Premium Essay

First Filipino

In: Historical Events

Submitted By nina2abbey
Words 203166
Pages 813
THE FIRST FILIPINO

Republie of the Philippines Department of Education & Culture NATIONAL HISTORICAL COMMISSION Manila FERDINAND E. MARCOS President Republic of the Philippines JUAN L. MANUEL Secretary of Education & Culture ESTEBAN A. DE OCAMPO Chairman DOMINGO ABELLA Member HORACIO DE LA COSTA, S. J. Member GODOFREDO L. ALCASID Ex-Oficio Member TEODORO A. AGONCILLO Member EMILIO AGUILAR CRUZ Member SERAFIN D. QUIASON Ex-Oficio Member

FLORDELIZA K. MILITANTE Exccutive Director RAMON G. CONCEPCION Chief, Administrative Division BELEN V. FORTU Chief, Budget & Fiscal Division JOSE C. DAYRIT Chief, Research & Publications Division AVELINA M. CASTAÑEDA Chief, Special & Commemorative Events Division ROSAURO G. UNTIVERO Historical Researcher & Editor

EULOGIO M. LEAÑO Chief Historical Writer-Translator & Publications Officer

GENEROSO M. ILANO Auditor

JOSE RIZAL (1861-1896)

THE FIRST FILIPINO
A Biography of José Rizal

by LEÓN Ma. GUERRERO with an introduction by CARLOS QUI R INO

( Awarded First Prize in the Rizal Biography Contest held under the auspices of the José Rizal National Centennial Commission in 1961)

NATIONAL HISTORICAL COMMISSION Manila

1974

First Printing 1963 Second Printing 1965 Third Printing 1969 Fourth Printing 1971 Fifth Printing 1974

This Book is dedicated by the Author to the other Filipinos

Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate, Nor set down aught in malice, Shakespeare:

°the/Lo.

Paint my picture truly like me, and not flatter me at all ; but remark all those roughnesses, pimples, warts, and everything as you see me. — Oliver Cromwell.

Report me and my cause aright. The rest is silence. Shakespeare : OTHELLO

PREFACE Like most Filipinos I was told about Rizal as a child, and to me, like to most, he remained only a name. In school I learned only that he had died for our country, shot by the Spaniards. I read his two novels in...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Slang

...JIMENEZ, Isabela P. ENG 1 1AD-7 Ms. Claustro Filipinos have so much slang words or colloquial terms or sometimes we call it “salitang kalye”. It may be said and understood by many especially the teenagers because most of it started on the social networking sites or through text messaging or from the local TV shows. I honestly like these colloquial words because it shows how Filipino people are so creative in forming such new words that only the Filipinos understand. An example would be the phrase “Rak na” or sometimes “Rak na ituu”. I tried to search for its meaning and foreign people on the https://ph.answers.yahoo.com ask if it’s a Thai or a Filipino word. A Filipino answered his question saying “RaK na Itu, is a Filipino (slang) sentence meaning "Let's Rock This [to heighten the mood in music], Let's Do This [term], Roam And Kill [for gaming]", usually being used as a term when you and your friends have thought of doing something that can attain the goal of the majority of the group, such as happiness, a successful clash [for gaming], etc.” What the guy said is actually what it really means for me except for its meaning in gaming because I don’t play games. .”. I first heard it from my high school friends and I didn’t even asked what it means since I got it easily. I sometimes say it even up to now especially when I have to do something. I barely say it at home but I sometimes say it when I converse with my group of...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Slang

