Free Essay

Film

In: English and Literature

Submitted By kayla61792
Words 1386
Pages 6
Boyz n the Hood

The scholarly literature has shown that Black men academically underperform all groups throughout the educational pipeline (Hood, 1992; Jackson, 2003; Polite, 1994; Watson & Hodges, 1991). Jameson (1991) explains that film can be a useful vehicle for unveiling harsh realities about the lived experiences of sundry people. In Boyz N The Hood (1991), John Singleton offers an alarming account of the survived experiences of Black people, particularly Black men, in a poverty-ravaged South Central Los Angeles neighborhood. At the center of the film’s narrative is the relationship and interactions between three young Black males: Tre Styles, Darrin “Doughboy” Baker, and Ricky Baker. The audience sees how racism, indifference, rampant violence, and the increasing disintegration of the Black family in South Central Los Angeles militate against the coming of age of these three Black males. As a contribution to the scholarly discourse on Boyz N The Hood, this paper provides an examination of how structural dimensions of the setting in which the film is set (South Central Los Angeles) have a damaging impact on the progression of these Black males. The structural frame championed by Bolman and Deal (2008) serves as the dominant lens through which this film is analyzed. John Singleton's movie Boyz N The Hood is the story of three young men who are forced to deal with the reality of life in South Central, Los Angeles. Singleton uses this setting to illustrate the obstacles facing these young black men who unavoidably encounter violence all around them. Singleton refrains from portraying his characters as inner-city misfits but instead he characterizes them as average American teenagers who are caught in a situation in which they have no control. Doughboy is an average American teenager but his behavior is not that of an average teenager. It is a result of the influence from the society he has experienced. The music used throughout the movie allows the film to move beyond the boundaries of just telling a story. Tre Styles learns at an early stage in his experience in the educational pipeline that the extant structure of curriculums and schools have little cultural relevancy to Black students living in impoverished urban circumstances, especially when his teachers make no effort to be inclusive in their pedagogical practices. Tre tests the structural authority of his White female teacher about why there is not a presence of Black people in what she is teaching. What he tests is the “pervasiveness of whiteness in curricula, space, and activities” that Harper and Hurtado (2007, p. 18) speak about being present at mostly white organizations. This challenging of her position authority leads her to send him persistently to the Principal. This leads Tre’s mother, Reva Devereaux, to use her position power (as his mother) to send him to live with his father, Furious Styles, who lives in a tremendously unsettling and violent neighborhood in South Central Los Angeles, as punishment for not embracing hegemony and quietly conforming to the Eurocentric curriculum. Tre moves to an environment where he has to be more concerned about survival than receiving an education. He is not able to find a sense of belonging in the school because this organization exists “to achieve established goals and objectives” (Bolman & Deal, 2008, p. 47) not inclusive of culturally relevant subject matter and education. Moreover, one of the most damaging structural elements in the film is the Black family itself. The film exposes an increasing dissolution of the Black family in South Central Los Angeles. The most troubling way in which the film illuminates this is in how Brenda Baker feels it necessary to favor her younger son (Ricky Baker) over her older son (Darrin “Doughboy” Baker), because the economic structure dominating her family’s situation makes her favor him. For Brenda, Ricky, who is a star student-athlete with great potential to not only become a superstar college student-athlete, but also professional athlete, is her family’s only hope of moving into a more positive position within the capitalist economic system. The audience witnesses how the lack of meaningful economic and social opportunities for Black families in South Central Los Angeles conjoined with an absent father forces Brenda to not only commodify her children, but also to reify them: Darrin becomes her “waste” and Ricky becomes her financial investment. Unfortunately, at the end of the film, both Darrin and Ricky pass away—symbolizing how important the unity of the family is and how harmful the dissolution of the family is. Through the use of music in the film Singleton is able to put emphasis on important situations and display the contrast between characters. The use of music in Boyz N the Hood allows Singleton to thematically advance the film. Singleton amplifies important situations through the use of music. With each song, the choice of instruments and lyrics creates an emotional response by the viewer which gives the scene a new dimension. The main instrument in the movie is the wailing saxophone. When the saxophone is played it allows for the intensity of the scene to build to illustrate his parent's loving nature and the concern they both have about his future. By utilizing this symbolic background music, Singleton expresses to the audience that the parent's feelings are authentic. Many scenes are emphasized through the lyrics of the music. When Tre is in the car with his father the lyrics "Things are gonna get easier" can be heard in the background. These lyrics send the message that things will get easier for Tre now that he's living with his father and that his father has the opportunity to teach Tre how to become a man, which is what Tre's mother expected. Singleton's selective use of music enables him to empathize certain situations and add a new dimension to them. The differences between characters is recognized through the various styles of music. The differences between each character is about age, lifestyle, and future goals. The music associated with Tre and his friends when they are young is soft instrumental music. There is a quote in the film where the character Doughboy says “Either they don't know, don't show, or don't care about what's going on in the hood. They had all this foreign shit. They didn't have shit on my brother, man.” This refers to the fact that there was no media coverage about his brothers’ murder. What doughboy is saying is actually the truth because, the media never finds out what’s going on the more rural areas. They never find out because either there’s not much issues for their attention to be caught or they really don’t care about it.
The bigger meaning of this film is it reveals how the current economic structure, in America is harmful to most people, especially for Black people living in poor situations. Jameson (1991) highlights how capitalism’s structure dominates all other dimensions of life, including the human resource, cultural, and (most importantly) political dimensions of the lived experience. The significance of this film is it offers vivid insights into why there is a need for another economic system, and it affirms that the structural is made from the political; that is, the political determines the structural. When we are seeing the structural, therefore, we have to consider the noticeable and subtle political that comes to compose what we see as the structural.

