Premium Essay

Fdi Investment in Bangladesh

In: Business and Management

Submitted By neegar
Words 14572
Pages 59
Trends of Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh

CHAPTER

ONE

Background of the Study
1. Introduction
1.1 Introduction Foreign Direct Investment

(FDI) is considered as one of the vital ingredients for overall development process of a developing Bangladesh. country like

Industrial

development is an important pre-requisite growth country. of for a economic developing is

Bangladesh

basically a country of agrarian economy. For her economic development, industrial

economy is imperative. So Bangladesh is gradually moving from agrarian economy to industrial economy. In the age of globalization, it has become a burning issue to exchange views, ideas, capital and human resources. Government of Bangladesh is trying to create a favorable investment environment through introducing economic policies, incentives for investors, promoting privatization and so on. Therefore, the contribution of FDI is necessary in the enhancement of a country‟s economic growth.

Researchers have marked FDI as an important factor in accelerating economic success and wealth of a country as well as a door in creating jobs, facilitating economy, and creating more competitive environment and contributing productivity to the host country.

1

Trends of Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, FDI plays a significant role in GDP acceleration and economic growth (Mottaleb 2007). FDI has a mentionable role in the modernization of the Bangladesh economy for last two decades. It helps the country in building up infrastructure, creating more employment, developing capacity, enhancing skills of the labor force of the host country through transferring technological knowledge and managerial capability, and helping in integrating domestic economy and the global economy. Various positive attributes of Bangladesh is now drawing the attention of the investors from both developed and developing…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Potentiality of Fdi Inflow in Bangladesh

...POTENTIALITY OF FDI INFLOW IN BANGLADESH 1. INTRODUCTION Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is considered as one of the crucial ingredients for fostering economic development of a developing country. Countries that are lagging behind to attract FDI are formulating and implementing new policies for attracting more investment. Even compared to other South Asian countries, FDI inflow to Bangladesh has traditionally been lower. Foreign direct investment (FDI) is investment directly into production in a country by a company located in another country, either by buying a company in the target country or by expanding operations of an existing business in that country. Foreign direct investment is done for many reasons including to take advantage of cheaper wages in the country, special investment privileges such as tax exemptions offered by the country as an incentive to gain tariff-free access to the markets of the country or the region. Foreign direct investment is in contrast to portfolio investment which is a passive investment in the securities of another country such as stocks and bonds. 2. TYPES OF FDI As a part of the national accounts of a country FDI refers to the net inflows of investment. There are two types of FDI: inward foreign direct investment and outward foreign direct investment, resulting in a net FDI inflow (positive or negative). Inward FDI occurs when foreign capital is invested in local resources. The factors propelling the growth of......

Words: 4619 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Fdi in Bangladesh a Trend

...Country Paper Aid Flow to Bangladesh and the Question of Accountability of CSOs at National Level to the People They Serve By Shadnaz Khan* Bangladesh, like other poor and less developed countries, has been a regular receiver of foreign aid or external assistance in order to lessen the gap between savings and investment and to mitigate the balance of payment deficit. However, there has been serious debate over the issues such as low performance in aid-utilization, donors’ stringent and one-size-fits-all conditionalities and global aid politics that are believed to undermine the potential benefits that aid could have brought to the development scenario of the country. The apprehension over aid issues is felt in different countries around the world and also among the donors themselves. As a result, the idea of aid effectiveness has received increasing attention and importance in international discussions that generates hope that the international structure of aid would create sustainable development outcome for the poor countries. This paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, a general description of aid flows to Bangladesh has been presented and in the second part, an attempt has been made to assess the donor support models for CSOs in managing aid at country level and the scope for ensuring their accountability to their primary constituents, i.e., the people they serve in Bangladesh. A General Scenario of Aid flow to Bangladesh From 1972 to 30 June......