...JIMENEZ, Isabela P. ENG 1 1AD-7 Ms. Claustro Filipinos have so much slang words or colloquial terms or sometimes we call it “salitang kalye”. It may be said and understood by many especially the teenagers because most of it started on the social networking sites or through text messaging or from the local TV shows. I honestly like these colloquial words because it shows how Filipino people are so creative in forming such new words that only the Filipinos understand. An example would be the phrase “Rak na” or sometimes “Rak na ituu”. I tried to search for its meaning and foreign people on the https://ph.answers.yahoo.com ask if it’s a Thai or a Filipino word. A Filipino answered his question saying “RaK na Itu, is a Filipino (slang) sentence meaning "Let's Rock This [to heighten the mood in music], Let's Do This [term], Roam And Kill [for gaming]", usually being used as a term when you and your friends have thought of doing something that can attain the goal of the majority of the group, such as happiness, a successful clash [for gaming], etc.” What the guy said is actually what it really means for me except for its meaning in gaming because I don’t play games. .”. I first heard it from my high school friends and I didn’t even asked what it means since I got it easily. I sometimes say it even up to now especially when I have to do something. I barely say it at home but I sometimes say it when I converse with my group of...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Chapter 3 Spanish Period (1565-1872)

...Spanish colonization of the Philippines started in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. Literature started to flourish during his time. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries. During these times, many changes occurred in the lives of Filipinos. They embraced the Catholic religion, changed their names, and were baptized. Their lifestyles changed too. They built houses mad of stones and bricks, used beautiful furniture like the piano and used kitchen utensils. Carriages, trains and boats were used as means of travel. They held fiestas to honor the saints, the pope and the governors. They had cockfights, horse races and the theater as means of recreation. A. SPANISH INFLUENCES ON PHILIPPINE LITERATURE 1. The first Filipino alphabet called ALIBATA was replaced by the Roman alphabet. 2. The teaching of the Christian Doctrine. 3. The Spanish language lent many of its words to our language. 4. European legends and traditions became assimilated in our songs, corridos, and moro-moros. 5. Ancient literature was collected and translated to Tagalog and other dialects. 6. Many grammar books were printed in Filipino. 7. Our periodicals during these times gained a religious tone. B. THE FIRST BOOKS 1. ANG DOCTRINA CRISTIANA (THECHRISTIAN DOCTRINE)  first book printed in the Philippines in 1593 in xylography.  written by Fr. Juan de Placencia and Fr.......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Kisapmata: a Reaction Paper

...in the Philippines. As observed, the characters portrayed different symbolisms. The most evident character in the film is the father who symbolizes “Marcos”. He played the role passably as an oppressive, harsh, and a “control freak” kind of father that the film highlights profusely. The actions he portrayed in the film symbolized the deeds of Marcos during his reign. Noel, his son-in-law, Mila, his daughter, and even his wife were the ones who lived under fear of his power. The father, as a patriarch, was seen in different levels of his manipulation on the lives of the newlyweds. In parallel with this situation is the Marcos’ reign along with his obsolete parliament. This clearly showed the oppression that Marcos possessed towards the Filipinos during his time such as the midnight-to-dawn curfew and the limitation of what the media can report out to the people. If anything, the patriarchy shown by the film made us realized that it was also the convention among families during Marcos’ reign. The effective use of the father-figure having the power over the mother and the daughter who had no ways but to succumb to the father is a perspicuous example as to why patriarchy is prominent in families in Third World countries. Patriarchy is supposedly a social system where the males have complete control over the female in families and in terms of economy, property,...

Words: 2692 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Rizal

...yet we should learn and love our own first as a symbol of being nationalistic. The western influences especially their languages are influential and embraced by the Filipinos without hesitations. Even I, I came to a point that I do not like and patronize OPMs and local films--- why? I believe that the language used is so “cheap”. This should not be! These foreign influences are rampant and contagious! Rizal is right in writing a poem that encourages us to enrich and love our own dialect, our own language. In the poem he cited, “Ang hindi marunong magmahal sa sariling wika, mas higit pa sa hayop at malansang isda…” I am one of those Filipino who is obviously guilty of the crime--- I hated to speak in Filipino even my text messages and Facebook status shows that English is my medium to express myself. As I read thoroughly the poem, I have realized that we still have the same issue in Rizal’s time. One good example is the teaching of Mother Tongue Language to the primary years of the pupils in the K-12 curriculum. Some understands its value but almost criticize it. “The youth are the hope of the nation” Rizal taught us that. I hope each of the Filipino people can understand and discover the value of teaching the Mother Tongue language to children. Yes, to speak in English in necessary to the era today but mind you, people, have you ever learned to love your own dialect as much as you love English? Are we really worthy to be called as Filipinos? Maybe, it is time for us to......

