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Finacial Accounting

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rmeyle
Words 266
Pages 2
Abstract
This paper will analyze if the practice of earnings management through the use of deferred maintenance is ethical. The paper will analyze if the practice of earnings management through the use of deferred maintenance is allowed in the United States. This paper will analyze how United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) differ in the treatment from International GAAP.

Ethics is basically being able to distinguish between right and wrong. When I was in the Army, ethics was defined as simply doing what is right even when no one is looking or checking. Ethics in accounting is a form of professional ethics. The nature of the work done in accounting can affect the livelihood of all those connected to a business. Accurate and ethical accounting practices are crucial to a company. Earnings management is a process in which companies manipulate earnings to match a pre-determined target amount. The purpose is known as “income smoothing” and the intent is to keep earnings stable over a period of time (Investopedia, 2014). Practices like a company’s use of reserves for deferred maintenance are also known by the disingenuous accounting practice called cookie jar accounting or reserves (Investapedia, 2014). This practice is not ethical because it misleads investors on the company’s performance if there is not full disclosure of the company’s financial picture. In the United States, the SEC typically does not permit cookie jar accounting by public companies because it can mislead investors regarding a company's financial performance. There numerous cases where the SEC has sued U.S. companies for the use of cookie jar accounting....

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