Words: 3733 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Fdi Foreign Direct Investment

...submitted as a group paper (no more than 2 contributors per project) Length: 2000 words for an individual submission and 3000 for a group submission (the word count excludes appendices and bibliography). The word count should appear at the end of the paper. An abstract of maximum 100 words required. Please pay attention to the learning outcomes (stated in your programme outline) in preparation for your academic paper. Marking criteria (see Grade Descriptors below) Select ONE issue from the following topics: 1. Foreign Direct Investment There are several theories that seek to explain why FDI takes place. These theories try to explain why firms go to the trouble of acquiring or establishing operations abroad. Such theories includes; Dunning’s Eclectic Paradigm, Internalisation theory and Knickerbocker’s Model to name a few. Your academic paper should apply such theories to illustrate and evaluate the rationale for foreign direct investment for a leading player in a selected industry. 2. Strategy and Organisation of MNEs There are several theoretical frameworks that seek to provide an understanding of the strategy and organisational structure of MNEs (for example, contingency theory or business network theory). Drawing upon a theoretical framework that relates to issues of strategy and structural fit, select an MNE that is a leader in its industry, and analyse and discuss how changes in strategy and organisational structure have occurred in response to the......

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Major Determinants and Hindrances of Fdi Inflow in Bangladesh: Perceptions and Experiences of Foreign Investors and Policy Makers

... Major Determinants and Hindrances of FDI inflow in Bangladesh: Perceptions and Experiences of Foreign Investors and Policy Makers An assignment on Major Determinants and Hindrances of FDI inflow in Bangladesh: Perceptions and Experiences of Foreign Investors and Policy Makers Submitted To: S. M. Zahidur Rahman Associate Professor Submitted By: Tasnuba Nowrin ID-090316 Fatema Khatun ID- 090349 KHULNA UNIVERSITY Business Administration Discipline BBA Program 4th Year, 1st Term Course Title: Financial Management and Institution Course No: FIN-4203 September 10, 2012 Summary on previous article Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is considered as a crucial component for economic development of a developing country. Countries that are lagging behind to attract FDI are now formulating and implementing new policies for attracting more investment. The determinants which play as a driving force for attracting FDI are geographical location, cheap labour cost, and government attitude towards liberalization of the existing laws of the host country, skilled manpower, incentives for investors, and exemption of taxes etc. According to Bangladesh Board of Investment Handbook (2007) Bangladesh offers an attractive investment climate compared to other South Asian Economies. But among the emerging economies India and China are the desired choice for investment (Baskaran and Muchie, 2008). FDI is considered as an important tool for economic development in a developing country....

Words: 13565 - Pages: 55

Premium Essay

Regulation and Investment: Case Study of Bangladeshregulation and Investment: Case Study of Bangladesh

...World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies Regulation and Investment: Case study of Bangladesh Harsha de Silva[1] and Abu Saeed Khan[2] August 2004 Abstract The paper considers the available evidence in determining a relationship, if any, in the Telecom Regulatory Environment [TRE] of Bangladesh and investments in to its telecommunications industry over the last decade. TRE is segmented in to market entry, access to scarce resources, interconnection, tariff regulation and regulation of anti-competitive practices while investments are all non-divestiture foreign and domestic private and public investment. The TRE in Bangladesh is found to be wanting in all defined aspects. Interconnection is the worst of the five components, where a mobile only parallel network is being created due to regulatory ineffectiveness where almost ninety percent of mobile users do not have access to a fixed phone. Investments in to the fixed sector in Bangladesh dominated by the state owned virtual monopoly have been sorely inadequate and continue to be dictated by the funds availability [or lack thereof] of the Government. The mobile sector on the other hand has seen some amount of investments flowing in led by the widely acclaimed GrameenPhone. However, once standardized to compare across the region, it is found, even though using imperfect data to compare, that the reason for this flow......

Words: 12440 - Pages: 50

Free Essay

Regulation and Investment: Case Study of Bangladesh

...Regulation and Investment: Case study of Bangladesh Harsha de Silva and Abu Saeed Khan August 2004 Abstract The paper considers the available evidence in determining a relationship, if any, in the Telecom Regulatory Environment [TRE] of Bangladesh and investments in to its telecommunications industry over the last decade. TRE is segmented in to market entry, access to scarce resources, interconnection, tariff regulation and regulation of anti-competitive practices while investments are all non-divestiture foreign and domestic private and public investment. The TRE in Bangladesh is found to be wanting in all defined aspects. Interconnection is the worst of the five components, where a mobile only parallel network is being created due to regulatory ineffectiveness where almost ninety percent of mobile users do not have access to a fixed phone. Investments in to the fixed sector in Bangladesh dominated by the state owned virtual monopoly have been sorely inadequate and continue to be dictated by the funds availability [or lack thereof] of the Government. The mobile sector on the other hand has seen some amount of investments flowing in led by the widely acclaimed GrameenPhone. However, once standardized to compare across the region, it is found, even though using imperfect data to compare, that the reason for this flow could be the rub off of the attractiveness of the region and not necessarily the internal appeal of Bangladesh. In fact,......