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Noli Me Tangere

...José Rizal, a Filipino nationalist and medical doctor, conceived the idea of writing a novel that would expose the ills of Philippine society after reading Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. He preferred that the prospective novel express the way Filipino culture was backward, anti-progress, anti-intellectual, and not conducive to the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment. He was then a student of medicine in the Universidad Central de Madrid. In a reunion of Filipinos at the house of his friend Pedro A. Paterno in Madrid on 2 January 1884, Rizal proposed the writing of a novel about the Philippines written by a group of Filipinos. His proposal was unanimously approved by the Filipinos present at the party, among whom were Pedro, Maximino and Antonio Paterno, Graciano López Jaena, Evaristo Aguirre, Eduardo de Lete, Julio Llorente and Valentin Ventura. However, this project did not materialize. The people who agreed to help Rizal with the novel did not write anything. Initially, the novel was planned to cover and describe all phases of Filipino life, but almost everybody wanted to write about women. Rizal even saw his companions spend more time gambling and flirting with Spanish women. Because of this, he pulled out of the plan of co-writing with others and decided to draft the novel alone. Plot Having completed his studies in Europe, young Juan Crisóstomo Ibarra y Magsalin comes back to the Philippines after a 7-year absence. In his honor, Don Santiago delos......

Words: 3036 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Philippine Youth Purchasing Habits

...ADVOCACY ADVERTISING I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 4 II. SITUATION ANALYSIS 4 A. Industry Study: 4 1. Composition/Size/Market Segments 4 Small and Medium Scale Enterprises 4 Microenterprises 5 2. Current Situation 6 a) Microenterprises 7 b) Small Scale Businesses 7 c) Medium-Sized Businesses 7 3. Similar Campaigns 8 a) “Made In” vs. “Product Of” vs. “Owned by” (Australia & South Africa) 8 b) Buy Philippine Made Movement, Inc. 9 c) Seal of Excellence 9 d) Action Plan 10 4. Market Study 10 a) Colonial Mentality 10 b) Products Consumed 11 B. Definition of Issues 13 1. Philippine Made 13 2. Patronization of Philippine Made Products 15 3. Perceptions on Campaigns for Philippine Made 16 C. Position of Advocate 18 1. Mission and Vision: 18 2. Resources: 18 3. Competition: 19 4. SWOT Matrix: 19 5. TOWS 20 III. DEFINITION 22 A. Identification of Target Market 22 1. Primary: Youth 22 2. Secondary: Yuppie 24 B. Target Publics 24 C. Recipients 24 D. Product 25 IV. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 25 A. Short term 25 B. Medium term 25 C. Long term 25 V. MARKETING MIX 25 A. Market Targeting 25 1. Size of the New Market 25 2. Demographic Characteristics 26 3. Psychographic Characteristics 26 4. Behavioral Characteristics 27 Primary Research Data 28 B. Product 30 C. Sales and Distribution Program......

Words: 12045 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Essay

... | |By Vincent Cabreza | |Philippine Daily Inquirer | |First Posted 11:08:00 12/29/2010 | | | |Filed Under: Children, Culture (general) | | | |GOOD SAMARITANS have started reaching out to children who are caught in a violent conflict or a debilitating cataclysm, using a | |psychological tool designed by a Filipino 35 years ago. | |Dr. Rogelia Pe-Pua, head of University of New South Wales? School for Social Sciences and International Studies in Australia, says | |donors used to ship toys to these children to help them cope with trauma. | |But......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dark Ages of Games