References
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2008). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership (4thedition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Harper, S.R., & Hurtado, S. (2007). Nine themes in campus racial climates and implications for institutional transformation. New Directions for Student Services, 120, 7-24.
Hood, D.W. (1992). Academic and noncognitive factors affecting the retention of Black men at a predominately White institution. Journal of Negro Education, 61, 12-23.
Jackson, J.F.L. (2003). Toward administrative diversity: An analysis of the African-American male educational pipeline. The Journal of Men’s Studies, 12, 43-60.
Jameson, F. (1991). Postmodernism or, the cultural logic of late capitalism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Polite, V.C. (1994). The method in the madness: African-American males, avoidance schooling, and chaos theory. Journal of Negro Education, 63, 588-601.
Watson, C., & Hodges, C. (1991). Educational equity and Detroit’s male academics. Equity and Excellence, 25, 90-105.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Film

...INTRODUCTION A film or movie is a series of still or moving image. It is produced by recording Photographic images with cameras and now-a-days it is produced by creating images using visual effects or animation techniques. Film is considered to be an important art form ,a popular source of entertainment and a powerful method of education .Film is also considered to be a way of communication . By using dubbing or subtitle that translate the dialogue into the language of the viewer ,some films have become popular worldwide. MYSTERY OF FILM We think that film is a moving process but it is not a moving process. There is a mystery. Films are made up of a series of individual images called frames. When these images are shown rapidly in succession, a viewer has the illusion that motion is occurring. The viewer cannot see the flickering between frames due to an effect known as persistence of vision .Whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed .Viewers perceive motion due to a psychological effect called beta movement.( ). THE BEGINNING The film has a great history. The early films were quite difference from the present films. Films are developing day by day for many people’s afford and hard work. The Frenchman Louis Lumiere is called as the inventor of the motion picture camera in 1895 . Another inventor is Thomas Alva Edison and he was a competitor of......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Film

