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Filme Hannah Arendt

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By kresh123
Words 273
Pages 2
Ao nos apresentar o conflito pessoal vivido pela filosofa e professora Hannah Arendt o filme nos remete a alguns conceitos Kantianos que dizem respeito a fundamentação da ação moral segundo o mesmo. Para Kant, a ação moral deve ser incorporada ao indivíduo não por meio da experiência e sim da razão, e portanto não sendo regidos por fatores externos e sim pela racionalidade pura. Essa origem a priori na razão pura conduz a uma reflexão sobre a situação vivenciada por Hannah, uma vez que ela ao presenciar o julgamento se convence da “inocência” do réu. Apesar de ser uma integrante da etnia que foi vítima dos crimes dos quais o réu é acusado, Hannah por meio da razão não o julga culpado, enquanto se espera que ela paute sua análise no desprezo que tem pelo regime do qual ele fazia parte.
No que diz respeito ao réu, os imperativos categóricos ditam sob a forma da necessidade de uma ação moral. Ele pauta a sua defesa usando o raciocínio do valor da ação moral, dizendo “Faça isso, por que isso é o que deve ser feito” e não “se fizer isso, me acontece aquilo”.
Como explica Kant no texto em questão:
“ A Fundamentação da Metafísica dos Costumes deve demonstrar a priori que tal imperativo existe enquanto necessário ao exercício do agir moral em todo ser racional. A aprioridade do imperativo categórico decorre do fato de que ele não pode ser derivado de qualquer peculiaridade da natureza humana ou originar-se empiricamente de motivos contingentes, já que o dever, do qual o imperativo é a forma, vale necessariamente para qualquer ser racional, enquanto tal.”

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