Premium Essay

Fatigue Literature Review

Submitted By
Words 1177
Pages 5
Literature Review
Exercise induced fatigue forms the basis for this study. We are looking to achieve both physiological and neuromuscular fatigue in our subjects, to simulate in-game conditions in their various sports. By observing their landing kinetics and kinematics, we will find how greatly fatigue can affect them, with regard to landing from a jump. By inducing fatigue in our subjects, observing their landing mechanics and applying the results to the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) Test we will be able to tell just how much of an effect fatigue can have on the subjects. The implications being that if the results differ significantly an athlete should work on their landing mechanics in order to help prevent a future injury.
1. Fatigue
…show more content…
Previous studies along a similar subject have looked at the effect of fatigue on landing performance in athletes who have previously suffered an ACL injury; this was completed using 12 subjects (Gokeler et al., 2014). Fatigue was found to affect the group negatively in Gokeler’s study. Both groups of subjects used had an increased LESS test score, with both scoring ‘poorly’ post fatigue inducing exercise. Our study differs in that we are using a larger group of subjects in a more randomised group, removing the bias of athletes that have already suffered a knee injury. The implications of this being; if the group scores higher LESS test results post exercise, should landing mechanics post fatigue be implemented into an athletes training routine with the goal of preventing potential injury in the future, regardless of injury history? Elsewhere, a study by Wesley et al., (2015) looked at the differences in LESS Scores post fatigue between different sexes. The key findings of their study being; women consistently demonstrated higher LESS scores than men, with both increasing post-exercise. It was also found that a relatively short period of intense exercise was sufficient to cause significant changes in landing mechanics. The methodology of Wesley’s’ study involved fatiguing the subjects using a number of drills including; cutting, weaving, bounding, squat jumps and step-ups with the instruction for the athletes to perform the drills at ‘game-speed’ or a high intensity, however this is at the subjects discretion with encouragement from the testers being their only motivation. Our study differs in that we’re using a multi-stage beep test to fatigue our athletes, the idea being that a quantifiable result will motivate the athletes and in due course work them to their maximum fitness level thus fatiguing them

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

2-443/Nur

...Literature Search Paper NUR443 September 19, 2011 Professor Dina Faucher Literature Search Paper Numerous studies have been conducted to prove the relationship of shift work and fatigue and the results noted on medication errors. Two articles were chosen using the University Library, a qualitative research study and a quantitative research study from peer reviewed articles through the use of databases such as EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and Gale Powersearch. To research this topic, the query tool utilizing terminology such as shift work, fatigue, and medication errors was used to narrow the search. The intent of this paper is to identify the difference between research study articles versus plain journal articles, the type of nursing journals, and if the article is peer reviewed. EBSCOhost allows one to narrow the search, by selecting the mode as Boolean search, the source type as Academic Journal, the subjects as errors and patient safety, the publication as Journal of Nursing Management, AORN Journal, and Journal of Nursing Education, and finally the database as CINAHL plus with full text reduced the results to 259 articles. The articles are in order from most relevant to least relevant. Effects of working conditions of intravenous medication errors in Japanese hospital, written by Seki and Yamazaki was the most relevant article posted that encompassed the use of a quantitative research method to support the educational content. According to Burns and Grove (2011)......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Example Paper

...Pushing During Second Stage of Labor for Nulliparous Women With Epidural Anesthesia The research was done by Erica Gillesby, BSN, RNC, is a staff nurse, Labor & Delivery, Exempla Lutheran Medical Center, Wheat Ridge, CO, Suzan Burns, BSN, RN, is a staff nurse, Labor & Delivery, Exempla Lutheran Medical Center, Wheat Ridge, CO, Amy Dempsey, MSN, RNC, is a clinical nurse specialist, Labor & Delivery, Exempla Lutheran Medical Center, Wheat Ridge, CO, Kami Mogensen, BSN, RNC, is a staff nurse, Labor & Delivery, Exempla Lutheran Medical Center, Wheat Ridge, CO and other registered nurses to determine if the use of delayed pushing after the onset of the second stage of labor decreases the time of active pushing and maternal fatigue. Participants were randomly selected from nulliparous women, with continuous, standard dose, lumbar epidurals who reached the second stage of labor and assigned to two different methods of pushing, randomized by computer. The first group was the immediate pushing with a sample of 39; the second was the delayed pushing with a sample of 38. The participants were older than 16 years, viable, vertex singleton fetus and fetal age of 36 weeks or older. Cesarean delivery, samples with a maternal weight ≥275lbs, due to increased risks for both mother and fetus, magnesium sulfate therapy samples and maternal cardiac condition samples were excluded. The participants were educated on the two methods of managing the second stage of labor and......