...Film Appreciation Final Exam The film “what dreams may come”(Vincent Ward 1998) can be described as an emotional and dramatic film. This film should be preserved for a variety of reasons. The film is aesthetically significant for its unique special effects and storyline. The reason this is so is because many of the elements produced and the Mise-en-scene of each effect and character is quite stunning. The first aesthetic element shown is the story’s unique storyline, as many twists and turns shift your expectations left and right. The point of view in this story is subjective, and the first establishing shot begins as we follow the pediatrician Chris Nielsen, and we eventually see him meet and marry his wife and have children. The plot twists when the children die in a car crash, and the audience is shocked, and just when everything starts to feel right again, Chris dies in another car crash. The wife commits suicide, and audiences are in awe as the entire family they began to know was diminished. The storyline itself shows unique twists to each expectation the audience has, and proves to be significant because many films followed these plot twists of tragedy to create drama. The special effects in this movie proved to be quite unique. The main character Chris dies and goes to heaven, and the special effects show him inside a painting like world as the environment can be changed around him and is very slushy. The scene shows him dashing across a river......

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Films

...has occurred in the development of film is the linearity of narrative. The history of film spans over one hundred years ago, with classical narrative emerging in Hollywood around the nineteen thirties. The classical narrative period had a strong emphasis on linearity and coherence, where characters where goal centred and consistent in personality and action. In the nineteen sixties a change began to emerge in Hollywood, with Breathless (Jean-Luc Godard, 1960) breaking the editing rules, and narrative coherence, with the introduction of jump cuts. This film among others greatly contributed to the outburst of non-linear narratives, a narrative technique wherein events are portrayed out of chronological order. In the twenty-first century a range of independent films with a variety of non-linear narratives have been getting mainstream release. Within this essay I will briefly explain the different types of narratives and the reasons for their popularity. The directorial intent for many non-linear narratives can be to evoke mood, maintain suspense, indicate the malleability of memory, signify dream, and above all to provide visual pleasure. The involvement that a spectator can feel from a non-linear narrative can offer both a sense of pleasure and relation. The fact that it is up to the viewer to keep up, put things together, and make sense of the narrative provides a sense of satisfaction, and can become the reason they are watching the film. Removing the chronological order......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Films

...opened to rave reviews and roaring box office success, says he chooses a film on the basis of the script and not box office prospects. "PK", which came out Friday, has managed to gross Rs.95.21 crore in three days. When asked if it is true that he chooses films on the basis of box office prospects, Aamir said: "It's a very unfortunate trend because the moment creative people start thinking about numbers, then the shadow of the numbers influences the kind of film they choose and pick." If the team of Aamir, director Rajkumar Hirani and producer Vidhu Vinod Chopra created history with "3 Idiots" in 2009, the trio have repeated the same success with "PK", a film that boasts of a unique concept. It uses an alien to talk about the ills of society and not only makes viewers laugh and cry but also makes them think. "The moment I start choosing films that can do Rs.100 crore business, then my choice becomes very limited and I can only do films like 'Avengers' or 'Spider-Man', which go on to achieve those numbers. This really kills creativity to an alarming extent, so I have always selected my films based on what I feel towards them," he said. "Like 'Taare Zameen Par' went on to do good business and I didn't know it would. I just did it because I liked the script. Also, I selected 'Rang De Basanti' because I loved the script. I did 'Lagaan' when the entire film industry thought it was a disaster. "So these films I have not picked looking at the box office collection, I picked......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Film

...Film Viewer Opinion Paper Movies are a big part of life. People love movies because they can relate to them. Others like them for mere enjoyment and see them as an escape from reality if only for a few hours. The types of movies out in the world today are numerous. There is everything from horror movies, to romantic comedies, to drama, to documentaries, indie movies, foreign, and so on. Everyone has their taste of movies, and people decide to watch certain movies based on the actors and actresses who are staring in them and the storyline of the movie. These are all things that help people decide which movies are enjoyable to them, and which ones are not. Deciding Which Films to Watch Ramon decides on what movies to watch with careful consideration. Any movies that have actors that Ramon doesn't like he will not go spend money on them. In his opinion, some actors play the same role over and over again. A perfect example of this is the lead actress in the Twilight Saga movies. Ramon thinks that they could have found a better actress to play the part of Bella, some who could have played a role that was different from all her other movies. He also bases his decision on the type of movie it is. Scary movies, romantic comedies, and action thrillers are some movies that Ramon likes to see. Action movies that do not involve a love story, or have the story be about the love interest is another factor in my decision making. What Makes a Film Enjoyable? The......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Film

