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Fiber Optics

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By auroradeath
Words 1121
Pages 5
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

You may ask yourself what is needed for a new building and what are the codes that must be followed in order to have a building nice and free of hazards.
Well to start here are the new building requirements for the following materials: patch cables, cat 6 cables, fiber optic multi-mode, cable trays, Cisco- WS-C3750 G24PS-S 24 Ports, laser printer, vertical runs, computers, Cisco border router, server run a and server run b.
The following codes must be in play to ensure the building or work space is safe for everyone.
1. American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
2. Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)
3. Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
4. Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA)
5. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
6. National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
7. Federal Communication Commission (FCC)
8. Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
9. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
10. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
11. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
12. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
13. International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
14. CSA International (CSA)
15. IP/MPLS Forum (ATM Forum)
16. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
17. Building Industry Consulting Services International (BICSI)
18. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
19. ANSI/TIA-568-C Cabling Standard
The following is a description of each of the codes that are needed:
The mission of ANSI is to enhance both global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. Quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity.
The EIA organization ceased operations in February 2011. Now EIA is known as ECA, which also granted the rights to develop new IP&E electronic component standards under ANSI-designation of EIA standards.
TIA is a trade organization that consists of a membership of over 1,100 telecommunications and electronics companies that provide services, materials, and products throughout the world.
ICEA is a nonprofit professional organization sponsored by leading cable manufacturers in the US. The specifications are issued as national standards.
NFPA is an organization that aids in protecting people, property, and environment from fire damage. NFPA is a world leader on fire prevention and safety.
NEMA is a U.S. Based industry association that helps promote standardization of electrical components, power wires, and cables.
FCC consists of a board of seven commissioners appointed by the President; this board has the power to regulate electrical-communications systems originating in the United States.
UL is a nonprofit, independent organization dedicated to product safety testing and certification.
ISO is the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards give state of the art specifications for products, services, and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective.
IEC is an international specification and conformity-assessment body founded in 1906 to publish internal specifications relating to electrical, electronic, and related technologies.
IEEE is responsible for 30 percent of the electrical-engineering, computer, and control technology literature published in the world today.
NIST has four major programs which it carries out its mission: Measurement and Standards Laboratories; Advance technology Program; Manufacturing Extension Partnership; and a quality outreach program associated with the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award called Baldrige National Quality Program.
ITU is the specifications organization formerly known as the International Telephone and Telegraph Consultative Committee (CCITT).
CSA International’s mission is to develop standards, represent Canada on various ISO committees, and work with the IEC when developing the standards.
ATM Forum was started in 1991, is an international, nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote the use of Asynchronous Transfer Mode products and services. In 2004 it merged with IP/MPLS forum.
ETSI’s mission is to determine and produce telecommunications specifications and to encourage worldwide standardization.
BICSI was founded in 1974 to support telephone company building-industry consultants who are responsible for design and implemention of communications distribution system in commercial and multifamily buildings.
OSHA adopted many parts of the National Electrical Code (NEC), which was not a law unto itself, giving those adopted portions of NEC legal status.
ANSI/TIA-568-C Cabling Standard is a set of telecommunications standards from TIA, an offshoot of the EIA. The standards address commercial building cabling for telecommunications products and services.
The following tools are needed to start the installation process:
Step 1: Materials or tools needed
Step 2: Assembly
Step 3: Follow guidelines for Connector Polishing Steps

Please view the floor plans for first and basement floors. The light blue markings are rooms and the dark blue markings are printers and this is an ideal place where they should be placed at.

FIRST FLOOR
[pic]

BASEMENT FLOOR
[pic]

Characteristic of fiber optic cabling
(http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=170740&seqNum=6)
Interference - light signals traveling via a fiber-optic cable are immune from electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio-frequency interference (RFI).
Linear Characteristics - include attenuation, chromatic dispersion(CD), polarization mode dispersion (PMD) and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR).
Nonlinear Characterisitcs - include self-phase modulation (SPM), cross-phase modulation (XPM), four-wave mixing (FWM), simulated Raman scattering (SRS) and stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS).
FIBER OPTIC INSTALLATION SAFETY RULES

Keep all food and beverages out of the work area
Wear disposable aprons
Always wear safety glasses
Never look directly into end of fiber cables until you know there is no light source
Only work in well ventilated areas
Contact wearers must not handle their lenses until they have thoroughly washed hands
Do not touch eyes while working with fiber optic systems without washing them
Keep all combustible materials safely away from the curing ovens
Put all cut fiber pieces in a safe place
Thoroughly clean work area when done
Do not smoke while working with fiber optic systems
Resource: http://www.thefoa.org/tech/safety.htm

REFERENCES

http://www.ansi.org/about_ansi/overview/overview.aspx?menuid=1

Oliviero, Andrew and Bill Woodward, Cabling: The Complete Guide to Copper and Fiber-Optic Networking, pgs. 60-69, 2011

http://www.tiaonline.org/standards/tia-standards-overview

http://www.icea.net/index.html

http://www.nfpa.org/about-nfpa

http://www.nema.org/About/pages/default.aspx

http://www.fcc.gov/what-we-do

http://www.ul.com/global/eng/pages/aboutul/

http://www.iso.org/iso/home/about.htm

http://www.iec.ch/about/

http://www.ieee.org/about/vision_mission.html

http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/nandyou.cfm

http://www.itu.int/en/about/Pages/default.aspx

http://www.csagroup.org/us/en/about-csa-group

http://www.broadband-forum.org/about/mission.php

http://www.etsi.org/about

https://www.bicsi.org/double.aspx?l=1102&r=1104

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TIA/EIA-568

http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=170740&seqNum=6

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