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Police Officers

...1 Occupational Health and Safety Issues of Police Officers in Canada, the United States and Europe: A Review Essay © Jennifer R. L. Parsons June, 2004 2 Introduction Police officers play a pivotal role in North American and European societies. They are involved in many aspects of North American and European life. Officers’ involvement ranges from general, daily, proactive patrol activities to specific criminal activities such as narcotic investigations. Because there is such a wide range of activities involved in police work, there are many health and safety issues surrounding policing as an occupation. Police officers may be exposed to different health and safety risks in their occupation. For example, police officers are at risk of assault and homicide; the dynamics of policing as an occupation creates opportunities for them to experience many psychosocial hazards such as stress, suicide, sexual harassment, and discrimination. It is important that research be completed on the health and safety issues of police officers in order to identify hazards and identify ways to reduce risk. The failure to identify and solve health and safety concerns of officers has potentially serious consequences for the health and well being of officers and their families. These consequences can include depression, divorce, suicide, and disease. Not addressing the health and safety issues associated with policing may also impact the general public. For example, if an officer......

Words: 19151 - Pages: 77

Premium Essay

Mandatory over Time for Nurses

...According to Bae (2012b), staff shortage in hospitals is not a new phenomenon and many researchers in health care system contend that such chronic shortage of nurses has a direct and negative impact on patient care (Bae, 2010; Bae, 2012b, Bae, Brewer, & Faan, 2012). For example, in several of her research articles, Bae (2010, 2012a, & 2012b) cited several research articles where researchers have found that the long hours worked by RNs are at the root of many adverse patient outcomes. Anecdotal evidence should suggest that anyone working long hours over an extended period of time will experience fatigue and decreased working performance. However, the health care system, as a whole, has not adopted the recommended standards from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of “no more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period and no more than 60 hours in a 7-day period to avoid error-producing fatigue” (Bae, 2012a, p.60). The logical question is why not? Additionally, it...

Words: 3475 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Why Nurses Are Leaving

...was stated that by the nursing workforce in the United States, that registered nurse (RN) shortage may exceed five hundred thousand by the year 2025 (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2010; Cipriano, 2006; United States Department of Health and Human Services,2002). Several factors have contributed to Registered Nurses (RNs) leaving clinical nursing practice. These includes job dissatisfaction, increase in age of working nurses, verbal and physical abuse from managers, physicians and co-workers, lack of support from members of staff, fatigue and exhaustion due to work overload, and retention and recruitment. This situation can be improved by ensuring adequate nurse to patient ratios by reducing work load, promoting respects of nurses, giving rewards and recognizing nurses for a job well done, empowering nurses and nursing management, and increasing recreational activities for nurses to reduce fatigue and burnout. Purpose and Research Questions The study was conducted to identify the factors why RNs are leaving clinical nursing practice, what their expectation from the Nursing Management, job satisfaction and factors influencing retention of nurses. The research question for this study was “What is the experience of RNs who leave clinical nursing? The study was explained to participants, and participants were asked to answer the following questions; 1. What...

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Compassion Fatigue Interventions

...Patient Services/Intensive Care Nurses/Compassion Fatigue Intervention/BESt 173 Best Evidence Statement (BESt) Date: July 17, 2013 Title: Decreasing Compassion Fatigue* among Pediatric Intensive Care Nurses Using Self-Care Skills* and Compassion Fatigue Training* Clinical Question: P (Population/Problem) I (Intervention) C (Comparison) O (Outcome) Among pediatric intensive care nurses does functional knowledge of compassion fatigue and the practice of self-care skills, compared to not, demonstrate less compassion fatigue? Definitions for terms marked with * may be found in the Supporting Information section. Target Population for the Recommendation: Nurses working in pediatric intensive care settings who provide direct patient care Recommendation: It is recommended that nurses working in pediatric intensive care settings receive training that includes compassion fatigue awareness, coping strategies, stress management, relaxation techniques and self-care interventions to decrease the level of compassion fatigue experienced in the work environment (Marine, Ruotsalainen, Serra, & Verbeek (2009) [1a]; Gunusen, & Ustun (2010) [2a]; Kravits, McAllister-Black, Grant, & Kirk (2010) [4a]; Meadors & Lamson (2008) [4a]). Discussion/Synthesis of Evidence related to the recommendation: The evidence referred to a variety of concepts related to the manifestation of compassion fatigue, including burnout, emotional exhaustion, and workplace stress. The concepts...

