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Federal Powers vs State

In: Historical Events

Submitted By sfrench
Words 450
Pages 2
American Government

Based on what I have gathered in the lectures Federal Powers are based on more of a national agreement as a whole with declaring what national laws that needs to be made. For instance declaring war as well as raising and maintaining the army and navy. Federal Powers also made laws to enforce the Constitution, and implying powers based on the elastic clause powers that were considered “necessary and proper” for carrying out the enumerated (or express) powers. Based on my research with what I learn through the lecture and web browsing and example of the elastic clause was back in 1791, Federalists in Congress argued that the creation of a national bank was “necessary and proper” for Congress to execute its enumerated powers to coin and borrow money and regulate currency. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) confirmed Congress’s right to found this national bank. Then we have our three branches that help divide federal powers responsibilities which are the executive branch were the president implements the laws, the legislative branch were the Congress makes the laws, and the judiciary branch where the court system interprets the laws and decided legal controversies.

Whereas, the State Powers Exercise powers neither delegated to the national government nor prohibited from the states by the U.S. The lecture used example like being able set legal drinking and smoking ages. State Powers also focused on establishing local governments, issuing licenses, and ratifying amendments to the US constitution. I also learned that a citizen of one state is also a citizen of every state and has all the privileges and immunities of those states. I also have read that Congress may admit new states to the Union, but no new states can be created within the boundaries of existing states without the approval of Congress and the state...

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