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History of Indian Mathematics
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History of Indian Mathematics
MATHEMATICS IN INDIA
The history of maths in india is very great & eventful.Indians gave the system of numerals, zero, geometry & equations to the world.
The great Indian mathematician Aryabhata (476-529) wrote the Aryabhatiya ─ a volume of 121 verses. Apart from discussing astronomy, he laid down procedures of arithmetic, geometry, algebra and trigonometry. He calculated the value of Pi at 3.1416 and covered subjects like numerical squares and cube roots. Aryabhata is credited with the emergence of trigonometry through sine functions.
Around the beginning of the fifteenth century Madhava (1350-1425) developed his own system of calculus based on his knowledge of trigonometry. He was an untutored mathematician from Kerala, and preceded Newton and Liebnitz by a century.
The twentieth-century genius Srinivas Ramanujan (1887-1920) developed a formula for partitioning any natural number, expressing an integer as the sum of squares, cubes, or higher power of a few integers.
Origin of Zero and the Decimal System
The zero was known to the ancient Indians and most probably the knowledge of it spread from India to other cultures. Brahmagupta (598-668),who had worked on mathematics and astronomy, was the head of the astronomy observatory in Ujjain, which was at that point of time, the foremost mathematical centre in India; he and Bhaskar the second (1114-1185), who reached understanding on the number systems and solving equations, have together provided many rules for arithmetical operations with the zero.
Varahamihira (505-668) who was educated in Kapitthaka and was one of the patrons of the school of mathematics in Ujjain, worked on Hindu astronomy before Aryabhata.He wrote manuals called Panchasiddhantika which refer to the addition and subtraction of zero.
Vasubhandu (around 400 AD), who was born into a Hindu family but later converted to Buddhism, expressed his belief that the stars were representative of the zero and placed there by the Creator to...
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