Words: 2454 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Paper

...Tang et al, (2009) study was to examine fatigue in chronic heart failure patients and its related factors. The aim was to (1) examine the associations among age, gender, New York Heart Association classification (NYHA), Ejection Fraction (EF), beta-blocker use, Hemoglobin (Hb), depression and fatigue in patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) and (2) determine the contribution of physiological and psychological factors to the variance in CHF patients’ fatigue. Fatigue is a common symptom in patients with chronic heart failure, but little is known about this phenomenon. Fatigue for this sample of chronic heart failure patients was significantly predicted by depression, EF, and NYHA. 2. Are the major variables identified and defined conceptually and operationally? Identify the variables of the study and specify their level of measurement (nominal, interval, ordinal, and ratio). ( 5 points) Yes, the major variable was identified and defined conceptually and operationally. The main outcome variable is fatigue, which is the dependent variable. Conceptual definition: Fatigue- A complex, multifaceted subjective feeling, which involves physical, psychological and activity dimensions. Operational definition: Fatigue- A common symptom seen with CHF. Fatigue is multidimensional, and was measured by two scales: Lee’s Fatigue Visual Analog Scales which uses an ordinal level of measurement and a researcher-developed scale, the Tang Fatigue Rating Scale which uses an ordinal......

Words: 1765 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Compare and Contrast

...and the second was an article published in The British Journal of Psychology. Article 1 Vitamin D Deficiency Causing Depression & Fatigue http://www.livestrong.com/article/269325-vitamin-d-deficiency-causing-depression-fatigue/ This article describes the various roles that Vitamin D plays in your body, including support for bone growth, immune health, and proper neuromuscular functions within the body. The article states that vitamin D deficiencies are more common in women and can cause many negative symptoms including excessive fatigue, sleepiness, muscle weakness, and vision problems. The article also states that vitamin D deficiency may also play a role in the development of colon, breast, ovarian, and bladder cancers. It is asserted that blood tests are performed to confirm deficiency, however the article does not give other data or facts to support their assertions that low Vitamin D is a direct causation of depression and fatigue. Based on my analysis of this article, I do not believe the article provides enough justifiable data and research to support their claim that vitamin D causes depression and fatigue. Additional research and data is needed to fully support this claim, therefore I would not use this article as a reliable source of information. Article 2 ‘D’ for depression: Any role for vitamin D? This article reviews the correlation of nutrition (specifically vitamin D levels) and mood disorders. Cross sectional studies have identified associations......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Chronic Pain

...months or twelve months), the presence of such sensation after the healing period usually leads to this diagnosis. One of the diseases with a generalized chronic pain as a symptom, which continues to generate many debates in the medical world, is fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia, a disorder that affects the overall system and has an effect of generalized chronic pain, will be delineated in this paper, including its causes, manifestation, and part of the process of managing this disease in which a kinesiologist would have a central role. Fibromyalgia, estimated to affect 4% of the population, is a compilation of symptoms accompanying pain, which include fatigue, stiffness and sleep disturbance, along with psychiatric conditions such as depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder. There are different opinions in the literature in regards to the placement of fibromyalgia as a mental or somatic disorder. The International Classification of the Diseases categorizes fibromyalgia as a diagnosable disease of musculoskeletal and connective tissue, as a functional somatic...

Words: 2194 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Theoretical Framework

...Theoretical Framework of Compassion Fatigue September 11, 2014 Theoretical Framework of Compassion Fatigue Compassion fatigue, which is also known, as secondary traumatic stress is a natural effect that occurs as a result of taking care of patients who are in pain, stressed, suffering, or traumatized. Compassion fatigue commonly affects nurses who show extreme empathy for patients and their relatives. Empathy is the act of putting oneself in another person’s situation or understanding one's feelings (Walker & Alligood, 2001). It has always been a nurse’s role to show empathy to patients and their relatives. In the process of sympathizing and empathizing, nurses can easily develop compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue affects nurses physically, psychologically, and spiritually in addition to affecting their daily duties. Nurses may intentionally stop working with certain patients or reduce their empathy for patients, and others may have repetitive call-ins to avoid working specific patient populations. These adverse effects can easily lower hospital or institution productivity. Therefore, it is advisable for nurses to be encouraged to seek advice and counseling from counselors, mentors, psychologists, and other responsible persons. It is also necessary for nurses to be aware of the symptoms of compassion fatigue to facilitate taking preventative measures as early as possible. The compassion fatigue theory is connected to the relationship between the patient and the...