...International Writers Festival which was first held in Manila at about this same time last year, February being National Arts Month.  Taboan will be making the rounds of the regions from year to year before returning to Manila, so this moveable feast (poet and NCCA commissioner Ricky de Ungria beat me to the metaphor) will see many places yet.  The Arts Council of Cebu under the very gracious festival director Mayen Tan and presidenta Petite Garcia is in charge of Taboan ’10, a project of the Committee on Literary Arts of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA). The festival got off to a lively start with a keynote speech by Cebu’s own Dr. Resil Mojares — a formidable, internationally recognized scholar of Philippine literature, history, and society — who chose a deliberately provocative subject and title for his talk: “Will Magdalena Jalandoni Ever Be a National Artist?” For those who don’t know Jalandoni (and — perhaps to prove Resil’s point — 99.99 percent of us don’t), the Iloilo-born Jalandoni (1891-1978) was a prolific writer in Hiligaynon of fiction, poems, and plays, her novels alone totaling an astounding 36. Resil made it clear that he wasn’t making a brief for Jalandoni’s selection as a National Artist; with typical scholarly modesty, he said that he simply didn’t know her work well enough to make that judgment.  Rather, he was using Jalandoni’s case to draw attention to the gross disadvantage at which Filipino writers working in......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Quitting the Blind-Mute-Deaf Habit

...The maritime industry hasn’t changed a bit from the start of shipping up to present. Though there are innovations, they are mainly on ship construction, facilities and equipment advancements and on human resource competence through added training and education; these are in response to the constant nuances and the inevitable modernization of society. What remained consistent then? Personnel interaction. Ships were first utilized generally as means for transportation on water and for food through fishing. Eventually, they were used to defend a nation’s territorial waters, hence, the navy… military… With this, customs and traditions for discipline and standard decorum were devised — now, not only observed in the military (navy) but in the merchant shipping as well… already the conventional. The Rank-has-its-own-privilege (RHIP) concept lived on. Any other hierarchical institution observes this as well but in the military (navy), it’s a lot more different… especially when misused, disused and abused. Most maritime schools in the country are implementing semi-regimented or close-to-such training through the National Service Training Program (NSTP) by way of the Naval Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (NROTC). Here, the chain of command is always observed as well as the ‘boss is always right; when in doubt, refer to the previous statement’ and the ‘take-and-take’ principles. A simple survey was conducted on ten MAAP midshipmen from the graduating class and they were......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Effects of Jejemon Phenomenon in Language Proficiency

...modern era, language changes constantly. The language that we use today is getting wider and wider. Nowadays, we use technology like cellphones and computers to convey our messages and through these, people are learning on how to cope up and change the way they convey their thoughts and ideas in different forms. Indeed, English proficiency is one of the important things that we need to practice. The proper usage of both Filipino and English language is one of the important aspects of Philippine education. Correct grammar, syntax and pronunciation are the main concerns of improving our language proficiency to maintain an effective communication locally and internationally, but due to the continuous development of language, the emergence of Jejemon words became a phenomenon in the Philippines especially on its online breakthrough on April 14, 2010 at Pinoy Tumblr. Jejemons are persons who use jumbled letters, alternating capitalization, rearranging letters in a word, over-usage of the letters H, X or Z and mixture of numeric characters and our normal Filipino and English alphabet as their developed written linguistic style that can...

Words: 11283 - Pages: 46

Premium Essay

Research

...ITRODUCTION Rapid change in economic and political conditions in China, India, and other countries has already begun to affect corporate planning for the engineering workforce in the U.S. To remain competitive in the ever-changing global workforce, American engineers must develop broader perspectives and new teamwork and entrepreneurial competencies to supplement preparation in the traditional technical subjects. Although a semester-long study-abroad experience is a valuable part of an educational program aimed at providing these competencies, this paper discusses the value of supplementing such programs with broader and more comprehensive approaches. In particular, a program with distributed and progressive experiences in teamwork, entrepreneurial thinking, and pervasive design and innovation experiences are described. It’s no secret that the traditional perception of engineering students is a routine of working all day and rarely having any time for play. Let’s face it, for any diligent undergrad, hard work should be the standard, but our friends toiling away in their math and science lectures also need something other than textbooks and laboratory work to mix up their day to day activities. Enrolling in an engineering study abroad program is the perfect way to balance out all of that academic pain with some adventure and fun. There are all types of engineers and all types of engineering programs; so it makes sense that you can study engineering almost anywhere in the......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Aas 456