...invention. How did the Kinetoscope modify the capabilities of earlier camera and projection systems? 2. What steps did France's Lumière brothers take to make cinema a commercially viable enterprise? What kinds of Lumière movies were the most popular? How did the Lumières' activities influence the development of world cinema? 3. What were Edwin S. Porter's significant contributions to the development of early narrative film? In what sense did Porter build upon the innovations of contemporaneous filmmakers, and for what purposes? 4. What is the difference between vertical integration and horizontal integration? 5. What were the factors behind the nickelodeon boom of the middle 1900s? What were the reasons for the nickelodeon's popularity—what advantages did this type of exhibition venue offer to both theater owner and patron? 6. In what ways did the motion picture industry in the late 1900s attempt to make films more prestigious and film going more respectable? What pressures were producers and exhibitors responding to? 7. How did the animated film develop during the early twentieth century? What types of animation techniques did the earliest animators use? Give examples of specific animators or from specific...

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Film

.... 7) “Write a critical study of a recent Spanish or Latin American film or play that you have seen, and that has made a social or political impact in the country in which you are living. You should bring into your study criticism and reviews, both from the press and, where possible, from academic sources, and…discuss the ways in which the film has been received and analysed, making comparisons with other films where appropriate.” Almodóvar ’s 2001, La piel que habito, received mixed reviews from Spanish critics, one favourably calling it an “irracionalidad transcendida” whereas Spanish film critic Carlos Boyero called it a “notable idiotez”. However, most critics agree that this film merits a second viewing in order to appreciate the rich texture of the film, in which a lonely and haunted plastic surgeon (Banderas) becomes dangerously entangled with his personal experiment, Vicente, or “Vera” (Anaya) whom he believed had assaulted his mentally ill daughter, provoking her suicide. The film is the director’s first exploration of science fiction, containing an amalgamation of themes concerning gender and sexuality identity, whilst at the same time exploring the prison house of the self. In this essay I will discuss the ways in which these main themes are manifested in the plot and cinematography, their effect and finally the way in which Spanish critics have received Almodóvar’s latest work. Entrapment, or, the prison house of the self, is the confinement that......

Words: 2230 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Film

...than ever before. Amid the high-tech atmosphere of the twenty-first century, it is interesting to note the recent resurgence of the ancient world as the setting for new films. In 2000, Ridley Scott's Gladiator proved that audiences could be as receptive to the ancient world as they had been in the 1950s and 1960s, when now classic movies like Ben Hur (1959) and Spartacus (1960) commanded so much attention. In 2004, Mel Gibson upped the ante further with The Passion of the Christ, daring not only to present Jesus' sufferings with gut-wrenching realism, but also to take the remarkable step of using Latin and Aramaic in the film's dialogue. Even the critically disparaged Troy (2004) managed to be financially successful on account of audiences' enduring interest in the antiquity. The success of these movies, in turn, has led to new television offerings exploring the ancient world such as HBO's Rome (2005) and ABC's Empire (2005). Given Hollywood's revived interest in antiquity as a setting for films, it seems appropriate to look back on the ancient film genre as a way of understanding the history of the cinema and examining our enduring fascination with the ancient world itself. This course will introduce you to the history of Hollywood's treatment of the ancient world, acquaint you with the fundamentals of film criticism and teach you to use critical techniques...

