸ ˜ —´ ˚‰ ‰˙ ˚• ˙ ”Ø»˜ ˚– ·œ , » ,¢ —˝ƒ — ¯¤ ˜ ¢ — , ,˜¿ ˙ ˛ ˆ˙ „œ…

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fi ˚ ‰˜ ˝Œß ˜ œ ˛ ¨ƒ ¡¢ » ¨ƒ ¡¢ æ ˝Œß ˜ ) ¡£¨¸ ˆ˙ ˜ ˚ ‰ ¡– ƒ ª ¨« ,» ‚ ¨¸ ·· » ‰˜ ˚´ ˙Ø , ˛ « ˚˙ ¡¶˜§ ‰ ¡• ” , fi ˜ › ¨ `¸ » ‚ ˚ ‰ , ¶ †¿ ø » ‚ ,¶ł ˚˙ ¡ ˇ

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[ 11 ] ¿ ˙ ¶« ¨ˇ ˛“ ¡ ` ˚† ˆ· ˚˙ ˘ »ˆ

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¿ ˜ †»˚˙ ˛ ”˝ ”« ˘ †¤‰˚ ˜ ˝ø ˝ø ¶… ¡fi˚´ ” ˚˙ †¢†»˚˙ ¸ §

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[ 12 ]

‰ł —¡ ˛ `Œ¡– ˚ —· —˜ ·· »Æ¡– ˇ

‚ ˇ ˜¿ ‡ ˛“ 2007˜Œ 12´ ˘¿ – ˘ ˜

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[ 13 ] ı• ¡– ˚˙ ¨ˇ ˘

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¶˛ ˚– …—»ˆ —¡ ˜ •¢ „ „ …£ »fi• ˛“ ¨ ‚ ¸ ¿ ¶ ‰¶˛ ,– ˝` ˇ ‰£ ¶˛ ; ‰
˛“ ¡ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ ˘ § »ˆ ˛ ˜ § ·· ˇ »fl ¡¢ ¡£ [ 14 ]

ˆ …º ¡¢ ˚‰ ˘ ˜ ˛£ ”ƒ …ı¨ı ;” » ˙ ‰«

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˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ˝ł ¡¢ `œ˜ – ˙ —„œ˚– —˛˜ § ˜ ˚˙ ˆ „œ˛˜

¿ ¡¢ »ˆ ˝ł ¡¢ ¨¸ fi ‡ , ˘ ˇ

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ˇ ,˚ …˚ ˚˙ ˛ •‰ »ˆ ˛˜ ˇ ˘

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41

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cn / test/ roger/www / dnd / undertop ia / article. php / articleid = 32. htm l, 2004 - 08 - 19. [ 10 ] ¡¡ –ø˚fl …“ . —˛ ˘ »ˆ ‡— º ¸ ·« 09. [ 11 ] ¡¡ ¶ £ . ˘ »ˆ —¡ ˜ fi œ …·· ¸ 2004, (4) : 41 - 43. – fi · ´ [ EB /OL ]. ht2 [ EB / »Æ § , ¿˘ § »Æ ¿˘ ‚ ˜ˇ .

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tp: data book hexun com /2425092. shtm l 2007 - 08 .

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2001, (3) : 18 - 24. ˛ ˇ ·œ ˛˜ ˆ †¡ ¡“ ¡“ ¨ß ‡ ¸„ ˝¢ ⁄ ¡“ ¡· ‚ø ¸…ˇº [ J ]. „ª ¶« ¶· † `ƒ ¡ ˜ »Æ § , 2003, ¿˘ [ J ]. ˜ˇ

[ 12 ] ¡¡ ¿ ˙ ¶« . ¨ ”ˇ —„œ˛˜ »fl« ¸Ł ¡¡ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § •‰ ˘ ‡ htm /. 2006 - 12 - 25.

OL ]. http: / / book peop le com. cn / GB /69362 /5205 /63.

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[ 13 ] ¡¡ ‚ –ø • . — „œ˝ł ´ — »ˆ —¡ ˜ ˙ ˚ ‰æ ¡“ ¡“˙‡ ´ — ¸ ˚ ¡“ „œ˝ł ´ —»ˆ —¡ ˜ •¢ „ º ˇ · ¸ 2006, (12) : 56 - 59. [ J ]. [ 15 ] ¡¡ »˘ ´ ˛˜ § ¿fl (‚ ‰ [ J ]. ˙

¡¡ ı• . »ˆ ‰ ˛ – ¡“ ¡“˚ ´ — „œ– ·œ ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § ¡“

) , 2007, ( 3 ) : 17 - 19.

¸‡ . —„œ˚– — ˛˜ § º ¶¯ › ¸„ ¡¢ ˇ ·” ˚ ¡¢ – ¶fl · ¨ [ J ]. ” ––§ ¿fl , 2005, 25 ( 3 ) : 192 - 196. ˚ ) , 2006, 29 (1) : 16 - 18. [ J ]. ‡⁄ ‰› § § –¤ ( »Æ § · ¿˘ :»

1994, (3) : 20 - 28.

[ 16 ] ¡¡ ¶ ˚ ˇ . æ » ¨ ”˛ [ 17 ] ¡¡ ´ § ˜¨ ¡⁄ ¨ł

¯ . „˚ ˚´

æ ˚¥ ˜ ˛ `˘ ¿ …

[ J ]. ¶ ˚ ˇ ,»˘ ˆ . „ª ˛ ˆæ ) , 2003, 25 ( 5 ) : 30 - 34. ¡¡ ¨

§ ” § –¤ (

¡⁄ †… ¿¸ ¸„ ( Terry B rooks) . ˘ »ˆ —· ´‡

) , 2006, (4) : 93 - 96.

[ EB /OL ] http: www. flipviewer cn / rest/ roger/www / and / articleid = 77. htm l 2003 - 01 - 23. .

§ ”ª . ˘ »ˆ ˛˜ § … [ EB /OL ]. http: / /www. flipviewer .

The Sta tus and Fron t of M odern Fan ta sy F iction
ZHOU Shu - lan
( N anchang U n iversity, N anchang 330031, Ch ina )

Abstract: Currently, the study of fantasy fiction has just been unfolding On the basis of the research p roduction in the modern fantasy . fiction, the paper make a carding to the style definition ¡¢the w riting actuality and criticis s of modern fantasy It is about the fantasy m . through the literature - anthropology, and point out that¡ tabu¡–and¡ gy . SecondaryWorld¡–was the key to get the major characteristic and

Key words: style; anthropology; fantasy fiction; status

significance of fantasy The existence of fantasy has great significance not only to the literature history, but also to the human¡fl ideolo2 . s

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Darwin’s
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of
natural
selection
implies
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in
1871
of
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