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Investment Corporation of Bangladesh

...Investment Corporation of Bangladesh CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET as at 30 June 2010 Note Property and Assets Cash and Bank Balances Investments: Government Securities Capital Investment in Other Institutions Marketable Securities- at cost Bonds Loans and Advances: Margin Loan – Secured Unit & Mutual Fund Advance Account – Secured Consumer Credit Scheme Bridging Loan Debenture Loan Lease Receivables Other Loans and Advances Premises and Equipment (at cost less depreciation) 2010 Taka 14,889,072,118 10,904,253,683 27,500,000 10,876,753,683 9,790,069,307 7,977,621,665 92,397,583 33,320,497 293,519,325 56,275,081 425,531,944 911,403,212 142,683,728 3,228,839,150 38,954,917,986 2009 Taka 17,839,350,113 8,424,090,305 7,893,000 27,500,000 8,363,697,305 25,000,000 6,739,617,933 4,990,223,059 88,166,410 51,392,732 206,254,537 56,275,081 477,691,844 869,614,270 135,267,977 2,243,287,584 35,381,613,912 4 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 7 8 Other Assets Total Assets Liabilities and Capital Liabilities Borrowings: Government Loan 9 9.1 35,000,000 35,000,000 30,649,016,772 38,500,000 38,500,000 30,062,474,619 21,549,702,288 218,000,000 73,740,524 8,221,031,807 30,100,974,619 Deposits Debentures Deferred Interest Other Liabilities and Provisions Carried forward 10 11 12 13 17,987,100,105 118,000,000 44,014,751 12,499,901,916 30,684,016,772 Investment Corporation of Bangladesh CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET as at 30 June 2010......

Words: 3272 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Real Estate Investment in Bangladesh-2014

...D haka is ranked as one of the least liveable cities in the world, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit. Similarly, foreign visitors are sometimes left aghast at how, in Malthusian terms, the capital of Bangladesh manages to survive. Yet this host city for the upcoming T20 Cricket World Cup has, some would say, not only survived but prospered in recent years. * * * * More On this topic * Jeans maker backs push on ethical factories * Jeans maker launches push on ethical factories * Rana Plaza collapse one year on * Death sentences deepen Bangladesh political hostility IN International Property * Cape Town — return of the trophy hunters * Bund and beyond — Shanghai’s riverfront market * Rise of London’s superhomes * Strong housing market puts Atlanta in a new light Sign up now FirstFT is our new essential daily email briefing of the best stories from across the web “If you brought a property in Dhanmondi [one of the most affluent residential areas in Dhaka] for 6.45m taka [$83,000] in 2005, that would have increased five or six times by now,” says Kazi Inam Ahmed, owner of Gemcon City, a new estate agency. In fact, Goldman Sachs has placed Bangladesh in the “next 11’” category after the Bric countries and its “Mint” (Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey) group as an emerging economy. Furthermore, from out of its bewildering, densely packed capital, properties are now starting to emerge that can match such......

Words: 11250 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Investment Climate in Bangladesh

...Working Paper 3/2010  Investment Climate Series     Investment Climate in Bangladesh:  Enhanced Role of the Capital  Market  Dr. Prashanta K. Banerjee    Md. Mohiuddin Siddique            Economic Research Group        Working paper No: 3/2010  Investment Climate Series  Investment Climate in Bangladesh: Enhanced Role of the Capital Market     Authors      Dr. Prashanta Kumer Banerjee1  Mohiuddin Siddique2    Mentors    Mohammad Musa Ph.D3  Farook Chowdhury4  ECONOMIC RESEARCH GROUP JUNE 2010 1 Senior Associate Professor, Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management (BIBM), Dhaka 2 Associate Professor, BIBM, Dhaka 3 Professor of Finance, School of Business, United International University 4 Program Manager, BMB Mott MacDonald, Dhaka. Published By Economic Research Group (ERG), Dhaka, Bangladesh The papers in this series are published as part of contract under the Small Grants Program, implemented by ERG and BMB Mott MacDonald and supported by the Bangladesh Investment Climate Fund (BICF). BICF is managed by IFC, in partnership with the U.K. Department for International Development and the European Union. Details about the program can be found at http://www.ergonline.org/ifc/index_of_SGAPP.html © Dr. Prashanta Kumer Banerjee, Mohiuddin Siddique, 2010 This publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted for research and academic works without prior permission of the publisher or the author(s) but proper acknowledgement must be......

