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Federal and Inmate Comparison

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Federal Prison Inmate Comparison
University of Phoenix Axia

This assignment will include the different types of prisons in the criminal justice system. By comparing and contrasting the prisons in which the named below spent their time in what type of prison and for how long and the crime that sent him or her to prison.

Martha Stewart Martha Stewart sent to the Alderson Federal Prison Camp a minium-security prison located in West Virginia also known as camp cupcake. Opened as the first federal prison for women in 1927, Alderson sits on 95 acres and houses 1,055 female prisoners, according to the Bureau of Prisons. Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months. The crimnal charges brought against Stewart was for obstruction of justice and lying to government investigators during an insider-trader probe into the 2001 sale of personal ImClone Systems stock (Money, 2004).
Ivan Boesky The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) investigated Boesky for making investments based on tips, and on November 14, 1986, SEC charged Boesky with illegal stock manipulation based on insider information. Although insider trading of this kind was illegal, they rarely were enforced until Boesky. By cooperating with the SEC; Boesky recieved a plea bargain, Boesky received a prison sentence of 3.5 years and fined $100 million. Boesky served two years than was released. Boesky served his sentence at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp near Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) in Lompoc, California, is a low-security facility housing male inmates. FCI Lompoc is located 175 miles northwest of Los Angeles, adjacent to Vandenberg Air Force Base (The Vile).
Michael Millken Millken popularized the use of high-risk, high-yield securities. Sentenced to 10 years in prison Millken pleaded guilty to six felonies. Millken expected to serve only 40 months at Federal Prison Camp Pleasanton in California, a minimum-security facility (Bop. Gov) for his securities law violations (Millken, 1992).
Manuel Noriega Noriega connected with the murder of Hugo Spadafora and with further evidence of the laundering of drug money and the sale of restricted American technology and information. Noriega was transported to Miami, where Noriega was arraigned on a host of criminal charges. In 1992 in a United States federal court, Noriega was convicted of cocaine trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering (Manuel Noriega, 37714). Noriega received a 40-year sentence in which was later reduced; Noriega served time in the Metropolitan Correctional Center of Dade County, Florida, a maximum-security federal prison in Miami (Arm.Org).
Timothy McVeigh In basic training, McVeigh found a friend in his platoon leader, Terry Nichols, who shared his conservative and paranoid political views. McVeigh seemed to fit well into the life of the military, promoted to sergeant. Around 9:00 a.m. on April19, 1995 McVeigh parked a rented Ryder truck in front of the Murrah Building. At 9:02, the truck exploded, bringing down much of the federal building and taking 168 lives. McVeigh arrested later that day, tried, and convicted in 1997, executed on June 11, 2001, and cremated. The Oklahoma City bomber served time before his demise in the high-security federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana.

Terry Nichols June 4, 1998, Nichols sentenced to life in prison serving the sentence in the super-max federal prison in Florence, Colordo (Law rights). Planning to blow up the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City 1994 Nichols and McVeigh worked together. Nichols surrendered to authorities on April 21. A search of Nichols home turned up blasting caps, guns, and a receipt for ammonium. In December 1997, a federal jury in Colorado convicted Nichols of conspiring to bomb a federal building and the involuntary manslaughter of eight federal agents. In June 1998, Nichols received a sentence of life in prison without opportunity for parole (Law2).
Al Capone Capone joined a street gang called the Five Points Juniors at the age of 14. It was through the Five Points gang that Capone came to the attention of the New York mobster Frankie Yale. In 1917, 18-year-old Capone went to work for Yale. Around 1920, Capone started working for Chicago crime boss Johnny Torrio. Capone, only 26, was in charge of a very large crime organization. Believed to be the most famous example of a hit ordered by Capone called the February 14, 1929 assassination the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre received the attention of the federal government. On October 6, 1931, brought to trial Capone charged with 22 counts of tax evasion and 5,000 violations of the Volstead Act. On October 17, was found guilty of five of the 22 tax evasion charges. Capone was taken to the Atlanta Penitentiary in Georgia on May 4, 1932. When rumors leaked out that Capone had received special treatment, he was than transfered to the new maximum-security prison at Alcatraz in San Francisco (History, 1900s).

John Gotti Gotti, at the age of 12, was working for Carmine Fatico. Fatico was a captain in the local Gambino family, the largest of the five organized crime families in New York City (Biography, 9542186). Gotti, who seized control of the Gambino crime family in a murderous coup, flaunted his power during a reign as a Mafia boss. Gotti convicted of 13 murders, and other charges (New York, Times) was sentenced to life in prison without parole. Gotti was locked away in the maximum-security penitentiary for life (Biography, 9542186).

Similarities and Differences between federal prisons:
Termed Federal prison camps (FPCs) these are essentially honor-type camps with housing that look like barracks, without fencing.
Known as Federal CorrectionsInstitutions (FCIs) surrounded by double chain-link fencing and employ vehicle patrols around their perimeter with work programs in place.
Have strengthened perimeters, mostly cell-type housing, a wide variety of work and treatment programs.
Also known as the United States Penitentiaries (USPs), these prisons are designed to prevent escapes and to contain disturbances. This type of prison will make use of armed patrols, and intense electronic surveillance. This type of prison may also have a lethal injection facility.
Also known as Administrative Maxium (ADMAX) and used for the worse offenders. The term used by the federal government to denote ultra high security prisons (Location, Instiution).


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