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First Filipino

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THE FIRST FILIPINO

Republie of the Philippines Department of Education & Culture NATIONAL HISTORICAL COMMISSION Manila FERDINAND E. MARCOS President Republic of the Philippines JUAN L. MANUEL Secretary of Education & Culture ESTEBAN A. DE OCAMPO Chairman DOMINGO ABELLA Member HORACIO DE LA COSTA, S. J. Member GODOFREDO L. ALCASID Ex-Oficio Member TEODORO A. AGONCILLO Member EMILIO AGUILAR CRUZ Member SERAFIN D. QUIASON Ex-Oficio Member

FLORDELIZA K. MILITANTE Exccutive Director RAMON G. CONCEPCION Chief, Administrative Division BELEN V. FORTU Chief, Budget & Fiscal Division JOSE C. DAYRIT Chief, Research & Publications Division AVELINA M. CASTAÑEDA Chief, Special & Commemorative Events Division ROSAURO G. UNTIVERO Historical Researcher & Editor

EULOGIO M. LEAÑO Chief Historical Writer-Translator & Publications Officer

GENEROSO M. ILANO Auditor

JOSE RIZAL (1861-1896)

THE FIRST FILIPINO
A Biography of José Rizal

by LEÓN Ma. GUERRERO with an introduction by CARLOS QUI R INO

( Awarded First Prize in the Rizal Biography Contest held under the auspices of the José Rizal National Centennial Commission in 1961)

NATIONAL HISTORICAL COMMISSION Manila

1974

First Printing 1963 Second Printing 1965 Third Printing 1969 Fourth Printing 1971 Fifth Printing 1974

This Book is dedicated by the Author to the other Filipinos

Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate, Nor set down aught in malice, Shakespeare:

°the/Lo.

Paint my picture truly like me, and not flatter me at all ; but remark all those roughnesses, pimples, warts, and everything as you see me. — Oliver Cromwell.

Report me and my cause aright. The rest is silence. Shakespeare : OTHELLO

PREFACE Like most Filipinos I was told about Rizal as a child, and to me, like to most, he remained only a name. In school I learned only that he had died for our country, shot by the Spaniards. I read his two novels in...

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