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Film

...Scream 2 Elements of Design I chose the movie clip from the film Scream 2. In this clip there is a movie preview of the movie Stab which is based on the book written by the reporter Gail Weathers from Scream 1. The setting is dark and rowdy with people running around joking. Some movie goers are dressed in the slasher attire complete with the mask and carrying plastic knives. They all seem to be horsing around, running, throwing popcorn, and emulating the slasher character with plastic knives. The camera focuses on a young couple, Maureen and Steven. Maureen is sitting alone when her “boyfriend” Steven with the slasher masked on came back to their seating area unbeknownst to her that her boyfriend was a victim of the real killer and is now dead. Upon her hugging him she finds blood on her hands and the real slasher immediately begins stabbing her multiple times. Although this murder happen in public view, the movie goers assumed it was a part of the show and did nothing as Maureen was killed. The Scream 2 film was a horror flick in one of many other Scream series. The artists involved in the production of this film are; the director Wesley Craven, production designer Robert Zimebicki, and the art director Ted Berner. This team worked hand in hand to deliver a phenomenon horror film. The director Wesley Craven is not new to horror film making. He also is also popular for his direction and acting in the well known film series Nightmare on Elm Street. In the movie Scream as......

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Film

...length. Your responses should include examples from the reading assignments. 1. How did the advent of home video technologies change the American film industry? In what ways did the studios—who in 1976 regarded home video as a competitor—exploit these technologies to their advantage? The way home video technologies changed the American film industry was by the invention of the home videocassette recorder in 1976, and Matsushita introduced its Video Home System (VHS) soon after. Sales took off in the early 1980s, and by 1988 most U.S. households, nearly 60 million, had a VCR. Studios established divisions to make and distribute cassettes. Sales to rental stores, particularly the growing national chains, proved very lucrative. 2. How did the policies of "synergy" and "high concept" transform American film industry structure in the 1980s and 1990s? What kinds of films resulted from these policies, and in what ways did distributors and exhibitors try to profit from such films? 3. What is "intensified continuity"? In what ways does this system of formal conventions depart from the classical continuity style of Hollywood filmmaking? Intensified continuity is a more rapid editing i.e. shorter average shot lengths, more close framings in dialogue scenes, and a free-ranging camera. Intensified continuity encouraged some film- makers to enhance the trend through...

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Film

...Choosing a film to watch can be very personal and emotional. When I choose a film I always go with how I am feeling that day, whether I am sad and want to cry, happy and want to laugh, have a lot of energy and want to see an action film it all depends on how I am feeling at the moment. Other than how I am feeling, there are also a lot of different things that make a film enjoyable for me and very unenjoyable. When I go to see a movie I will take a fair amount of time to decide what movie to see, with the prices of a movie ticket I don’t want to choose something that I will not really enjoy. Some of the things that really make a film enjoyable for me are the plot, the music and actors. As I said before I am a very emotional person and the right kind of film can make me really happy, one thing that I really enjoy about certain movies is when there is a well thought out plot. I appreciate when someone has taken the time to really think about the plot of a film. When the plot has substance the film is usually a pretty successful and enjoyable film to watch. The right music can make a film very enjoyable. I think music can convey many different emotions and with the right soundtrack you are able to really feel what is going on in the film. The last thing that makes a film enjoyable for me is the actors in the film, when I find an actor that I really love I will be more likely to see a film they are in. Most of the actors I really like are able to be very versatile and can play......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Film

...Women On Screen In China Film, as a unique art form, has come to China nearly centuries. In 1920s, female images just can be seen as the tools in silent movies, which own not only very vague character, but also lack of adequate connotation of the times, not to mention women’s awareness of self-consciousness. However, after the establishment of People's Republic of China, government vigorously promotes that the "men and women are alike". Also with the influence of western feminist movement, the status of women began to turn upside down. Women are demanding equal status with men, and these demands also reflected in the films. Until now, women as a sign of beauty, some are gentle and virtuous, some are sweetie and pleasant, and some are full of unique personality but still attractive enough. In such a representation, it is hard to notice, even their own aesthetic values are deeply affected by the male views. Not so much a woman as a sign of beauty, as it is a sign to attract male attention. In many generations of Chinese directors, only one of the few is female director. In the Male-dominated film industry, obviously, female characters are created by them, reflecting men’s centralism’s view of women. This paper applies feminist film theory, by analyzing the feminine images in a famous Chinese director—Jiang Wen’s films, to reveal the hidden gender inequality as well as the phenomenon of “male gaze”. Through the criticism and introspection of these hidden and......