Words: 21996 - Pages: 88

Premium Essay

Problems and Opportunities of Direct Foreign Investment in Bangladesh

...Executive Summary The thesis investigates the performance of problems and opportunities of Direct Foreign Investment in Bangladesh. It also identifies the overall direct foreign investment system in Bangladesh. Problems and opportunities of direct investment in Bangladesh follow the rules and regulation prescribed by the investment forum for schedule countries on companies. The functions of the country or company cover a wide range of investment and functional activities to individual, firms, corporate bodies and other multinational agencies. It is very important to the national economy as a whole because the expansion and condition of the company or firm affect the level of business activity through their effect on the nation’s money supply. The direct foreign investment extended its credit facilities to different sectors to diversify its credit portfolio in compliance with credit policies of direct investment of the foreign country such as Industrial, Housing, Contract work, Working capital for trades, manufacturing processing plants and export oriented industries and other business. Introduction This Century is” Century of Globalization of trade and economy”. The world is facing competition in marketing of the products in global market. In this circumstance the companies goes to investment, those has available capital to invest out side the country where they can get competitive advantages in terms of cost, Expansion of market, Raw materials. The countries have available......

Words: 5137 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Fdi in Bangladesh

...Foreign direct investment And Economic Growth in Bangladesh Internship program at Brac Bank Ltd. Internship Report On “Foreign direct investment And Economic Growth in Bangladesh and Internship program at Brac Bank Ltd.” The Internship report is submitted to the Department of Finance, University of Dhaka for the partial fulfillment of the requirement of BBA program. Submitted to: Department of Finance University of Dhaka Supervised by: Mohammad Jahangir Alam Chowdhury Professor Department of Finance University of Dhaka Submitted by: Zarin Tasnim ID: 17-009 Section: A Department of Finance University of Dhaka Signature of the Supervisor Date of Submission: 7th May, 2015 Letter of Transmittal 7th May, 2015 Mohammad Jahangir Alam Chowdhury Professor Department of Finance University of Dhaka Subject: Submission of Internship Report on Foreign direct investment and Economic Growth in Bangladesh. Dear Sir, It is an absolute pleasure for me to submit the Internship Report titled “Foreign direct investment and Economic Growth in Bangladesh” as a significant part of the BBA program. While making this report, I have experienced a fair knowledge about Foreign direct investment and economy of Bangladesh and its impact on the growth of Bangladesh. I have tried my best to follow your guidelines in every aspect of preparing this report. I have collected what I......

Words: 13995 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Tax Incentives and Fdi in Bangladesh

...Incentives and Facilities in Bangladesh Exemption and allowances according to ITO, 1984: Tax rebate: An assesse shall be entitled to a credit from the amount of tax payable on his total income of an amount equal to fifteen percent of the sums specified in paragraphs of the said Part B of ITO, 1984. The aggregate of the allowances admissible of the Sixth Schedule Part B shall not exceed- (a) One crore and fifty lakh taka (b) exceed thirty per cent of the total income of the assesse. Tax Exemption: 44. (4) The Government may, (a) Make such amendments by way of addition, omission, alteration or qualification (b) Make any exemption, reduction in rate in respect of tax in favor of any class of income or in regard to the whole or any part of the income of any class of persons. Exclusion from total income: • Any income derived from house property held under trust or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes. • Any service charge derived from operation of micro credit by a non-government organization registered with NGO Affairs Bureau; • Any voluntary contributions received by a religious or charitable institution and applicable solely to religious or charitable purposes; • The income of a local government; • Any income accruing to, or derived by, a provident fund to which the Provident Fund Act, 1925 (XIX of 1925), applies; • Any income accruing to, or derived by, workers participation fund established under the Bangladesh Labor Act,......