Words: 2308 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Heart Failure

...Critique of “Correlates of Fatigue in Patients With Heart Failure” Galen College Transitions/NUR 240 January 4, 2010 The topic of this article is to determine correlates of fatigue in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of fatigue and distinguish its demographic, clinical and psychological correlates in patients suffering from heart failure. These findings could possibly lead to ways to better treat patients living with HF. Healthcare workers could benefit greatly from the data gathered to better understand the needs of the aforementioned patients and focus their interventions to accommodate their needs. No review of literature is included in this research paper. The study was conducted by six scholars with advanced degrees. Two of the researchers hold PhDs and two other hold DSNc degrees, which are professional level research degrees in Nursing. The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Nursing is considered a more academic degree and prepares those who have attained the it for both research and teaching positions. In this study, a cross-sectional correlation design method was used. This type of research study uses a small group of individuals to represent a whole population. It is often used in making healthcare decisions and imperative that only current......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ball Bearings Theory

...In the literature, several models for ball bearings have been proposed to explain the gyroscopic effect and the centrifugal forces. Kurvinen et al. [5] improved the model provide by Sopanen and Mikkola [6, p. 201-211], [7, p. 213-223] and added the centrifugal forces and gyroscopic moment and contemplated the defect in the ball bearings. Kärkkäinen et al. [1, p. 606, 608] considered rotational inertia of the ball and inner ring and aerodynamic torque. In a recent pepper of the Halminen et al. [2, p. 692-705] the model for the cageless bearing is developed based on the available model for the bearing with the cage. The friction between the rotor and inner race will affect the whirling motion of the rotor [1, p. 613], [8, p. 79-89]. As a result...

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Prevention and Management of Seafarers Fatigue

...I. Introduction Global concern with the extent of seafarer fatigue and its potential environmental cost is widely evident across the shipping industry. Maritime regulators, ship owners, trade unions are all alert to the fact that with certain ship types a combination of minimal manning, sequences of rapid port turnarounds, adverse weather conditions and high levels of traffic may find seafarers working long hours and with insufficient recovery rest. (Smith, Allen and Wadsworth, 2006). In these circumstances fatigue and reduced performance may lead to environmental damage, ill-health and reduced life-span among highly skilled seafarers who are in increasingly short supply. A long history of research into working hours and conditions in manufacturing as well as road transport and civil aviation industries has no parallel in commercial shipping. There are huge potential consequences of fatigue at sea in terms of both ship operations (accidents, collision risk, poorer performance, economic cost and environmental damage) and the individual seafarer (injury, poor health and well-being,). Not only has there been relatively little research on seafarers’ fatigue but what there has been has been largely focused on specific jobs (e.g. watch keeping), specific sectors (e.g. the short sea sector) and specific outcomes (e.g. accidents). This reflects general trends in fatigue research where the emphasis has often been on specific groups of workers (e.g. shift workers) and on safety......

Words: 2078 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...Literature search: Students' sleep problems and school management SHEU : nationally-recognised, since 1977, as the specialist provider of reliable local survey data for schools and colleges SHEU Literature search MORE LITERATURE SEARCHES Students' Sleep Problems SHEU has provided a literature search resource about young people, sleep problems and school management Thanks to Zotero and Jason Priem Last updated September 2012 - - - - - see also SHEU search "sleep" http://sheu.org.uk School management of students with a lack of sleep Type Journal Article Author Editorial Publication Education and Health Volume 30 Issue 3 Page 56 Date 2012 URL http://sheu.org.uk/x/eh303ed1.pdf Sleepless in America: School start times Type Journal Article Author Editorial Publication Education and Health Volume 30 Issue 3 Page 57 Date 2012 URL http://sheu.org.uk/sites/sheu.org.uk/files/imagepicker/1/eh303ed2.pdf Ready, willing, and able? Sleep hygiene education, motivational interviewing and cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia in an Australian high school setting Type Journal Article Author Neralie Cain Abstract Cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia is well-regarded as an effective treatment for insomnia in adults. Previous studies also suggest that CBT-i can be successfully applied to adolescents experiencing insomnia and other sleep problems, which most commonly involve delayed sleep timing. The......

Words: 8781 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper

...The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper Your Name PSY460 Date Instructor Name The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper * Concepts of Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space Territoriality refers to a limited district for a person or animal and the tendency to defend an area of territory (Oxford, 1042); whereas personal, or one’ private space indicates the region humans or animals designate as their own. The relationship between the thoughts of territoriality, privacy, and personal personal space to population mass is associated with behavior. For example, Rubenstein (1980) examined changes in population mass and supply patterns, and noted how these changes affects the hostile behavior of the small sunfish. According to Rubenstein, the means by which small sunfish contend for nourishment is swayed by the mass of the inhabitants, the dispersal of victims, and the gender domination position of a person. Studies on territorial rights showed that Increases in prey dispersion reduced the proportion of battles over possessions in both low and high mass populations (Morrell & Koko, 200). Morrell & Koko sought to explain how animals establish territorial ownership, which is viewed as a major determinant of fitness in territorial animals. Some other behavioral characteristics associated with the establishment of territories include: (a) subordinates initiate fights over resources; (b) initiators are unlikely to contest prey in low mass......

Words: 1512 - Pages: 7