Words: 2391 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Film

...A Time for Film Noir Scarlet Street Marina Workman University of Maryland University College Film Noir is the French term “black film” used to describe an era of movies filmed in the 1940’s and 1950’s. Films that are considered to fall under the film noir category touched on themes that were not yet acceptable in society. These types of films were centered on crime, drama, deceit, and sex. The films were the first of their kind to cross the line pass conservative films. Many people debate whether or not film noir is a genre, a style, or a tone. Film noir has not been proven to be a genre. Scarlet Street is a film noir that was filmed in 1945. The movie was directed and produced by Fritz Lang. It was filmed in a studio in Universal City, California. The setting of the movie was New York City. Scarlet Street is an hour and forty-three minute black and white film. It follows an older gentleman, Christopher Cross, played by actor Edward G. Robinson, as he falls in love with a young beautiful woman. In Chris’ mind there is nothing he wouldn’t do for this woman. The very beginning of the movie shows a group of men celebrating Chris’ 25th year as a cashier. He received a very expensive pocket watch from his boss, JJ Hogarth. Chris was first portrayed to viewers as an innocent, loyal, hardworking, and dedicated friend and co-worker. As Chris was presented with a cigar the camera focused on his fingers as they crossed in superstition. Chris watched his boss, JJ, leave...

Words: 1782 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Film Chain

...Film chain: Production: What are the stages in producing a film? Film production consists of: Development: Where a story line is selected, getting inspiration from either books, magazines and newspapers, or getting ideas from true stories or dreams. A screen writer then writes a screen play over a period of months. This screen play may be edited throughout this stage in order to improve structure. The producer and screen writer prepare a film pitch. If the pitch is successful, it get a green light (meaning that someone offers financial backing) Pre-production: Where all the planning takes place. The script it written, locations, cast, costumes & makeup, special effects and visual effects are identified Production: Where the filming takes place. Each scene is filmed as many times as the director sees fit. If the pre-production was done well, the production stage will flow fluidly. Lots of care and attention is needed int he production stage, making sure that all the scenes are filmed. Post-production: Where editing takes place. The editor(s) first build a rough cut, which selects and orders the shots taken during the production stage. A fine cut is then made, getting all the shots to flow continuously (some shots may be trimmed). Music, graphics and menus are also added during the post-production stage. The fine cut is then approved by the director and producer. The picture is then locked, and no further changes could be made. Distribution: Where the film is...

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Film Communication

...of Phoenix Material How Films Communicate Complete Part I in your first week of class. In Week Two, complete Parts II and III after viewing a film of your own selection from the How Films Communicate Film List located under your Week One materials. Submit Parts I, II, and III in Week Two. Part I: Beginning to Analyze Film To compete Part I, choose a movie you have viewed in the past (this does not have to be from the How Films Communicate Film List ). In the following table, enter the title of your movie and complete the entries for time and place, costume, and set design, writing in complete sentences. For the final entry describe the atmosphere created by the combination of film elements discussed in Ch. 1 of Film: An Introduction and how they contributed to your liking or disliking of the movie. Submit Part I, along with Parts II and III in Week 2. |Movie | |Identify aspects of |There is one scene that really comes to mind, during one of the interviews between Hannibal and Clarice, Hannibal refuses to help in the investigation until| |cinematography in your |Clarice shares information about herself. As she begins, we see Hannibal, coaxing her, it is a medium close –up at a slight low angle, then we see Clarice,| |selected film. Discuss them in|it......

Words: 1043 - Pages: 5