...Life of Filipinos Immigrants and their American dreams Filipino Americans are now the second largest group of Asian Americans as well as the second largest immigrant group in the United States. According to the U.S. census, there are approximately 9 million people living in America who are of Asian descent. Twenty-three percent of that are of Chinese ancestry; 20% are Filipino; 12% are Asian Indian; and Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese each share about 10%. They are neither alien nor citizen, and they are US “national”. Similar to other Asian groups, they were hired as cheaper labors. It is never be easy to leave the home country and migrant to another country. Sometimes life can be difficult for many immigrants, and life can not be impossible, especially those who don’t speak broken English and people of color. Pinoys struggled a lot and could not adjust themselves to the mainstream culture therefore; they experienced a lot of discrimination in the United States. They could not marry to a White girl, or they could not own properties. Their wages were extreme low and work longer hours in a day in the field, and their never gain respect from white people. Their lives represent the diversity of the immigrant experience and their narratives are a way to understand ethnical identity and Filipino Americans history. What are the impacts of the US colonization on Pilipino? One of the major impacts was education. Education was one of the best ways to pacify the Filipinos.......

Words: 2205 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Rftghyju

...Ilagan * Escolastico Salandaan in Manila College: * San Juan de Letran (1885) - Bachelor of Arts * University of Sto. Tomas – Medicine * Central University of Madrid (1887-1889) – finished Medicine Works Some of his works are: * Efemerides Filipinas, a column on historical events in the Philippines which appeared in La Oceania Española (1892–1893) *  El Ideal  (1911–1912) *  Ang Wika at Lahi (1917), a discussion on the importance of a national language. * Mga Alamat ng Bulacan (Legend of Bulacan) -Contains legends, and folklores of his native town.  * Pagpugot kay Longinos (The Beheading of Longinos) - A play shown at the plaza of Malolos, Bulacan. * Sobre Filipinos (About the Filipinos) * Ang mga Pilipino sa Indo-Tsina (The Filipinos in Indo-China) * In 1909 he was made director of El Renacimiento Pen Names * Naning * Kalipulako - named after Lapu-Lapu; and * Tikbalang – a supernatural being in Pilipino folklore. His Journey * Co-founder of La Solidaridad along with Lopez Jaena * Become the head of the Literary Section of the Asociacion Hispano-Filipina, created to aid the Propaganda Movement where he served as secretary. * He was imprisoned for 48 hours on suspicion of having associations with the mutiny. (Europe) *  Later sailed to...

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Culture of Dota in the Philippines

...HOW THE GAME ATTRACTS THE FILIPINO YOUTH? The first factor why it attracts the youth is the type of game involved. Filipino gamers The Culture love strategy of DOTA in theaction games and Philippines compared to board and mini games. It has a very different gameplay compared among other games. Also, it is a multiplayer game; people can play with others up to 10 persons per game. These are the heroes of DOTA, there are so much to choose from. They are divided into three groups, the Sentinel, the Scourge, and the Neutrals. Also they are divided further by their Joshua Frankie B. Rayo Department of Computer Science University of the Philippines Diliman The Culture of DOTA in the Philippines Joshua Frankie B. Rayo Department of Computer Science, University of the Philippines Diliman jbrayo@up.edu.ph Abstract. The culture of DOTA (Defense of the Ancients) has taken the Philippines to storm because of its very creative gameplay that caused millions of Filipino students hard for them to avoid playing the game; and it is also evident from media to the internet. This game has brought such intense effects to the Filipino youth and its everyday life; up to the point where they are affected physically, psychologically, and their respective careers. Because of DOTA, the computer shops in the country have been growing massively since its release; the youth are gathered there to play informally and to show their enthusiasm and foster friendship,......

Words: 15208 - Pages: 61