Words: 2436 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Foreign Investment Trends in Bangladesh

...Foreign Investment trends in Bangladesh: Board of Investment of Bangladesh is the principal investment promotion agency engaged mainly in investment promotion, facilitation, and policy advocacy support for the policy makers. The Board of Investment Act 1989 (Act XII of 1989) has entrusted the Board of Investment with responsibility for inter alia "collection, compilation, analysis and dissemination of all kinds of industrial data and establishment of data bank for that purpose"- BOI has endeavored in to portray a brief on Foreign Investment registered from 1977 to 2010 for Joint venture investment and from 1990-2010 for the 100% foreign investment projects. Country wise foreign and joint venture investment during 2009-2010* Country | No. of Projects | Proposed Investment (US$ m) | Saudi Arabia | 3 | 478,652.17 | Australia | 4 | 2,036.23 | USA | 5 | 2,990.33 | Finland | 2 | 3,023.89 | India | 9 | 8,451.53 | South Korea | 12 | 33,768.91 | Malaysia | 3 | 3,056.52 | Netherlands | 5 | 8,544.76 | China | 12 | 21,000.36 | United Kingdom | 5 | 3,507.76 | Pakistan | 2 | 990.91 | Japan | 8 | 2,624.85 | Denmark | 1 | 1,217.39 | Sri Lanka | 2 | 646.23 | Canada | 2 | 1,017.23 | Taiwan | 1 | 502.97 | Singapore | 4 | 1,929.62 | Turkey | 1 | 150.94 | Greece | 1 | 156.81 | Italy | 2 | 1,039.95 | Hong Kong | 5 | 14,805.94 | Total | 89 | 590,114.91 | As a developing country, Bangladesh needs FDI for its ongoing development process. Since......

Words: 1763 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Investment Climate in Bangladesh

...business in Bangladesh over years and what will be the course of actions in order to achieve the proper “Investment climate in Bangladesh”. The report is prepared in order to get the knowledge and fulfill the basic requirement to complete the course titled as “Economic Conditions Analysis”. b. Background of the study: Economics is a sea of theories. These theories are the stairway to lift us to a stage from where we can get the entire idea of its different sectors. “Economic Conditions Analysis” is basically theory related course in addition to a mixing of practical incidents to compare theories and its applications. Obtaining theoretical knowledge is only a halfway to reach the target because implementation of theories is the ultimate goal of it. Being a very practical course “Economic Conditions Analysis” requires a large extent of implementation of its theories and procedures in the real life. To meet up this requirement I have prepared the report titled “Investment climate in Bangladesh”. c. Objectives: 1. Broad Objective: The broad objective is to examine investment climate in Bangladesh over years and what should be done for better performance in the upcoming years. 2. Specific Objectives: The specific objectives of preparing the report are as follows: i. To present historical data regarding industrial policy, obstacles to implement and what should be done to create proper investment climate in Bangladesh. ......

Words: 4767 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Assess the Economy of Bangladesh as a Destination of Foreign Investment

...Topic Page No. 1. Introduction 1 2. Bangladesh: An Emerging Destination For Foreign Economy 1-10 3. Foreign Investment Opportunities 10-13 4. Current Situation Of Foreign Investment In Bangladesh: 13-19 5. Foreign Investment Trends In Bangladesh 20-34 6. Why Should Foreign Investors Invest In Bangladesh 35-39 7. How Can Our Government Come Forward To Attract Foreign Investors 39-46 8. Recommendation 47 9. Conclusion 48 10 References 48 INTRODUCTION: Bangladesh is now trying to establish itself as the next rising star in South Asia for foreign investment. The government has implemented a number of policy reforms designed to create a more open and competitive climate for private investment, both foreign and local. The country has a genuinely democratic system of government and enjoys political stability seen as a sine qua non for ensuring a favorable climate for investment and sustained development. Bangladesh has been quick to undertake major restructuring for establishing a market economy, with the major thrust coming from the private sector. The country enjoys modest but steady economic growth. Its current development strategy is based on the premise that the creation and distribution of wealth occurs through the acceleration of growth driven by competitive market forces, with the government facilitating growth and making a clean break from the practices of a controlled economy where private investment is constrained. With this end......

Words: 5989 - Pages: 24